Comoros Kasa | Yanki manufa Labaran Gwamnati Labarai Tourism

Happy Ranar Samun 'Yancin Comoros

Comoros

{Asar Amirka na daraja dangantakarta mai ƙarfi da Ƙungiyar Comoros. Wannan shi ne sakon Antony J. Blinken, Sakataren Gwamnati.

Comoros wani tsibiri ne mai aman wuta da ke kusa da gabar tekun gabashin Afirka, a cikin ruwan tekun Indiya mai dumi na tashar Mozambik.

Ƙungiyar Comoros ƙungiya ce ta uku. Tsibirin grand comors, moheli da anjouan. Tsibirin Mayotte wani bangare ne na tsibirin Comoros amma ba na kungiyar ba. Kungiyar tana cikin tashar Mozambik dake gabar tekun gabashin Afirka, kungiyar memba ce ta Tarayyar Afirka.

Comores kuma memba ne na Tsibirin Vanilla
Yawon shakatawa yana zama mafi mahimmanci to tattalin arzikin kungiyar.

Kamar dai flora, fauna iri-iri ne da daidaito, kodayake akwai 'yan manyan dabbobi masu shayarwa. Akwai nau'ikan dabbobi masu rarrafe sama da 24 ciki har da nau'ikan endemic guda 12. Ana iya ganin nau'in kwari 1,200 da nau'in tsuntsaye dari.

Ayyukan volcanic sun tsara bakin tekun. Ana iya samun mangroves a fadin tsibiran. Suna da amfani, suna samar da kayan halitta da wuraren zama masu dacewa da nau'in nau'in nau'i da yawa. Ƙasa, ruwan sha (tsuntsaye, da sauransu), da namun daji na ruwa (kifi, crustaceans, mollusks da sauran invertebrates daban-daban) suna cikin mangroves.

WTM London 2022 Za a gudanar da shi daga 7-9 Nuwamba 2022. Yi rijista yanzu!

Coral reefs suna jan hankalin masu yawon bude ido. Suna da launuka na ban mamaki, suna da siffa mai ban sha'awa, kuma gida ne ga nau'ikan namun daji da yawa. Reefs duniya ce mai ban sha'awa don ganowa lokacin nutsewa kuma muhimmin zanen yawon bude ido ne ga masu ziyara.

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MARINE FAUNA

Dabbobin bakin teku da na ruwa na Comoros sun bambanta kuma sun haɗa da nau'ikan mahimmancin duniya. Tekuna da bakin tekun tsibiran gida ne ga abubuwan ban mamaki na gaske. Akwai kimanin nau'in kifin ruwan gishiri 820, ciki har da coelacanth, tare da kunkuru na teku, kifin kifi, da dolphins.

Rashin insularity na Comoros yana kaiwa ga yankuna da yawa na kyawawan dabi'u da wuri mai ban sha'awa mai ban mamaki. Adadin endemism a cikin terrestrial fauna da na ruwa da flora, gami da algae, yana da yawa sosai. Don haka yana da kyau a gane cewa Comoros na kallon harkar yawon shakatawa a matsayin babban fifiko.

Tsibiri mafi girma a jihar, Grande Comore (Ngazidja) yana da rairayin bakin teku da kuma tsohon lava daga dutsen mai aman wuta na tsaunin Karthala. A kusa da tashar jiragen ruwa da madina a babban birnin kasar, Moroni, an sassaƙa ƙofofi da wani farar masallacin da ke ƙarƙashin mulkin mallaka, Ancienne Mosquée du Vendredi, wanda ke tunawa da tsibirin Larabawa na gado.

Yawan jama'a a shekarar 2020 ya kai 869,595.

A ranar 22 ga Disamba 1974, an gudanar da kuri'ar raba gardama ta 'yancin kai a Comoros.

Tsibirai uku sun zaɓi su zama masu zaman kansu. A cikin Mayotte, duk da haka, 63.8% na al'ummar kasar sun kada kuri'a su ci gaba da kasancewa a cikin Jamhuriyar Faransa. A ranar 6 ga Yulin 1975, hukumomin Comorian ba tare da ɓatanci ba sun ayyana yancin kansu.

Wataƙila mutanen zuriyar Malayo-Polynesia ne suka zauna a Comoros a ƙarni na 5 ko na 6 AZ kuma wataƙila a baya. Wasu sun fito daga Afirka kusa da Madagascar, kuma Larabawa kuma sun kasance wani muhimmin yanki na farkon yawan jama'a.

