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Matsayin Amurka a cikin Sabuwa UNWTO?

Marcelo
Marcelo Risi, UNWTO

Yana da wahala ministocin yawon bude ido su je Madrid a karshen wannan watan don kafa tarihi don kafa wani sabon tarihi UNWTO. Yana iya zama daidai da bacewar dama ga UNWTO kasashe membobin don nuna jagoranci kuma su zama majagaba don gaba da sabo UNWTO, idan sun zauna a gida ko aika jakada don yin aikin ministan yawon shakatawa a mai zuwa UNWTO Babban taron a Madrid Nuwamba 28 - Disamba 3.

  • Amurka, Ostiraliya, da Ingila manyan kasashe ne a yawon bude ido na duniya, amma ba memba na Hukumar Kula da Yawon shakatawa ta Duniya ba (UNWTO).
  • Wakilai, masu ba da shawara masu tsada, da sauran masana daga waɗannan ƙasashe sun ɗauki hayar su UNWTO da masu haɗin gwiwa don tuntuɓar, bincike, da sauran ayyuka, yayin da ƙasashensu ba sa biyan kuɗin shiga.
  • So sabon tsarin na UNWTO dawo da Amurka da sauran manyan kasashen duniya a fannin yawon bude ido cikin wannan hukuma mai alaka da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a matsayin membobi?

Amurka ta kasance memba ta kafa UNWTO. Don har yanzu Amurka tana da babban tasiri a cikin Kungiyar Yawon shakatawa ta Duniya da yawon bude ido na duniya gaba daya, amma rashin biyan kudin shiga ya jawo UNWTO don zama ƙasa da dacewa, ƙarancin kuɗi, kuma ƙasa da matsayin jagora mai mutuntawa ga ɓangaren jama'a na duniyar yawon buɗe ido ta duniya.

A ranar yawon bude ido ta duniya 2016, foTsohon ministan yawon bude ido na kasar Zimbabwe, Dr. Walter Mzembi, ya bayyana haka eTurboNews: "A ranar yawon shakatawa ta duniya a 2016, na cika da ra'ayoyi."

Mzembi ya so kowace jiha da yankin Amurka su shiga UNWTO da kansa. Idan aka yi la'akari da kowace jiha ta riga ta kasance mai 'yanci sosai a cikin tallan yawon shakatawa a ciki da wajen Amurka, wannan ra'ayin bai kasance mara ma'ana ba.

"Wataƙila wannan ita ce mafita ga babbar mai ikon yawon buɗe ido ta duniya, Amurka, ta shiga cikin Hukumar Kula da Balaguro ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a hukumance.UNWTO). Maganin na iya zama sabbin mambobi 50 zuwa ga UNWTO, Jiha ɗaya a lokaci guda,” in ji Mzembi eTurboNews.

An tattauna wannan ba-ba-da-ba-da-ba-muwa tare da Jakadan Amurka Harry K. Thomas, Jr., da Dr. Walter Mzembi, dan takarar babban sakatare na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. UNWTO a cikin 2017 lokacin da yake yakin neman zabe a kan Sakatare Janar na yanzu Zurab Pololikashvili.

UNWTO yana ci gaba da musayar bayanai, bincike, da sauran batutuwa tare da Amurka da yawancin ƙasashen da ba membobinsu ba ba tare da samun kuɗi ba. Wannan ba shakka ba mai dorewa ba ne.

A watan Yunin 2019, an fara jita-jita game da komawar Amurka shiga cikin Hukumar Kula da Yawon shakatawa ta Duniya. Isabell Hill, Darakta ya musanta hakan da sauri. Ofishin balaguro da yawon buɗe ido na ƙasa a cikin Ma'aikatar kasuwanci ta Amurka, amma a bayan fage, ayyuka kamar suna ci gaba a wannan fanni.

Wannan ya kasance a cikin Oktoba 2019, watanni 6 kafin COVID-19 ya lalata yawon shakatawa. Wannan shi ne karshen gwamnatin Trump a Amurka.

Yarjejeniyar yanayi ta Paris, yarjejeniyar nukiliyar Iran, hadin gwiwar Trans-Pacific, UNESCO - wadannan duk yarjejeniyoyin duniya ne ko ka'idojin da Amurka ta janye tun bayan da Shugaba Trump ya kafa ajandarsa ta "Amurka ta Farko" a farkon wa'adinsa na farko.

A cikin 2019, Mataimakin Sakataren Gwamnati Kevin E. Moley ya gana da jami'ai daga UNWTO a Madrid don ci gaba da tattaunawa kan komawar Amurka.



