Najeriya, Senegal da Cape Verde sun mamaye bututun otal na Afirka ta Yamma

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Rahoton na 2017 Hotel Chains bututun ya nuna cewa kungiyoyin otal na bukatar magance tsawon lokaci na ci gaba a yammacin Afirka.

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Afirka ta Yamma ta kasance jigon ci gaban nahiyar da sauye-sauyen tattalin arziki a cikin 'yan shekarun nan. Duk da koma bayan da aka samu a shekarar 2016 da 2017, ana sa ran tattalin arzikin yankin zai farfado a shekarar 2017. Kasashe masu dogaro da kayayyaki, kamar Najeriya, sannu a hankali suna farfadowa daga faduwar farashin mai da hako mai, yayin da kasashe kamar Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, da Senegal suka nuna karfin tattalin arziki da ci gaba mai dorewa. Yayin da yawancin ƙasashe ke ci gaba da daidaitawa - a siyasance da tattalin arziki - yankin zai fi dacewa da haɗa kai daga yanayin gida da na waje. Wannan haɓakar haɓaka yana ɗaga buƙatar ingantaccen tafiye-tafiye da kayan aikin masauki.

Haɓakar fannin otal ɗin wata muhimmiyar alama ce ta yadda kasuwa ke bunƙasa ababen tafiye-tafiyenta, kuma alamomin yammacin Afirka sun bambanta. A cewar rahoton W Hospitality Group na 2017 Hotel Chains Pipeline, Afirka ta Yamma tana da bututun otal 114 da dakuna 20,790, wanda ya kai kashi 42% na bututun otal na yankin kudu da hamadar Sahara. Koyaya, daga cikin waɗannan yarjejeniyar otal da aka sanya hannu kuma aka tsara, kusan ɗakuna 9,875 ne kawai, ko kashi 48% sun ƙaura zuwa ginin. Bugu da kari, ayyuka a yankin sun fi matsakaicin lokacin ci gaba a kusan shekaru shida, idan aka kwatanta da shirin raya kasa na shekaru biyu zuwa uku da aka saba tsarawa. Wasu daga cikin dalilan da ke haifar da wannan jinkirin sun hada da babban jarin jari da ake buƙata, rashin samun isassun zaɓuɓɓukan kuɗi, ƙayyadaddun damar yin amfani da albarkatun ƙasa, tsadar gine-gine da kayan aiki, dogaro mai yawa kan shigo da kayayyaki, ƙarancin fasahar fasaha don gudanar da shirin ci gaba, da sauran su. shingen shiga.

Of the hotel pipeline for West Africa, Nigeria contributes 49.6% or more than 10,000 hotel rooms (in 61 hotels). Nigeria is also the top market in Africa for planned rooms.

Sauran manyan kasuwanni a yammacin Afirka sun hada da Cape Verde mai otal 11 da dakuna 3,478, sai Senegal mai otal 14 da dakuna 2,164. Waɗannan kasuwanni guda uku suna ba da gudummawar jimlar ɗakunan otal 15,955, wato kashi 77% na bututun otal na Yammacin Afirka.

Kusan kashi 57% na bututun mai a wadannan kasashe sun koma wurin, amma wasu daga cikin wadannan ayyukan sun tsaya cik na wani lokaci. A cikin ƙasa, kamar Najeriya, wannan na iya zama mahimmanci. Misali, kashi 40 cikin 2009 na bututun Najeriya an rattaba hannu a kai tsakanin shekarar 2014 zuwa 44, kuma kamar yadda jadawalin da ke sama ya nuna, har yanzu babban kaso na wadannan ayyukan yana cikin “tsari”. A Senegal kawai kusan kashi XNUMX% na yarjejeniyar da aka sanya hannu sun koma wurin.

Ko da yake bututun otal zuwa yankin yana da kwarin gwiwa kuma yana nuna sha'awar masu zuba jari, ƙarancin kammala ayyukan na iya zama damuwa ga ci gaban fannin otal. Hakanan yana da wahala ga sarƙoƙi na otal waɗanda tsare-tsaren faɗaɗawa a waɗannan kasuwanni sun dogara da haɗin gwiwa tare da masu saka hannun jari na gida da na waje don haɓaka waɗannan otal. Dukkan manyan sarkar otal na duniya suna da tsare-tsare masu karfi na fadada ayyukansu a nahiyar, da kuma yammacin Afirka.

