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Sabuwar Makomar Salon Jirgin Saman Duniya na Saudi Arabia

Dandalin Jirgin Sama na gaba

Saudi Arabiya ba tare da wata tambaya ba ta sami damar jagorantar tafiye-tafiye na duniya da masana'antar yawon shakatawa yayin rikicin COVID. Masarautar ta zama cibiyar bunkasa yawon shakatawa. Kamar yadda aka zata, wannan shi ne farkon duniya a yanzu da ke shaida cewa za a sauya shugabancin duniya a Saudiyya. Saudi Arabiya tana da kuɗin, kuma ga alama wannan shine mabuɗin. Lokacin da duniya na bukatar ceto a lokacin bala'in, Saudiyya ta amsa kiran.

Ƙasar da za ta iya saka biliyoyin kuɗi don faɗaɗa tafiye-tafiyenta, yawon buɗe ido da sufurin jiragen sama, kuma a shirye take ta saka hannun jari kan tasirinta na ƙasa da ƙasa a wannan fanni na da dukkan fa'idodi da fa'ida don zama babbar ƙasa a duniya a wannan masana'anta.

Jiragen saman Turkiyya, Emirates, Etihad, da Qatar Airways sun riga sun nuna wa duniya abin da za a iya yi wajen jigilar jiragen sama zuwa Turkiyya, UAE da Qatar. Tare da kato kamar Masarautar Saudi Arabiya, yana iya zama ɗan gajeren lokaci don kamfanonin jiragen sama ciki har da Emirates su ga wata babbar gasa.

A yau Saudi Arabia ta tura kanta a kujerar gaba don tsara makomar jirgin sama.

yau Babban Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Saudiyya (GACA) ya sanar da manufar Harmonizing Air Travel, wani tsari da zai sa tafiye-tafiyen kasa da kasa cikin sauki, sauki da jin dadi ta hanyar kawar da rudani kan bukatun balaguron balaguron balaguro da ke hana miliyoyin mutane yin jigilar jirage a halin yanzu.

An bayyana wannan tsarin manufofin a taron farko na Masarautar Jiragen Sama kuma za a gabatar da shi a hukumance a 41st Babban taron ICAO daga baya a cikin 2022.

An tsara shi tare da haɗin gwiwar UN's IKungiyar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta kasa da kasa (ICAO), tsarin da aka tsara zai kawar da rudanin balaguron balaguron balaguro na ƙasa da ƙasa ga fasinjoji, masu jigilar kaya da gwamnatoci ta hanyar ƙirƙirar albarkatun kan layi ɗaya, bayyananne, na yau da kullun da ke fitar da buƙatun shiga duk ƙasashe masu shiga.

Me Saudiyya ke sanarwa a yau?

  1. Saudi Arabiya na kaddamar da wani shiri na duniya a cikin tsarin White Paper, wanda aka yi niyya
    yin tafiye-tafiye mafi sauƙi da sauƙi ga fasinjoji, musamman a lokacin
    gaggawar lafiyar jama'a
  2. The White Paper yana ba da shawarar gabatar da tsarin duniya don daidaitawa
    ka'idojin bayanin lafiya, tare da manufar iyakance tasirin fasinja
    asarar zirga-zirga yayin yanayin gaggawa na lafiya ta hanyar tabbatar da juriya
    tsarin.
  3. Farar Paper ita ce irinta ta farko da ke sanya fasinjoji a tsakiyar jirgin
    manufar manufofin jirgin sama
  4. Farar Takarda ta ƙunshi ginshiƙai huɗu: 1) tsarin ba da rahoto mai jituwa ga kowa
    kasashe, 2) tsarin sadarwa na jihohi da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki, 3) sababbi
    hanyoyin gudanar da mulki da daidaitawa da 4) hanyoyin da ake bi.

