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Hukumar kula da namun daji ta Uganda ta yi bikin Jubilee na Azurfa da gala

Hoton T.Ofungi

A Yuni 24, 2022, Hukumar kula da namun daji ta Uganda bikin jubilee na azurfa a cikin wani koren kafet mai ban sha'awa mai ban sha'awa mai ban sha'awa mai ban sha'awa mai ban sha'awa na gargajiya da abinci mai kyau da abin sha a otal na Kampala Sheraton. Bikin mai taken "Ingantacciyar kiyaye namun daji da sauyin al'ummomi" na nuni da muhimmancin tattalin arziki, zamantakewa, da muhallin da kare namun daji ke takawa wajen sauya al'umma.

Wanda ya wakilci mai girma ministan yawon bude ido da namun daji da kayan tarihi, Hon. Tom Butime, shi ne Sakatare na dindindin, Doreen Katusiime, da kyau a yi ado don bikin a cikin koren tufafi. Sauran wadanda suka halarci taron sun hada da shugaban hukumar kula da namun daji ta Uganda da suka hada da shugaban hukumar Dr. Panta Kasoma, da shugaban UWA Sam Mwandah, Stephen Masaba UWA daraktan yawon bude ido da bunkasa kasuwanci, babban daraktan cibiyar koyar da namun daji ta Uganda Dr. James Musinguzi, shugaban hukumar yawon bude ido ta Uganda Lilly. Ajarova, da Mataimakinta Bradford Ochieng, Babban Jami'in Harkokin Kasuwanci da Harkokin Yawon shakatawa Amori Miriam Namutose , Shugabar Ƙungiyar Ma'aikata Mai Dorewa ta Musamman Boniface Byamukama, Civy Tumusiime Shugaban Ƙungiyar Masu Gudanar da Yawon shakatawa na Uganda Sarah Kagingo, Babban Sakataren Yada Labarai a Majalisar Uganda Godfrey Baluku, mai tasiri na yawon shakatawa. da Editan Afirka Tembelea Gladys Kalema Zikusoka, Kiyaye Ta Jami'ar Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a ta Makerere don Dr. Wilbur Aheebwa, Attilio Pacifici jakadan EU a Uganda, da sauran jami'an diflomasiyya da masu ruwa da tsaki a fannin yawon shakatawa.   

Baya ga Glamour, wanda ya kai ga wannan gagarumin ci gaba an sami al'amura da dama da suka fara tare da kaddamar da kafofin watsa labarai a ranar 1 ga Yuni - taron kiyayewa a ranar 21 ga watan Yuni da kuma alhakin zamantakewar jama'a (CSR) da suka shafi tsaftace kasuwar Kamwokya da ke makwabtaka da Kampala a ranar 23 ga Yuni.

Kwamitin amintattu na UWA karkashin jagorancin shugaban su, Dakta Panta Kasoma, sun kuma yi nazari kan nasarorin da suka samu tun a tsakiyar watan Yuni domin raba kudaden shiga ga al’umma a dajin Bwindi Impenetrable da gandun dajin Mgahinga don tantance nasarori da kalubalen da aka samu wajen aiwatarwa. na ayyuka da kuma taɗi wurare don ingantacciyar haɗin gwiwa.

Haka kuma sun ziyarci ma’aikatan sashen Ruhija da ke Bwindi inda suka duba al’amuran jin dadin jama’a tare da yin mu’amala da su kan yadda za su kyautata yanayin aikinsu kafin su baiwa kansu kyautar gorilla. kwarewar bin diddigi a yankin Buhoma.  

UWA Mandate

"Don kiyayewa, haɓakar tattalin arziki da kuma kula da namun daji da yankunan da aka karewa na Uganda tare da haɗin gwiwar al'ummomin makwabta da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki don amfanin jama'ar Uganda da sauran al'ummomin duniya."

Tarihi     

An kafa Hukumar Kula da namun daji ta Uganda a cikin Agusta 1996 ta mutum-mutumin namun daji na Uganda (1996) wanda ya haɗu da wuraren shakatawa na ƙasa da Sashen Wasanni na Uganda.

nasarorin

Duk da cewa mai girma Ministan bai samu koli ba a ranar 24 ga watan Yuni, ya halarci taron kaddamar da kafafen yada labarai na UWA inda ya ce shekaru 25 da suka gabata an samu sauyi da dama tun bayan kafa sabuwar cibiyar da ta haifar da ingantaccen tsaro. da kuma kiyaye namun daji a Uganda. Ya gaji ƙalubale kamar ƙayyadaddun albarkatun kuɗi, rashin manufofin cibiyoyi, da gurɓataccen ma'aikata waɗanda ba su da isasshen albashi.

