al'adu manufa Ƙasar Abincin Otal da wuraren shakatawa Labarai Tourism Labaran Wayar Balaguro Amurka

Otal ɗin Tampa Bay: Mafi Cikakkun Gidajen Kare a Rayuwa

Hoton S.Turkel

Nasarar Otal ɗin Ponce de Leon na Henry M. Flagler a St. Augustine ya gamsar da Henry B. Plant cewa Tampa na buƙatar sabon otal mai ban mamaki. Tare da yarjejeniyar majalisar garin don sabuwar gada a kan kogin Hillsborough da kuma rage harajin gidaje, Plant ya zaɓi maginin birnin New York John A. Wood don tsara wani otal mai ban sha'awa. ginshiƙin na Tampa Bay An shimfiɗa otal a ranar 26 ga Yuli, 1888, kuma otal ɗin mai daki 511 ya buɗe ranar 5 ga Fabrairu, 1891, tare da rotunda mai tsayi 23 da ke da ginshiƙai goma sha uku. Otal ɗin otal na farko mai cikakken wutar lantarki na Florida ya ƙunshi abubuwa masu zuwa:

• Dakunan baƙi: gidan wanka ɗaya na kowane ɗakuna uku (yayin da Ponce de Leon ke da dakunan wanka a ƙarshen falon); kafet, gadaje masu laushi, wayoyi, dumama ruwan zafi, murhu da madubi mai da'ira mai inci goma sha biyar da aka saita a saman rufin kowane ɗaki tare da kwararan fitila uku a ƙasa don fitar da haske ga dukkan sassan ɗakunan. Bugu da ƙari, an sanya fitulun lantarki guda biyu a gefen teburin tufafi.

• Suites guda goma sha shida: kowanne yana da falo biyu, dakuna uku, kofofi masu zamewa, dakunan wanka guda biyu da masu zaman kansu.

• Wuraren jama'a sun haɗa da cafe, ɗakin billiard, ofishin telegraph, kantin aski, kantin magani, kantin furanni, yankin mata na musamman don shuffleboard, ɗakin billiard, ofishin telegraph, da wuraren cafe. Har ila yau akwai wuraren wanka na allura da ma'adinai, tausa da likita. Akwai wasu kananun shaguna a cikin wurin arcade.

• Wuraren shakatawa sun haɗa da wasan tennis da kotunan ƙwallo, hawan rickshaw, filin wasan golf mai ramuka 18, wuraren shakatawa, tafiye-tafiyen farauta da balaguron balaguro ta hanyar harba wutar lantarki a Kogin Hillsborough don lura da alligators da mullet.

• Abincin maraice ya kasance na yau da kullun tare da kyawawan riguna, jaket da ɗaure. Akwai kida kai tsaye ta ƙungiyar makaɗa da aka sanya a matakin na biyu na babban ɗakin cin abinci. Bayan cin abincin dare, baƙi sun rabu - maza zuwa mashaya don shan sigari da masu shayarwa bayan abincin dare, mata zuwa ɗakin zama don abubuwan sha masu sanyi da tattaunawa.

• Wani sabis ɗin da otal ɗin ya bayar shi ne gidajen kare guda goma sha biyar don masaukin dabbobin da baƙi otal ke ɗauka yayin zamansu a Florida. Wuraren suna cikin wurin shakatawa na rabin kadada tare da bishiyoyin inuwa kuma an rufe shi da shinge mai ƙafa shida. Kasidar otal ɗin ta yi iƙirarin cewa tana da:

"Mafi kyawun masaukin karnuka na kowane otal da ke wanzu."

Henry Bradley Plant (Oktoba 27, 1819 - Yuni 23, 1899), ɗan kasuwa ne, ɗan kasuwa, kuma mai saka hannun jari wanda ke da sha'awar sufuri da ayyuka da yawa, galibin layin dogo, a kudu maso gabashin Amurka. Shi ne ya kafa tsarin Shuka na layin dogo da jiragen ruwa.