Na farko irinsa + Sanya fasinja a gaba:

– Babu wata manufar jirgin sama da ke neman sanya fasinjojin jirgin a tsakiyar manufofinsa. Tsarin duniya mafi sauƙi, mafi inganci zai inganta dogara da juriya

M:

- Wannan manufar tana nufin karfafa haɗin gwiwa tsakanin masu ruwa da tsaki a cikin yanayin yanayin zirga-zirgar jiragen sama ta hanyar da ba a taɓa gani ba.

Manufa-gaba:

- Wannan manufar ta samo asali ne daga ƙalubalen da muka shaida tare da COVID. Amma ba manufar COVID ba ce. Manufa ce da aka ƙera don tallafawa juriya a martanin jirgin sama na duniya ga duk wani rikicin lafiya na gaba wanda zai iya faruwa da sauƙaƙe ƙa'idodin kiwon lafiya na yanzu ga fasinjoji.

Maganar Siyasa:


• Rikici na waje ya yi tasiri sosai kan ayyukan sufurin jiragen sama da ci gaban tattalin arziki. Covid-19 ya yi tasiri sosai kan zirga-zirgar jiragen sama da tafiye-tafiyen fasinja a duk faɗin duniya kuma, a sakamakon haka, ba a sa ran zirga-zirgar fasinja zai koma matakan kafin shekarar 2019 har zuwa shekarar 2024, kuma zirga-zirgar jiragen sama ta kasance cikin haɗari ga sauran rikice-rikicen kiwon lafiya na duniya nan gaba.

Tsarin Siyasa:


Tsarin ya ƙunshi haɓaka ginshiƙai huɗu waɗanda aka tsara don haɓaka
martani na duniya game da gaggawar lafiya a nan gaba a cikin jigilar iska:
1) tsarin ba da rahoto mai jituwa ga dukkan ƙasashe
2) tsarin sadarwa na jihohi da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki
3) sabbin hanyoyin gudanar da mulki da daidaitawa
4) hanyoyin yarda.

Kiyasin tasirin manufofin:


• Tsarin manufofin zai taimaka wajen iyakance girman zirga-zirgar ababen hawa saboda matsalar lafiya ta hanyar barin jihohi su hanzarta musayar bayanai game da yanayin da suke tasowa da kuma aiwatar da manufar "tashin lafiya".
• Bugu da kari, zai taimaka wajen kara saurin murmurewa ga zirga-zirgar fasinja biyo bayan ci gaba da fitar da magungunan da suka dace (kamar alluran rigakafi).
• Dangane da nazarin da aka gudanar a tsakanin Maris 2020 zuwa Disamba 2021, manufofin da ake sa ran za su yi tasiri ga tattalin arziki mai fa'ida (idan an aiwatar da shi, a cikin yanayin yanayin tushe), an kiyasta kusan dala tiriliyan 1.1.

Daidaitawa zuwa aikin duniya mai gudana


Manufar shirin ba shine gina kayan aiki da sifofi don ginshiƙai huɗu da aka tsara tun daga tushe ba, amma don yin aiki kafaɗa da kafaɗa da manyan jiragen sama na duniya.
masu ruwa da tsaki don ginawa a baya da na yanzu na CAPSCA, ICAO, Membanta
Jihohi, da hukumomin yanki
• Ta hanyar ba da shawara da jagorantar ƙoƙarin duniya don kafa irin wannan tsari don daidaita bukatun kiwon lafiya da sauƙi na tafiya ga fasinjoji, wannan takarda mai mahimmanci ta nuna irin sadaukarwar Masarautar don tallafawa ƙoƙarin duniya don inganta haɓakar sashin sufurin jiragen sama a cikin daidaitawa kai tsaye tare da kudurori. wanda aka gudanar a babban taron ICAO akan Covid-19.