Tsibirin ba su bayyana a taswirar duniya ta Turai ba sai a shekara ta 1527 lokacin da mai zanen hoto na kasar Portugal Diego Ribero ya zana su. Turawa na farko da aka sani sun ziyarci tsibirai, daga baya a cikin karni na 16, sun bayyana a matsayin Portuguese.

Baturen Sir James Lancaster ya ziyarci Grande Comore kimanin 1591, amma babban tasirin kasashen waje a cikin tsibiran ya kasance na Larabawa har zuwa karni na 19.

A cikin 1843 Faransa ta mallaki Mayotte a hukumance, kuma a cikin 1886 ta sanya sauran tsibiran guda uku ƙarƙashin kariya. A shekara ta 1912, Comoros ya zama yanki na ketare na Faransa a 1947 kuma an ba shi wakilci a Majalisar Dokokin Faransa.

A cikin 1961, shekara guda bayan Madagascar ta sami 'yancin kai, an ba wa tsibiran yancin kai na cikin gida. Yawancin tsibiran guda uku sun kada kuri'ar samun 'yancin kai a shekara ta 1974, amma yawancin mazauna Mayotte sun amince da ci gaba da mulkin Faransa.

Lokacin da Majalisar Dokokin Faransa ta yanke shawarar cewa kowane tsibiri ya yanke shawarar matsayinsa, shugaban kasar Comoriya Ahmed Abdallah (wanda aka hambarar daga wannan shekarar) ya ayyana dukkan tsibiran ‘yan cin gashin kansu a ranar 6 ga Yuli, 1975.

Daga baya an shigar da Comoros a Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, wacce ta amince da amincin daukacin tsibirai a matsayin kasa daya. Faransa, duk da haka, ta amince da ikon tsibiran guda uku kawai kuma ta goyi bayan cin gashin kansa na Mayotte, tare da ayyana shi a matsayin “tarin yanki” (watau ba yanki ko ƙasa ba. sashenFaransa a 1976.

Yayin da dangantaka ta tabarbare, Faransa ta janye duk wani taimakon ci gaba da fasaha daga Comoros. Ali Soilih ya zama shugaban kasa kuma ya yi yunkurin mayar da kasar zuwa jamhuriya mai zaman kanta, mai ra'ayin gurguzu.

A watan Mayun 1978 wani juyin mulkin da wani Bafaranshe, Kanal Robert Denard, da gungun sojojin hayar turai suka jagoranta ya mayar da Abdallah, tsohon shugaban kasar da ke gudun hijira a kan karagar mulki.

An dawo da huldar diflomasiyya da Faransa, an tsara sabon kundin tsarin mulki, sannan aka sake zaben Abdallah a matsayin shugaban kasa a karshen shekarar 1978 da kuma a 1984, lokacin da ya tsaya takara ba tare da hamayya ba.

Ya tsira daga yunkurin juyin mulki sau uku, amma a watan Nuwamba 1989 aka kashe shi. An gudanar da zaben shugaban kasa na jam'iyyu da yawa a shekarar 1990, sannan aka zabi Saïd Mohamed Djohar a matsayin shugaban kasa, amma a watan Satumban 1995 aka hambarar da shi a juyin mulkin da Denard ya jagoranta. An yi watsi da juyin mulkin lokacin da Faransa ta cire Denard da sojojin haya.

An gudanar da sabon zabe a shekara ta 1996. A karkashin sabon zababben shugaban kasar, Mohamed Abdoulkarim Taki, an amince da sabon kundin tsarin mulki tare da yunkurin takaita kashe kudade da gwamnati ke kashewa da kuma kara kudaden shiga.

A watan Agustan 1997 ƙungiyoyin 'yan aware a tsibirin Anjouan da Mohéli sun yi ƙarfi sosai ta yadda shugabanninsu suka ayyana kowane tsibiri mai cin gashin kansa daga jamhuriya.

A wata mai zuwa ne gwamnatin tarayya ta yi yunkurin murkushe yunkurin 'yan awaren, amma an fatattaki sojojin da aka aika zuwa tsibirin Anjouan gaba daya. Babu wata siyasa ta siyasa a wajen tsibiran ba ta amince da 'yancin kai na tsibiran biyu ba, duk da haka, yunkurin sasanta lamarin da kungiyoyin kasa da kasa suka yi ya ci tura.

