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Occitanie Kafa: Ruwan inabi mai ƙarfi tare da Tarihi Mai Ban sha'awa

Hoton E.Garely

Languedoc-Roussillon Wines

A yau, ana ɗaukar ruwan inabi na Languedoc a matsayin ɗayan mafi ban sha'awa da haɓakar giya a duniya kuma an lura da su don dabara da rikitarwa. Yankin yana samar da giya mai yawa, wanda ya wuce samar da Bordeaux, Ostiraliya, Afirka ta Kudu da Chile a hade, yana wakiltar kusan kashi ɗaya bisa uku na yawan adadin Faransawa wanda ya kai kusan kwalabe biliyan uku na giya a kowace shekara daga hectare 300,000 na inabin da ake nomawa. Mafi yawan masu amfani da wadannan giya (2019) sune Jamus (kashi 16), Amurka (kashi 13), Netherlands (kashi 11), UK (kashi 10), Belgium (kashi 10), da China (kashi 8) daga 30 appellations da crus ciki har da fari, ja, fure, kyalkyali da kuma zaƙi giya. Sashin yana ɗaukar ma'aikata kusan 165,000 kuma shine mafi girman ma'aikata a yankin, gabanin yawon buɗe ido da masana'antar jiragen sama.

Haɗuwa Yana Ƙarfafa Sabon Suna

A cikin 2014 yankuna na Faransa an sake tsara su kuma tsoffin wuraren Midi-Pyrenees da Languedoc-Roussillon sun haɗu don ƙirƙirar. yankin Occitanie. Bayan haɗewar, Occitanie ya zama gonar inabin Faransa mafi girma a cikin sarari guda ɗaya mai ci gaba a duk duniya, gami da kadada 263,000 a ƙarƙashin itacen inabi, yana samar da kashi 33 na giya na Faransa. Ya ƙunshi gonakin inabi 24,000 da ƙungiyoyin haɗin gwiwar 380 tare da kashi 36 na masu noman inabi suna mai da hankali kan noman ƙwayoyin cuta.

Languedoc yana da kusan kashi 90 na yankin; Roussillon ya mamaye sauran kashi 10 cikin dari. Tare suna wakiltar yankin mafi yawan ruwan inabi na Faransa da yankin gonar inabin kuma ana samar da fiye da ɗaya cikin uku na giya na Faransa a nan.

Wannan shine wurin haifuwar giyar giya, kodayake Champagne yana samun daraja.

Yankin ruwan inabi na Occitanie yana da 87 AOP (Appelation d'Origine Controlee) kiraye-kirayen da 36 PGI (Ƙaƙƙarfan Alamar Kasa) da kuma masu girbin giya suna iya tantance kansu ko (ko a'a) suna son samar da ruwan inabi AOP ko PGI.

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Farko zuwa Sparkle

A cikin 1531, a cikin Abbaye de Saint Hilaire (Limoux), sufaye sun gano cewa ruwan inabin da suke yi ya fara kumfa a cikin kwalbar kuma sauran tarihi ne. Wataƙila Dom Perignon ya ziyarci abbey kafin ya zauna a Champagne kuma ya " aro" ra'ayin yin giya mai ban sha'awa kuma ya fara tsari a Champagne. Abubuwan ƙararrawa guda uku masu ban sha'awa na yankin sun haɗa da Cremant de Limoux, Blanquette de Limoux, da kakannin Limoux Methode. An san Thomas Jefferson yana son fizz na Limoux kuma shi ne kawai ruwan inabi mai ban sha'awa a cikin ɗakin ajiyar shugaban.

Sud de France

Tare da sha'awar nuna abubuwan da aka samu na yankin Occitanie, a cikin 2006, Sud de France an fara shi ne a matsayin wata hanya ta ƙara yawan masu yawon bude ido zuwa yankinsa kuma yana ba da garantin inganci. Alamar alama ita ce ra'ayin George Freche, shugaban Majalisar Yanki (2004) wanda ya lura cewa, duk da yawan dukiyar tattalin arziki da al'adu na yankin, ya kasance mai rahusa sosai kuma ya kuduri aniyar canza wannan yanayin. Ta hanyar Sud de France duk samfuran agri-abincin da ruwan inabi na yankin Languedoc-Roussillon ana haɓaka su a ƙarƙashin laima ɗaya don dalilai na tallace-tallace. A halin yanzu Carole Delga ne ke jagorantar ƙungiyar kuma ya haɗa da kamfanoni 1,817 waɗanda ke wakiltar samfuran 5,882.

