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Ma’aikata sun rasa kasa yayin da albashi ya kasa ci gaba da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki

Written by edita

Abubuwan da aka daidaita-haɓaka hauhawar farashin kayayyaki na kwata na farko na 2022 ya nuna cewa ma'aikatan Amurka suna yin asara, wanda ke tilasta yawan adadin ma'aikata daga matsayin aikin albashi na watan Maris kuma zuwa cikin "marasa aikin yi," a cewar wani bincike da Cibiyar Ludwig don Rarraba Tattalin Arziƙi (LISEP).

LISEP ta ba da ƙimar rashin aikin yi na gaskiya na wata-wata na Maris a cikin haɗin gwiwa tare da rahoton kwata-kwata True Earnings (TWE) na kwata na farkon kwata na 2022. TRU wani ma'auni ne na marasa aikin yi - marasa aikin yi, da waɗanda ke nema amma ba za su iya ba. amintacce cikakken aikin yi biya sama da layin talauci. TWE shine ma'auni na ainihin tsaka-tsaki na mako-mako bayan daidaitawa don hauhawar farashin kaya, kuma ya bambanta da bayanan da Ofishin Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labarun Labaru (BLS) ya bayar ta hanyar haɗa dukkan membobin ma'aikata, gami da ma'aikata na ɗan lokaci da waɗanda ke neman aikin yi.

A cikin sabon rahoton TWE na LISEP, jimlar tsaka-tsaki na mako-mako ya ragu sama da kwata na huɗu na 2022, yana faɗuwa daga $881 zuwa $873 (Waɗannan lambobin, da duk lambobin samun kuɗi a cikin wannan rahoton, ana yin rikodin su a cikin hauhawar farashin kaya-daidaita dala 2022 Q1). Hakazalika yawan ma'aikatan da ke neman amma ba su iya samun cikakken aiki, aikin albashi na rayuwa - "marasa aikin yi," kamar yadda TRU ta bayyana - ya karu kusan cikakken kashi, daga 22.6% zuwa 23.5%. Haɓaka rashin aikin yi ya kasance gama gari a duk faɗin alƙaluma, maza da mata, yayin da kudaden shiga ya ragu ga duk alƙaluman jama'a ban da ma'aikatan Baƙar fata, waɗanda suka sami ƙaruwa kaɗan, daga $ 723 a mako zuwa $ 725.

Duk waɗannan lambobi biyu sun motsa zuwa akasin shugabanci daga ma'aunin da BLS ta fitar. TRU ya haura 0.9% yayin da adadin rashin aikin yi na BLS ya ragu da kashi 0.2%, kuma TWE ya ragu da kashi 0.9%, tare da rahoton BLS ya karu da karuwar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki na 0.5%.

Shugaban LISEP Gene Ludwig ya ce "Iyalai a duk faɗin Amurka suna kokawa don samun abin dogaro a cikin tattalin arziƙin da ake ciki yanzu, tare da hauhawar farashin da ke tilasta yanke shawara mai tsauri da ka iya haifar da al'amuran zamani." "An tilastawa yanke shawara tsakanin abinci da matsuguni tare da kiwon lafiya da ilimi ba lamari ne mai dorewa na dogon lokaci ga al'umma mai lafiya ba."

Kyakkyawan bayanin kula a cikin rahoton samun kuɗi shi ne cewa ƙananan ma'aikata - waɗanda ke cikin kashi 25 na rarrabawar - ba su yi asarar ƙasa daga Q4 2021 ba, suna tsayawa a $538 a mako. Amma karuwar maki 0.9 a cikin Maris TRU yana nuna cewa kwanan nan, ma'aikatan da ke samun albashi kusa da matakin talauci ($ 20,000 a shekara a cikin dala 2020) suna fuskantar mafi wahala ta hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki kuma don haka ba za su iya kula da matakin albashin da ke kula da aikin ba. kadan matsayin rayuwa. Wannan kuma ya kara tabarbare ne sakamakon gazawar Kididdigar Farashin Mabukaci (CPI) don auna daidai tasirin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a kan gidaje masu tsaka-tsaki da masu karamin karfi, kamar yadda binciken LISEP ya nuna a watan Maris yana nuna cewa a cikin shekaru 20 da suka gabata, CPI ya nuna. ya rage tasirin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ga gidajen LMI da kashi 40%.

Daga mahangar alƙaluma, mata sun ga raguwa mafi girma a cikin kuɗin shiga tsakani yayin Q1 2022, ya faɗo daga $771 zuwa $760, sai maza, ya ragu daga $991 zuwa $983. Ma'aikatan farar fata sun ga abin da suke samu ya ragu daga $976 zuwa $971, tare da ma'aikatan Hispanic suna ganin raguwa daga $ 709 zuwa $ 705. Ba'amurken da ba su da digirin koleji - waɗanda ba su da difloma na sakandare, waɗanda ke da difloma ta sakandare kawai, ko kuma waɗanda ke da ilimin kwaleji amma ba su da digiri - sun ga albashin su ya ragu a cikin hukumar.

A bangaren aikin yi, daga watan Fabrairu zuwa Maris duk manyan alkalumma sun ga gagarumin karuwa a yawan ma'aikatan da aka kebe a matsayin "marasa aikin yi" - wato, ba su iya samun cikakken aikin yi na albashi, kamar yadda LISEP's TRU ta auna. TRU na ma'aikatan Hispanic yana da mafi girma girma, yana ƙaruwa daga 25.1% zuwa 27.3%, karuwar maki 2.2, sai ma'aikatan Black tare da tsalle-tsalle na kashi 1.6, daga 26.3% zuwa 27.9%. Ma'aikatan farar fata sun ga matsakaicin matsakaicin 0.3 bisa dari, daga 21.5% zuwa 21.8%. TRU na mata yana da maki 0.5 bisa dari (27.7% zuwa 28.2%); ga maza TRU ta karu da maki 0.9, daga 18.1% zuwa 19%.

Ludwig ya ce "Yayin da za mu iya samun wasu kwarin gwiwa wanda, ko da ta fuskar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, samun kudin shiga ga ma'aikatan baki da na tsakiya da masu karamin karfi a cikin kwata na farko, watan da ya gabata ya tsallake rijiya da baya a cikin rashin aikin yi fiye da daidaita wannan kyakkyawan fata," in ji Ludwig. . "Wannan na iya zama bala'i na lokuta masu wahala a gaba ga iyalai masu matsakaici da masu karamin karfi, kuma alama ce ta bayyana cewa masu aiwatar da manufofin dole ne su dauki matakan gaggawa."

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edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.

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