A watan Yunin 2019, a Tawagar fadar White House ta halarci taron majalisar zartarwar kungiyar a Baku, Azerbaijan. A sa'i daya kuma, an sanar da aniyar Amurka ta sake yin shawarwarin zama memba. "Amurka ta farko ba Amurka kadai take nufi ba," in ji babban mataimakin shugaban ma'aikatan fadar White House yana cewa.

A watan Yunin 2019, lokacin da aka fara sanar da yiwuwar sake shiga cikin "sharuɗɗan da ke da amfani ga Amurka", Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Amurka ta fitar da wata sanarwa tana mai cewa "Gwamnatin ta yi imanin cewa. UNWTO yana ba da babbar dama don ƙara haɓaka haɓaka a wannan fannin, ƙirƙirar sabbin ayyuka ga Amurkawa, da kuma nuna fa'ida da ingancin wuraren yawon buɗe ido na Amurka. "

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a wancan lokacin ta yi farin ciki da begen komawar Amurka. A wata sanarwa da aka fitar a shekarar 2019. UNWTO Sakatare Janar Zurab Pololikashvili ya ce, "Abin farin ciki ne matuka cewa Amurka ta nuna a fili aniyar ta na komawa. UNWTO da kuma tallafawa yawon bude ido a matsayin babbar hanyar samar da ayyukan yi, saka hannun jari, da kasuwanci, da kuma kiyaye abubuwan tarihi da al'adu a duniya."

Sauran cibiyoyin yawon shakatawa waɗanda ba mambobi ba ne UNWTO sun hada da UK, Canada, da Ostiraliya. A yayin da wadancan kasashe suka fice saboda dalilai daban-daban, rashin sa ido da kuma kare hakkin dan Adam na wadanda suka zauna a majalisar ba da shawara sun kasance suna yawan sukar kungiyar.

The Kungiyar Yawon shakatawa ta Duniya yana buƙatar waɗannan manyan ikon yawon buɗe ido su zama mambobi. Wannan ba don kuɗaɗen membobin da ake buƙata cikin gaggawa ba ne kawai, har ma don kiyaye kowane matsayi a matsayin ƙungiyar duniya don ɓangaren jama'a na yawon shakatawa na duniya.

Tare da rashin bin ka'ida da yawa a cikin shugabancin yanzu a UNWTO, tare da COVID-19 yana tura yawon buɗe ido cikin manyan ƙalubalen da ya taɓa fuskanta, tsammanin shiga Amurka ya zama mai nisa - ko a'a?

Isabel Hills, wanda ba kawai Darakta na Ofishin Balaguro da Yawon shakatawa na ƙasa ba, Sashen Kasuwanci, Amurka, har ma da Shugaban Hukumar Kula da Balaguro. Kwamitin Yawon shakatawa na Kungiyar Hadin Kan Tattalin Arziki da Ci Gaba (OECD)., yana da cikakkiyar dama ga kowa UNWTO takardu da bincike, kodayake Amurka a matsayin wacce ba memba ba, ba ta biyan kuɗaɗen zama membobin cikin gaggawa don UNWTO shekaru 10 da suka gabata.

OECD wani taro ne wanda gwamnatoci ke kwatantawa da musayar gogewa na siyasa, gano kyawawan ayyuka bisa la'akari da kalubalen da ke tasowa, da inganta yanke shawara da shawarwari don samar da ingantattun manufofi don ingantacciyar rayuwa.

Manufar OECD ita ce inganta manufofin da ke inganta tattalin arziki da zamantakewar mutane a duniya.

Halin Yau

Tare da koyan yawon shakatawa yadda ake aiki tare da COVID, Saudi Arabia da Spain sun fara wani sabon motsi kuma sun riga sun kawo Amurka cikin wannan cakuda. A karkashin jagorancin Saudiyya, an kafa kungiyar hadin gwiwar yawon bude ido ta kasashe daban-daban na farko a COP26 a Glasgow a farkon wannan watan.

Wataƙila akwai damar wannan sabon shiri don haɗa shi cikin sabon UNWTO? Idan da za a haɗa wannan yunƙurin zuwa wani sabon abu UNWTO a karkashin sabon jagoranci, akwai dama ta hakika ga dukkan masu ikon yawon bude ido na duniya su sake shiga wannan kungiyar yawon bude ido.

Kasashen da suka kafa wannan sabon shiri sun riga sun yi kuma akai-akai irin wannan alamar haɗin kai.

A mataki na 1, an gayyaci kasashe 10 gaba daya zuwa ga kawancen:

  1. UK
  2. Amurka
  3. Jamaica
  4. Faransa
  5. Japan
  6. Jamus
  7. Kenya
  8. Spain
  9. Saudi Arabia
  10. Morocco

Wannan sabon ci gaba ya sake tabbatar da mahimmancin mai zuwa UNWTO Babban Taro don saita kungiyar akan sabuwar hanya.

