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Tattalin Arzikin Afirka Ta Kudu na Fuskantar rashin tabbas Ko da Tasirin Omicron Wanes

: Tutar hukuma ta Afirka ta Kudu
Source: https://pixabay.com/photos/south-africa-south-africa-flag-2122942/

Watanni biyun da suka gabata sun ga Afirka ta Kudu a cikin tabo - kuma ba don dalilai masu kyau ba, wato saboda sabon nau'in Omicron an fara gano shi a can. Sabbin shari'o'in yau da kullun sun karu kuma sun karya bayanai a cikin Rainbow Nation. Hane-hane wadanda suka biyo baya sun yi nauyi kan ayyukan tattalin arzikin gaba daya a cikin kwata na karshe na 2021 da farkon 2022.

Ko da yake al'amura sun inganta kwanan nan, akwai sauran abubuwan da za a yi la'akari da su, sa ido. Abubuwan cikin gida da na waje suna ci gaba da haɓaka rashin tabbas kuma ingantattun hasashen tattalin arziki sun riga sun fara canzawa don mafi muni.

Babban bankin yawo - samfurin MPC ya fi dovish

A taron manufofin hada-hadar kudi na baya-bayan nan, babban bankin Afirka ta Kudu ya yanke shawarar kara yawan kudin ƙimar riba ta maki 25, a karo na biyu tun daga Nuwamba 2021. Ko da yake adadin yanzu yana kan 4%, hanyar ƙimar manufofin da aka nuna yana nuna ƙimar 6.55% a ƙarshen 2024, ƙasa da hasashen Nuwamba da aka gani a 6.75%.

Duk da haka, adadin ya kai mafi girma a cikin shekaru biyu, matakin da ya kamata ya taimaka wajen kwantar da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da ke haifar da damuwa a duk faɗin duniya. Duk da hauhawar farashin babban bankin, Rand ya shafe wasu ci gaban da ya samu a baya.

Wadanda suke aiki tare da dillalan forex sun shaida yadda farashin ke yin rauni a kan Dalar Amurka, yayin da kiyasin hauhawar farashi a nan gaba ya zama abin kunya. Kasuwannin hada-hadar kudi sun kasance a kan gaba saboda damuwar da ke da alaka da tsauraran kudade, lamarin da zai iya kawo raguwar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki amma kuma yana cutar da tattalin arziki.

Duk da haka, da alama kasuwannin sun yi gaba, saboda yawancin bankunan tsakiya za su buƙaci yin hawan sau da yawa don saduwa da tsammanin yanzu. Babban bashin da aka kafa a cikin shekaru biyu da suka gabata, don magance illolin cutar, kuma yana goyan bayan tafiyar hawainiya. Biyan sabis na bashi zai ƙaru sannu a hankali, yana barin kasuwanci da mutane masu ƙarancin kuɗi don kashewa.

Yawan ci gaba a hankali a duniya

Mafi yawa saboda bayyanar Omicron bambance-bambancen, Asusun Ba da Lamuni na Duniya (IMF), ya rage ci gaban tattalin arzikin duniya hasashen da ake yi na 2022 zuwa 4.4%, wani kangi ga tattalin arzikin Afirka ta Kudu mai rauni.

Kasar na fuskantar matsaloli iri daya kamar yadda sauran kasashen duniya ke fuskanta, wato hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, wanda ya kara habaka zuwa kashi 5.9 cikin dari a watan Disambar 2021 - sama da yadda kasuwanni ke tsammani. Wannan ya biyo bayan hauhawar makamashi da farashin abinci, da kuma hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da suka shafi sufuri da gidaje.

Laifukan COVID-19 sun yi ƙasa - ayyukan tattalin arziki ya kamata su tashi

Hasashen tattalin arziki na ɗan gajeren lokaci yana haɓaka, musamman saboda sabbin shari'o'in COVID-19 sun ragu da kusan kashi 90% daga mafi girman lokaci. Wannan shine tushen kwanciyar hankali ga harkokin kasuwanci tun lokacin da kayan masarufi ya dawo kan haɓaka kuma yana gabatowa matakan yau da kullun.

Rahotannin wani sabon bambance-bambancen Omicron, mai suna BA.2, yanzu sun kasance cikin tabo, musamman saboda alamun farko suna nuni zuwa ma fi girma saurin watsawa. An riga an hange shi a cikin kasashe daban-daban na duniya, ciki har da Afirka ta Kudu, amma har yanzu sabbin shari'o'in ba su tashi cikin sauri ba.

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Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.

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