Carole Delga a cikin 2013. Shugaban, Majalisar Yanki na Occitanie; Memba, Jam'iyyar Socialist

'Yar siyasar Faransa, Carole Delga, memba ce a jam'iyyar Socialist (tun 2004) kuma ta kasance shugabar Occitanie tun 2016. Daga 2012-2017 ta kasance mamba a Majalisar Dokoki ta kasa kuma ta yi aiki a kwamitin kudi da tsaro. A cikin 2014 ta ɗan yi aiki a matsayin Sakatariyar Harkokin Kasuwanci, Sana'a, Mabukaci da Tattalin Arzikin Jama'a da Haɗin kai a ƙarƙashin Ministan Kuɗi da Asusun Jama'a, Michel Sapin a gwamnatin Firayim Minista Manuel Valls.

An lura Delga don amincewa da tsohon yankin Languedoc-Roussillon a lokacin ƙirƙirar Occitanie (yankin da ke da 'yan ƙasa miliyan 6), ba tare da mayar da hankali ga Toulouse ba kuma ya haɗa da mazauna gida a cikin shirye-shiryenta da shirye-shiryenta.

Ƙarfin Occitanie/Sud de France

Yanayin da ke yankin yana da kyau ga noman inabi yayin da iska mai ƙarfi ke kawo danshi daga teku kuma tana isar da iska mai tsauni don bushe kurangar inabin. Ƙasar tana gudana daga yumbu-limestone (yana daidaita yanayin ƙasa) zuwa schist (slate) a cikin Saint Chinian kuma zuwa yumbu da alli a cikin Picpoul de Pinet.

Languedoc-Roussillon yana ba da 30+ Appelation d' Asaline Mai sarrafawa (AOC) tare da Corbieres, Fitou, Minervois da Cotes de Roussillon da aka fi sani a Amurka. An kuma san yankin don ruwan inabi na Vin de Pays inda dokokin ruwan inabi masu sassauƙa ke ba da damar haɓakawa da masu samar da ruwan inabi suna samar da ruwan inabi mai ban sha'awa, 'ya'yan itace gaba, da yawa tare da zurfin, maida hankali da yuwuwar tsufa. Ana kuma barin masu yin ruwan inabi su samo inabi daga gonakin inabi a ko'ina cikin yankin kuma, ta hanyar alamar Sud de France, masu amfani za su iya ganowa da zaɓar ruwan inabi waɗanda suka dace da daidaiton farashi / inganci. Alamar, Sud de France, a halin yanzu ta ƙunshi samfuran sama da 11,000 (wanda 2,100 na halitta ne), suna bin ka'idoji 24 daban-daban. Ƙungiyar mai zaman kanta tana duba duk samfuran tare da manufar inganta ƙimar suna a kasuwannin waje, da kuma mai da hankali kan yanki kan Turai, Sin da Amurka.

Tourism

Kusa da Barcelona, ​​Occitanie ya haɗa da yankunan Languedoc-Roussillon da Mid-Pyrenees kuma an lura da su ta hanyar fara'a na Montpellier, Toulouse da Perpignan suna ba da kyawun Kudancin Faransa tare da ƙarancin baƙi fiye da Paris da Provence. Wurin yana ba da rairayin bakin teku, gonakin inabi, wuraren shakatawa na ƙasa da wuraren al'adu, tare da yin tafiye-tafiye, kekuna da hanyoyin hawan doki. Domin sanannen yanki ne mai samar da ruwan inabi kuma wurin haifuwar ruwan inabi mai kyalli a cikin garin Limoux ruwan inabi/ kasadar cin abinci yana da kyau musamman a Collioure (anchovies) da Set (kifi da kawa).

Tunanin Wine Roussillon

A wani taron ruwan inabi na baya-bayan nan a birnin New York, na sami sa'a don yin amfani da mafi kyawun giya daga Roussillon. Wadannan sune kadan daga cikin abubuwan da na fi so:

  1. Domaine Cabirau, AOP Cotes du Roussillon 2013. Kashi 70 na Grenache Noir, kashi 20 bisa dari Syrah, kashi 10 cikin dari Carigan Noir.

