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Ingancin Rayuwa na 2019: Vienna har yanzu ita ce birni mafi kyau a duniya

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Tashin hankali na kasuwanci da halin da ake ciki na yawan jama'a na ci gaba da mamaye yanayin tattalin arzikin duniya. Haɗe tare da barazanar tsauraran manufofin kuɗi da ke kunno kai a kasuwanni, kasuwancin duniya suna fuskantar matsin lamba fiye da kowane lokaci don samun daidaitattun ayyukansu na ketare. Binciken Ingantacciyar Rayuwa ta Mercer na 21 na shekara ya nuna cewa birane da yawa a duniya har yanzu suna ba da yanayi mai ban sha'awa da za a yi kasuwanci a ciki, kuma mafi fahimtar cewa ingancin rayuwa muhimmin bangare ne na sha'awar birni don kasuwanci da basirar wayar hannu.

Nicol Mullins, Babban Jagora - Sana'a ya ce "Ƙarfin ƙarfi, a kan ƙasa yana da mahimmanci ga ayyukan duniya na yawancin kasuwancin duniya kuma suna cikin babban abin dogaro ta hanyar zaman lafiya da ƙwararrun mutanen da kamfanoni ke sanyawa a waɗannan wuraren," in ji Nicol Mullins, Babban Jagora - Sana'a. Kasuwanci a Mercer.

"Kamfanonin da ke neman faɗaɗa ƙasashen waje suna da la'akari da yawa yayin gano inda mafi kyawun gano ma'aikata da sabbin ofisoshi. Mullins ya kara da cewa, mabuɗin yana da dacewa, ingantaccen bayanai da ma'auni masu mahimmanci, waɗanda ke da mahimmanci ga masu ɗaukar ma'aikata don yanke shawara mai mahimmanci, daga yanke shawarar inda za a kafa ofisoshi zuwa tantance yadda za a rarraba, gida da kuma biyan ma'aikatansu na duniya, "in ji Mullins.

Dangane da martabar darajar Rayuwa ta Mercer 2019, a cikin Afirka, Port Louis (83) a Mauritius shine birni mafi kyawun rayuwa kuma mafi aminci (59). Biranen Afirka ta Kudu guda uku sun bi shi sosai don ingancin rayuwa gabaɗaya, wato Durban (88), Cape Town (95) da Johannesburg (96), kodayake waɗannan biranen suna da daraja don amincin mutum. Batutuwan da ke tattare da karancin ruwa sun taimaka wajen faduwar Cape Town wuri daya a bana. Akasin haka, Bangui (230) ya zira mafi ƙasƙanci ga nahiyar kuma ya kasance mafi ƙasƙanci don amincin mutum (230). Ci gaban da Gambia ta samu kan tsarin siyasa na dimokuradiyya, tare da inganta dangantakar kasa da kasa da kuma 'yancin ɗan adam yana nufin cewa Banjul (179) ba wai kawai ya sami ingantaccen yanayin rayuwa a Afirka ba, har ma a duniya, yana tasowa wurare shida a wannan shekara.

Matsayi na duniya

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A duniya baki daya, Vienna ce ke kan gaba a matsayi na shekara ta 10, Zurich (2). A wuri na uku na haɗin gwiwa sune Auckland, Munich da Vancouver - birni mafi girma a Arewacin Amurka na shekaru 10 na ƙarshe. Singapore (25), Montevideo (78) da Port Louis (83) suna riƙe matsayinsu a matsayin manyan biranen Asiya, Kudancin Amurka da Afirka bi da bi. Duk da cewa har yanzu tana kan kasan jerin abubuwan rayuwa, Baghdad ta ga manyan ci gaba da suka shafi ayyukan aminci da lafiya. Caracas, duk da haka, ya ga matsayin rayuwa ya ragu saboda gagarumin rashin kwanciyar hankali na siyasa da tattalin arziki.