Binciken Duniya:

Amurka:
Yawancin (56%) na Amurkawa sun ce gwamnatoci ba su yi aiki tare da kyau ba don sauƙaƙe tafiye-tafiye yayin bala'in
Kashi uku (36%) na Amurkawa ne kawai ke tunanin masana'antar sufurin jiragen sama ta yi shiri sosai don wata matsalar lafiyar jama'a.
1 cikin 3 (32%) Amurkawa sun ce rudani game da bukatun kiwon lafiya zai hana su
yin booking a trip in 2022


GCC:
Fiye da kashi biyu cikin uku (68%) na mutanen Gulf sun zaɓi kada su yi balaguro a cikin 2021 saboda buƙatun da suka shafi Covid
Kusan rabin (47%) na mutanen Gulf sun ce rudani game da bukatun kiwon lafiya zai hana su yin balaguro a 2022

Italiya:
Yawancin mutane a Italiya (61%) sun ce sun zaɓi kada su yi tafiya a cikin 2021 saboda masu alaƙa da Covid
bukatun tafiya
• 40% na mutane a Italiya sun ce rikice-rikicen bukatun kiwon lafiya zai hana su yin balaguro a wannan shekara


Birtaniya:
Kashi biyu cikin uku (65%) na Britaniya sun daina tafiya a cikin 2021 saboda buƙatun da suka shafi Covid
Yawancin mutane a Burtaniya (70%) sun ce kasashe ba su yi aiki tare don sauƙaƙe wa mutane balaguron balaguron bala'in ba.
• Fiye da kashi biyu bisa uku na mutane a Burtaniya sun ce masana'antar sufurin jiragen sama ba ta da shiri sosai don wata matsalar lafiya.
• Kashi 40% na mutane a Burtaniya sun ce rikice-rikicen bukatun kiwon lafiya zai hana su yin balaguro a wannan shekara.

Me yasa Saudiyya ta dauki nauyin wannan farar takarda?


• Saudi Arabiya, tare da duk sauran ƙasashe a duk faɗin duniya, tasirin COVID ya shafa sosai. Akwai dama ga Masarautar ta jagoranci wani shiri na siyasa wanda ya tsara tsari don rage yuwuwar rikice-rikicen da rikici kamar COVID ke haifarwa a nan gaba.
• Saudi Arabiya ta riga ta gudanar da wasu manyan ayyuka a wannan fanni daga aikace-aikace
hangen nesa, ta hanyar aiki don haɗa app ɗin Tawakkulna tare da balaguron balaguron duniya na IATA
wuce. Saboda haka, ƙwarewar za ta tabbatar da aiki a cikin aiwatar da wannan manufa.

Me kasar Saudiyya ta samu wajen jagorantar wannan shiri?


• Wannan babbar dama ce ta nuna iyawar Mulkin a matsayin a
mai gudanarwa a cikin yanayin yanayin jirgin sama, yayin da kuma ke yin tasiri mai kyau ga kowa
kasashe (kuma musamman, fasinjoji) a duk faɗin duniya
• Wannan aikin zai iya taimakawa wajen kafa tushen Saudi Arabiya don kasancewa mai aiki da halaltacce
mai ba da gudummawa ga manufofin jirgin sama a cikin shekaru masu zuwa.

Me Saudiyya ke yi daban-daban fiye da sauran hukumomin duniya da na kasa
daidaita tafiye-tafiye na duniya/Yaya tsarin tafiyar da zirga-zirgar Jirgin sama ya bambanta da na G20
tattaunawa?


• Yana da mahimmanci a fayyace cewa Masarautar ba ta yunƙurin sake ƙirƙira wannan dabarar. Manyan manyan masu ruwa da tsaki a harkar jiragen sama kamar ICAO, CAPSCA da IATA sun jagoranci aikin da ya dace da wannan manufa.
Wannan shawara ta musamman ce ta yunƙurin daidaita ayyukan da ƙasashe membobi da ƙungiyoyin sashe ke aiwatarwa a cikin tsarin daidaitawa da daidaitawa, wanda ke haɓaka haɗin gwiwa.
• Saudi Arabiya ta lura kuma ta yi maraba da aikin kwanan nan da 2022 G20 ya yi
Ƙungiyar Aiki ta Lafiya (HWG) tana da alaƙa da daidaita ka'idojin kiwon lafiya na duniya don lafiya
tafiye-tafiye zuwa kasashen duniya. Akwai dama ga HWG don yin aiki tare da ƙungiyar manufofin mu don tallafawa gabatarwa da aiwatar da mahimman shawarwari a cikin tsarin mu.

