An kawo karshen barkewar cutar zazzabin shawara a Angola da Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo

Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo (DRC) ta sanar da kawo karshen barkewar cutar zazzabin shawara a kasar a yau bayan irin wannan sanarwar a Angola a ranar 23 ga Disamba 2016, wanda ya kawo karshen barkewar cutar.

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Jamhuriyar Dimokaradiyyar Kwango (DRC) ta sanar da kawo karshen barkewar cutar zazzabin shawara a kasar a yau bayan sanarwar makamanciyarta a kasar Angola a ranar 23 ga watan Disamban 2016, wanda ya kawo karshen bullar cutar a kasashen biyu bayan ba a sami wani sabon rahoton da aka tabbatar daga kasashen biyu ba. watanni shida da suka gabata.

Matshidiso Moeti, Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) ta ce "Mun sami damar ayyana karshen daya daga cikin mafi girma kuma mafi kalubalen barkewar cutar zazzabin shawara a cikin 'yan shekarun nan ta hanyar karfi da hadin kai da hukumomin kasa, ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya na gida da abokan hadin gwiwa suka bayar," in ji Dr Matshidiso Moeti, Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO). ) Daraktan shiyya na Afirka, yana yaba wa irin martanin da ba a taba ganin irinsa ba ga barkewar cutar.


An fara gano bullar cutar a kasar Angola a watan Disambar shekarar 2015, ta haifar da mutane 965 da aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar zazzabin shawara a sassan kasashen biyu, inda ake zargin wasu dubbai. Shari'ar karshe da aka gano a Angola ita ce ranar 23 ga watan Yunin 2016 kuma ta karshe ta DRC ta kasance ranar 12 ga Yuli a wannan shekarar.

Sama da mutane miliyan 30 ne aka yi wa allurar rigakafi a cikin kasashen biyu a yakin neman rigakafin gaggawa. Wannan muhimmin bangare na martanin ya hada da kamfen din goge-goge da rigakafin a cikin mawuyacin hali don isa yankunan har zuwa karshen shekara don tabbatar da rigakafin rigakafin ga mutane da yawa a duk wuraren da ke da hadari. Wannan martanin da ba a taɓa yin irinsa ba ya ƙare tarin tarin alluran rigakafin cutar zazzabin yellow sau da yawa.

Fiye da masu aikin sa kai 41 000 da ƙungiyoyin rigakafin 8000 tare da abokan hulɗar ƙungiyoyin sa-kai sama da 56 sun shiga cikin yaƙin neman zaɓe. Alurar riga kafi da aka yi amfani da su sun fito ne daga hannun jarin duniya tare da haɗin gwiwar Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Ƙungiyar Red Cross da Red Crescent ta Duniya (IFRC), UNICEF da WHO. A cikin watanni 6 na farko na 2016 kadai, abokan haɗin gwiwa sun ba da fiye da allurai miliyan 19 na rigakafin - sau uku na 6 miliyan allurai yawanci ana ajiye su don barkewar cutar. Gavi, Ƙungiyar Alurar riga kafi ta ba da kuɗaɗen kaso mai tsoka na allurar.

Barkewar kalubale

An gano bullar cutar ta farko a ranar 5 ga Disamba 2015 a Viana, Lardin Luanda, Angola. Barkewar cutar ta bazu zuwa kasar baki daya da ma makwabciyarta Jamhuriyar Dimokaradiyyar Kwango, inda aka fara yada cutar a cikin watan Maris din shekarar 2016.

Daga farkon barkewar cutar, Angola ta ba da rahoton jimillar mutane 4306 da ake zargi da kamuwa da cutar, yayin da 376 suka mutu, daga cikinsu an tabbatar da kamuwa da cutar 884 da mutuwar 121.

A cikin wannan barkewar, DRC ta ba da rahoton mutane 2987 da ake zargi da laifi, tare da gwaje-gwaje 81 da aka tabbatar da kamuwa da cuta da mutuwar 16.

Magungunan gaggawa don isa ga mutane da yawa

Daya daga cikin manyan nasarorin da aka samu na mayar da martani ga wannan barkewar ita ce bullo da wani sabon salo na hana alluran rigakafi ta hanyar amfani da kashi biyar na kashi na yau da kullun na allurar rigakafin cutar ta Yellow - dabarar da kungiyar kwararrun rigakafin rigakafi ta duniya ta WHO ta amince da ita don kare mutane da yawa. daga barazanar barkewar babbar annoba nan take.

WHO ta goyi bayan ma'aikatar lafiya ta DRC don yi wa mutane miliyan 10.7 allurar rigakafin cutar a birnin Kinshasa ta amfani da wannan dabarar tanadin alluran rigakafi a matsayin wani gajeren lokaci wanda zai ba da rigakafin cutar zazzabin shawara na akalla watanni 12 kuma mai yiwuwa ya fi tsayi.

Ana ci gaba da tallafawa kasashe

Baya ga tallafawa yakin neman zabe na jama'a, WHO da abokan hadin gwiwa na ci gaba da ba da tallafi ga Angola da DRC don karfafa sa ido kan cututtuka, don shawo kan yaduwar sauro da shiga cikin al'ummomi ta yadda za su iya kare kansu.

Sauyin yanayi, karuwar zirga-zirgar jama'a a ciki da kuma kan iyakoki daga karkara zuwa biranen da ke da yawan jama'a, da sake bullowar sauro na Aedes aegypti na kara hadarin kamuwa da cutar zazzabin shawara.

“Barkewar cutar zazzabin Rawaya kamar ta Angola da DRC na iya zama ruwan dare a sassa da dama na duniya sai dai idan ba a dauki matakan da suka dace ba don kare mutanen da ke cikin hadari. Don haka muna buƙatar aiwatar da tsarin rigakafi mai ƙarfi don yiwa al'ummar da ke cikin haɗari a duk faɗin yankin," in ji Dr Ibrahima Socé Fall, Daraktan Gaggawa na Yanki na WHO.

Dangane da mayar da martani, wani babban kawancen abokan hulda da suka hada da WHO kwanan nan ya bullo da wani sabon dabarar yin kira ga 'Kawar da Cutar Zazzabin Rawaya' (EYE) don karfafa ayyukan duniya da hada darussan da aka koya daga barkewar cutar a Angola da DRC.

Muhimman abubuwan da ke cikin dabarun EYE sun haɗa da matakan tabbatar da yiwa mutane allurar riga-kafi kafin barkewar annobar, ƙara yawan hannayen jarin allurar rigakafi na duniya don ba da amsa da kuma tallafawa don yin shiri sosai a cikin ƙasashe masu haɗari.

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edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.