Dabarun ci gaban waɗannan sarƙoƙi na otal sun dogara ne a al'ada ga ƙungiyoyin ci gaban su da ke rattaba hannu kan yarjejeniyar sabbin otal-otal, da farko tare da tamburan su, tare da masu gida. Koyaya, ƙarin sarƙoƙi suna ɗaukar dabarun faɗaɗa ƙirƙira, kamar jujjuyawa da sake fasalin kaddarorin da ke akwai, siyan ma'aikatan otal na gida, suna haifar da haɓaka ta hanyar ƙirar ikon amfani da sunan kamfani, ko haɓaka otal-otal na farko.

Manyan wakilai daga manyan kungiyoyin otal irin su Hilton, Carlson Rezidor da Mangalis, da sauran manyan masana otal za su tattauna dabarun bunkasar yanayin tattalin arzikin yammacin Afirka da ke ci gaba da sauye-sauye a taron zuba jari na kadarorin yammacin Afirka (WAPI) da za a yi a ranar 28 ga Nuwamba. & 29 a Eko Hotel, Lagos Nigeria.

Kwanan nan Hilton ya ba da sanarwar wani shiri na tallafawa canji da sake sanya sunayen otal 100 da ake da su ta hanyar Shirin Ci gaban Afirka na Hilton, ta hanyar ba da gudummawar dalar Amurka miliyan 50 don tallafawa waɗannan sauye-sauye. Da yake tsokaci gabanin taron, Mike Collini, mataimakin shugaban kasar Afirka ta kudu da hamadar hamadar sahara, Hilton, ya yi tsokaci kan damammakin da rashin isassun otal ya bayar. Ya ce: "Don shawo kan wannan muna duban mirgina samfuran sabis ɗin mu mai da hankali a cikin manyan kasuwanni tare da mai da hankali kan samfuran Hilton Garden Inn ɗinmu. Har ila yau, muna yin majagaba don yin amfani da na'urorin zamani tare da sabon Hilton Garden Inn a Accra, wanda ke da sauri kuma mai tsada samfurin gini ga masu shi da masu haɓakawa."

Andrew McLachlan, Babban Mataimakin Shugaban Carlson Rezidor na Afirka da Tekun Indiya don Ci gaba, ya ce a cikin wani sharhi kai tsaye ga Estate Intel, “A yau muna da otal 17 da aka bude ko kuma ke ci gaba a yankin kuma a cikin sabbin dabarun ci gaban shekaru 5 mun gano guda biyar. Biranen Tier 1 a Yammacin Afirka (Lagos, Abuja, Accra, Abidjan da Dakar) inda muke ganin damar haɓaka haɓaka… Har ila yau McLachlan ya yi tsokaci kan tsarin sauya otal din da ake da su, yana mai cewa kungiyar na ganin dama ta yi amfani da wannan tsari don mayar da otal din da ke karkashinta, musamman a irin yanayin da otal din da ake da shi ba zai iya yin komai ba.

Sabon shiga da sarkar otal na yanki, Mangalis Hospitality Group, yana da niyyar haɓaka kasancewarsa a Yammacin Afirka, cikin shekaru biyar masu zuwa. Wessam Oshaka, a cikin wata sanarwa ga Estate Intel ya sake nanata burin kungiyar na gudanar da a kalla otal-otal 13 nan da shekarar 2020 a yammacin Afirka. Tun da farko kungiyar ta mayar da hankali ne kan ci gaban otal-otal da ke cikin manyan kasuwanni kamar Cote d'Ivoire da Senegal, amma kashi na biyu na ci gaban zai mayar da hankali ne kan yarjejeniyoyin gudanarwa, wanda ya haifar da babban fayil wanda zai ƙunshi otal 75% na otal da kuma otal 25% na gudanarwa. . Oshaka ya bayyana cewa: “Afirka kamar yadda muka sani, tana fama da rashin wadatattun kadarori don biyan bukatun matafiya na zamani. Yankin ya zo da kalubalensa musamman ta fuskar kudi, dabaru da kwararrun ma'aikata. Yin la’akari da duk waɗannan abubuwan, mun ɗauki hanya mafi dacewa don ingantaccen tsarin haɓaka lafiya.”
Tattaunawar bangaren otal a WAPI za ta fadada kan wadannan batutuwa, tare da nuna nasarorin da aka samu da kasuwanni masu kalubale. Tattaunawar za ta kuma ta'allaka ne kan muhimman abubuwan da ke nuna yadda otal-otal ke aiki a kasuwannin yammacin Afirka.

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Babban Edita Aiki

Babban editan aiki shine Oleg Siziakov