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UNWTO: Ci gaban yawon buɗe ido yana ƙarfafa damarsa don ba da gudummawa ga ci gaba mai dorewa

UNWTO: Ci gaban yawon buɗe ido yana ƙarfafa damarsa don ba da gudummawa ga ci gaba mai dorewa
UNWTO: Ci gaban yawon buɗe ido yana ƙarfafa damarsa don ba da gudummawa ga ci gaba mai dorewa
Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Masu zuwa yawon bude ido na kasa da kasa sun karu da karin kashi 4% tsakanin Janairu da Satumba na 2019, sabon fitowar ta UNWTO Barometer yawon shakatawa na duniya ya nuna. Haɓakar yawon buɗe ido na ci gaba da zarce ci gaban tattalin arzikin duniya, wanda ke ba da shaida ga babbar damarsa ta samar da damar ci gaba a duk faɗin duniya har ma da ƙalubalen dorewar sa.

Wurare a duk duniya sun sami baƙi biliyan 1.1 na balaguron balaguron kasa da kasa a cikin watanni tara na farkon shekarar 2019 ( sama da miliyan 43 idan aka kwatanta da daidai wannan lokacin na 2018), a cewar sabon Barometer na Yawon shakatawa na Duniya daga Hukumar Kula da Yawon shakatawa ta Duniya.UNWTO), daidai da hasashenta na haɓaka 3-4% na wannan shekara.

Tabarbarewar tattalin arziƙin duniya, haɓakar cinikayya, tashe-tashen hankula na yanki da kuma tsawaita rashin tabbas a kusa da Brexit sun yi la'akari da yawon buɗe ido na duniya, wanda ya sami ƙarin matsakaicin saurin girma a lokacin lokacin bazara a Arewacin Hemisphere (Yuli-Satumba).

UNWTO Sakatare Janar Zurab Pololikashvili ya ce: “Yayin da shugabannin kasashen duniya ke taro a babban taron sauyin yanayi na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a Madrid, don nemo mafita ta hakika game da matsalar sauyin yanayi, fitar da wannan sabuwar fasahar yawon bude ido ta duniya ya nuna karuwar karfin yawon bude ido, bangaren da ke da damar tuki. Ajandar dorewa gaba. Yayin da adadin masu yawon bude ido ke ci gaba da karuwa, damammakin yawon bude ido na iya karuwa, haka kuma nauyin da ya rataya a wuyanmu ga mutane da duniya."

Yawon shakatawa yanzu shine nau'in fitarwa na uku a duniya

WTM London 2022 Za a gudanar da shi daga 7-9 Nuwamba 2022. Yi rijista yanzu!

Samar da dalar Amurka tiriliyan 1.7 a cikin kudaden shiga kamar na 2018, yawon shakatawa na kasa da kasa ya kasance na uku mafi girma na fitarwa a bayan mai (USD tiriliyan 2.4) da sinadarai (USD tiriliyan 2.2). A cikin ci gaban tattalin arziƙin, ayyukan yawon shakatawa na ban mamaki bayan shekaru na ci gaba mai dorewa ya rage gibi tare da fitar da kayayyaki na motoci.

Yawon shakatawa na kasa da kasa yana da kashi 29% na abubuwan da ake fitarwa a duniya da kashi 7% na gaba daya. A wasu yankuna waɗannan ma'auni sun zarce matsakaicin duniya, musamman Gabas ta Tsakiya da Afirka inda yawon shakatawa ke wakiltar sama da kashi 50% na ayyukan da ake fitarwa da kusan kashi 9% na abubuwan da ake fitarwa gabaɗaya.

Wannan ya nuna mahimmancin sanya harkokin yawon bude ido cikin manufofin fitar da kayayyaki na kasa don fadada hanyoyin samun kudaden shiga, da rage gibin ciniki da tabbatar da ci gaba mai dorewa a cikin dogon lokaci.

