China Belt da Hanya game da yawon buɗe ido: Daga Tonga zuwa Afirka China na kan gaba

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Kasar Sin tana aiki tuƙuru don samun tasirin duniya da jagorantar duniya ta hanyar belin kasar Sin da Tsarin Hanya. Yawon shakatawa babban sashi ne a ciki. Tonga ya rattaba hannu kan kudurin kasar Belt and Road kuma ya samu rashi daga Beijing kan lokacin biyan bashin jim kadan kafin wani jadawalin tsarin biyan bashi ya fara farawa.

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Kasar Sin tana aiki tuƙuru don samun tasirin duniya da jagorantar duniya ta hanyar belin kasar Sin da Tsarin Hanya. Yawon shakatawa babban sashi ne a ciki. Tonga ya rattaba hannu kan kudurin kasar Belt and Road kuma ya samu rashi daga Beijing kan lokacin biyan bashin jim kadan kafin wani jadawalin tsarin biyan bashi ya fara farawa.

Lopeti Senituli, mai ba da shawara kan harkokin siyasa ga Firayim Ministan Tongan 'Akilisi Pohiva, ya shaida wa kamfanin dillancin labarai na Reuters ta imel a ranar Lahadi cewa Tonga ya sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar fahimtar juna da hanya, kuma an jinkirta bayar da rancen na tsawon shekaru biyar.

Tonga ɗayan ɗayan ƙasashe tsibirai takwas ne a Kudancin Pacific da ke bin China babban bashi. Jinkirin ya zo ne a dai dai lokacin da aka shirya Tonga don fara biyan manyan basussukan kan bashin, wanda ake sa ran zai sanya matsanancin wahala a kan harkokin kudinta.

Tsarin Belt da Hanya, wanda aka fi sani da Hanya Daya Belt Daya ko Hanyar Tattalin Arziki ta Siliki da Hanyar Hanyar Hannu ta Karni na 21, wata dabarar ci gaba ce da gwamnatin kasar Sin ta amince da ita wacce ta shafi samar da kayayyakin more rayuwa da saka jari a kasashen Turai, Asiya, da Afirka.

Masana'antar yawon bude ido na ba da gudummawa a cikin GDP da ci gaban tattalin arziki na ƙasashe da yawa. Tsarin Belt da Hanya na iya zama babbar hanya don haɓaka yawon buɗe ido a cikin ƙasashe tare da Hanyar Silk. Aminci da kariya sune yanayi biyu na tilas da ake buƙata don haɓaka yawon buɗe ido a kowace ƙasa. Za'a iya ɗaukar wasu hanyoyi don fa'idantar da ɓangaren yawon buɗe ido daga yunƙurin. Duk ƙasashen Belt da Road suna buƙatar haɗuwa da aiki tare don kafa manufofin da za su dace da yawon buɗe ido don jawo hankalin masu yawon bude ido zuwa ƙasashensu.

Kowace ƙasa tana da fannoni na musamman na yawon shakatawa waɗanda ba su da na biyu. Babbar Ganuwa ta Sin, Sojojin Terracotta a Xi'an da Haramtaccen birni wasu manyan wuraren jan hankali ne na yawon bude ido.

Gine-ginen tsarin mulkin mallaka na sararin samaniya a cikin Shanghai nuni ne na manyan gidaje da gine-ginen Turawan mulkin mallaka. Yanayin da ya fi kayatarwa a kasar Sin wato "Kogin Li" a Guilin ya taba zukatan masu fasaha da yawa. Manyan panda, baitulmalin ƙasar Sin, a Chengdu ƙaunatattu ne na Sinawa da baƙi. A gabashin China, tsaunukan rawaya kusa da Shanghai shahararrun kololuwa ne a cikin China. Fadar Potala a Tibet, wanda aka fi sani da "Zuciyar Rufin Duniya", yana riƙe da kayan fasaha da abubuwa daban-daban. Gadar da ta fi kowa dadewa a dakatar da gilashi, wani sabon tsari da jan hankali ga masu yawon bude ido a lardin Hebei da ke arewa maso gabashin kasar Sin, an bude wa jama'a ne a ranar 24 ga Disamba, 2017. Manyan wuraren yawon shakatawa na kasar Sin a shekarar 10 sun hada da Beijing, Shanghai, Xi'an, Guilin, Chongqing, Chengdu. , Kunming, Shenzhen, Hangzhou da Sanya.

Hujjoji da alkaluman yawon bude ido a kasar Sin da aka nuna a sama na shekarar 2017 ne, wanda ke nuna cewa yawan yawon bude ido da ke zuwa kasar Sin bayan kudirin Belt da Road na karuwa a kowace shekara. Wannan shirin zai kara bunkasa yawon bude ido da bunkasar tattalin arzikin kasar Sin a cikin shekaru masu zuwa.

