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Barbados Labarai

Barbados ya karya tare da Royal Biritaniya: Kallon Afirka

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Written by edita

Da tsakar daren ranar 30 ga watan Nuwamba, tsibirin Barbados ya yanke alakarsa ta karshe kai tsaye da Birtaniyya ta mulkin mallaka kuma ta zama jamhuriya ga bikin kidan tagulla da ganguna na Karfe na Caribbean. Sarauniya Elizabeth II, wacce tana da shekaru 95 ba ta sake yin balaguro zuwa ƙasashen waje ba, ɗanta kuma magaji, Yarima Charles, Yariman Wales ne ya wakilta, wanda ya yi magana a matsayin “baƙo mai daraja.”

Yariman ya ba da haske tare da tauraruwar wasan kwaikwayon, Rihanna, mawakiya haifaffen Barbados kuma ɗan kasuwa wanda ya shahara a cikin gida. Ta samu kambun Jarumi na kasa daga Firayim Minista Mia Amor Mottley, wanda a karkashinta Barbados ya dauki matakin karshe daga kambi duk da kiran da aka yi na zaben raba gardama.

A zaben kasa da aka yi a ranar 19 ga watan Janairu, wanda aka kira watanni 18 kafin karshen wa'adin mulkinta na farko, Mottley, mace ta farko da ta zama firayim minista a Barbados, ta jagoranci jam'iyyarta ta Labour ta Barbados zuwa karo na biyu, inda ta yi nasara cikin shekaru biyar. wa'adin zaman majalisa, karamar majalisa a majalisar Barbadiya. Kuri'ar ta kasance mai mahimmanci: jam'iyyarta ta kama dukkan kujeru 30, kodayake wasu jinsin sun kasance masu tsauri.

"Mutanen wannan al'ummar sun yi magana da murya daya, da yanke shawara, da baki daya kuma a sarari," in ji ta a cikin jawabinta na bikin kafin wayewar garin ranar 20 ga Janairu. A wajen hedkwatar jam'iyyarta, magoya bayanta na murna - rufe fuska, kamar yadda kowa yake a wuraren jama'a a Barbados. - Sanye da jajayen T-shirts waɗanda ke karanta, "Ku zauna lafiya tare da Mia."

Duniya za ta kara jin ta. Wani jita-jita na cewa Sakatare-Janar na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya António Guterres ya tuntube ta domin ta dauki nauyin ba da shawara a duniya a madadinsa, ofishin Mottley ya musanta, wanda ya ce firaministan "bai san wani ci gaba da zai dace da yanayin da ake ciki ba. jita-jita game da abin da kuka nema."

Ba Barbados ba ita ce tsohuwar ‘yar mulkin mallaka ta Biritaniya ta farko da ta sauke tutar sarauta ba, wanda ya kawo karshen rawar da masarautan ke takawa, wanda a yanzu akasari biki ne, na nada gwamna-janar na wani tsohon mulkin mallaka. Barbados ta sami 'yancin kai a shekara ta 1966 bayan shekaru aru-aru na mulkin mallaka. Har ya zuwa yanzu, ta ci gaba da kasancewa da haɗin kai.

Wannan lokaci ne, duk da haka, lokacin da bukatun sabon zagaye na sake fasalin da kuma kawar da ragowar 'yan mulkin mallaka ke karuwa a kasashe masu tasowa. Mottley, mai shekaru 56, ta zama zakara a wannan fanni, yayin da take nazarin yuwuwar da ba a yi amfani da ita ba wajen bunkasa alaka mai karfi da Afirka.

A duniya baki daya, "rushe mulkin mallaka" na binciken likita da lafiyar jama'a, alal misali, batu ne da ya tsananta a cikin cutar ta Covid. A sa'i daya kuma, kiraye-kirayen "rushe mulkin mallaka" na harkokin kasa da kasa na bukatar yanke shawarar manufofin duniya bai kamata ya zama hakkin manyan kasashe ba.

A cikin wani taron kama-da-wane na shugabannin Afirka da Caribbean da yawa a watan Satumba, Mottley ya yi amfani da ka'idar kawar da mulkin mallaka don farfado da ƙarfafa al'adun ƙetaren Atlantika don taimakawa wajen shawo kan ɓarnar gado na bauta.