An haife shi a shekara ta 1819 a Branford, Connecticut, Shuka ya shiga aikin layin dogo a 1844, yana aiki a matsayin manzo na musamman akan Hartford da New Haven Railroad har zuwa 1853, a lokacin yana da cikakken alhakin kasuwancin wannan hanyar. Ya tafi kudu a cikin 1853 kuma ya kafa layukan kai tsaye a kan layin dogo na kudu daban-daban, kuma a cikin 1861 ya shirya Southern Express Co., kuma ya zama shugabanta. A 1879 ya sayi, tare da wasu, Atlantic da Gulf Railroad na Jojiya, kuma daga baya ya sake tsara Savannah, Florida da Western Railroad, wanda ya zama shugaban kasa. Ya saya ya sake ginawa, a cikin 1880, Savannah da Charleston Railroad, yanzu Charleston da Savannah. Ba da dadewa ba ya shirya kamfanin zuba jari na Plant Investment Co., don sarrafa wadannan hanyoyin jiragen kasa da kuma ciyar da bukatunsu gaba daya, sannan daga baya ya kafa layin jirgin ruwa a kan kogin St. John, a Florida. Daga 1853 har zuwa 1860 ya kasance babban mai kula da sashin kudancin Adams Express Co., kuma a cikin 1867 ya zama shugaban Texas Express Co. A cikin 1880s, yawancin layin dogo da ya tara ya haɗu a cikin Tsarin Shuka, wanda ya zama shugaban Texas Express Co. daga baya ya zama wani ɓangare na layin dogo na Tekun Atlantika.

An san shuka musamman don haɗa yankin Tampa Bay da aka keɓe a baya da kuma kudu maso yammacin Florida zuwa tsarin layin dogo na ƙasa da kuma kafa sabis na zirga-zirgar jiragen ruwa na yau da kullun tsakanin Tampa, Cuba, da Key West, yana taimakawa haɓaka yawan jama'a da haɓakar tattalin arziki a yankin. Don haɓaka zirga-zirgar fasinja, Plant ya gina babban wurin shakatawa na Tampa Bay tare da layin dogo ta Tampa da ƙananan otal da yawa a kudu, yana fara masana'antar yawon shakatawa na yankin. Abokan hamayyarsa, Henry Flagler, haka ma ya haifar da ci gaba a gabar gabar tekun Florida ta hanyar gina titin jirgin kasa na Gabas ta Florida tare da wuraren shakatawa da yawa a kan hanyarsa.

A cikin lokacin 1896-97, Plant ya gina gidan caca / zauren taro, da ginin nunin 80 x 110-foot a cikin Tampa Bay Hotel da ɗakin taro da wurin shakatawa a baya. Ƙarshen gabas na gidan kulab ɗin yana ƙunshe da wuraren wasan ƙwallon ƙafa biyu da kotun shuffleboard. Lokacin da ake buƙata azaman babban ɗakin taro, tafkin tiled ɗin da ke cike da ruwan bazara za a iya rufe shi da bene na katako. Lokacin da zauren, wanda ke da mutane 1,800, ba a yi amfani da shi a matsayin wasan kwaikwayo ba, ɗakin tufafi na 'yan wasan kwaikwayo ya zama masu canza dakunan wanka. Otal din yana da manyan faffadan veranda, lambuna masu kyau, bakuna na hasken wutar lantarki, tukwane na gabas, kyawawan mutum-mutumi da zane-zane, tagulla na Turkiyya, kwalabe na tagulla na kasar Sin. Mista Plant da Uwargida Plant sun yi balaguro zuwa Turai da Gabas mai Nisa don zabar da siyan kayan daki da sauran kayayyakin da za a yi wa dakunan jama'a.

Katin otal na 1924 ya bayyana kyawawan filaye kamar haka:

A jauhari mai ban sha'awa ya kamata ya kasance yana da saitin da ya dace don haka yana da, a cikin lambun wurare masu zafi na kyawawan furanni da nau'in nau'in. Gidan da ke kewaye da otal ɗin ya kamata ya dace da girmansa mai kyau don haka yana ba da izinin shuke-shuken orange, tafiye-tafiye masu ban sha'awa, da abubuwan jan hankali ta hanyar dogayen layukan palmetto da ƙarƙashin itatuwan oak masu raye-raye waɗanda ke biye da banners na gansakuka na Mutanen Espanya.

A gefen wani karamin rafi an shuka tsire-tsire da 'ya'yan itatuwa masu yawa na wurare masu zafi da suka hada da wardi, pansies, bamboos, oleander, gwanda, mangos da abarba. Tun lokacin sanyi na lokaci-lokaci na iya lalata tsire-tsire masu zafi, an gina ɗakin ajiyar gilashin don shuka tsire-tsire da furanni don ɗakunan baƙi, wuraren jama'a da teburin cin abinci. Bayan tafiya zuwa Bahamas, shugaban lambun Auton Fiche ya dawo da kwale-kwale na tsire-tsire masu zafi. Wani kasida na 1892 na 'ya'yan itatuwa, furanni da tsire-tsire da ke girma a filin otal ya lissafa nau'ikan dabino iri ashirin da biyu, nau'ikan ayaba uku, nau'ikan orchids guda goma sha biyu da bishiyoyin citrus iri-iri da suka hada da orange, lemun tsami, lemo, innabi, Mandarin da Tangerine.