Menene tsari bayan Forum na Jirgin Sama na gaba don manufar da za a tabbatar?


Burin farko shine a tada hangen nesa na farar takarda a tsakanin kasashe membobi a dandalin Sufurin Jiragen Sama na gaba. Masarautar tana da bege cewa Ƙasashen Membobin za su kalli shawarar da kyau, kuma su kasance a shirye su tallafa mana wajen haɓaka manufofin.
• Ƙungiyar manufofin za ta ci gaba da haɓaka aikin da aka riga aka yi kuma za su yi godiya don karɓar ra'ayi, sharhi, da kuma zargi daga Ƙasashen Membobi game da White Paper don taimakawa wajen inganta inganci da aiki.
• Bayan taron, tawagar ta yi niyyar yin aiki don samar da Takardun Aiki, tare da hadin gwiwar ICAO, da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki a harkar sufurin jiragen sama, da kasashe mambobin kungiyar.
Babban makasudin shine a tattauna (da karbe) Takardar Aiki a ICAO
Babban taron a karshen wannan shekara

Shin akwai shingen ɗaukar hoto?


Wannan wata manufa ce mai cike da kishin kasa wacce za ta bukaci saye da hadin gwiwa tsakanin masu ruwa da tsaki a ciki da waje a fannin zirga-zirgar jiragen sama, kamar bangaren kiwon lafiya (WHO) da yawon bude ido.UNWTO) sassa
A sakamakon haka, mafi sarƙaƙƙiyar shinge ga manufofin shine cimma matsaya kan manufofin
manufa da sadaukarwa daga ko'ina cikin Membobin Kasashe
• Daga hangen nesa mai amfani, karɓo na iya faruwa ta mataki-mataki a ciki
daidaitawa tare da Ƙasashen Membobi daidai da ikon su na daidaita tsarin.

Idan wasu ƙasashe membobin sun ƙi shiga cikin tsarin fa?


Wannan wata manufa ce mai kishin kasa wacce za ta bukaci saye da hadin gwiwa tsakanin masu ruwa da tsaki a ciki da wajen bangaren sufurin jiragen sama.
Babban shingen shinge ga manufofin shine cimma matsaya kan manufofin da
sadaukarwa daga ko'ina cikin Membobin Kasashe don aiwatarwa.
• Bayan hadin gwiwa mai zurfi da kwararru a fannin zirga-zirgar jiragen sama, mataki na gaba a cikin
Tsarin tsara manufofi shine tattaunawa mai zurfi tare da sauran kasashe membobin kungiyar da manyan kungiyoyin kasa da kasa wanda ya hada da sauraron duk wata damuwa da ka iya tasowa da kuma ba da shawarwari masu dacewa don saukaka tafiya ga fasinjoji.
Ana iya aiwatarwa daga mataki zuwa mataki, da kuma bisa son rai idan akwai
abubuwa masu rikitarwa.

Tabbatar da nasarar manufofin


• An rubuta manufofin ne bayan tattaunawa mai zurfi da masana a fannin
sufurin jiragen sama, don haka mun san cewa manufar tana magance muhimman batutuwa.
• Tawagar za ta ci gaba da aiki don kawo manufofin aiwatarwa.
• Haɗuwa shine jigon tsarin aiwatar da manufofin. Don haka, tabbatar da cikakken tuntuba da sauran ƙasashe membobin ICAO zai zama muhimmin mataki.
• Amincewa da duniya zai zama mahimmanci ga nasarar wannan manufa.

