Yau ita ce ranar da ya kamata ku ziyarci San Marino: Idin San Marino

Mafi kyawun lokacin don ziyarci San Marino shine yau. A ranar 3 ga Satumba na kowace shekara, al'ummar wannan karamar ƙasa ta Turai suna bikin kafuwar San Marino Jamhuriyar daruruwan shekaru da suka wuce. Akwai ayyuka da yawa don dandana da shaida a wannan rana, gami da abubuwan da suka faru na giciye, gasa mai ɗaga tuta, da kyakkyawan kide-kide ta sojoji.

Masu ziyara zuwa San Marino na iya siyan biza akan EURO 5,00, amma kawai yana yin tambari mai kyau a cikin fasfo ɗin ku, kuma babu buƙatun doka. San Marino yana da ra'ayi iri ɗaya da Seychelles tare da saƙo ga masu yawon bude ido: "Mu abokai ne da kowa kuma abokan gaba ba su da kowa." San Marino aljanna ce ga waɗanda ke tattara tambari.

Sakatariyar harkokin wajen Amurka a yau ta mika gaisuwar gaisuwa ga al'ummar San Marino: A madadin jama'ar Amurka da gwamnatin kasar Amurka, da fatan za a karbi gaisuwata ga al'ummar San Marino a daidai lokacin da kuke gudanar da bukukuwan bukukuwan Sallah. San Marino da kafa babbar jamhuriyar ku. Shekaru da yawa, San Marino ya tsaya a matsayin misali na ruhun 'yancin kai. Mun fahimci mahimmancin tarihi na San Marino a matsayin jamhuriya mafi dadewa a duniya kuma muna mutunta sadaukarwar da kuka daɗe ga dimokuradiyya da mulkin kai. {Asar Amirka ta ɗauki San Marino a matsayin kawa kuma amintaccen aboki, kuma muna sa ran ci gaba da haɗin gwiwarmu.

Ranar uku ga watan Satumba ita ce ranar idin St Marinus, Saint wanda ya kafa Jamhuriyar San Marino. 

Bayan an gabatar da Maulidin a cikin Marinus Basilica, kayayyakin waliyyai suna cikin jerin gwano a titunan birnin. Da rana, bayan an ƙare bukukuwan addini, bukukuwan suna ɗaukar yanayi mafi shahara. A Cava dei Balestrieri ana gudanar da gasa ta crossbow, kuma a cikin Piazzale Lo Stradone Ƙungiyar Soja ta ba da kide-kide, sannan wani shahararren wasan bingo ya biyo baya. Ranar rufewa tare da nunin wasan wuta mai ɗaukar numfashi.

Bayan an gabatar da Maulidin a cikin Marinus Basilica, kayayyakin waliyyai suna cikin jerin gwano a titunan birnin. Da rana, bayan an ƙare bukukuwan addini, bukukuwan suna ɗaukar yanayi mafi shahara. A Cava dei Balestrieri ana gudanar da gasa ta crossbow, kuma a cikin Piazzale Lo Stradone Ƙungiyar Soja ta ba da kide-kide, sannan wani shahararren wasan bingo ya biyo baya. Ranar rufewa tare da nunin wasan wuta mai ɗaukar numfashi.

Shirin wucin gadi

Talata 3 Satumba

10.30 Karatun Sanarwa na Crossbowmen
A cikin titunan tsohon garin

14.30 Tashi Faretin Tarihi 
Porta San Francesco

15.00 Addu'ar Crossbowmen zuwa Majiɓinci Saint 
Basilica del Santo

15.30 Babban Gasar Crossbow da Nunin Jifa Tuta 
Cava dei Balestrieri

17.15 Parade na Tarihi 
A cikin titunan tsohon garin

17.30 Concert na Ƙungiyar Soja ta Jamhuriyar San Marino 
Piazza della Libertà

19.00 Babban Taron Bingo 
Piazzale lo Stradone

A cikin Jamhuriyar San Marino, girmama Saint wanda, bisa ga almara, ya kafa Jamhuriyar, yana da tushe mai zurfi kuma ya yadu. Labarin ya nuna yadda wannan ƙwararren mai yankan dutse ya bar tsibirin ƙasarsa na Arbe da ke Dalmatia ya zo Dutsen Titano don ya kafa wata ƴar ƙaramar al’umma ta Kirista da ke ƙoƙarta don guje wa tsanantawa na sarki Diocletian. A cikin 301 AD, al'umma ta farko wacce Jamhuriyar San Marino ta samo asali, ta kafa.

Shaida ta farko na 'yancin kai na San Marino
Abin da ke da tabbas shi ne cewa an zauna a yankin tun zamanin da, amma takarda ta farko da ke tabbatar da wanzuwar al'umma mai tsari a kan Dutsen Titano ita ce Placito Feretrano, takarda mai lamba 885 dc, an adana shi a cikin Taskokin Jiha.

Rundunar Sojoji na yau da kullun yana shiga cikin bukukuwan hukuma kuma yana aiki tare da 'yan sanda a wasu lokuta; ’yan kungiyar Soja na cikin Rundunar Soji na yau da kullum.

