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Labaran Waya

Gudanar da Rigima ta Duniya a Zamani

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Written by edita

A wannan zamani na dunkulewar duniya, alaka tsakanin kasashe na kara yin karfi saboda ciniki, yawon bude ido da sauran abubuwan da za su amfana da juna. A gefe guda kuma, saboda kusanci tsakanin al'ummomi da kuma batutuwa masu yawa na kuɗi, rikice-rikicen da ba su da mahimmanci har ma da mahimmanci suna zama ruwan dare.

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ita ce cibiyar da ke da alhakin tabbatar da zaman lafiya a duniya kuma kusan dukkanin kasashen duniya kasashe ne. Kamar yadda kundin tsarin mulkin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya tanada, domin wanzar da zaman lafiya a duniya, ya kamata a magance rikice-rikice tsakanin kasashe ta hanyar amfani da hanyoyin lumana kamar sasantawa, yarjejeniya da tunani. Duk waɗannan hanyoyin su ne ainihin hanyoyin magana na tebur kamar an ayyana hukunci a matsayin hanyar da bangarorin biyu suka amince da juna kafin su warware rikicinsu ta hanyar tattaunawa.

Yaya aka gudanar da rikice-rikice na kasa da kasa a baya?

Kamar yadda muka sani, tarihin duniya yana cike da yaƙe-yaƙe da yawa. Tun da tsarin mulkin ya yi galaba a kai a kai a kai, jihohin sun yi amfani da karfinsu ba tare da wani sharadi ba. Alal misali, a Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya, Jamus ba ta yi jinkiri ba wajen mamaye ƙasar Turai da ke makwabtaka da ita. Domin zama sabuwar hegemon, ta shelanta yaƙi a kan wasu gaba ɗaya Kasashen Turai. Haka nan sauran al'ummomi, ba su yi shakkar yin amfani da mafi girman iko ba tun da babu wata rundunar kasa da kasa da za ta sa ido kan ayyukansu. Sakamakon haka, miliyoyin mutane suna mutuwa. Yin amfani da karfi da ba a sarrafa ba bai kai ga ƙarshe ba ko a lokacin. Yayin da Babban Yaƙin Duniya (Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya) ya haifar da wani yaƙe-yaƙe mafi muni da yawa.

Yaƙin Duniya na 2 da ya fara a shekara ta 1939, ya yi sanadin mutuwar fararen hula da sojoji marasa adadi. Lamiri na 'yan wasan kwaikwayo na duniya ya haifar da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. Tun da wanda ya gabace ta, wato League of Nations, ta yi kasa a gwiwa wajen hana duk wani yaki. Don haka Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya, a cikin gabatarwar Yarjejeniyarta ta yi alƙawarin:

"Mu mutanen Majalisar Dinkin Duniya mun yi alkawarin ceto duniya daga bala'in yaki wanda sau biyu a rayuwarmu ya jawo wa bil'adama zafi mara misaltuwa."

Tun daga wannan lokacin, ta hanyar Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya ana gudanar da rigingimun ƙasa da ƙasa.

Ta yaya Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ke aiki don tafiyar da rikice-rikice na duniya?

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya tana aiki kan ka'idojin zaman lafiya da jituwa tsakanin kasashe masu 'yanci na duniya. Tana da hukumomi daban-daban don gudanar da al'amuran duniya. Kwamitin Sulhu na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UNSC) da babban taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UNGA) ne manyan kungiyoyi biyu masu tasiri a kungiyar. UNSC tana aiki tare da haɗin gwiwar manyan ƙasashe biyar na duniya, wanda kuma aka sani da P5. P5 ko na dindindin biyar, tare da membobin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya goma wadanda ba na dindindin ba, suna gudanar da tarurruka a duk lokacin da ake fuskantar barazanar zaman lafiyar duniya. Membobin dindindin na rike da ikon veto wanda wasu jihohin kasar ke suka mai yawa. Tunda matakin na kin amincewa ya gurgunta aiki mai inganci na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, yana daya daga cikin manyan abubuwan da ke damun kasashe masu son zaman lafiya a duniya da sauran wadanda ke fuskantar barazanar tsaro. Ƙarfin veto ba ya ƙyale ƙungiyar zaman lafiya ta duniya ta aiwatar da manufofinta yadda ya kamata a cikin lamuran barazana.

Don haka UNSC tana aiki da kyau lokacin da al'amuran ƙananan jihohi suka shiga. Koyaya, lokacin da membobin dindindin da kansu ko abokansu suka yi barazana ga zaman lafiyar duniya, babu wani ingantacciyar manufofin da jiki ya yi. Abin da Mussolini ya ce game da Ƙungiyar Ƙasashen Duniya, har yanzu yana da mahimmanci game da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya:

"Kungiyar tana da kyau sosai lokacin da sparrows suka yi ihu amma ba kyau lokacin da gaggafa suka fadi."

Kammalawa

Domin tafiyar da rikice-rikicen ta hanyar da ta dace, dole ne Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta inganta manufofinta na warware rikice-rikice. Alal misali, dole ne a ƙara yawan membobin UNSC kuma a ba da wakilcin yanki ga waɗanda abin ya shafa. Bugu da ƙari, yin amfani da ikon veto dole ne a kiyaye shi tare da wasu sharuɗɗa. Dole ne a ƙara ƙarfafa UNGA. Tunda Majalisar Dinkin Duniya tana wa'azin dimokuradiyya, dole ne ta rike dabi'un demokradiyya da kanta. Don haka ya kamata bangaren da ya fi karfi a Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya zama UNGA inda dukkan jihohi dole ne su warware matsalar ta hanyar ayyukan hadin gwiwa bisa ka’idojin daidaito.

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.

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