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IATA: Jirgin sama yana da ƙarfi kuma yana da ƙarfi

IATA: Jirgin sama yana da ƙarfi kuma yana da ƙarfi
IATA: Jirgin sama yana da ƙarfi kuma yana da ƙarfi
Written by Harry Johnson

Rashin tabbas na tattalin arziƙin na yanzu bai ɗan yi tasiri kan buƙatar jigilar jiragen sama ba, amma za a buƙaci a sa ido sosai kan abubuwan da ke faruwa.

The Transportungiyar Jirgin Sama ta Duniya (IATA) bayanan da aka fitar don kasuwannin jigilar kayayyaki na duniya suna nuna lafiya da kwanciyar hankali.

  • Bukatar duniya, wanda aka auna da nauyin ton-kilomita (CTKs*), ya kasance 6.4% ƙasa da matakan Yuni 2021 (-6.6% na ayyukan kasa da kasa). Wannan ci gaba ne kan raguwar shekara-shekara na 8.3% da aka gani a watan Mayu. Bukatar duniya ta farkon rabin shekara ta kasance 4.3% ƙasa da matakan 2021 (-4.2% na ayyukan ƙasa da ƙasa). Idan aka kwatanta da matakan pre-COVID (2019) buƙatar rabin shekara ya karu da 2.2%.
     
  • Ƙarfin ya kasance 6.7% sama da Yuni 2021 (+9.4% don ayyukan duniya). Wannan haɓaka ne akan haɓakar 2.7% na shekara-shekara da aka rubuta a watan Mayu. Ƙarfin farkon rabin shekara ya karu da kashi 4.5% (+5.7% na ayyukan ƙasa da ƙasa) idan aka kwatanta da farkon rabin shekarar 2021. Idan aka kwatanta da matakan pre-COVID bukatar ya haura 2.5%. 
     
  • Abubuwa da yawa suna tasiri aikin jigilar jirgin sama.  
    • Ayyukan kasuwanci sun haɓaka kaɗan a cikin watan Yuni yayin da aka sassauta kulle-kulle a China saboda Omicron. Yankuna masu tasowa (Latin Amurka da Afirka) suma sun ba da gudummawa ga haɓaka tare da ƙarar girma.  
    • Sabbin odar fitar da kayayyaki, babbar alama ce ta buƙatun kaya da kasuwancin duniya, sun ragu a duk kasuwanni, ban da China.  
    • Yakin da ake yi a Ukraine na ci gaba da raunana karfin dakon kaya da ake amfani da shi wajen yi wa kasashen Turai hidima saboda kamfanonin jiragen sama da dama da ke da hedkwatarsu a Rasha da Ukraine sun kasance manyan 'yan wasan dakon kaya. 

"Buƙatar jigilar kaya sama da rabin farko na 2022 ya kasance 2.2% sama da matakan pre-COVID (rabin farko na 2019). Wannan aiki ne mai ƙarfi, musamman idan aka yi la'akari da ci gaba da ƙayyadaddun tsarin samar da kayayyaki da asarar iya aiki saboda yaƙin Ukraine. Tabarbarewar tattalin arziki a halin yanzu ba ta da tasiri sosai kan bukatar jigilar kayayyaki, amma za a bukaci a sanya ido sosai kan abubuwan da ke faruwa a kashi na biyu," in ji Willie Walsh, Darakta Janar na IATA.  