Manyan kasashe goma da suka fi samun kudin shiga a duniya sun ga gaurayawan sakamako a rasidin yawon bude ido na kasa da kasa har zuwa watan Satumba na shekarar 2019, inda Australia (+9%), Japan (+8%) da Italiya (+7%) suka gabatar da mafi girman ci gaban, yayin da China, United Kingdom da Amurka ta sami raguwa. Wuraren Bahar Rum sun kasance daga cikin ƙwararrun ƴan wasan da suka fi samun kuɗi, duka a Turai da yankin Gabas ta Tsakiya da Arewacin Afirka.

Ayyukan yanki

Ci gaban masu zuwa a cikin watanni tara na farko na 2019 Gabas ta Tsakiya ne ke jagorantar (+9%), sai Asiya da Pacific da Afirka (duka +5%), Turai (+3%) da Amurka (+ 2% ):

Ci gaban nahiyar Turai ya ragu zuwa kashi 3 cikin 5 a watan Janairu-Satumba na wannan shekara, daga ninka wannan adadin a bara, wanda ke nuna raguwar bukatu a lokacin bazara a yankin da aka fi ziyarta a duniya. Yayin da wurare a Kudancin Bahar Rum (+4%) da Tsakiyar Gabashin Turai (+1%) suka jagoranci sakamakon, Arewacin da Yammacin Turai (duka +XNUMX%) sun auna matsakaicin yanki.

Hakanan a hankali fiye da bara, kodayake har yanzu yana sama da matsakaicin duniya, haɓaka a Asiya da Pacific (+5%) Kudancin Asiya ne ke jagorantar (+8%), Kudu-maso-gabas (+ 6%) da Arewa maso Gabas Asiya. (+5%), yayin da Oceania ya nuna karuwar kashi 2%.
Bayanai da ake samu na Afirka zuwa yanzu (+5%) sun tabbatar da ci gaba da samun sakamako mai ƙarfi a Arewacin Afirka (+10%) bayan shekaru biyu na adadi mai lamba biyu, yayin da masu isa yankin kudu da hamadar Sahara suka karu da kashi 1%.

Ƙirar kashi 2% a cikin Amurka yana nuna haɗe-haɗen hoton yanki. Yayin da yawancin tsibirin tsibirin Caribbean (+ 8%) ke ƙarfafa farfadowa bayan guguwa na 2017, masu zuwa Kudancin Amirka sun ragu da kashi 3% saboda raguwar tafiye-tafiye na Argentina, wanda ya shafi yankunan makwabta. Duk Arewacin Amurka da Amurka ta Tsakiya sun karu da kashi 2%.

Kasuwancen Tushen – sakamako gauraye tsakanin manyan masu kashe kudi

{Asar Amirka (+6%) ta jagoranci bunƙasa a cikin kashe-kashen yawon shakatawa na kasa da kasa a cikin cikakkiyar sharuddan, da goyan bayan dala mai karfi. Indiya da wasu kasuwannin Turai suma sun taka rawar gani sosai, kodayake ci gaban duniya bai yi daidai ba fiye da shekara guda da ta gabata.

Faransa (+10%) ta ba da rahoton haɓaka mafi ƙarfi a cikin manyan kasuwannin waje guda goma na duniya, wanda ke nuna karuwar buƙatun balaguron ƙasa na shekara ta biyu a jere. Spain (+10%), Italiya (+9%) da Netherlands (+7%) suma sun sanya ci gaba mai ƙarfi, sai Ingila (+3%) da Rasha (+2%).

Wasu manyan kasuwanni masu tasowa kamar Brazil, Saudi Arabia da Argentina sun ba da rahoton raguwar kashewar yawon buɗe ido a wannan lokacin, wanda ke nuna rashin tabbas na tattalin arziki na baya-bayan nan.

Kasar Sin, babbar kasuwar tushen duniya ta ga tafiye-tafiye zuwa waje ya karu da kashi 14% a farkon rabin shekarar 2019, kodayake kashe kudi ya fadi da kashi 4% idan aka kwatanta da na shekarar da ta gabata.

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Babban Edita Aiki

Babban editan aiki shine Oleg Siziakov

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