Binciken ikon Mercer yana daya daga cikin mafi girman nau'in sa a duniya kuma ana gudanar da shi kowace shekara don baiwa kamfanoni da sauran kungiyoyi damar biya ma'aikata daidai lokacin sanya su ayyukan kasa da kasa. Bugu da ƙari, bayanai masu mahimmanci game da ingancin rayuwa, binciken Mercer ya ba da ƙima ga fiye da birane 450 a duk faɗin duniya; wannan matsayi ya hada da 231 daga cikin wadannan garuruwa.

A wannan shekara, Mercer yana ba da matsayi daban-daban akan amincin mutum, wanda ke nazarin kwanciyar hankali na cikin birane; matakan laifuka; tilasta bin doka; iyakance akan 'yancin kai; dangantaka da wasu ƙasashe da 'yancin aikin jarida. Amincin mutum shine ginshiƙin kwanciyar hankali a kowane birni, wanda idan ba tare da wanda kasuwanci da baiwa ba zasu iya bunƙasa. A bana, kasashen yammacin turai ne suka mamaye kimar, inda aka bayyana Luxembourg a matsayin birni mafi aminci a duniya, sai Helsinki da biranen Switzerland na Basel, Bern da Zurich a matsayi na biyu a hade. Bisa kididdigar da Mercer ta yi a shekarar 2019 mai kula da lafiyar mutum, Damascus ce ta zo kasa a matsayi na 231 sannan Bangui na Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya ya zo na biyu a matsayi na 230.

“Tsaron al’amura da dama ne ke ba da labari game da tsaron mutum kuma a koyaushe yana cikin sauye-sauye, yayin da yanayi da yanayin birane da kasashe ke canzawa kowace shekara. Waɗannan abubuwan suna da mahimmanci ga ƴan ƙasa da ƙasa suyi la'akari lokacin da suke tura ma'aikata zuwa ƙasashen waje saboda suna la'akari da duk wata damuwa game da lafiyar ɗan ƙasar kuma yana iya yin tasiri sosai kan farashin shirye-shiryen diyya na ƙasa da ƙasa, "in ji Mullins. "Domin sanin ingancin rayuwa a duk wuraren da aka tura ma'aikata, kamfanoni suna buƙatar ingantattun bayanai da hanyoyin haƙiƙa don taimaka musu ƙayyadaddun abubuwan tsadar canjin rayuwa."

Rushewar yanki
Turai

Garuruwan Turai suna ci gaba da samun mafi kyawun rayuwa a duniya, tare da Vienna (1), Zurich (2) da Munich (3) ba kawai matsayi na farko, na biyu da na uku a Turai ba, har ma a duniya. Manyan biranen Turai na Berlin (13), Paris (20) da London (13) sun kasance a matsayi na 39 daga cikin 41 na duniya a wannan shekara, yayin da Madrid (46) ta tashi a matsayi uku. ita kuma Rum (56) ta hau daya. Minsk (188), Tirana (175) da St. Petersburg (174) sun kasance a matsayi mafi ƙasƙanci a Turai a wannan shekara, yayin da Sarajevo (156) ta tashi a matsayi uku saboda faduwar laifuka.

Birni mafi aminci a Turai shine Luxembourg (1), sai Basel, Bern, Helsinki da Zurich a matsayi na biyu na haɗin gwiwa. Moscow (200) da St. Petersburg (197) su ne birane mafi ƙasƙanci a Turai a wannan shekara. Manyan masu fada a ji a Yammacin Turai tsakanin 2005 zuwa 2019 su ne Brussels (47), saboda hare-haren ta'addanci na baya-bayan nan, da Athens (102), wanda ke nuna jinkirin murmurewa daga tabarbarewar tattalin arziki da siyasa bayan rikicin hada-hadar kudi na duniya.