Ayyukan Yanki na Yuni

  • Kamfanonin jiragen sama na Asiya da Fasifik ya ga adadin jigilar jigilar su ya ragu da kashi 2.1% a watan Yunin 2022 idan aka kwatanta da wannan watan na 2021. Wannan wani gagarumin ci gaba ne akan raguwar kashi 6.6% a watan Mayu. Bukatar rabin shekarar farko ta kasance 2.7% ƙasa da matakan 2021. Ƙananan kasuwanci da masana'antu sun yi tasiri sosai kan kamfanonin jiragen sama a yankin saboda kulle-kullen da ke da alaƙa da Omicron a China, amma hakan ya ci gaba da samun sauƙi a cikin watan Yuni yayin da aka ɗage takunkumi. Ƙarfin da ake samu a yankin ya faɗi 6.2% idan aka kwatanta da Yuni 2021. Wannan ya ba da gudummawa ga ƙarfin kasancewa 0.2% ƙasa da matakan 2021 na rabin farkon 2022. 
  • Arewacin Amurka dako An sanya raguwar 6.3% a cikin adadin kaya a cikin Yuni 2022 idan aka kwatanta da Yuni 2021. Buƙatar rabin shekara ta farko ta kasance 3.3% ƙasa da matakan 2021. Hauhawar farashin kayayyaki na shafar yankin. Bukatar kasuwar Asiya-Arewacin Amurka tana faɗuwa kuma kasuwar Turai - Arewacin Amurka ta fara raguwa. Ƙarfin ya karu da kashi 5.6% a cikin Yuni 2022 idan aka kwatanta da Yuni 2021 kuma ya haura 6.1% na farkon rabin shekarar 2022. 
  • Turawan Turai an samu raguwar adadin kaya da kashi 13.5% a cikin watan Yunin 2022 idan aka kwatanta da wannan watan a shekarar 2021. Wannan shi ne mafi raunin ayyukan duk yankuna. Ya kasance, duk da haka, an ɗan samu ci gaba a kan ayyukan watan da ya gabata, wanda ya ga faɗuwar faɗuwar buƙatun tun farkon 2022. Wannan yana da alaƙa da yaƙin Ukraine. Karancin ma'aikata da ƙananan ayyukan masana'antu a Asiya saboda Omicron shima ya shafi ƙima. Ƙarfin ya karu da 5.6% a cikin Yuni 2022 idan aka kwatanta da Yuni 2021. Buƙatar farkon rabin shekara shine 7.8% ƙasa da matakan 2021 yayin da ƙarfin ya kasance 3.7% a sama. 
  • Gabas ta Tsakiya an samu raguwar kashi 10.8% a duk shekara a cikin adadin kaya a watan Yuni. Gagarumin fa'ida daga zirga-zirgar ababen hawa da aka karkata don gujewa shawagi a cikin Rasha ya kasa cimma ruwa. Ƙarfin ya haura 6.7% idan aka kwatanta da Yuni 2021. Buƙatar rabin shekara ta farko shine 9.3% ƙasa da matakan 2021, mafi raunin aikin rabin farko na duk yankuna. Ƙarfin rabin shekara na farko ya kasance 6.3% sama da matakan 2021.
  • Masu jigilar Latin Amurka ya ba da rahoton karuwar 19.6% a cikin adadin kaya a cikin watan Yuni 2022 idan aka kwatanta da Yuni 2021. Wannan shine mafi ƙarfin aiki na duk yankuna. Kamfanonin jiragen sama a wannan yanki sun nuna kyakkyawan fata ta hanyar gabatar da sabbin ayyuka da iya aiki, kuma a wasu lokuta saka hannun jari a cikin ƙarin jiragen sama don jigilar jiragen sama a cikin watanni masu zuwa. Ƙarfin a watan Yuni ya haura 29.5% idan aka kwatanta da wannan watan a cikin 2021. Buƙatar rabin shekara ta farko shine 21.8% sama da matakan 2021 kuma ƙarfin rabin shekara ya kasance 32.6% sama da matakan 2021. Wannan shine mafi ƙarfi aikin rabin farko na duk yankuna. 
  • Kamfanonin jiragen sama na Afirka ya ga adadin kaya ya karu da kashi 5.7% a watan Yuni 2022 idan aka kwatanta da Yuni 2021. Kamar yadda yake da dillalai a Latin Amurka, kamfanonin jiragen sama a wannan yanki sun nuna kyakkyawan fata ta hanyar gabatar da ƙarin iya aiki. Ƙarfin ya kasance 10.3% sama da matakan Yuni 2021. Bukatar rabin shekarar farko ta kasance 2.9% sama da matakan 2021 kuma ikon rabin shekara ya kasance 6.9% sama da matakan 2021.

Jimlar kasuwar zirga-zirgar kaya ta yanki na dillalai dangane da CTK shine: Asiya-Pacific 32.4%, Turai 22.9%, Arewacin Amurka 27.2%, Gabas ta Tsakiya 13.4%, Latin Amurka 2.2%, da Afirka 1.9%.

IATA (Ƙungiyar Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Duniya) tana wakiltar wasu kamfanonin jiragen sama 290 da suka ƙunshi kashi 83% na zirga-zirgar jiragen sama na duniya.

WTM London 2022 Za a gudanar da shi daga 7-9 Nuwamba 2022. Yi rijista yanzu!

Ƙididdiga ta IATA ta ƙunshi jigilar jigilar jiragen sama na ƙasa da ƙasa da na cikin gida don memba na IATA da kamfanonin jiragen sama marasa memba.

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Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson ya kasance editan aikin eTurboNews fiye da shekaru 20. Yana zaune a Honolulu, Hawaii, kuma asalinsa daga Turai ne. Yana jin daɗin rubutawa da bayar da labarai.

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