Dokokin farko da dokokin San Marino
A daidai lokacin da ikon daular ke raguwa kuma ba a kafa ikon wucin gadi na Paparoma ba tukuna, al'ummar yankin, kamar na wasu jihohin Italiya da dama, sun yanke shawarar ba wa kansu wani nau'i na gwamnati. Don haka aka haifi birni kyauta. Ƙananan al'umma a kan Dutsen Titano, don tunawa da almara na Marinus, mai yankan dutse, ya kira kansa "Land of San Marino", daga baya "Birnin San Marino kyauta" kuma a ƙarshe "Jamhuriyar San Marino". An baiwa gwamnati amana ga taron shugabannin iyalai da ake kira "Arengo" wanda wani Rector ya jagoranta.
Yayin da al'umma ke girma, an nada Kyaftin Defender don raba nauyin zartarwa tare da Rector.
Sai a shekara ta 1243 ne aka zabi Consuls biyu na farko, Captains Regent, a ofis na tsawon watanni shida; nadin na shekara sau biyu da ake yi akai-akai tun daga lokacin har zuwa yanzu, wanda hakan ke tabbatar da ingancin cibiyoyi.
Koyaushe cikin damuwa don haɓaka alaƙar lumana da fatan alheri, Arengo ya ƙirƙira tare da ƙaddamar da dokoki na farko, Dokokin, waɗanda aka yi wahayi daga ƙa'idodin dimokuradiyya. Ko da yake a cikin 1253 akwai shaida game da wanzuwar Dokokin farko, a cikin 1295 akwai tsarin farko na dokoki a Jamhuriyar San Marino.

Mai cin gashin kansa na San Marino
Godiya ga hikimar da ta zaburar da tsohon birnin San Marino mai 'yanci, al'ummar sun sami damar shawo kan yanayi masu haɗari da kuma ƙarfafa 'yancinsu.
Abubuwan da suka faru na tarihi sun kasance masu rikitarwa kuma sakamakonsu sau da yawa ba shi da tabbas, amma ƙaunar 'yanci ya ba wa birni mai 'yanci damar kiyaye 'yancinsa.
Jamhuriyar San Marino sau biyu sojojin soji sun mamaye, amma na wasu watanni a lokaci guda: a cikin 1503 na Cesare Borgia, wanda aka sani da Valentino, kuma a 1739 na Cardinal Giulio Alberoni. 'Yanci daga Borgia ya zo ne bayan da azzalumi ya mutu, yayin da a na Cardinal Alberoni, an yi amfani da rashin biyayya ga jama'a don nuna rashin amincewa da wannan cin zarafi na mulki da kuma aika sakonni na sirri don samun adalci daga Paparoma wanda ya amince da 'yancin San Marino kuma ya maido da 'yancin kai.

Napoleon Bonaparte ya yi godiya ga San Marino
A cikin 1797, Napoleon ya ba da kyaututtuka da abokantaka ga San Marino da kuma fadada iyakokinsa. Mutanen San Marino sun kasance masu godiya sosai da girmamawa da irin wannan karimci, amma sun ƙi da hikimar ruɗi don faɗaɗa yankinsu, sun gamsu kamar yadda suke da "matsayin su".


Labarin Garibaldi
A cikin 1849, lokacin da sojojin abokan gaba uku suka kewaye Giuseppe Garibaldi bayan faduwar jamhuriyar Roma, ya sami tsira da ba zato ba tsammani ga kansa da abokansa da suka tsira a San Marino.

Shugaban Amurka Abraham Lincoln dan kasa mai daraja
A cikin shekara ta 1861, Ibrahim Lincoln ya nuna abokantakarsa da sha'awar San Marino lokacin da ya rubuta a cikin wasu abubuwa zuwa ga Captains Regent "Ko da yake mulkin ku karami ne, duk da haka jihar ku tana daya daga cikin mafi girma a cikin tarihi...".

Rashin tsaka tsaki na San Marino a lokacin yakin duniya na biyu
San Marino yana alfahari da keɓaɓɓen al'adar baƙi. Wannan kasa mai 'yanci ba ta taba ki amincewa da mafaka ko taimako ga wadanda bala'i ko azzalumai ke tsananta musu ba, komai yanayinsu ko ra'ayinsu. A lokacin yakin duniya na karshe, San Marino ya kasance tsaka tsaki, kuma ko da yake yawanta ya ƙunshi mazauna 15.000 kawai, ta ba da mafaka da mafaka ga masu hijira 100.000 da suka fito daga yankunan Italiya da ke kewaye da su.

Jamhuriyar San Marino tana da alakar diflomasiyya da na ofishin jakadanci da fiye da kasashen Turai saba'in da wadanda ba na Turai ba.

Kasa ce memba ta kungiyoyin kasa da kasa da dama, irin su Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UNO) da yawancin shirye-shiryenta, kudade da hukumominta, kamar Hukumar Ilimi, Kimiyya da Al'adu ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UNESCO), Asusun Kula da Yara na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UNESCO). UNICEF, Hukumar Abinci da Aikin Noma (FAO), Asusun Ba da Lamuni na Duniya (IMF), Bankin Duniya (WB), Kungiyar Kwadago ta Duniya (ILO), Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO), Hukumar Yawon shakatawa ta Duniya (UNWTO). , International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), International Maritime Organization (IMO), World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapon (OPCW). Har ila yau, wani bangare ne na Majalisar Turai da Hukumar 'Yan Sanda ta Kasa da Kasa (INTERPOL).

Jamhuriyar ta kuma kasance tana da dangantaka da Tarayyar Turai tun 1991; tana shiga cikin kungiyar Inter-Parliamentary, Majalisar Dokokin Tarayyar Turai da na Kungiyar Tsaro da Haɗin Kai a Turai (OSCE) tare da wakilanta na majalisar.

Daga watan Mayun 1990 har zuwa Nuwamba na wannan shekarar da kuma daga Nuwamba 2006 zuwa Mayu 2007, San Marino ya rike shugabancin watanni shida na kwamitin ministocin majalisar Turai.

San Marino yana da ƙwaƙƙwaran tafiye-tafiye da masana'antar yawon buɗe ido.
Ƙarin bayani kan yadda za ku ziyarci ziyarar San Marino http://www.visitsanmarino.com

 

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Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.