Ko da a yau, kuna iya ganin dalilin da yasa Otal ɗin Tampa Bay ya kasance kayan ado na Plant's Florida Gulf Coast Hotels. Yawancin ginin na asali yanzu Jami'ar Tampa ke amfani da shi kuma yana da gidan kayan tarihi na Henry B. Plant. Lokacin da aka buɗe ranar 31 ga Janairu, 1891, ɗan jarida Henry G. Parker a cikin Gazette na Maraice na Asabar na Boston ya rubuta,

Sabon Otal ɗin Tampa Bay: An keɓe shi don sagacious da ƙwaƙƙwarar hanyar jirgin ƙasa da babban jirgin ruwa, Mista HB Plant, don girbi darajar ginawa a cikin wurare masu zafi Florida mafi kyawun otal, mafi asali kuma mafi kyawun otal a Kudu, idan ba a ciki ba. kasa baki daya; kuma otal ne wanda duk duniya ke bukatar shawara. Gaba dayan kadarorin da suka hada da filaye da gine-gine, an kashe dala miliyan biyu, sannan da kayan daki da kayan daki na karin rabin miliyan. Babu wani abu da ke cutar da ido, sakamakon da aka samu yana daya daga cikin mamaki da jin dadi.

Duk da fasalulluka na otal ɗin, ba a taɓa samun nasarar kasuwanci ba a lokacin Plant. Ba shi da sha'awar rahoton kuɗi kuma ya yi iƙirarin cewa otal ɗin yana da amfani idan kawai ya ji daɗin babban sashin bututun Jamus. Gidan kayan tarihi na Henry B. Plant da ke Tampa Bay Hotel (wanda aka kafa a shekara ta 1933) yana tunawa da shekarun otal ɗin, lokacin da tufafin abincin dare ya kasance daidai, kuma rickshaws suna ɗaukar baƙi ta cikin lambunan otal ɗin. Gidan Yakin Mutanen Espanya da Amurka ya ba da labarin otal din da aka yi a rikicin 1898 tsakanin Amurka da Cuba da Sipaniya ke rike da shi. Domin Tampa ita ce birni mafi kusa da Cuba tare da kayan aikin dogo da tashar jiragen ruwa, an zaɓe shi a matsayin wurin da aka fara yaƙi. Otal ɗin an sanya shi Matsayin Tarihi na Ƙasa a cikin 1977.

Ɗan Plant, Morton Freeman Plant (1852-1918), ya kasance mataimakin shugaban Kamfanin Zuba Jari daga 1884 zuwa 1902 kuma ya sami bambanci a matsayin ɗan wasan jirgin ruwa. Ya kasance mai kula da kulob din wasan kwallon kwando na Philadelphia a cikin National League, kuma shi ne mai kulob din New London a Gabashin League na karamar Shuka da yawa kyaututtuka ga asibitoci da sauran cibiyoyi wadanda suka fi fice su ne dakunan kwanan dalibai uku da kyautar da ba ta da iyaka na $1,000,000 zuwa Kwalejin Mata na Connecticut. Gidan tsohon gidan na 1905 akan titin Fifth a cikin birnin New York yanzu shine gidan cartier.

Stanley Turkel ne adam wata An sanya shi a matsayin Tarihin Tarihi na shekara ta 2020 ta Tarihi na Tarihi na Tarihi, shirin hukuma na National Trust for Adana Tarihi, wanda a baya aka sanya masa suna a cikin 2015 da 2014. Turkel shi ne mashawarcin mashawarcin otal otal da aka fi yaduwa a Amurka. Yana aiki da aikin tuntuɓar otal ɗin da yake aiki a matsayin ƙwararren mashaidi a cikin al'amuran da suka shafi otal, yana ba da kula da kadara da shawarwarin ikon mallakar otal. An tabbatar dashi a matsayin Babban Mai Ba da Otal din Otal daga Cibiyar Ilimi ta Hotelasar Amurkan Hotel da Lodging Association. [email kariya] 917-628-8549

Sabon littafinsa mai suna "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" an buga shi.

Sauran Littattafan Otal da Aka Buga:

• Manyan otal -otal na Amurka: Majagaba na Masana'antar otal (2009)

• An Gina Don Ƙarshe: Otal-otal sama da 100 a New York (2011)

• An Gina Don Ƙarshe: Otal-otal 100+ Gabas na Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar na Waldorf (2014)

• Manyan otal -otal na Amurka Juzu'i na 2: Majagaba na Masana'antar otal (2016)

• An Gina Don Ƙarshe: Otal-otal 100+ Yammacin Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Shuka, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Babban American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Volume 3: Bob da Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

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