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Zafin Rana na iya haifar da guguwar kura a duniyar Mars

 Wata ƙungiyar masana kimiyya, ciki har da Dr. Germán Martínez daga Jami'o'in Space Research Association, kawai buga wani bincike a cikin Ayyukan Cibiyar Nazarin Ilimi ta {asar Amirka. Wannan binciken ya nuna akwai rashin daidaituwar makamashi na yanayi a cikin adadin kuzarin hasken rana da duniyar Mars ke fitarwa wanda ke iya haifar da guguwar kura kuma zai iya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen fahimtar yanayi da yanayin jajayen duniya. 

Kasafin kasafin makamashi mai haske (kalmar da ke nufin ma'aunin makamashin hasken rana da duniya ke ɗauka daga rana sannan ta sake fitowa a matsayin zafi) na duniya ma'auni ne na asali. Dangane da abubuwan da aka gani daga ayyuka da yawa, ƙungiyar masana kimiyya sun ba da hoton yanayi na duniyar Mars. Ma'aunai daga NASA's Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Science Laboratory's Curiosity rover, da InSight manufa sun bayyana bambance-bambancen yanayi na yanayi da na rana na hasken Mars.  

"Daya daga cikin mafi ban sha'awa binciken shi ne cewa makamashi wuce haddi-mafi yawan makamashi da ake sha fiye da samarwa-na iya zama daya daga cikin samar da hanyoyin da kura guguwa a Mars," in ji Ellen Creecy, jagorar marubucin binciken.1 kuma dalibin digiri na uku daga Jami'ar Houston, Texas.

"Sakamakon mu da ke nuna rashin daidaituwar makamashi mai karfi ya nuna cewa ya kamata a sake duba samfuran lambobi na yanzu, saboda yawanci suna ɗauka cewa makamashin hasken Mars yana daidaita tsakanin lokutan Mars," in ji Dokta Germán Martínez, Masanin Kimiyya na USRA a Cibiyar Lunar da Planetary (LPI). ) da kuma mawallafin marubucin. "Bugu da ƙari, sakamakonmu yana nuna alaƙar da ke tsakanin guguwar ƙura da rashin daidaituwar makamashi, don haka na iya ba da sabbin fahimta game da haɓakar guguwar ƙura a duniyar Mars."

A cikin wannan binciken, ƙungiyar masana kimiyya sun yi amfani da abubuwan lura daga tauraron dan adam na martian, landers, da rovers don kimanta makamashin da Mars ke fitarwa a duniya a matsayin yanayin yanayi, gami da lokuta tare da guguwar ƙura a duniya. Sun gano cewa akwai rashin daidaituwar makamashi mai ƙarfi na ~ 15.3% tsakanin lokutan Mars, wanda ya fi girma fiye da na Duniya (0.4%) ko Titan (2.9%). Har ila yau, sun gano cewa, a lokacin guguwar kura da ta mamaye duniyar Mars a shekara ta 2001, yawan wutar da ake fitarwa a duniya ya ragu da kashi 22% a rana amma ya karu da kashi 29 cikin dari a cikin dare.

Sakamakon wannan binciken, haɗe da nau'ikan ƙididdiga, yana da damar haɓaka fahimtar halin yanzu game da yanayin yanayi na martian da yanayin yanayi, wanda ke da mahimmanci ga binciken ɗan adam a nan gaba a duniyar Mars kuma yana iya yin hasashen yanayin yanayin duniya. 

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

Dmytro Makarov

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