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Ajiye Ta Alwashi: Shahararren Wasan Soyayya na Oberammergau ya dawo

Hoton hoto na oberammergau.de
Written by Max Haberstroh

Bayan shekaru biyu na jira da watanni shida na tsantsar karatun, an saita 42nd Oberammergau Passion Play don farawa a ranar 14 ga Mayu, 2022.

Kyakkyawar fata - Against All Damas

A cikin 1632 a tsakiyar Yaƙin Shekaru Talatin, sojojin Sweden sun kawo annoba zuwa tudun Alps kuma a ƙarshe sun isa Oberammergau. "Cutar tana gaban ƙofar, kuma babu wanda ke son shigar da ita - amma mutuwa ta rigaya," in ji ma'aikacin kabari a cikin wasan kwaikwayo na Oberammergau 'The Plague'. Wannan yanki yana nufin 1633, yana yin tarihin wasan kwaikwayon sha'awa, kamar yadda mazauna Oberammergau suka sha alwashin yin sha'awar duk shekara goma, idan sun tsira daga Mutuwar Baƙar fata. Bayan shekara guda, annobar ta tsaya cik, kuma ’yan ƙasar Oberammergau sun cika alkawari.

Oberammergau yana ɗaya daga cikin ƙauyuka masu ban sha'awa na kwarin Ammer a Bavaria, tare da gidaje masu launuka iri-iri da tarin tarurruka da shagunan sayar da zane-zane da zane-zane, zanen gilashi da sassaƙaƙen katako - duk abin da aka yi da hannu tare da sadaukarwa kuma, a, tare da 'sha'awa': Masu sassaƙa katako na ƙauyen 'Herrgottschnitzer' na almara ne, kuma gine-ginen majami'u da manyan fadoji a yankin abin ban dariya ne mai cike da joie-de-vivre da aka nuna a cikin baroque da rococo.

Ɗaya daga cikin kayan ado na gine-gine masu yawa na Oberammergau shine 'Pilatushaus' (Gidan Bilatus), wanda aka gina a cikin 1774 kuma an yi masa ado da frescoes masu ban mamaki a cikin salon Bavarian-Austriya ('Lüftlmalereien').

Ginin yana da sunansa ga fresco 'Yesu da Bulus Bilatus ya yanke masa hukunci': Bilatus ya yi baƙar magana, tambayar da ba a amsa ba ga Yesu “Menene gaskiya?” mai yiwuwa ya dame matarsa ​​da ke cikin mafarki fiye da kansa - amma duk da haka ya kasance a cikin zukatan masu shirya wasan kwaikwayo na Passion, Mista Christian Stückl musamman, darektan wasan da ba ya gajiyawa.

Baya ga neman metaphysical, gaskiya wani lokaci tana fitowa ne daga ikon gaskiya.

Barkewar Covid-19 fiye da shekaru biyu da suka gabata tare da tasirinsa mai ban mamaki shine - kuma har yanzu - irin wannan gaskiyar. Gaskiya ne cewa cutar, kamar yadda ake kira ta, ta haifar da juyawa. A zahiri, Covid-19 ya sanya tsarin duniya kamar yadda dimokiradiyyar Yammacin Turai ke tabbatar da yanayin samar da canji ta hanyar kasuwanci akan gwaji mai tsauri: Canji ya zo, amma ba yadda ake so ba.

A Oberammergau na kan gaba Wasan Sha'awa Dole ne ƙungiyar ta soke kakar wasan kwaikwayo ta 2020 - abin mamaki ga kowa da kowa. An dage wasan zuwa 2022 - ƙuduri mai hikima, kodayake yana nufin ba rani na wasan kwaikwayo na shekaru biyu ba. Cewa a cikin 2014 UNESCO ta ayyana sha'awar wasa wani al'adun gargajiya da ba za a iya mantawa da su ba, amma baya ga koma baya na tunani, mahimman abubuwan da suka tabbatar da ajandar rayuwar mutane, dangane da asarar tattalin arziki da rasa ayyukan yi. Shin bai kamata a gudanar da Wasan Soyayya ba, bayan duk - kuma a kan kowane rashin daidaito?

Bakin ciki da takaici, ’yan fim na Oberammergau sun sake datse gashin kansu da suka dade suna girma, an soke dakunan otal, ’yan wasan kwaikwayo sun sanya kayansu a cikin kabad, kuma kowa ya koma rayuwarsa ta yau da kullun. Tabbas, akwai bambanci tsakanin Annoba a lokacin da Covid a yau, ba tare da ambaton matsayin mutane kan yadda za a fuskanci bala'in ba. Bambancin ba zai iya yin ƙarfi ba: Kukan da mutane ke yi wa Allah da addu'o'in bege a cikin majami'u masu cunkoson jama'a yayin bala'in shekaru 400 da suka gabata, vs. TV virologists' roƙon gaggawa na yin rigakafin, tare da harbe-harbe na 'ƙarfafa' na gaba a matsayin fage na sashin kiwon lafiya mai gardama. 'tabbas'! 

