Madagascar ta fara fuskantar bunkasar harkokin yawon bude ido a bana

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Wani sabon bincike ya bayyana hakan Madagascar, wanda shine maganadiso ga masu yawon buɗe ido masu son yanayi saboda albarkar fure da fauna dinta na musamman da kuma rashin bayyanarsa, ingantaccen halinsa, ya zama yana shirin fuskantar ƙwarewar yawon buɗe ido a wannan shekara. Baƙi masu zuwa Madagascar a cikin 2018 sun kasance 8% a kan shekarar da ta gabata kuma suna 19% sama a cikin farkon watanni biyar na 2019.

Cikakken karyewar manyan kasuwannin goma na Madagascar ya nuna cewa a cikin farkon watanni biyar na 2019, an sami ci gaba mai ƙarfi game da yanayin yin rajista. Isowa daga Faransa (ban da tsibirin Reunion), wanda shine mafi mahimmanci tushen baƙi, sun kasance 33% sama da 2018; masu zuwa daga 'Tsibirin Vanilla' (Reunion, Mauritius, Mayotte, Comores da Seychelles) sun kasance 21% sama kuma daga Italiya sun kasance 37% sama. Kasuwannin da suka sami koma baya a ƙarshen 2017 da farkon 2018, Afirka ta Kudu, Jamus, Burtaniya da China, duk sun dawo cikin ci gaba. Amurka ce kawai, wacce ita ce kasuwa ta 8 mafi muhimmanci ta Madagascar, ta ci gaba da raguwa amma matakin faduwar ya fadi.

Binciken ya fi ƙarfafawa. Bugawa na gaba don watan Yuni-Agusta (ya hada) 34% ne gaban abin da suke a farkon watan Yunin shekarar da ta gabata kuma daga manyan kasuwanni goma sun kasance 38% a gaba.

Babban mahimmin abin da ke haifar da ci gaban shine ƙimar ƙarfin ƙarfin kujerun zama. Misali, a tsakanin farkon watanni tara na 2019, damar zuwa Turai ta karu da kashi 81% akan Air Madagascar, mahimmin jigilar tsibirin, tare da kusan kashi ɗaya bisa uku na kasuwa. A wannan Yuni, kamfanin jirgin sama ya fara sabon sabis na mako-mako zuwa Johannesburg. Sauran manyan kamfanonin jiragen sama kamar su Air Australiya ko Air Mauritius suma suna haɓaka ƙarfin su zuwa Madagascar, da kashi 23.6% da 3.8% bi da bi na Janairu zuwa Satumba, idan aka kwatanta da daidai lokacin da ya gabata. A 2018, jimillar damar zama ta duniya ta karu da kashi 1.8% kawai.

Boda Narijao, Shugaban Ofishin Yawon Bude Ido na Madagascar, ya ce: "Wannan bayanai ne masu karfafa gwiwa, wadanda ke tabbatar da ayyukanmu na baya-bayan nan don sanya Madagascar zama mai jan hankali ga baƙi na duniya."

Fiye da kashi uku na baƙi zuwa Madagascar 'yan yawon buɗe ido ne waɗanda suka zauna na fiye da makonni biyu kuma 19% suna tsayawa fiye da wata ɗaya. Wannan tsayin tsayin daka shine babban jigon cigaban tattalin arziki ga makoma.

A cewar Hukumar Kula da Balaguro da Yawon Bude Ido ta Duniya, yawon bude ido ne ke da alhakin kaso 15.7% na tattalin arzikin Madagascar da kuma kashi 33.4% na yawan kayayyakin da ta fitar.

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