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Canjawar COVID daga Cutar zuwa Cutar

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Kamar yadda ƙwararrun kiwon lafiyar jama'a ke la'akari da yadda mafi kyawun ilmantar da jama'a game da ƙaura daga COVID-19 a matsayin annoba zuwa annoba, EmblemHealth, ɗaya daga cikin manyan masu ba da inshorar lafiya na ƙasa, ta fitar da sakamako a yau daga Binciken Rayuwa Tare da COVID-XNUMX na ƙasa. Binciken ya yi nazarin fassarar jama'a game da cutar amai da gudawa da halaye masu alaƙa da fahimtar jama'a na wasu sharuɗɗan kula da COVID. Sakamakon binciken zai sanar da jama'ar likitanci gabaɗayan fahimtar jama'a game da waɗannan ra'ayoyin da kuma taimakawa inganta sadarwa game da jagorancin lafiyar jama'a da ci gaba.            

“Sakamakon karuwar tunanin 'Covid gajiyarwa', EmblemHealth ta koka kan ko jama'a a shirye suke su tashi daga yanayin matsalar lafiya a duniya; don karɓar COVID a matsayin sabon dogon lokaci na al'ada, "in ji Dokta Richard Dal Col, MD, kuma Babban Jami'in Lafiya na EmblemHealth. "Bincikenmu ya nuna cewa jama'a za su aiwatar da wasu halaye na rigakafi a cikin wata cuta, a lokaci guda jama'a da farko suna kallo da kuma amincewa da kwararrun likitocin don neman jagora, kuma kalmomi kamar "ƙarfafa" [kaɗai] ba sa haɓaka ayyukan jama'a."

Yayin da allurar rigakafin COVID-19 sun taimaka sosai wajen rage asibitoci da adadin masu mutuwa, kasar kuma ta ga adadin allurar rigakafin manya ya tsaya cik - kashi 76% na manya suna da cikakkiyar rigakafin, kuma kashi 49% ne kawai suka sami tallafin COVID-2022, a cewar Cibiyar Cututtuka ta Amurka. Sarrafa da Rigakafi na Afrilu 2022 COVID Data Tracker. Bayanan, da abin da ake gani a ƙasa, ya sa EmblemHealth ya bincika abin da masana'antun kiwon lafiya ya kamata suyi la'akari da shi a mataki na gaba na cutar. Sakamakon bincikensa - wanda aka gudanar a watan Fabrairu XNUMX - ya gano cewa mutane suna da kyakkyawar fahimta amma gauraye fahimtar "masu ƙarfafawa." Suna ganin kalmar ta yi daidai da ƙarin kariya da kulawa amma ƙasa da kariya fiye da “alurar rigakafi” da “alurar rigakafi.”

Bugu da ƙari, lokacin da aka tambaye shi don bayyana abin da cutar ta kasance ga aboki ko memba na iyali, binciken ya gano cewa rashin fahimtar kalmar "endemic" ya bambanta tsakanin masu amsawa. Dangane da rashin fahimtar kalmar gabaɗaya, yawancin sun bayyana cewa suna iya rage shiga cikin halayen rigakafin a cikin wata cuta, musamman yuwuwar samun ƙarfafawa. A halin da ake ciki, masu amsa sun kuma bayyana cewa suna da yuwuwar ci gaba da bin ƙarin matakan kariya lokacin da aka fuskanci ayoyin annoba ta annoba.

Binciken ya tattara kusan masu amsawa 1,000 a duk faɗin ƙasar, yana mai da hankali kan Yankin Tri-State New York, inda EmblemHealth ke aiki da farko. Daga cikin mahimman abubuwan da aka gano daga binciken:

• Riko da dabi'un masu amfani da lafiyar jama'a - kamar sanya abin rufe fuska, gwaji, keɓewa da ƙari ana ƙididdige su don zama ƙasa da ƙasa a cikin cututtukan cututtukan fata.

• An fahimci kalmar “cututtuka” da kyau. Lokacin da aka tambaye shi don ayyana “haɓaka,” kusan 1 cikin 4 mutane sun bayyana cewa ba su da masaniya da kalmar. Sauran jigogi sun bayyana shi a matsayin lokacin da cutar / cuta ke ƙunshe zuwa wani yanki na musamman, yana barin mutane su rayu fiye da yadda suke, kamar tare da mura.

Fiye da rabin masu amsa suna shirin sanya abin rufe fuska a cikin wata cuta, wanda shine raguwar kashi 30% idan aka kwatanta da na annoba. A cikin annoba, 1 cikin 2 mutane suna shirin samun ƙarfafawa, yayin da kashi 37% kawai ke shirin samun haɓakawa a cikin kamuwa da cuta.

• Masu cin kasuwa sun fahimci kalmar “ƙarfafa,” amma an haɗa ta da “ƙarin” ko “tsara.” Ana danganta "alurar rigakafi" a matsayin "mai rigakafi," "mai tasiri," da "lafiya," har ma da wasu ƙungiyoyi masu shakka.

Muhimman halayen da ke hana yaduwar cututtuka - ciki har da keɓewa da guje wa wasu idan an gwada su - suna ganin raguwa mai yawa a cikin cututtuka idan aka kwatanta da na annoba, tare da 2 cikin 5 kawai suna cewa za su guje wa ganin wasu idan sun gwada inganci ko keɓe idan suna samun alamun bayyanar cututtuka.

Yawancin masu ba da amsa sun yi imanin COVID-19 zai zama cuta na yanayi kamar mura kuma zai kasance mai karɓuwa don samun ƙarfafawar shekara-shekara da ke da alaƙa da rigakafi na yanayi/shekara maimakon samun ɗaya, idan kwata-kwata, idan COVID-19 ya zama annoba.

Beth Leonard, Babban Jami'in Harkokin Kasuwanci na EmblemHealth ya ce "Binciken EmblemHealth ya zama babban hoto na inda ra'ayin jama'a ya tsaya da kuma yadda mu a cikin kiwon lafiya za mu iya saduwa da mutane a inda suke." "Yayin da muke ci gaba, za mu buƙaci yin aiki tare tare da yin magana iri ɗaya a duk tsarin kiwon lafiya da manufofin don tabbatar da cewa ba mu rasa wani tushe kan ci gaban da muke samu na dakile cutar ba."

Tare da allurar rigakafin COVID na huɗu da FDA ta amince da shi, kuma a yanzu manyan ƙwararrun ƙwararrun cututtukan da ke bayyana Amurka ba ta cikin lokacin bala'in, Leonard wanda ƙungiyarsa ke kula da hanyoyin sadarwa don EmblemHealth da aikin likitanta, Likitocin AdvantageCare, ya ba da shawarar kwararrun likitoci da masu sadarwa suna tallafawa rigakafin. zazzagewa ta hanyar haɗa mahimmancin “ƙarfafa” don ci gaba da yin rigakafin COVID-19 na mutum.

Hakanan, masu kula da lafiyar jiki yakamata suyi la'akari da haɓaka amfani da sharuɗɗan kamar "alurar rigakafi da alluran rigakafi" sabanin isarwa kawai ga jama'a "masu haɓaka," "harbe," ko "jabs a hannu" - kalmomin da aka samo suna haifar da tsoro, zafi, da kuma illa masu illa, musamman a tsakanin jama'a masu shakka. Bugu da kari, masu ruwa da tsaki a harkar kiwon lafiya ya kamata su yi taka tsantsan yayin amfani da kalmar “endemic” don haɓaka halayen amincin jama'a a cikin matakan COVID-19 na yanzu da na gaba.

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edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.

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