Lokaci ya canza tun daga karni na 17. A zamanin yau tunanin tunani a Yamma yana yin kamar yana da wayewa: Ko dai ana tambayar addini ko kuma ya rikiɗe zuwa Ikklesiya ta masu tsattsauran ra'ayi, Ikklisiya ta rasa tasiri, kuma kiraye-kirayen gwamnatoci na haɗin kai ya kasance sabis na leɓe, lokacin da nassoshi game da zaɓen Gallup ya ba da isassun uzuri na rashin aiki. Amma kash, ko da jinkirin, sau da yawa sabani, kuma wani lokacin hargitsi, an sami yanke hukunci mai dorewa kan cutar. 'Karfin gaskiya na gaskiya' ya sake bayyana kansa da ƙarfin isa don daidaita mutane zuwa sababbin yanayi - duk da haka don ci gaba da kiyaye yawancin mu tare da kwarin gwiwa da kyakkyawan fata - ba tare da kowane sabani ba.

Wasan Ƙaunar Ya dawo - Anti-Semitism ya fita

Ana buƙatar wannan matsayi sosai, tun da akwai labari mai ban tsoro game da yakin da Rasha ta haifar a Ukraine, tare da dukan mummunan tasirinsa. A cikin wannan saitin, Ƙaunar Kristi tana nuna ainihin bala’i na ’yan Adam, kamar yadda wasu shugabanni suke ganin sun manta cewa kisa hanya ce marar kyau don neman farin ciki.

Tun da ƙananan alkaluman abubuwan da suka faru sun ƙara haifar da soke takunkumin Covid, mutunta matakan rigakafi ya ba da hanya ga mafi sauƙin hali, yana sa mu shagaltu da tunanin cewa cutar ta ƙare. Ba haka ba ne!

Duk da haka, Wasan ya dawo: Bayan shekaru biyu na jira da watanni shida na gwaje-gwaje masu zurfi, an saita 42nd Oberammergau Passion Play a ranar 14 ga Mayu, 2022, kuma Christian Stückl ya yi farin ciki: "Muna da sha'awar kawo sha'awarmu. Yi wasa zuwa mataki kuma muna da kwazo sosai."

Lallai, ana iya jin kwarin gwiwa, kuma sauye-sauyen Wasan suna ba da sabbin lafazi: Kasancewa a buɗe yake ga mazauna, ko su membobin cocin Katolika ne ko masu zanga-zangar, Kirista, Yahudawa ko mazauna ƙauyen Musulmi. A shekara ta 2015, Mista Abdullah Kenan Karaca, ɗan ƙasar Oberammergau mai asalin ƙasar Turkiyya, ya zama Mataimakin Darakta na Wasan Ƙaunar Ƙaunar Ƙaunar kuma aka ba shi amanar wasa Nikodemus, Bahude mafi girma. Matsayin Yahuda kuma, ya damu: Wani ɗan wasan kwaikwayo mai ƙaura, Mista Cengiz Görür ne ke taka rawa.

Godiya ga Christian Stückl, an kawar da alamun kyamar Yahudawa.

“Tsarin ƙin jinin Yahudawa ya riga ya bayyana a cikin Kiristocin Turai na farko, tushen tushen zargin cewa Yahudawa ne ke da alhakin mutuwar Kristi. Ya yi banza da gaskiyar cewa Buntus Bilatus na Roma ne ya yanke wa Kristi hukuncin kisa.” Stückl ya ba da ƙarin fahimi: “Ba da daɗewa ba ya bayyana ga ƙungiyar zartarwarmu ta Passion Play cewa ba dole ba ne ta ƙara rura wutar rikici ba. Babban ƙungiyarmu ta ɗauki jirgin zuwa Isra'ila, tana ƙoƙarin koyo kai tsaye daga addinin Yahudanci. Kada a yi shakka: a cikin Oberammergau antisemitism ba shi da wuri, ba a cikin Play ko a cikin rayuwar masu yin wasan kwaikwayo ba. "

