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Tallafin Dala Miliyan 32 don Nazarin Cutar Alzheimer

Written by edita

Don taimakawa wajen magance hauhawar cutar Alzheimer a duk faɗin ƙasar, masu bincike a Kwalejin Kimiyya na Albert Einstein tare da haɗin gwiwar malamai a Jami'ar Jihar Pennsylvania da sauran cibiyoyi, sun sami kyautar shekaru biyar, dala miliyan 32 daga Cibiyar Kiwon Lafiya ta Ƙasa (NIH) goyi bayan nazarin tsufa na Einstein (EAS), wanda ke mai da hankali kan tsufa na yau da kullun da ƙalubale na musamman na cutar Alzheimer, da sauran ɓarna. An kafa EAS a Einstein a cikin 1980 kuma NIH tana ci gaba da samun tallafi.      

"A cikin shekaru goma na biyar na nazarin tsufa na Einstein, muna da kyakkyawan matsayi don ginawa a kan binciken da muka yi a baya don gano hanyoyin da za a jinkirta farawa da ci gaban cutar Alzheimer," in ji Richard Lipton, MD, wanda ya jagoranci ko kuma tare da jagoranci. nazarin tun 1992 kuma shi ne Edwin S. Lowe Farfesa na Neurology, farfesa na ilimin hauka da halayyar dabi'a, da kuma cututtukan cututtuka & lafiyar jama'a. Shi ne kuma mataimakin shugaban ilimin jijiya a Einstein da Montefiore Health System. 

Tare da Dr. Lipton, sabuntawar shine jagorancin Carol Derby, Ph.D., farfesa na bincike a cikin Sashen Harkokin Jiki na Saul R. Korey da kuma a cikin sashen cututtukan cututtuka & lafiyar jama'a, da Louis da Gertrude Feil Faculty Scholar in Neurology da Einstein. Dr. Derby ya kasance jagoran ayyuka akan EAS sama da shekaru goma. Ƙungiyar jagoranci ta kuma haɗa da Orfeu Buxton, Ph.D., Elizabeth Fenton Susman Farfesa na Kiwon Lafiyar Halitta a Jami'ar Jihar Pennsylvania.

Nauyi da rashin daidaito na Dementia

A cikin Amurka, fiye da kashi ɗaya bisa uku na mutanen da suka haura shekaru 85 suna da cutar Alzheimer, abu na biyar da ke haddasa mutuwar mutane masu shekaru 65 da haihuwa. Kimanin mutane miliyan 6.5 sama da 65 suna fama da cutar a yau - adadin da aka yi hasashen zai kusan kusan miliyan 13 nan da 2050.

Kamar yadda yake da cututtuka da yawa da yanayin kiwon lafiya, rashin daidaiton launin fata da kabilanci suna da alaƙa da cutar Alzheimer. "Bakar fata Amirkawa suna kusan ninki biyu na kamuwa da cutar Alzheimer fiye da takwarorinsu farare, kuma 'yan Hispanic suma suna cikin haɗarin kamuwa da cutar," in ji Dokta Lipton. “Bugu da ƙari, ana jinkirin kamuwa da cutar a cikin waɗannan al’ummomin da aka ware a tarihi. Muna bukatar mu yi mafi kyau tare da nemo hanyoyin magance wadannan bambance-bambancen."

EAS ta yi nazarin fiye da mazauna Bronx 2,500 masu shekaru 70 da haihuwa. Yana da matsayi na musamman don bincika abubuwan da suka shafi rashin daidaito, godiya ga bambancin mahalarta. A halin yanzu, 40% ba Baƙar fata ba na Hispanic, 46% ba fararen fata ba ne, kuma 13% na Hispanic ne.

"Daya daga cikin makasudin bincikenmu shine bincika yadda ƙungiyoyin zamantakewa ke ba da gudummawa ga rashin daidaito a cikin lafiyar hankali," in ji Dokta Derby. "Yana da mahimmanci mu bincika yadda launin fata, ƙabila, yanayin unguwanni, da wariya ke haifar da raguwar fahimi da cutar Alzheimer."

Shiga cikin Fasaha

A cikin shekaru biyar da suka gabata, EAS ta yi amfani da fasahar wayar hannu don samun fahimtar da ba a taɓa ganin irin ta ba a cikin kwakwalwar tsufa. Mindy Joy Katz, MPH, babban abokin tarayya a Sashen Sashen Neurology na Saul R. Korey a Einstein da EAS in ji Mindy Joy Katz, ya ce: "A baya, mun yi la'akari da hankali kawai ta hanyar gwaje-gwaje na mutum-mutumi a cikin dakin gwaje-gwaje na asibiti. "Ta hanyar baiwa mahalarta bincikenmu wayoyin hannu, za mu iya auna aikin fahimi kai tsaye yayin da suke gudanar da ayyukan yau da kullun a cikin al'umma."

Sabuwar tallafin zai ba masu binciken EAS damar bin manya Bronx sama da 700 sama da shekaru 60 waɗanda ke zaune a gida. Kowane mahalarta binciken za a ba shi wayar salula na musamman na makonni biyu kowace shekara. Na'urar za ta faɗakar da su sau da yawa a rana don amsa tambayoyi game da abubuwan da suka faru na yau da kullun da yanayin tunani da kuma yin wasannin da ke auna fahimtar su.

A cikin wannan lokacin na makonni biyu, mahalarta za su kuma sanya na'urori masu kula da motsa jiki, barci, matakan sukari na jini, da kuma auna gurɓataccen iska da sauran yanayin muhalli. Masu bincike za su yi amfani da wannan bayanan don ƙayyade yadda abubuwan haɗari ke tasiri na gajeren lokaci da aikin fahimi na dogon lokaci. Za su kuma tantance abubuwan haɗari na kwayoyin halitta da masu amfani da kwayoyin halitta na jini don fayyace hanyoyin da ke danganta abubuwan haɗari zuwa sakamakon fahimi da haɓakar cutar Alzheimer.

Ɗaukar ma'auni akai-akai a cikin kwanaki da yawa maimakon karantawa na keɓancewa "yana ba mu mafi kyawun fahimtar iyawar mutum (tunanin) da yadda waɗannan damar ke canzawa daga rana zuwa rana, a cikin rayuwarsu ta yau da kullun," in ji Ms. Katz. "Wadannan hanyoyin sun kuma ba mu damar bin mutane a duk lokacin da bala'in ya faru, lokacin da ziyarar cikin mutum ba ta da aminci."

Daga ƙarshe, makasudin binciken shine gano abubuwan da ke haifar da rashin fahimta ga kowane mutum sannan kuma, idan zai yiwu, don gyara waɗannan abubuwan haɗari don hana lalata daga tasowa. "Mun san cewa akwai abubuwa da yawa-likita, zamantakewa, halayya, muhalli-wanda ke taimakawa wajen bunkasa cutar Alzheimer," in ji Dokta Derby. "Ta hanyar zazzage abubuwan da kowane mutum yake da shi, muna fatan wata rana za mu samar da hanyoyin kwantar da hankali na al'ada waɗanda za su taimaka wa mutane su kula da lafiyar kwakwalwa da kuma kasancewa cikin koshin lafiya cikin shekarunsu masu zuwa."

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edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.

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