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An gano sabon nau'in kwayar cutar HIV mai saurin yaduwa da hatsari a Turai

An gano sabon nau'in kwayar cutar HIV mai saurin yaduwa da hatsari a Turai
An gano sabon nau'in kwayar cutar HIV mai saurin yaduwa da hatsari a Turai
Written by Harry Johnson

"Mutanen da ke da bambancin VB suna da nauyin kwayar cutar hoto (matakin kwayar cutar a cikin jini) tsakanin 3.5 da 5.5 sau mafi girma," in ji masu bincike na Big Data Institute.

Binciken haɗin gwiwar kasa da kasa, wanda masana kimiyya daga Jami'ar Oxford suka jagoranta Babban Cibiyar Bayanai, ya gano wani sabon nau'in kwayar cutar HIV mai saurin yaduwa kuma mai haɗari a cikin Netherlands

Masu binciken sun gano shari'o'i 109 na sabon bambance-bambancen '' subtype B' (VB) bayan sun yi nazari fiye da 6,700 tabbatacce samfurori.

Sakamakon binciken, wanda aka buga a mujallar Kimiyya, ya nuna bambance-bambancen bambance-bambancen kwayoyin halitta tsakanin nau'in VB da sauran nau'in kwayar cutar HIV, wanda ya tabbatar da mummunan tsammanin masana kimiyya.

"Mutanen da ke da bambancin VB suna da nauyin kwayar cutar hoto (matakin kwayar cutar a cikin jini) tsakanin 3.5 da 5.5 sau sama," Babban Cibiyar Bayanai masu bincike suka ce.

Yawan raguwar sel CD4, wanda shine alamar lalacewar tsarin rigakafi ta hanyar HIV, "ya faru sau biyu cikin sauri a cikin mutane masu bambancin VB, yana sanya su cikin haɗarin haɓaka AIDS da sauri."

Marasa lafiya tare da nau'in VB kuma sun nuna haɗarin watsa kwayar cutar zuwa wasu mutane.

Waɗannan ƙarshe sun tabbatar da damuwar da aka daɗe da cewa sabbin maye gurbi na iya sa kwayar cutar ta HIV-1 ta fi kamuwa da cuta kuma ta fi haɗari. A cewar shirin hadin gwiwa na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan cutar kanjamau, ya riga ya shafi mutane miliyan 38 a duk duniya, kuma mutane miliyan 36 ne suka mutu sakamakon kamuwa da cutar kanjamau tun farkon barkewar cutar a farkon shekarun 1980. 

Adadin shari'o'in VB da aka gano yana da ƙanƙanta, amma ainihin adadi yana iya zama mafi girma.

"Akwai tabbaci, bayan fara jiyya, mutanen da ke da bambancin VB suna da irin wannan tsarin rigakafi da farfadowa da rayuwa ga mutanen da ke da wasu nau'o'in HIV," in ji binciken.

Wani labari mai dadi shine, bisa kiyasin masu bincike, bambancin VB ya yadu bayan bullowar nau'in a cikin 1980s da 1990s, da kuma saurin yada shi a cikin 2000s, yana raguwa tun a kusa da 2010. 

Duk da haka, tun da wani sabon nau'i yana haifar da lalacewa da sauri na kariyar tsarin rigakafi, "wannan ya sa ya zama mahimmanci cewa an gano mutane da wuri kuma su fara magani da wuri-wuri," in ji masu binciken, suna kuma jaddada mahimmancin gwaji akai-akai don at- hadarin mutane.

Ƙarin bincike zai iya taimakawa wajen gano "sabbin hari don magungunan rigakafin cutar kanjamau na gaba" kamar yadda bambance-bambancen VB ke da maye gurbi da yawa, masanan sun kara da cewa. 

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Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson ya kasance editan aikin eTurboNews fiye da shekaru 20. Yana zaune a Honolulu, Hawaii, kuma asalinsa daga Turai ne. Yana jin daɗin rubutawa da bayar da labarai.

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