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Tanzaniya tana Goyan bayan Sabbin Motocin Wutar Lantarki, Ƙwararren Ƙwallon Ƙasa

Hoton A.Ihucha

Masu gudanar da yawon bude ido a Tanzaniya suna kokawa da sha'awar motocin lantarki masu dacewa da muhalli a kokarinsu na rage fitar da hayaki, da yanke lissafin shigo da mai da zaburar da masana'antar yawon shakatawa.

Shugaban kungiyar masu yawon bude ido ta Tanzaniya (TATO), Mista Wilbard Chambulo, ya ce idan komai ya tafi daidai, shirin na shirin fitar da kashi 50 zuwa 60 cikin 100,000 na ababen hawa 2027 da aka kiyasta zuwa shekarar 22. Wannan wani bangare ne na sabon shirinsu na zuwa. kore da kuma kawo saukar da gurbacewar ababen hawa a cikin wuraren shakatawa na kasa XNUMX.

Bayanai na hukuma daga ma'aikatar albarkatun kasa da yawon bude ido sun nuna cewa Tanzaniya na da masu gudanar da yawon bude ido 1,875 masu lasisi. "Za mu rungumi motocin e-motoci da yawa, saboda fasahar sa ido ita ce makomar sufuri. Yana ba da fa'idodi da yawa ta fuskar kiyayewa, tattalin arziki, da yawon buɗe ido, "in ji Mista Chambulo jim kaɗan bayan ƙaddamar da kamfen na e-motion ga masu gudanar da balaguro da TATO ta shirya. 

Shugaban kungiyar masu fafutuka tare da mambobi 300 a fadin kasar ya ce motocin lantarki za su kara kima ga wurin da Tanzaniya ta nufa, yayin da masu yawon bude ido ke kara fifita wuraren yawon bude ido masu kyau. A Faransa, wani bincike na baya-bayan nan ya nuna cewa kashi 54 cikin XNUMX na mutanen da ke da niyyar yin balaguro zuwa kasashen waje don hutu suna la'akari da wuraren yawon bude ido da suka dace da muhalli.

Haka kuma, Hukumar Kula da Muhalli ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UNEP) ta ayyana Costa Rica da ton 1.7 na iskar Carbon Dioxide ga kowane mutum, idan aka kwatanta da tan 0.2 na Tanzaniya kacal, a matsayin wanda ya lashe kyautar Gasar Cin Kofin Duniya ta 2019, inda ya baiwa kasar matakin siyar. babban gurin yawon shakatawa. Sakamakon haka, Costa Rica ta ja hankalin masu yawon bude ido miliyan 3.14 a cikin wannan shekarar, inda ta samu dala biliyan 3.4, yayin da masu yawon bude ido miliyan 1.5 da suka ziyarci Tanzaniya da karancin iskar carbon dioxide. Wannan yana nufin cewa idan ana ganin inda aka nufa a matsayin kore, hakan zai ƙara jan hankalin yawon buɗe ido.

Motocin lantarki (e-cars) fasaha ce mai kyauta ta carbon monoxide waɗanda ke dogara da abin hawa masu jin daɗi kawai ya dogara da hasken rana don juyar da injin sa. Masana sun ce motar ta e-motar tana rage tsadar kayan aiki, kuma ba ta amfani da man fetur, saboda tana da cajin 100% na muhalli saboda hasken rana. Wannan yana nuna cewa masu gudanar da yawon shakatawa, Tanzaniya National Parks (TANAPA), Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA), da Tanzaniya Hukumar Kula da namun daji (TAWA) ya kamata a mayar da motocin zuwa motoci masu amfani da wutar lantarki kuma za su rage yawan hayaki, rage fitar da mai, da kuma kara kuzarin yawon shakatawa.

Binciken tattalin arzikin bankin na Tanzaniya na wata-wata ya nuna cewa a cikin shekarar da ta kare a watan Oktoban 2021, shigo da mai ya karu da kashi 28.4 bisa dari zuwa dala miliyan 1,815.5 akasari saboda girman da kuma illar farashinsa, yayin da matsakaicin farashin danyen mai ya haura zuwa dala 82.1 kan kowace ganga a watan Oktoban 2021, wanda ya samu goyon baya. girma bukatar a tsakanin m kayayyaki. Tanzaniya tana shigo da kusan lita biliyan 3.5 na albarkatun mai da aka tace duk shekara: man fetur, dizal, kananzir, Jet-A1, da Man Fetur (HFO).

Kamfanin yawon shakatawa na Mount Kilimanjaro Safari Club (MKSC) ya kaddamar da motocin safari masu amfani da wutar lantarki kashi 100 na farko a yankin gabashin Afirka a shekarar 2018, tare da Manajan Darakta, Mista Dennis Lebouteux, ya shaida cewa, hakika ya tabbatar da cewa fasahar tana aiki a Afirka, kamar yadda ya ce. shi ne lamarin a Turai inda akwai shirye-shiryen abubuwan more rayuwa.

"Tare da motoci tara, muna aiki kusan kilomita 12,000 a kowane wata yayin da cutar ta COVID-19 ta rage ayyukanmu. Mun kashe akalla dala 2,000 kan kayayyakin gyara a cikin shekaru 4,” in ji Mista Lebouteux, ya kara da cewa, “Gudanar da motar lantarki na iya ceton dala 8,000 zuwa dala 10,000 kan man fetur kadai a kowace shekara.”

"Motocin e-safari marasa shiru da muhalli na iya kusanci namun daji ba tare da dame su ba."