Sabon Farawa

Kamar a cikin 1990, 2000 da 2010, sake kunna wasan a cikin 2020 yana nufin haɓaka wasan kwaikwayo ta zamani. Dalilai sun bambanta: Masu sauraron yau sun bambanta, kuma sababbin tambayoyi sun fito. Duk wanda yake so ya ƙarfafa fahimtar sha'awar Almasihu da tashin matattu, kada ya yi la'akari da tsoro da bege na mutane. Saboda haka, bi da wahalar Kristi da mutuwarsa zai ja-goranci ra’ayi a hanya mai ban mamaki ga ma’ana da kuma rayuwar ’yan Adam a nan gaba. Sake fasalin Wasan Ƙaunar yana nufin fayyace muhimman abubuwa na saƙon Yesu ga baƙi na yau: masu bi, masu rashin imani ko waɗanda basu yarda da Allah ba. "Yana da mahimmanci a gare mu mu tabbatar da gaskiyar cewa Yesu yana tafiya zuwa iyakar al'umma, yana kula da waɗanda aka keɓe. Yesu yana tare da marasa lafiya, baƙi - ba ya damuwa game da matsayi, yana da ban mamaki saboda…, "in ji Mista Stückl. "Kamar yadda kowa da kowa, Yesu ya san tsoro - kuma duk da haka ya tsaya tsayin daka. Yesu Kristi abu ne mai ban sha'awa - watakila ma ga wadanda basu yarda da Allah ba," in ji Kirista Stückl, yana murmushi.

Yin aikin Yesu Kiristi zai iya rinjayar kowane ɗan wasa mai ƙarfin hali kawai. “Ayyukan na nufin rikici na ciki, rugujewa,” in ji Mista Rochus Rückel, ɗaya daga cikin ’yan wasan kwaikwayo biyu na Yesu. "Ayyukan da ke cikin tunanin Yesu sun fi wuya a yi wasa fiye da lokacin da ya yi magana a fili." – Takwaransa na Rückel, Mista Frederik Mayet ya kara da cewa: “Tasirin Wasa na Passion yana zuwa kai tsaye ga zuciya. Idan muka yi wasa da ƙwazo, ƙarfi, ikhlasi da farin ciki, zai zama daidai wannan tsarin ne zai sa masu sauraro ke haskakawa. Sannan akwai lokacin sihiri wanda a bangarorin biyu ke sakin kuzari. "

Ms. Andrea Hecht kuma tana raba lokutan sihiri, tana wasa mahaifiyar Yesu Maryamu da Ms. Barbara Schuster a matsayin Maryamu ta Magdala, babbar almajirin Yesu. Andrea Hecht ya tabbata cewa matan biyu “sun san abin da Yesu yake nufi. Ana iya yin bankwana da su nan da yanzu. Hakan yana da motsi sosai. Mutum ba ya taurare tsawon shekaru da ake yi na wasan Ƙaunar."

Mr. Markus Zwink, Daraktan Kiɗa na Plays and madugu, ya nuna halin Wasan Ƙaunar a matsayin “oratorium.” Mista Zwink ya ce: “A zahiri, yana kusa da tsattsarkan oratorio na ƙarshen zamani, amma kuma wani ɓangare na yaren kiɗan Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy.” Wani sabon abu shine cewa ƙungiyar mawaƙa ta ƙaddamar da Play, sabunta alƙawarin ƴan ƙasar Oberammergau na 1633 da kuma rakiyar abin da ake kira 'Hotunan Rayuwa'.

A karkashin sabuwar ƙungiyar zartarwa tare da Mista Stefan Hageneier a matsayin mataki da zanen kaya, an ba da kulawa ta musamman ga 'Hotuna masu rai' na goma sha biyu suna ba da tsari ga dukan Play na sa'o'i biyar. Hotunan 'Rayuwa' waɗanda ke kwatanta abubuwan Tsohon Alkawari na Littafi Mai-Tsarki, suna cike da hotuna da alamomi, tare da ƴan wasan kwaikwayo suna yin wasan kwaikwayo a cikin tebur, kamar hoton da aka ɗauka. "Sabon ra'ayin da ke bayan 'Hotunan Rayayyun' shine nuna adadi mai yawa na mutane a cikin bambancin zalunci, tserewa da zalunci, amma kuma na bege," in ji Mista Hageneier. Wannan ra'ayin ya bi shi tun lokacin da 'yan gudun hijirar da ke cikin damuwa suka bi hanyoyin ƙaura mafi haɗari ta cikin hamada da kuma tsallaka teku, daga 2015 har zuwa yau, don guje wa yaki da rashin tausayi.

An saita ƙima ta musamman akan yanayin tarihin sha'awar Almasihu.