UWA ta gina kakkarfan Tsarin Mulki, Tsare Tsare Tsare-tsare, Tsare-Tsare Tsare Tsare Tsare Tsare-Tsare, Tsarin Gudanar da Jama'a, Manual Resource Manual, Manual Procedures Financial, Charter Charter, Tsare-tsaren Ayyuka na Shekara-shekara, da sauran tsare-tsare na aiki da dabaru waɗanda aka ɓullo da su kuma ake aiwatar da su don tabbatar da ingantaccen aiki. cibiyar.

Adadin ma'aikatan namun daji na Uganda sun karu daga kasa da 1,000 a 1996 zuwa sama da 2,300. Tare da shirin daukar ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya a wannan watan, adadin zai haura 3,000 nan ba da jimawa ba. An raba kungiyar zuwa sassa 3 - wato, tilasta bin doka, kudi, da yawon shakatawa. An faɗaɗa waɗannan don haɗawa da shari'a, bincike, hankali, sabis na likitan dabbobi, da injiniyanci, da kuma kiyayewar al'umma da ke nuni ga haɓakarta da ikon daidaitawa ga canje-canjen sarrafa namun daji.

Nuna bukatuwar dakile karuwar laifukan namun daji da ke karuwa a duniya yana karuwa sosai kuma shine kafa na'urori na musamman kamar su Canine, Intelligence, Bincika da Hukunce-hukunce, Sassan Laifukan namun daji na musamman, da wata kotu ta musamman da zata kula da laifukan namun daji.   

Wadannan sun yi tasiri sosai wajen yakar laifukan namun daji a kasar nan inda suka samu karramawar UWA a fafutuka na kasa da kasa kamar CITES – Yarjejeniyar Ciniki ta Kasa da Kasa a cikin Nauyin Daji.

An kayyade mamaye wuraren da aka karewa sosai ta hanyar sanya iyaka ga duk wuraren da aka kariya da kuma gina ma'aikata a wuraren da aka kariya don ɗaukar haramtattun ayyuka. Ban da namun daji na Gabas Madi da wasu sassan Dutsen Elgon National Park, duk sauran wuraren da aka kare suna da amintattun iyakoki.   

An sami gagarumin ci gaba a abubuwan more rayuwa a fadin hukumar a duk wuraren da aka karewa.

Daga wani karamin ofishi na hedikwata, UWA ta samu sabon gida a Lamba 7 Kira Road kuma ta gina babban hasumiya na namun daji a farkon filin. A yankunan da aka ba da kariya, UWA ta gina ofisoshi da dama da ma’aikata sama da 1,700.

Lambobin baƙi zuwa wuraren da aka kariya sun karu sosai daga baƙi 85,982 a cikin 1996 zuwa 323,861 a cikin 2019 kafin cutar ta COVID-19 tana nuna karuwar baƙi 237,879. Wannan ya haifar da yawon bude ido ya zama kan gaba wajen samun kudin waje da kuma kawowa, sama da dalar Amurka biliyan 1.5 a duk shekara kuma yana ba da gudummawar kashi 9% na GDP.

Bangaren yawon bude ido kuma yana daukar ayyuka miliyan 1.173 wanda 670,000 daga cikinsu kai tsaye ne, wanda ya kai kashi 8% na yawan ayyukan yi a kasar. 

Har ila yau, kudaden shiga na rangwame a wuraren shakatawa na kasa ya karu daga UGX miliyan 345 a 2006 zuwa UGX biliyan 4.2 a 2019 kafin barkewar cutar.

A karkashin dokar namun daji ta Uganda, Tsarin Raba Kudaden shiga ya tanadi kashi 20% na kudaden shiga kofa a matsayin kyauta na sharadi da za a raba tare da al'ummomin da ke kewaye da wuraren da aka karewa da ake bayarwa ta kananan hukumomi. An yi amfani da kudaden ne don tabbatar da cewa al'ummomi sun sami kyakkyawan tasirin kiyayewa a yankunansu don su iya tallafawa kare namun daji. Ƙungiyoyin da kansu ke haɓaka takamaiman ayyuka kuma sun amince da UWA. Hakanan, al'ummomi suna ba da gudummawar kiyayewa don rage rikice-rikicen namun daji don samar da jituwa.

UWA ta yi rijistar karuwar yawan namun daji ga yawancin nau'in dabbobi. Yawan gorilla na dutse a cikin Bwindi Impenetrable National Park ya karu daga 257 a cikin 1994 zuwa mutane 459 a cikin 2018.