Dama ga ministocin yawon bude ido na UNWTO Kasashe membobi don tafiya Madrid a ƙarshen wannan watan da shiga Babban Taro yana ƙara wahala a rana.

Babban taron na iya zama taron jakadun Madrid don amfanin wasu tsirarun ƙasashe mambobi. Wannan bazai kawo adadin kuri'un da ake bukata ba kuma yana iya tilasta wani zama a wani lokaci na gaba.

Duk da haka, yana da mahimmanci don UNWTO kasashe mambobin kungiyar da ministocinsu don fahimtar mahimmancin taron.

Cuthbert Ncube da Najb BalalaATB Shugaba da Min Tourism Kenya
Shugaban ATB Cuthbert Ncube & Hon. Sakataren yawon bude ido Kenya Najib Balala

Cuthbert Ncube, Shugaban Hukumar yawon shakatawa ta Afirka, ya fada eTurboNews A yau daga ziyarar aiki da ta kai Senegal, "Hukumar yawon bude ido ta Afirka tana ba da shawarar cewa Afirka ta kasance da haɗin kai tare da taru a Madrid don gudanar da bikin. UNWTO Majalisar Dinkin Duniya."

Ga abin da zai faru idan ba a tabbatar da Babban Sakatare na yanzu ba a mai zuwa UNWTO Babban Taro a Madrid a kan Disamba 3, 2021:
  1. Babban taron ba zai amince da shawarar da Majalisar Zartaswa ta bayar na matsayin Sakatare Janar na Kungiyar ba.
  2. Za ta umurci Majalisar Zartaswa a zamanta na 115 da za a yi a Madrid, Spain, 3 ga Disamba, 2021, don bude sabon tsari na zaben Sakatare Janar na kungiyar.
  3. Zai umurci Majalisar Zartarwa cewa irin wannan tsari na zaben yana da mafi karancin jadawalin watanni 3 da mafi girman watanni 6, tun daga ranar da aka bude aikin zaben.
  4. Za ta umurci Shugaban Majalisar Zartaswa da Babban Sakatare Janar na kungiyar da su kira mambobin majalisar zartarwa 116 da babban taro na musamman a watan Mayu 2022 a wuri da kwanan wata da za a bayyana.

Idan ba za a sake tabbatar da Babban Sakatare na yanzu ba a babban taron da ke tafe, yana iya sake samun damar shiga sabuwar gasa ta gaskiya don wannan mukami.

Ma’ana, za a yi wani sabon zabe na gaskiya inda za a ba wa sabbin ‘yan takara damar yin takara da kuma yakin neman zaben.

Mutane da yawa sun ce, ba haka lamarin yake ba a watan Janairun 2021, lokacin da Majalisar Zartarwa ta sake zabar Zurab Pololikashvili.

Mutane da yawa sun gaskata cewa wannan na iya zama hanya mafi kyau a gaba na gaba UNWTO da yawon bude ido na duniya. Har ila yau, ita ce hanya mafi kyau ga masu neman sabbin mambobi, irin su Amurka da kasashe 10 da suka shiga shirin duniya da Saudiyya da Spain suka jagoranta don zama wata sabuwar hanya mai kyau ga kungiyar yawon bude ido ta duniya.

Yana iya ma saita kyakkyawan gado ga na yanzu UNWTO Babban Sakatare.

UNWTO Ministoci (Delegates) suna shirin halartar Babban Taro a Madrid Nuwamba 28 - Disamba 3 na iya kafa tarihi ga yawon shakatawa na duniya.

Rashin halartar Babban Taro na iya nufin rasa damar irin wannan kasa da ta ɓace daga wannan muhimmin taron.

Wadanda za su bace a babban taron su ne eTurboNews manema labarai. A watan Fabrairun 2018, eTurboNews cikin alfahari ya ruwaito nadin Marcelo Risi a matsayin Babban Jami’in Yada Labarai na UNWTO.

Marcelo ya ce eTurboNews a watan Fabrairun 2018 lokacin da aka tambaye shi dalilin da ya sa aka amsa daga UNWTO ba na yau da kullun ba ne kuma mai wahala, amsar ita ce: “Akwai sabuwar ƙa’ida da amincewa.”

Yanzu haka Marcelo Risi aka ba da umarnin baƙar fata eTurboNews daga halin yanzu UNWTO, tilastawa eTurboNews don yin wasu tsare-tsare don gudanar da wannan muhimmin taro yadda ya kamata.

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.

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