Wani dogon buri na Yahudawa ya ta'allaka ne a kan 'Almasihu', wanda bin tsohon annabci zai zo ya 'yantar da Yahudawa daga karkiyar Romawa. Al’amarin siyasa ya tabarbare kuma hankalin mutane ya dugunzuma. Za a canza wannan yanayin zuwa gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Oberammergau Passion Play Theatre - ƙalubale ga ƙungiyar zartarwa ta Play, waɗanda suka fahimci Wasan Ƙaunar 2022 a matsayin 'sabon farawa'.

Ganin cewa ainihin matakin wasan kwaikwayo na Passion Play Theatre ya bi tsohon salon Girkanci, juyowarsa zuwa '' hadadden haikali na dystopian '' ana nufin wakiltar tsohuwar cibiyar birnin Urushalima. The dystopian leitmotif na ƙungiyoyin gudun hijira maras lokaci yana nunawa a cikin 'Hotunan Rayayyun', yayin da launuka masu haske na bege suka yi fice a kan duhun baya. Ƙari ga haka, yanayin haikalin ya shafi haikalin da aka fi ja-gora a kai game da hukuncin Yesu, yayin da almajiransa suka fi kai wa abokan gabansu gaba. Bugu da ƙari kuma, halin Yahuda a cikin dukan bala'in da aka nanata sosai. Yahuda yana da niyya ya ƙarfafa ra'ayinsa na saƙon Yesu ta hanyar siyasa. Ba ya son mutuwar ubangidansa.

Juyawar Ƙaunar Ƙaunar Ƙaunar

A halin yanzu, da Obarammergau Wasan sha'awa ya zama sananne - a gida da waje. Fitattun maziyartan sun haɗa da sarakunan Turai da Asiya, shahararrun ƴan wasan kwaikwayo da injiniyoyi daga Faransa, shuwagabanni da attajirai daga Amurka, mawaƙa da marubuta daga Jamus da Turai, malamai na Isra’ila, Fafaroma, Cardinal, da ‘yan siyasa – nagari kuma marasa kyau.

A cikin 2010, baƙi 500,000 ne suka ziyarci Play. Duk da haka a cikin karni na 19 Amurka-Amurka sun fara gano Oberammergau, kamar yadda a cikin 1880 Thomas Cook ya tashi don ziyartar yankin. Lokaci ne kawai sai yawon shakatawa na kasa da kasa ya sami ci gaba zuwa yankin tatsuniya tsakanin fadar Neuschwanstein da Zugspitze. Kololuwar kololuwa a Jamus ta haura bisa katafaren ginin Elmau, wurin da aka yi taron G7. Sau da yawa, daidaituwa yana cikin iska: yayin da shugabannin G7 ke fafutuka don samar da ma'auni na gama gari da masu zanga-zangar nuna bangaranci, a Oberammergau, mai nisan kilomita 17 ta hanyar iska, ci gaba da wasan kwaikwayon Passion Play yana da ban sha'awa ga masu sauraro masu godiya.

Wasan Wasa na Oberammergau yana da alaƙa da bala'i na 1632 da Yaƙin Shekaru Talatin a Turai, yayin da Falasdinu, wurin tarihi na sha'awar Almasihu, lardi ne da Romawa suka mamaye. Yanzu, mu shaidu ne na yakin da ke haifar da mutuwa da halaka a cikin rikicin Rasha da kuma kai hari ga Ukraine, yayin da Covid-19, mummunan bala'in da ya girgiza duniya, ya ci gaba da lullube tare da alkaluman abubuwan da suka faru, tare da ɓata fasalin fasalin mu na hutun bazara da rashin kulawa. . - Shin mun shiga zamanin dystopian? Shin Oberammergau ya sake buɗe lokacin bazara na Passion Play a daidai lokacin?

Ana jin sha'awar Kristi a matsayin abin da ya faru na dystopian, watakila ma fiye da haka yayin wasan da aka jinkirta jinkirin wannan shekara. Ba lallai ba ne a faɗi cewa Sha'awar, wanda aka ɗauka ba tare da Tashin Matattu ba a matsayin mafi girman bambancinsa, zai sa imanin Kirista ya zama banza. Wannan gaskiyar ita kaɗai tana ba da jujjuyawar gicciye yayin da Romawa ke tsiro zuwa alamar bege da ƙarfafawa mara misaltuwa. A cikin abubuwan da ke cikinsa da kuma sauƙi na siffarsa, giciye yana ɗaya daga cikin fitattun alamomin duniya. Dangane da ma'auni na 'alama' na zamani, za mu iya cewa ba a taɓa taɓa yin irinsa ba - kuma ba a dawwama ba - ƙarin cikakkiyar 'sake alama' daga mara kyau zuwa mai kyau. Ba ya nufin kome ƙasa da juyowa: barin tsoro da zalunci zuwa gaba gaɗi da 'yanci.

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

Max Haberstroh

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