Estonia da Georgia suna raba ƙwarewar mulkin-mallaka tare da Caribbean

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Theaddamarwar za ta ƙirƙiri gwamnatocin Caribbean masu ɗumbin ɗumbin jama'a da sauya fasalin ɓangarorin jama'a.

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Idan ya zo ga hangen nesa na Caribbean don Gwamnatin ƙarni na 21, Estonia kyakkyawan misali ne na yuwuwar canza gwamnatoci da ƙasashe. Tare da yawan mutane miliyan 1.3, Estonia tana cikin manyan shugabannin duniya a cikin ci gaban e-gwamnati wanda ke da kashi 99% na ayyukan jama'a na yau da kullun akan 24/7.

Wata memba na Unionungiyar Tarayyar Turai, a cikin 1997 Estonia ta fara tafiyarta na ginawa da haɓaka buɗewar zamantakewar dijital ta hanyar ingantaccen amfani da fasahar sadarwa da sadarwa (ICT). Wanda manufar siyasa ta inganta karfin gasa ta jihar, da bunkasa jin dadin mutanenta, da kuma gina ingantaccen, amintacce, saukakke kuma a bayyane yanayin halittar dijital, Estonia yanzu ta zama daya daga cikin kasashen da suke da wayoyi da kuma ci gaban fasaha sosai a cikin duniya.

Aya daga cikin manyan sifofin tsarin mulkin e-government na ƙasar, shine samar da katunan ID ga citizensan ƙasa waɗanda ke ba da damar yin amfani da dijital zuwa duk ayyukan e-Estonia, waɗanda suka haɗa da, amma ba'a iyakance ga, e-tax, rajistar kasuwanci, e -school, e-prescription, e-ikon zama, e-banki da e-health. Faɗin ayyukan e-sabis ya haifar da mahimmancin tanadi na lokaci da ingancin farashi.

Kamar Estonia, Jojiya kuma ta nuna nasara wajen sauya gwamnatinta da ƙasarta ta hanyar amfani da ICT. Tare da yawan jama'a miliyan 3.7, Gwamnatin Jojiya ta fara aiki don ƙarfafawa da haɓaka ayyukanta na e-gwamnati. Wannan yunƙuri ya inganta hanyoyin samun damar yin amfani da yanar gizo ga 'yan kasuwa da 'yan ƙasa da kuma ƙarfafa tsarin mulki, musamman ma gaskiyarsa.

Gwamnatin Antigua da Barbuda da Ƙungiyar Sadarwar Sadarwa ta Caribbean (CTU), tare da haɗin gwiwar Cibiyar Ci Gaban Ci Gaban Caribbean (CARICAD), sun shirya wani taron koli da taron tattaunawa don kaddamar da shirin gwamnati na karni na 21. Wannan yunƙurin zai haifar da gwamnatocin Caribbean marasa daidaituwar jama'a tare da canza sassan jama'a na yanki. Taron wanda zai gudana a ranar 16 ga watan Janairu zai bayyana ka’idojin gwamnatin karni na 21 ga shugabannin gwamnatocin yankin Caribbean tare da gabatar da wani shiri da zai kai ga kawo sauyi ga gwamnati. Tsohuwar Ministan Harkokin Wajen Estonia, Mista Rein Lang, wanda ya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen kawo sauyi a gwamnatin Estoniya, da kuma ministar shari'a ta Jojiya, Ms. Thea Tsulukiani, za su yi bayanin yadda kasashensu suka yi nasarar yin amfani da fasahar ICT. don canza tsarin tafiyar da gwamnati.

Taron karawa juna sani na kwanaki uku, wanda aka tsara shi don shirya kwararrun ma’aikatan gwamnati don aikin da ya kamata a yi don kafa Gwamnatocin ƙarni na 21, zai bi Taron daga 17 zuwa 19 ga Janairu. Babban abin da aka gabatar na Taron zai kasance shiri ne na hanzarta isar da aiyukan gwamnati, sauya gwamnatocin yankin Caribbean da kuma inganta gasa a yankin.

Estonia da Jojiya sun yi kama da ƙasashen Caribbean domin su ƙananan ƙasashe ne masu ƙananan jama'a. Tattalin arzikinsu yana da ƙarfi sosai saboda sun rungumi ICT kuma sun canza gwamnatocinsu. Abubuwan da suka faru sun tabbatar da cewa rashin girma ko kayan aiki ba shi ne cikas ga ci gaba ba. Caribbean na iya yin kyakkyawan fata cewa za a iya samun irin wannan nasarorin yayin da girman mu ya ba mu ikon tsarawa, gyara da yin sauye-sauyen al'umma gaba ɗaya, waɗanda suka haɗa da gwamnati, ƴan ƙasa da kasuwanci. Shirin Gwamnatin Karni na 21 shine shirin Caribbean don cimma wannan. Shirin yana buƙatar canji a cikin tunanin da ake da shi wanda dole ne ya fara a matakin mafi girma da kuma nufin siyasa. Don haka, dole ne shugabannin gwamnatocin Caribbean su zama zakara don shirin gwamnatin karni na 21.

Yawancin Shugabannin Gwamnati sun amsa gayyatar zuwa Taron. ICT da Ministocin Gudanar da Jama'a tare da sakatarorin dindindin da masu fasaha; Masu Gudanar da Sadarwar ICT da Masu Kulawa; hukumomin ci gaban kasa da kasa da kuma ‘yan kasuwa za su halarci Taron.

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Babban Edita Aiki

Babban editan aiki shine Oleg Siziakov