Shugaba Dan Kravitz ya sayi kadada 13.5 na gonakin inabi a Roussillon (appelation na Cotes du Roussillon da aka ƙirƙira a 1977), yana ƙauyen Maury (ɓangaren Faransanci na Catalonia) a cikin 2007. An san Roussillon don samar da bushe, ja, fari da fure. ruwan inabi. Yankin ya haɗa da rabin gabas na Pyrenees Orientale (gefen gabashin tsaunin Pyrenees) da ƙananan sassan Roussillon.

Gidan gonar inabin yana da nisan mil 20 daga cikin ƙasa daga Bahar Rum da mil 20 daga arewacin Spain. An fara taswirar sunan Cabirau sama da shekaru 100 da suka gabata. Ana dasa kurangar inabin a kan gangaren tudu na schist, dutse mai kaifi mai duhu yana ba da takamaiman ma'adinai ga Grenache.

Ƙasar ta haɗu da schist, farar ƙasa, gneiss da granite. Da hannu girbe daga Grenache mai shekaru 25-60 vines dasa a cikin schistous kasa, da kuma mix na tsohon vines da sabuwar shuka Syrah da Carignan. Grenache ba shi da ruwa yayin da Syrah da Carignan suka fuskanci fermentation na malolactic da watanni 5 balaga a cikin 500 I demi-muids (manyan itacen oak na lita 600).

Notes

Zuwa ido, zurfin garnet yana canzawa zuwa ruwan hoda. Ana ba da ƙoshin hanci da ƙamshi na ceri kek, matasa strawberries, raspberries, blueberries - a kan digo na baya na licorice, cloves, itacen oak, Cola, vanilla, daji da kayan yaji (watau barkono baƙi). Ana ba da ƙorafi da busassun 'ya'yan itace da rigar ƙasa. Matsakaici mai jiki tare da m acidity da tannins mai laushi/zagaye. Dogon gamawa yana haɓaka tannins. Haɗa tare da naman sa, taliya da naman sa.

  • Domaine du Mas Blanc Tarin, AOP Banyuls 1975. Grenache Noir, Grenache Gris.

Ana girbe inabi da hannu ana tattakewa da ƙafa, ana haɗe shi da bakin karfe tare da yeasts na asali kuma suna da shekaru 650 na itacen oak demi-muid na shekaru 10.

Tushen Domaine du Mas Blanc ana iya bin diddigin zuwa tsakiyar 17th karni, tare da mataki zuwa 20th karni a cikin 1921 lokacin da Dr. Gaston Parce ya fara kwalban giyansa kuma ya zama jagorar mai ba da shawara ga Banyuls appelation (1936). Ɗansa, Dokta Andre Parce ya bi sawun ubanninsa kuma ya fara ƙarar Collioure (1971)

Banyuls shine mafi kyawu kuma mafi hadaddun garu na Vin Doux Naturels na Faransa, ruwan inabi mai duhu wanda ke kama teku, rana da dutse. Saboda kusancinsa da tekun wanda ke damun ƙarfinsa na asali, sakamakon yana da daɗi, hayaƙi tare da alamun asalin teku.

Banyuls shine martanin Faransanci ga Port Wine. Yana da daɗi, mai ƙarfi kuma an samo shi daga Grenache da aka girbe daga tsohuwar inabin Grenache na Domaine du Mas Blanc.

Notes

Tsatsa garnet ga ido, tare da ƙamshin tashar jiragen ruwa yana nuna itacen da aka ƙone da zaki / yaji ga hanci. A palate yana da wadata da cherries, nutmeg, vanilla da kirfa. Yana isar da dogon cakulan mousse mai daɗi/ƙasasshen yaji. Haɗa tare da cuku mai launin shuɗi, Nama da aka warke, Chocolates da Coffee, Vanilla da Caramel, Busassun 'ya'yan itace da Kwayoyi.

Wannan silsilar ce da ke mai da hankali kan Sud De France.

Karanta Kashi na 1 anan:  Daga Manoma zuwa Masu Zanga-zangar zuwa Masu Giya

E Dakta Elinor a hankali. Wannan labarin haƙƙin mallaka, gami da hotuna, ba za a sake buga shi ba tare da rubutaccen izini daga marubucin ba.

#giya

Game da marubucin

Dr. Elinor Garely - na musamman ne ga eTN kuma edita a babban, wines.travel

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