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Labaran Waya

Bukatar nama mai arha ya hauhawa

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Wani sabon bincike da aka fitar a yau, a ranar kiwon lafiya ta duniya, ya nuna illar da ta fi illa ga lafiyar dan Adam da ke da nasaba da noman masana'antu da kuma yadda hakan zai kara ta'azzara yayin da bukatar nama ke ci gaba da karuwa a dukkan sassan duniya.   

Rahoton na baya-bayan nan da Hukumar Kare Dabbobi ta Duniya ta fitar mai suna The Hidden Health Impacts of Industrial Livestock Systems, ya fallasa yadda gwamnatocin duniya ke kau da kai kan yadda harkokin kiwon lafiyar al’umma ke yi wa tsarin noman masana’antu da kuma wahalar biliyoyin dabbobin da ake nomawa.

Kanada ita ce kasa ta 8 mafi yawan cin nama kuma a shekarar 2030, ana hasashen cin naman zai karu da kashi 30% a Afirka, 18% a Asiya Pacific, 12% a Latin Amurka, 9% a Arewacin Amurka da 0.4% a Turai. Wannan bukatu mai tada hankali yana ganin biliyoyin dabbobin da ke cikin damuwa suna shan wahala kuma suna tsare a cikin tarkace da bakararre keji ko alƙalamai na rayuwarsu gaba ɗaya. Sama da kashi 70% na tsarin noman masana'antu na dabbobi biliyan 80 kowace shekara.

Binciken ya ginu ne kan manufar hanyoyi guda biyar "ta hanyar da tsarin abinci ke da illa ga lafiyarmu", wanda Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta bayyana a cikin rahotonta na 2021, Tsarin Abinci yana Ba da Lafiya mai Kyau. Kariyar Dabbobi ta Duniya dalla-dalla yadda waɗannan tasirin kiwon lafiya ke da alaƙa kai tsaye da aikin noma na dabba:

1. Rashin abinci mai gina jiki da kiba: Tsarin noma na masana'antu ya raba abinci a cikin gida da dawwama. A lokaci guda, yawan adadin nama mai arha da aka samar yana ba da izinin cin nama mai yawa - daya daga cikin manyan abubuwan haɗari ga rashin lafiya na yau da kullun.

2. Superbugs da cututtuka: Ana amfani da kashi uku cikin huɗu na maganin rigakafi na duniya akan dabbobin da ake noma - al'adar da ke haifar da bullar ƙwayoyin cuta masu jurewa. Kazalika, gonakin masana'antu suna sanya dabbobin da suka damu cikin matsuguni, suna yin haɗari da cututtuka kamar murar alade ko murar tsuntsaye waɗanda za su iya tsalle ga mutane.

3. Cututtukan abinci: Noman masana’antu yana haifar da yawan damuwa ga dabbobi, yana barin su kamuwa da ƙwayoyin cuta ko ƙwayoyin cuta waɗanda ke haifar da cututtukan abinci ga mutane, kamar Salmonella.

4. Cututtuka daga gurɓacewar muhalli: Ana ƙara ƙarfe mai nauyi kamar zinc a cikin abincin dabbobin da ake nomawa a masana'antu kuma suna gurɓata hanyoyin ruwa. Yawancin magungunan kashe kwari suna zuwa amfanin gona da aka ƙaddara don ciyar da dabbobin da ke shan wahala a gonakin masana'antu fiye da ko'ina.

5. Tasirin jiki da tunani ga ma'aikata - Tasirin lafiyar jiki da tunanin mutum da ma'aikata ke fama da su a gonakin masana'antu sun haɗa da yanayin aiki mara kyau a cikin yankan nama, sarrafa kayan aiki da kayan aiki, raunin jiki da kuma al'amurran da suka shafi tunanin mutum da tunani.

Lynn Kavanagh, Manajan Yakin Neman Aikin Noma a Kariyar Dabbobi ta Duniya, ya ce: “Wannan rahoto ya nuna ainihin farashin tsarin aikin noma na masana’antu, wanda ke da illa ga lafiyarmu da muhalli. Dangantakar da ke tsakanin yadda muke kula da dabbobi, lafiyar jama'a da lafiyar halittu ba zai iya fitowa fili ba kuma ya kamata a dauki tsarin Kiwon Lafiya daya, Jindadi daya don inganta tsarin abincinmu."   

Dokta Lian Thomas, masanin kimiya a Cibiyar Nazarin Dabbobi ta Duniya ya ce: “Dole ne lafiyar dabbobin da ake noma da muhalli su kasance babban fifiko ga bangaren kiwon lafiyar jama’a. Tsarin abinci mai dorewa wanda ke inganta lafiyar dabbobi da walwala, da kare muhalli, zai kare lafiyar dan adam kai tsaye."

Ana buƙatar canji. Kariyar Dabbobi ta Duniya tana kira ga gwamnatin Kanada da ta ilimantar da mutanen Kanada game da fa'idodin cin abinci mai gina jiki da ƙarancin abinci na dabba, daidai da Jagoran Abinci na Kanada, da sauƙaƙe sauye-sauye mai yaduwa zuwa ƙarin ɗan adam, mai dorewa, kawai. da ayyukan noma masu tsayin daka wadanda ba sa cutar da muhalli, dabbobi da lafiyar jama'a.

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edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.

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