Kwanaki biyu kacal da gudanar da babban taron, UWA ta samu kyauta mai kyau tare da samun lafiyayyar dunkulewar farin ciki ga babbar gorilla mace mai suna Betina, 'yar gidan Mukiza wani sabon kari da ke Ruhija.

Yawan giwaye ya karu daga kusan 1,900 a cikin 1995 zuwa mutane 7,975 a cikin 2020; buffaloes daga 18,000 a cikin 1995 zuwa sama da 44,000 ta 2020; Da kuma yawan raƙuman raƙuma daga kimanin mutane 250 a 1995 zuwa sama da 2,000 a shekarar 2020. Yawan zebra na Burchell ya ƙaru daga kimanin 3,200 a 1995 zuwa 17,516 nan da 2020. Rhinos da aka ayyana bacewa a Uganda har zuwa 1995 an sake dawo da su. Yawan jama'a yana tsaye a mutane 35 kamar na 2022.  

Mai girma Ministan ya danganta karuwar yawan namun dajin ne sakamakon wasu abubuwa da suka hada da nagartattun manufofin gwamnati, ingantaccen tsarin kula da muhalli, da inganta karfin UWA wajen samar da tsaro ga namun daji da shigar da al’umma kan ayyukan kiyaye namun daji.

UWA ta kwashe tsawon shekaru tana tono ramuka sama da kilomita 500 tare da zababbun iyakokin wuraren shakatawa da suka hada da Sarauniya Elizabeth, Kibale, da Murchison Falls National Parks Domin ragewa da rage rikicin namun daji. Suna da faɗin mita 2 da zurfin ramuka na mita 2 kuma suna da tasiri sosai akan manyan dabbobi masu shayarwa. An kuma sayo fiye da 11,000 na kudan zuma tare da rarrabawa kungiyoyin al'umma daban-daban. An shigar da amya tare da iyakokin yankin da aka karewa. Mwandah ya kara da cewa: "Karar kudan zuma da hayaniya tana harzuka giwaye da tsoratarwa yayin da ake sayar da zumar da ake karba daga amya domin samun kudin shiga da inganta rayuwar al'umma," in ji Mwandah.

An gina dakin gwaje-gwaje na zamani na Biosafety Level 2 a Mweya a cikin gandun dajin Sarauniya Elizabeth. Gidan dakin gwaje-gwaje na iya tantancewa da tabbatar da ire-iren cututtukan dabbobi (duka namun daji da dabbobi) daga kwayar cuta, kwayan cuta, fungal, da protozoa. Gidan gwaje-gwaje na iya gudanar da binciken cututtukan ɗan adam ma. An kuma gina ƙaramin dakin gwaje-gwaje na Biosafety matakin 1 a cikin Murchison Falls National Park don tallafawa kula da cututtukan daji ta hanyar rigakafi, ganowa. da amsawa.

UWA tana da ƙwararrun ƙwararru don aiwatar da jigilar namun daji a ciki da wajen wuraren da aka kiyaye ta, tare da yin jigilar dabbobi sama da 601 a cikin shekaru 10 da suka wuce, musamman raƙuma, impala, zebra, hartebeest na Jackson, ƙaton gandun daji, eland, waterbuck, kada, da kuma kada. topi, da dai sauransu. Maƙasudin sun haɗa da magance rikice-rikicen ɗan adam da na namun daji, ilimin kiyayewa, faɗaɗa kewayo, rarraba nau'ikan nau'ikan, yawon shakatawa, da sarrafa ilimin halittu na ciyayi masu fa'ida musamman Acacia hocki da kiwo. A shekarar 2020, an kiyasta dabbobin da aka canjawa wuri sun ninka zuwa sama da mutane 1,530.

Menene hangen nesa na shekaru 25 masu zuwa?

Butime ya yi gargadin cewa nan da shekaru 25 masu zuwa "Ya kamata mu, duk da haka, kada mu manta da bukatar ko da yin karin himma don magance rikice-rikicen namun daji da kuma rage farautar farautar mutane."

Ya yi kira ga dukkan 'yan Uganda da abokan hulɗar kiyayewa da yawon shakatawa da su haɓaka da kuma shiga cikin abubuwan da suka faru a sama don bikin wannan babban mataki na kiyaye namun daji na Hukumar Kula da namun daji ta Uganda.