Hakanan, abubuwan birgewa da ban mamaki a cikin ƙasashen Belt da Road suna buƙatar a bincika su ma. Belt da Hanya na iya taka muhimmiyar rawa don motsa ci gaban yawon buɗe ido a cikin ƙasashe tare da Hanyar Silk. Duk ƙasashen Belt da Road suna da kyawawan al'adun al'adu da kyawawan wurare don ziyarta. Akwai buƙatar ganowa da bincika ɓoyayyen kyawun da yanayin ban sha'awa na ƙasashe tare da Hanyar Siliki. Bugu da ƙari, ana iya fara shirye-shiryen musayar al'adu tsakanin ƙasashen Belt da Road wanda hakan zai sa mutane daga bangarori daban-daban su matso kusa su raba al'adunsu.

Manyan wuraren yawon bude ido na Rasha sun hada da Moscow Kremlin, Hermitage Museum, Lake Baikal, Red Square, Katidral na Saint Basil, Fadar hunturu, Kazan Cathedral da Gidan Tarihi na Rasha. Manyan wuraren shakatawa na Mongolia sune jejin Gobi, Khuvsgul Lake, Terelj National Park, Karakorum-Erdenezuu, kwarin Orkhon, Khustai National Park da kuma garin Ulaanbaatar. Manyan wuraren jan hankalin 'yan yawon bude ido a Turkiyya sun hada da Aya Sofya, Efes, Cappadocia, Fadar Topkapi, Pamukkale, Sumela Monastery, Mount Nemrut, Ani, Aspendos. Hanyar Orchard, Resent World Sentosa, Clarke Quay, Lambuna daga Bay, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Night Safari da Singapore Flyer sun cancanci kallon wuraren a Singapore. Martin's Island, Lalbagh Fort, Sompaura Mahavihara, Dhanmondi Lake, Patenga Beach suna neman wuraren da za su ziyarta a Bangladesh. Mafi yawan wuraren shakatawa na Pakistan sune Naltar Valley, Neelum Valley, Fairy Meadows, Shangrila Resort, Deosai Plains, Rama Meadow, Siri Paye, Murree Hills, Swat Valley da Hunza Valley. Sama a Duniya Kashmir, Mini Switzerland 'Swat Valley' da Masarautar Dutsen 'Hunza Valley' sune manyan wuraren jan hankali a Pakistan. Babban K2 wanda yake a Karakoram Pakistan shine tsauni na biyu mafi girma a Duniya bayan Mountain Everest.

Bayan ci gaban da aka samu a yanayin tsaro, yawon bude ido a Pakistan ya karu da kashi 300 cikin 1.75 a cikin shekarun da suka gabata. A wani rahoto na baya bayan nan, masu yawon bude ido miliyan 2017 sun ziyarci Pakistan a shekarar 30 kadai. Kididdiga daga Hukumar Bunkasa Yawon Bude Ido ta Pakistan ta nuna cewa kashi 19.4 na matafiya na cikin gida. A cewar Hukumar Kula da Balaguro da Yawon Bude Ido ta Duniya (WTTC) a shekarar da ta gabata, kudaden shiga daga yawon bude ido sun ba da gudummawar kusan dala biliyan 6.9 ga tattalin arzikin Pakistan kuma ya kai kashi 36.1 na yawan kayan cikin gida. WTTC yana tsammanin wannan adadin ya haura zuwa dala biliyan XNUMX a cikin shekaru goma.

Yakamata kasashen Belt da Road su yi dabarun bunkasa yawon bude ido ta hanyar samar da zaman lafiya da kariya. Yawon bude ido na hanyar siliki na iya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen bunkasa musayar tattalin arziki da sadarwar al'adu tsakanin Asiya da Turai. Tare da yawon bude ido, kasuwanci da kasuwanci na kasashen Hanyar Silk za su bunkasa su ma. Bayan Hanyar Ciniki, Gidan Tarihi na Al'adu da Hanyar Hanya, Hanyar Siliki za ta zama hanyar yawon buɗe ido mai haske a cikin taswirar duniya a cikin karni na 21. A yanzu haka, yawon bude ido na hanyar siliki ya fara, duk da haka, akwai bukatar fadakarwa tsakanin masu yawon bude ido don inganta da kuma jagorantar wuraren yawon bude ido. Belasashen Belt da Road tare da kyakkyawan yanayin yanayi, tsohuwar tarihi, al'adu masu zurfin gaske da ƙoshin ƙabilanci tabbas zasu zama babban wurin yawon buɗe ido na duniya.

Roadasashen Hanyar Siliki suna buƙatar daidaitaccen kasuwa, gwamnati na buƙatar ɗaukar jagora da kuma shiga cikin haɓaka don haɓaka yawon buɗe ido. Roadasashen Hanyar Silk suna buƙatar yin ƙoƙari don inganta masana'antar yawon buɗe ido. Ana iya gabatar da takardar e-visa, tikitin e-book da kuma e-book musamman ga kasashen Belt da Road wanda hakan zai saukakawa masu yawon bude ido zuwa inda suke so.

Tare da bunkasar masana'antar yawon bude ido, wasu bangarorin da dama kamar kasuwanci, kayan aiki, al'adu, GDP, masana'antar tattalin arziki da sauransu na kasashen Hanyar Silk za a bunkasa. A takaice, kasashe masu tasowa za su sami karin dama don bunkasa tattalin arzikin su da kuma kamo damar ta zinare ta kasancewa wani bangare na shirin Zane-Zane da Hanyoyin Kasar Sin.

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Game da marubucin

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.