nahiyar Amirka

A Arewacin Amurka, biranen Kanada suna ci gaba da samun maki mafi girma tare da Vancouver (3) mafi girma don ingancin rayuwa gabaɗaya, da kuma raba babban matsayi tare da Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa da Calgary don aminci. Dukkanin biranen Amurka da aka gudanar da bincike sun fadi a cikin kimar na bana, inda Washington DC (53) ta fi raguwa. Banda shi ne New York (44), yana ƙaruwa wuri ɗaya yayin da adadin laifuka a cikin birni ke ci gaba da faɗuwa. Detroit ya kasance birni mafi ƙanƙanta na Amurka a wannan shekara, tare da babban birnin Haiti na Port-au-Prince (228) mafi ƙanƙanta a duk Amurka. Batun kwanciyar hankali na cikin gida da zanga-zangar jama'a a Nicaragua na nufin Managua (180) ya faɗi wurare bakwai a cikin ingancin rayuwa a wannan shekara, kuma tashin hankalin da ke da alaƙa da manyan laifuka yana nufin Mexico, Monterrey (113) da Mexico City (129) Hakanan ya kasance ƙasa.

A Kudancin Amirka, Montevideo (78) ya sake zama mafi girma don ingancin rayuwa, yayin da ci gaba da rashin zaman lafiya ya ga Caracas (202) ya fadi wasu wurare tara a wannan shekara don ingancin rayuwa, da wurare 48 don aminci zuwa matsayi na 222, yana mai da shi mafi ƙarancin aminci. birni a Amurka. Ingancin rayuwa ya kasance bai canza ba daga bara a wasu manyan biranen, ciki har da Buenos Aires (91), Santiago (93) da Rio de Janeiro (118).

Middle East

Dubai (74) ya ci gaba da matsayi mafi girma don ingancin rayuwa a fadin Gabas ta Tsakiya, Abu Dhabi yana biye da shi (78); yayin da Sana'a (229) da Baghdad (231) suka kasance mafi ƙanƙanta a yankin. Bude sabbin wuraren shakatawa a matsayin wani bangare na hangen nesa na 2030 na Saudi Arabia ya ga Riyadh (164) ta haura wuri daya a bana, kuma raguwar laifuka tare da rashin ayyukan ta'addanci a cikin shekarar da ta gabata ya sa Istanbul (130) ya tashi wurare hudu. Biranen Gabas ta Tsakiya mafi aminci sune Dubai (73) da Abu Dhabi (73). Damascus (231) ita ce birni mafi ƙarancin tsaro, duka a Gabas ta Tsakiya da kuma duniya.

Asia-Pacific

A Asiya, Singapore (25) tana da mafi kyawun rayuwa, sai kuma biranen Japan biyar na Tokyo (49), Kobe (49), Yokohama (55), Osaka (58), da Nagoya (62). Hong Kong mai shekaru 71 da Seoul (77), sun tashi matsayi biyu a wannan shekara yayin da kwanciyar hankalin siyasa ke dawowa bayan kama shugabanta a bara. A Kudu maso Gabashin Asiya, wasu manyan biranen sun hada da Kuala Lumpur (85), Bangkok (133), Manila (137), da Jakarta (142); kuma a babban yankin kasar Sin: Shanghai (103), Beijing (120), Guangzhou (122) da Shenzen (132). Daga cikin dukkan biranen Gabas da Kudu maso Gabashin Asiya, Singapore (30) ta kasance mafi girma a Asiya da Phnom Penh (199) mafi ƙasƙanci, don amincin mutum. Tsaro ya ci gaba da zama batu a cikin biranen tsakiyar Asiya na Almaty (181), Tashkent (201), Ashgabat (206), Dushanbe (209) da Bishkek (211).

A Kudancin Asiya, biranen Indiya na New Delhi (162), Mumbai (154) da Bengaluru (149) sun kasance ba su canza ba daga matsayi na bara na ingancin rayuwa gabaɗaya, inda Colombo (138) ke kan gaba. A matsayi na 105, Chennai yana matsayi a matsayin birni mafi aminci a yankin, yayin da Karachi (226) shine mafi ƙarancin tsaro.

New Zealand da Ostiraliya sun ci gaba da matsayi mai kyau a cikin ingancin rayuwa, tare da Auckland (3), Sydney (11), Wellington (15), da Melbourne (17) duk sun rage a saman 20. Manyan biranen Ostiraliya duk suna matsayi a cikin manyan 50. don aminci, tare da Auckland da Wellington suna kan gaba a matsayin aminci ga Oceania a wuri na 9 na haɗin gwiwa.

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