Bayan kammala taron, Manajan Sadarwa na UWA, Hangi Bashir, ya bayyana haka eTurboNews: "Muna son karfafa nasarorin da aka samu a cikin shekaru 25 da suka gabata, don magance rikice-rikicen namun daji na Dan Adam, amfani da fasahar zamani wajen kiyayewa misali. Me ya sa dole ne mu sami ma'aikata 10,000 maimakon kyamarori na filin? A halin yanzu muna amfani da maganin duniya na gano laifuka a ainihin lokacin a Murchison Falls inda muke sanya ido kan wurin shakatawa a kan allo tare da tura masu sa ido idan abin ya faru. Za mu kuma dauki jirage marasa matuka da tarkon kyamara yayin da muke birgima zuwa sauran wuraren shakatawa. "

Da wakilinmu na eTN ya latsa a wajen kaddamar da taron, manajan yawon bude ido da kasuwanci Stephen Masaba ya daina hana amfani da robobi guda daya a wuraren da aka tsare amma ya jaddada cewa kare muhalli da albarkatun kasa alhakin kowa ne. Ya ce UWA na da tarar shara mai tsauri a wuraren shakatawa har UGX X 100,000 (kimanin dalar Amurka 30). Ya kara da cewa: “A cikin shekaru 25 masu zuwa, UWA na son karbar maziyarta miliyan 1. Kafin COVID-19 muna da baƙi 325,000. Don cimma wannan mun gano bukatar sanya [a] manyan gidaje, kuma [za mu] ci gaba da tallata gidaje masu rahusa da na alfarma, da kuma kare albarkatun za mu tabbatar da ayyuka masu dorewa da za su tabbatar da cewa namun daji da albarkatun sun kasance. kuma idan wani abu ya faru, mun koyi darussanmu a cikin shekaru 2 da suka gabata, kuma za mu yi amfani da hanyoyi masu ƙarfi don tabbatar da cewa ba za mu yi wani bugun daga wani yanayi mai kama da COVID ba. " 

“Samar da wuraren shakatawa na ƙasar Uganda an lasafta shi ga abokan hulɗar da ba za a iya kiyayewa ba lokacin da bala'i da rashin lafiyar barci suka tilastawa al'ummomi halaka da baƙin ciki. Murchison Falls, babban wurin shakatawa na ƙasa na Uganda (kilomita 3,893), da Sarauniya Elizabeth National Park (1978 Sq km) an kafa su a cikin 1952.

"Shekara ta 2006 ta kasance wani muhimmin ci gaba na bikin shekaru 100 tun bayan balaguron kimiyya na farko zuwa kololuwar 5109M Ruwenzori "Dutsen Wata" karkashin jagorancin dan Italiya Luigi Amedeo di Savoy, Duke na Abruzzi. Wannan ya kasance tare da maimaita hawan Yuganda da zuriyar Italiya daga Brigade na Alpine wanda aka yiwa lakabi da "a cikin sawun Duke." Tawagar da wannan marubuci ya jagoranta a madadin hukumar yawon bude ido ta Uganda ta kuma baje kolin bikin cika shekaru dari a bikin baje kolin na BIT Milan a watan Fabrairun wannan shekarar kafin hawan karshe a watan Yuni.

“A halin yanzu, UWA tana kula da wuraren shakatawa na kasa guda 10, namun daji 12, da namun daji guda 5. Har ila yau, tana ba da jagora ga wuraren ajiyar namun daji guda 14 kuma ita ce ke da alhakin kula da namun daji a ciki da wajen wuraren da aka karewa."

A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, masu fafutuka da kungiyar kare dajin Bugoma ACBF, Climate Action Network Uganda, da dai sauransu suka yi kira da a kafa babban dajin Bugoma mai fadin murabba'in kilomita 41,000 a yammacin Uganda, don a mai da shi wurin shakatawa na kasa don ceto shi daga Lalacewar da ba ta dace ba tun lokacin da Hoima Sugar ke aiwatar da harin dajin don haɓaka sukari tun lokacin da masarautar Bunyoro Kitara ta yi hayar mil mil 22 zuwa masana'antar a cikin 2016.

Ana kuma ba da shawarar Pian Upe Reserve na gabashin Uganda don haɓaka matsayin gandun daji na ƙasa wanda zai tabbatar da ingantaccen kariya da kulawa a ƙarƙashin albarkatu da ƙwarewar UWA.

A cikin shekaru 25 masu zuwa da ma gaba, ba za mu manta da yin biki da kuma gane ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya da suka biya farashi mai yawa wajen kare namun daji da matsuguni da sunan kiyayewa ba, duk a cikin fuskantar barazana daga abubuwan namun daji amma galibi daga kai. -neman yan'uwa.

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda

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