Bolivia Akapana pyramid gyare-gyare shine gyaran gyare-gyaren fiasco

000s_94
000s_94
Written by edita

TIWANAKU, Bolivia - Mai kwadayin jan hankalin masu yawon bude ido, garin Tiwanaku a cikin Andes na Bolivia ya kirkiri wani katafaren dala na Akapana da adobe maimakon dutse, abin da wasu masana ke kira

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

TIWANAKU, Bolivia - Mai kwarin gwiwa don jan hankalin masu yawon bude ido, garin Tiwanaku a cikin Andes na Bolivia ya kirkiro wani tsohon katafaren dala tare da adobe maimakon dutse, abin da wasu masana ke kira gyaran fiasco.

Yanzu, dala na Akapana yana cikin haɗarin rasa sunansa a matsayin Gidan Tarihin Duniya na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, kuma akwai damuwa cewa sauyawar na iya haifar da rushewarta.

Dala shine ɗayan manyan gine-ginen pre-Columbian a Kudancin Amurka kuma gini ne mai mahimmancin ruhaniya don wayewar Tiwanaku, wanda ya bazu ko'ina cikin kudu maso yammacin Bolivia da sassan makwabta Peru, Argentina da Chile daga kusan 1500 BC zuwa AD 1200.

Jose Luis Paz, wanda aka nada a watan Yuni don tantance barnar da aka yi a wurin, ya ce kungiyar National Archaeology Union, UNAR, ta yi kuskure wajen zabar sake gina dala ta hanyar amfani da adobe, lokacin da ya bayyana wa idanun ido cewa asalin an gina shi ne da dutse .

"Sun yanke shawarar tafiya kyauta tare da (sabon) zane… Babu wani bincike da ya nuna cewa ganuwar ta yi kama da wannan," in ji Paz a gaban kamfanin dillancin labarai na Reuters yayin da yake tsaye a gaban dutsen na dutsen Tiwanaku wanda ke da nisan mil 40 daga arewacin Bolivia. babban birnin gudanarwa na La Paz.

A cewar Paz, wanda yanzu haka yake aikin hakar rami a wurin, garin Tiwanaku ya dauki hayar UNAR don gyara Akapana don "zama kyakkyawa ga masu yawon bude ido," ba tare da la’akari da yadda dala ta kasance tun farko ba.

Dubban 'yan yawon bude ido na ziyartar Tiwanaku a kowace shekara kuma suna biyan kusan dala 10 don shiga wurin, amma kauyen Tiwanaku, wanda ke kula da wurin shakatawar, ya yi tunanin cewa kyakyawan dutsen dala zai fi jan hankalin masu ziyarar.

Ministan Al'adu Pablo Groux ya yi watsi da wasu sukar kuma ya ce an dade ana neman gyara.

“UNAR ta dawo da asalin yadda dala ta kasance. Idan muka kalli hotuna daga shekaru biyar da suka gabata, akwai tsauni kawai a can. Abin da za mu iya gani yanzu wani abu ne da ke kusa da yadda ginin ya kasance tun asali, ”inji shi.

DAMUWAR DAMU

Duk da haka, Paz ya ce rikice-rikicen ba wai kawai game da kyan gani bane kawai.

Masanin ilmin kimiya na kayan tarihi ya ce an dan karkatar da kasan saboda tsananin nauyin katangar adobe, wanda zai iya haifar da rushewar dala.

Kungiyar Ilimi, Kimiyya da Al'adu ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, ko kuma UNESCO, za ta ziyarci Tiwanaku nan ba da jimawa ba kuma idan ta yanke shawarar an yi wa Akapana zarra, to tana iya sauke Tiwanaku daga jerin wuraren tarihinta na Duniya.

A shekara ta 2000, UNESCO ta yanke shawarar cewa Tiwanaku ya cancanci kasancewa a cikin jerin saboda rusassun sa suna “ba da shaida ga ikon masarautar da ta taka rawa wajen ci gaban wayewar Andean pre-Hispanic.”

Wayewar Tiwanaku, wanda ya bunkasa a tafkin Titicaca, yana ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da suka gabata na daular Inca, mafi girman wayewar pre-Columbian a cikin Amurka.

Groux ya yi imanin cewa Tiwanaku ba zai rasa matsayinta na Duniya ba saboda gwamnati ta dakatar da aikin sake ginin a farkon wannan shekarar, da zaran UNESCO ta gaya musu.

“Kasancewa cikin jerin wuraren tarihi na Duniya ya kunshi bincike na yau da kullun, saboda wasu wuraren na iya rasa asalin dalilin da yasa aka saka su a cikin jerin. A game da Tiwanaku rasa wannan taken ba abu ne mai yiwuwa ba, ”inji shi.

An fara satar duwatsu da kayan kwalliyar Akapana ba da daɗewa ba bayan mamayar Spain kuma daga baya aka yi amfani da fasalin a matsayin maƙerin dutse, inda aka ciro duwatsu don gina layin dogo da cocin Katolika kusa-da.

Girmansa da kuma tsayayyen kanan hawa suna ba da shawarar cewa Akapana ya kasance gini ne mai ban mamaki, amma sakamakon kone-kone da tsananin yanayi da iska mai karfi a tsaunin Andean, wanda yakai ƙafa 12,500 sama da matakin teku, dala ta yi kyau.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.