Taki ya mutu kwatsam a cikin Nuwamba 1998 kuma shugaban rikon kwarya Tadjiddine Ben Saïd Massounde ya maye gurbinsa.

Kundin tsarin mulkin kasar ya yi kira da a gudanar da sabon zabe, amma kafin a gudanar da wani zabe, an hambarar da shugaban kasar na rikon kwarya a watan Afrilun 1999, sakamakon juyin mulkin da sojoji karkashin jagorancin babban hafsan hafsan sojin kasar, Col. Azali Assoumani, ya jagoranta, wanda ya karbi ragamar mulkin kasar.

Kasashen duniya ba su amince da sabuwar gwamnatin ba, amma a watan Yuli Assoumani ya tattauna da 'yan aware a tsibirin Anjouan.

'Yan awaren sun rattaba hannu kan wata yarjejeniya da ta kafa wa'adin shugaban kasa da zai rika juyawa a tsakanin tsibiran guda uku. Dukkan tsibiran guda uku ne suka amince da wa'adin mulkin karba-karba a watan Disamba na shekara ta 2001, kamar yadda sabon daftarin tsarin mulki ya ba wa kowane tsibiri damar cin gashin kansa na wani bangare da shugaban karamar hukuma da majalisar dokoki.

An gudanar da zaɓen tarayya na farko a ƙarƙashin sharuɗɗan sabon kundin tsarin mulki a shekara ta 2002, kuma an zaɓi Assoumani daga Grande Comore a matsayin shugaban ƙasa. A cikin 2006 wa'adin shugaban kasa ya juya zuwa tsibirin Anjouan. An ayyana Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi a matsayin wanda ya lashe zaben shugaban kasa da aka gudanar a watan Mayu kuma ya karbi ragamar mulkin gwamnatin tarayya cikin lumana.

Zaman lafiya mai rauni ya yi barazana a shekara ta 2007 lokacin da gwamnatin tarayya ta mayar da martani ga tashe-tashen hankula da kuma shaidar tursasa masu jefa kuri'a, ta umarci gwamnatin Anjouan da ta dage zaben shugaban kasa na tsibirin, tare da kira ga shugaban Anjouan, Col. Mohamed Bacar, da ya sauka daga mulki kuma ya ba da izinin yin hakan. shugaban rikon kwarya.

Bacar ya yi watsi da wannan odar kuma a watan Yunin 2007 ya gudanar da zabe inda aka ayyana shi a matsayin wanda ya lashe zaben. Gwamnatin Tarayya ko Tarayyar Afirka (AU) ba ta amince da sakamakon ba: dukkansu sun bukaci a gudanar da sabon zabe, wanda Bacar ya ki gudanar da shi.

Ganin yadda lamarin ya yi tsami, kungiyar AU ta kakaba wa gwamnatin Bacar takunkumi a watan Oktoba, wanda hakan bai yi wani tasiri ba wajen matsa masa lamba kan biyan bukatunsu.

Sojojin Comorian da na AU sun mamaye Anjouan a ranar 25 ga Maris, 2008, kuma cikin sauri suka tsare tsibirin; Bacar ya kaucewa kama shi ya gudu daga kasar.

Matsayin Mayotte - wanda har yanzu Comoros ke ikirarin amma Faransa ce ke gudanar da shi - shi ne batun zaben raba gardama na watan Maris na 2009. Fiye da kashi 95 cikin 2011 na masu jefa ƙuri'a na Mayotte sun amince da sauya matsayin tsibirin tare da Faransa daga ikon mallakar yanki zuwa wani yanki na ketare a XNUMX, yana ƙarfafa dangantakarta da wannan ƙasa. Comoros da AU sun yi watsi da sakamakon zaben.

A cikin 2010 wa'adin shugaban kasa ya juya zuwa tsibirin Mohéli, da Ikililou Dhoinine, daya daga cikin na Sambi. mataimakin Shugabannin kasar da suka fi samun kuri'u mafi yawa a zagayen farko na zaben da aka gudanar a ranar 7 ga watan Nuwamba, ya ci gaba da lashe zaben zagaye na biyu na ranar 26 ga watan Disamba da kashi 61 cikin 26 na kuri'un da aka kada, ko da yake nasararsa ta kasance cikin rudani sakamakon zargin magudi daga 'yan adawa. An kaddamar da Dhoinine a ranar 2011 ga Mayu, XNUMX.

Shafin Farko

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Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.

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