Cibiyoyi uku, wato Hanspaul Group, Carwatt, da Gadgetronix, suma sun yi makarkashiya a Kwalejin Fasaha ta Arusha a kokarinsu na kara yawan kwararrun kwararrun da za su iya yin hidima da kula da ababen hawa. Kamfanonin guda uku da ke da kwarewa da kwarewa na musamman kowannensu ya fara wani aiki mai suna E-Motion na canza man fetur da dizal na ababen hawa zuwa na'urorin lantarki, lamarin da ya sa Tanzaniya ta zama kasa ta biyu a yankin kudu da hamadar Sahara bayan Afirka ta Kudu wajen amfani da motocin lantarki. don safaris.

Yayin da kungiyar Hanspaul ke gudanar da sana’ar kera jikin safari da sauran ababen hawa na musamman sama da shekaru 4 da suka gabata, kamfanin Carwatt, wani kamfanin fasaha da ke kasar Faransa, yana da masaniya sosai kan motocin lantarki kuma ya sake gyara motoci da dama. Gadgetronix, wani kamfani na Tanzaniya da ke mu'amala da hanyoyin samar da makamashi, ya girka gonakin hasken rana har zuwa 1 MW, a cikin wasu manyan ayyuka. Shigar da Kwalejin Fasaha ta Arusha, wanda memba ne na hukumar E-Motion, shine don ba da kwarewa, bincike, da aiwatarwa ga ɗalibai. 

Shugaban Sashen Motoci na kwalejin Injiniya David Mtunguja ya tabbatar da cewa "Muna nazarin tsarin karatun kwalejin domin hada sabbin fasahohin fasaha da suka hada da motocin lantarki," in ji Injiniya David Mtunguja, Shugaban Sashen Motoci na kwalejin, ya kara da cewa tsarin karatun da aka yi wa kwaskwarima zai fara aiki a watan Oktoba na wannan shekara lokacin da wata karamar motar bas mallakar. zuwa kwalejin za a mayar da shi zuwa e-motar.

Kamfanoni guda uku ta hanyar aikin E-Motion sun fara wani kamfen a arewacin Tanzaniya don jawo hankalin masu zuba jari a masana'antar yawon shakatawa don yin la'akari da sake canza tsoffin motocin yawon bude ido zuwa sabbin motocin lantarki. Retrofit wata fasaha ce mai wayo wacce injiniyoyi ke cire injin konewa, bututun mai, tankin mai, da sauran sassan tsarin mai na tsohuwar abin hawa don maye gurbinsu da tsarin lantarki wanda ya kunshi injin lantarki, na'urar baturi, caja a kan jirgi da kuma nunin bayanai.

Mista Hasnain Sajan, Manajin Darakta na Gradgetronix, ya shaida wa masu gudanar da yawon bude ido lokacin da yake kaddamar da yakin neman zabe a Otal din Arusha da Sheraton ke kira da " Four Point" a halin yanzu.

Motocin lantarki ba wai kawai za su mayar da kwarewar tuƙi na masu yawon buɗe ido zuwa zaman lafiya, santsi, da yanayin muhalli ba, har ma za su rage farashin aikin ma'aikacin yawon buɗe ido tare da kawo masa kiredit na carbon.

“Motocin lantarki ba sa cin mai kuma ba sa bukatar aikin injin. Ba sa hayaniya ko wari,” in ji Mista Sajan. Ya kawar da fargabar masu yawon bude ido na cajin motocin lantarki, yana mai cewa aikin zai samar da isassun tashoshi a kan hanyoyin yawon bude ido.

“Mu a fannin kiyayewa ba ma son hayaki da hayaniya; daukar wannan fasaha yana da matukar muhimmanci, "Kwamishanan Kula da Tsare-Tsare na Ngorongoro, Dokta Freddy Manongi, ya taba fada a wata hira.

E-Motion ya riga ya gina wasu tashoshin cajin motocin lantarki a cikin birnin Arusha da garin Mugumu da kuma wasu wuraren shakatawa, ciki har da tafkin Manyara da Tarangire da wuraren shakatawa na Serengeti National Park da Ngorongoro Conservation Area, wato Seronera, Ndutu. Naabi dan Kogatende. Akalla ma’aikatan yawon bude ido uku, wadanda suka canza motocinsu, suna amfani da tashoshin caji.

Yayin da Miracle Experience Balloon Safaris ya canza daya daga cikin motocin safari don jigilar masu yawon bude ido zuwa wuraren shakatawa na kasa, Kibo Guides ya hada gwiwa da E-Motion don sake gyara daya daga cikin motocin safari 100. Gandun gandun dajin Tanzaniya ya bai wa E-Motion Four Land Cruisers da su canza su tare da gina tashar caji ga masu aikin gandun daji don gudanar da ayyukansu na yaki da farautar su cikin shiru da kuma hukumar kiyaye lafiyar don ceton miliyoyin shillings kan harkokin man fetur da na ababen hawa da kula da su.

Har ila yau E-Motion yana canza motar bas zuwa motar da ba ta da iska don ɗaukar ɗalibai da ma'aikata da kuma yin caji da ita a rana da rana a shirye don ɗaukar su da yamma don mayar da su gida. Kamfanin yana ba da caja masu ɗaukar nauyi na lokaci ɗaya tare da matsakaicin ƙarfin 3 KWH don yin caji a ko'ina, caja bango 20 KWH don amfanin gida da waje, da manyan caja 50 KW waɗanda ke amfani da hasken rana ko kai tsaye daga grid a tashoshi na dindindin don kasancewa cikin dabara a ko'ina. kasar.

Motar da ke da batir 36 KWH zuwa 100 KWH tana da kewayon tsakanin kilomita 120 zuwa kilomita 350 dangane da shimfidar wuri da cikas da aka fuskanta. Yana ɗaukar tsakanin sa'o'i 4 zuwa 8 don yin caji gaba ɗaya.

Karin labarai game da motocin lantarki

#lantarki

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

Adam Ihucha - eTN Tanzania

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