Ta yaya manufar Balaguron Jirgin Sama ya bambanta da sauran dandamali?


• Farar takarda ta Harmonizing Air Travel Policy tana ba da tsari da tsare-tsare waɗanda za a ɓullo da su bisa daidaitawa (da kuma saye-sayen) na dukkan manyan hukumomin zirga-zirgar jiragen sama, maimakon kaɗan kawai.
• Za a ba da bayanai da bayanai kan buƙatun lafiya don tafiya da ƙididdiga
kai tsaye ta hukumomin kiwon lafiyar jama'a da abin ya shafa na duk Membobin Jihohi don haka
za a ba da tsarin tare da mafi sabuntawa da cikakkun bayanai waɗanda aka raba tare da duk masu wasan kwaikwayo.

Wadanne kasashe ne za su cancanci shiga cikin manufofin Harmonizing Air Travel?


Duk Ƙasashe Membobin ICAO za su cancanci shiga cikin manufofin Harmonizing Air Travel Policy.

Ta yaya manufar Balaguron Jirgin Sama zai yi tasiri ga matafiya, kamfanonin jiragen sama da filayen jirgin sama?


Tasiri kan matafiya – ƙarin tafiye-tafiye mara kyau saboda sauƙi
m, daidai kuma na zamani bukatun kiwon lafiya tafiya daga
batu na asali zuwa wurin isowa. Mahimman abubuwan sun haɗa da:
o Mafi aminci tafiya da kariya bayanai ga fasinjoji da ma'aikata
o Ƙananan ƙwarewar tafiya mara ƙima da damuwa
o Ƙarin ƙwarewa
o Zai iya ba fasinjoji garantin tafiya yayin shiga, ba tare da zato ba
matsaloli lokacin isa filin jirgin sama.
Tasiri kan kamfanonin jiragen sama - samun damar samun madaidaiciyar bayanai masu gaskiya daga fasinjoji da sabbin buƙatun kiwon lafiya daga hukumomin kiwon lafiya a ƙasashen da aka nufa, tabbatar da ƙarin aminci ga ma'aikatan jirgin sama a filayen jirgin sama da na cikin jirgin sama.
Tasiri kan filayen jiragen sama - ƙarin tsari da tsari mai tsari, ingantaccen tsari na ƙarshe zuwa ƙarshe, canza ayyuka don rage farashin aiki, da ƙarar kwararar fasinjoji a ciki da waje (ƙananan kololuwa da tudun ruwa a cikin adadin fasinja)

Wanene zai dauki nauyin wannan shiri?


• Saudi Arabiya ta jagoranci jagorancin tsarin farko, ciki har da
ci gaban manufofin farar takarda
Idan shawarwarin sun sami isasshen matakin siye daga Membobin Ƙasa, zai zama dole a yi la'akari da yadda ya kamata a ba da kuɗin gudanar da mulki, daidaitawa da ayyukan fasaha na tsarin.
• Mahimmanci, asusun zai buƙaci ƙwaƙƙwaran shugabanci, da tsauraran matakai, da kuma nuna gaskiya game da yadda aka kashe kuɗi. Kwamitin Gudanarwa wanda ya ƙunshi ƙasashe membobi masu ba da gudummawa na iya ɗaukar alhakin kula da wannan asusu.
Ana buƙatar ƙarin tattaunawa tsakanin membobin da ke ba da gudummawar
Kwamitin Gudanarwa don sanin yadda aiwatar da ayyukan zai kasance
wanda aka ba da kuɗi, kuma wanda zai ba da kuɗin takamaiman sassa.

Shin wannan manufar tana neman maye gurbin ayyukan da aka riga aka yi? Misali, da
IATA Travel Pass.


