Labaran Waya

Cutar sankarau na iya farawa tun yana jariri

Written by edita

Amygdala-tsarin kwakwalwa da aka faɗaɗa a cikin yara masu shekaru biyu da aka gano da cutar ta Autism (ASD) - ta fara haɓakar haɓakawa tsakanin watanni 6 zuwa 12, yana nuna wani binciken da Cibiyar Kiwon Lafiya ta Ƙasa ta bayar. Amygdala tana da hannu wajen sarrafa motsin rai, kamar fassarar yanayin fuska ko jin tsoro lokacin da aka fallasa ga barazana. Sakamakon binciken ya nuna cewa hanyoyin kwantar da hankali don rage alamun ASD na iya samun babbar damar samun nasara idan sun fara a farkon shekara ta rayuwa, kafin amygdala ta fara haɓakar haɓakar ta.

Binciken ya hada da jarirai 408, 270 daga cikinsu sun fi yiwuwar kamuwa da cutar ASD saboda suna da babban yaya da ASD, 109 yawanci jarirai masu tasowa, da jarirai 29 da ke fama da rashin lafiya na X, wani nau'i na gada na ci gaba da nakasa hankali. Masu binciken sun gudanar da binciken MRI na yara a 6, 12 da 24 watanni. Sun gano cewa jariran 58 da suka ci gaba da haɓaka ASD suna da amygdala na yau da kullun a cikin watanni 6, amma amygdala mai girma a watanni 12 da watanni 24. Bugu da ƙari, da sauri yawan girman amygdala, mafi girman tsananin alamun ASD a cikin watanni 24. Jarirai masu fama da ciwon Fragile X suna da salon girma na kwakwalwa. Ba su da bambance-bambance a cikin haɓakar amygdala amma haɓaka wani tsarin kwakwalwa, caudate, wanda ke da alaƙa da haɓaka halayen maimaitawa.

Markungiyar bincike, wani ɓangare na cibiyoyin Autism na Mark Shen na Binciken Binciken Hoto na Binciken Hatariya da Ch.D., na Jami'ar kwakwalwar jariri. Binciken ya bayyana a cikin Jarida ta Amirka na Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru. Cibiyar NIH ta Eunice Kennedy Shriver ta Cibiyar Kiwon Lafiyar Yara da Ci gaban Bil Adama (NICHD), Cibiyar Nazarin Kiwon Lafiyar Muhalli ta ƙasa da Cibiyar Kiwon Lafiyar Hauka ta ƙasa ce ta samar da kuɗi.

Mawallafa sun ba da shawarar cewa wahalar sarrafa bayanan azanci a lokacin ƙuruciya na iya ƙarfafa amygdala, wanda zai haifar da girma.

ASD wata cuta ce mai rikitarwa ta haɓakawa wacce ke shafar yadda mutum yake ɗabi'a, hulɗa da wasu, sadarwa da koyo.

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edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.

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