A'a, ba ta neman maye gurbin duk wani shiri na kasa ko masana'antu da masana'antu ke jagoranta, tsari ko kayan aiki ko dora kanta a kan kowace kasa ko kungiya a matsayin wajibcin aiwatarwa.
Manufar manufar ita ce tabbatar da cewa duk wani shiri da aka samu a matakin ƙasa ko na yanki za a iya fassarawa/musayar da shi ba tare da ɓata lokaci ba cikin tsarin tafiyar da zirga-zirgar Jiragen Sama ta yadda za a iya musayar bayanan kiwon lafiya daidai da daidaitawa tare da sauran ƙasashen duniya. Manufar tana neman ci gaba a kan waɗannan shirye-shiryen.

Wanene ya shiga cikin wannan manufar?


• WHO ta kasance muhimmiyar mai ruwa da tsaki a cikin nasarar aiwatar da manufofin tafiyar da zirga-zirgar Jiragen Sama
• An sanar da wakilai daga WHO game da manufofin da mahallinta
• Manufar ita ce ci gaba da yin aiki kafada da kafada da WHO da sauran manyan kungiyoyi bayan taron don inganta haɗin gwiwa da haɗin kai dangane da manufofin.
aiwatarwa.

Ta yaya manufofin tafiye-tafiyen Jirgin Sama za su yi tasiri ga gwamnatoci?


• Zai taimaka wa gwamnatocin sadarwa yadda ya kamata
menene ka'idodin su, tare da ƙarin gani da ƙarancin aiki.
• Ta hanyar cire rashin tabbas daga ma'auni na matafiya, zai taimaka wa gwamnatoci su riƙe da haɓaka zirga-zirgar jiragen sama.

Shin wannan kawai game da Covid? Shin wannan bai ƙare ba?


A'a, wannan manufar ba ta shafi Covid kawai ba ce. Yana da sauƙi, idan aka ba da rushewar biyun da suka gabata
shekaru, don ɗauka cewa wannan manufar martani ce kai tsaye ga Covid. Duk da haka, wannan manufar tana neman samar da mafita wanda ke inganta tafiya mai sauƙi, sauƙi da jin dadi na shekaru masu zuwa
• Wannan manufar za ta inganta juriya a cikin masana'antarmu zuwa ga firgici na gaba, taimaka mana don jure wa da kuma magance rikice-rikicen gaba.

Ta yaya kuka zo ga adadi na tiriliyan 1.1?


Kungiyarmu ta gudanar da bincike na farko amma dalla-dalla game da kudi wanda ya mai da hankali kan lokacin Maris 2020 zuwa Disamba 2021, lokacin da ƙuntatawa na COVID ya fi tsanani.
• Bincikenmu ya nuna cewa da an aiwatar da manufar, abin da ake sa ran zai amfana
Tasirin tattalin arziƙin, a cikin yanayin tushe, an ƙiyasta kusan dalar Amurka 1.1
tiriliyan

Kuna tsammanin sabon tsarin zai haifar da ƙarin balaguro?


• Wannan manufar tana nufin gina ƙarin juriya a cikin tsarin da ake ciki, don samar da mafi sauƙi, sauƙi da jin daɗin tafiye-tafiye ga fasinjoji.
• Tare da irin wannan tsari, matafiya waɗanda za su iya hana tafiye-tafiye ta hanyar ruɗani, ƙuntatawa za su fi dacewa da tafiya.
• Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa wannan manufar tana neman gina tsarin don lokutan "al'ada" da lokutan gaggawa na lafiya. Zai ba da damar tafiya mafi sauƙi a ƙarƙashin yanayin "al'ada", yana tallafawa yuwuwar ƙarin tafiya. A cikin yanayin gaggawa na kiwon lafiya, juriya da tsarin ya haifar zai rage hasara a cikin adadi har zuwa yadda muka gani

Shin sabon tsarin zai kuma shafi bukatun balaguro na yara?


Ee, manufar za ta ƙunshi buƙatun tafiya ga duk fasinjoji

Shafin Farko

Game da marubucin

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.

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