“Mun san cewa wannan ita ce makomarmu. A nan ne muka san dole ne mu dauki mutanenmu,” inji ta. “Nahiyar ku (Afirka) ita ce gidan kakanninmu kuma muna da alaƙa da ku ta hanyoyi da yawa saboda Afirka tana kewaye da mu kuma a cikinmu. Mu ba daga Afirka kawai muke ba.

“Ina roƙon mu mu gane cewa abu na farko da ya kamata mu yi, fiye da kowa . . . shi ne mu kubutar da kanmu daga bautar tunani - bautar tunani da muke gani Arewa kawai; Bautar tunani da ta ke yi mana fatauci Arewa kawai; bautar hankali da ba mu san cewa a tsakaninmu mun zama kashi ɗaya bisa uku na al'ummomin duniya ba; Bautar hankali da ta hana hanyoyin kasuwanci kai tsaye ko safarar jiragen sama kai tsaye tsakanin Afirka da Caribbean; bautar tunani da ta hana mu kwato makomarmu ta Atlantika, wanda aka kafa a cikin surarmu da muradun mutanenmu.”

Ta ce zuriyar bayi na Afirka, ya kamata su iya ziyartar kasashen da ke bangarorin biyu na Tekun Atlantika, su sabunta dabi'un al'adu iri daya, har zuwa abincin da suke sha. "Mutanen Caribbean suna son ganin Afirka, kuma mutanen Afirka suna bukatar ganin Caribbean," in ji ta. “Muna bukatar mu iya yin aiki tare, ba don biyan bukatun wani ma’aikacin gwamnatin mulkin mallaka ba, ko kuma saboda mutane sun kawo mu nan ba da son ranmu ba. Muna bukatar mu yi shi a matsayin zabi, a matsayin batun makomar tattalin arziki."

A cikin sakonta na ranar Kirsimeti na 2021 ga Barbadiya, Mottley ta kasance mai fa'ida, tana neman rawar duniya ga karamar al'ummar da ta riga ta "buga sama da nauyinta."

Barbados yana kusa da kan gaba a ci gaban ɗan adam a cikin babban yankin Latin Amurka-Caribbean, yanayi mai kyau ga mata da 'yan mata. Tare da wasu keɓancewa - Haiti ya fito fili don gazawarta mai ban tsoro - yankin Caribbean yana da kyakkyawan rikodin.

A cikin 2020, Rahoton Ci gaban Bil Adama na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (bisa ga bayanan 2019) ya ƙididdige cewa tsawon rayuwar mace a lokacin haihuwa a Barbados ya kai shekaru 80.5, idan aka kwatanta da 78.7 na mata a duk faɗin yankin. A Barbados, 'yan mata na iya tsammanin samun ilimi har zuwa shekaru 17 tun daga ƙuruciya har zuwa matakin sakandare, idan aka kwatanta da shekaru 15 a yanki. Adadin karatun manya na Barbadiya ya haura kashi 99 cikin dari, ginshikin dimokuradiyya mai dorewa.

Tun bayan da ta hau kan karagar mulki a shekarar 2018 a karon farko a zaben da aka gudanar a babban zaben jam'iyyar Labour Party ta Barbados, Mottley ta kafa wata babbar martaba ta duniya. Jawabin da ta yi mai kalubalantar babban taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a watan Satumba da kuma sukar da ake yi game da tattaunawar sauyin yanayi na duniya (duba bidiyon da ke ƙasa) ya jawo hankali ga gaskiyarta mai ƙarfi da ikon tayar da masu sauraro. Duk da haka ita ce shugabar wata ƙasa kusan kashi ɗaya bisa huɗu girman girman babban birnin Landan, mai yawan jama'a kusan 300,000, kwatankwacin na Bahamas.

"Mun kawo karshen wannan shekara, 2021, bayan karya rugujewar tsarin mulki na mulkin mallaka na baya, wanda ya kawo karshen tsarin mulkin da ya shafe shekaru 396," in ji ta a sakonta na Kirsimeti ga al'ummar kasar. "Mun ayyana kanmu a matsayin Jamhuriyar Majalisu, muna karbar cikakken alhakin makomarmu kuma fiye da komai, muka dora shugaban Barbadiya na farko a tarihinmu." Sandra Prunella Mason, tsohon gwamna-janar, lauyan Barbadiya, an rantsar da shi a ranar 30 ga watan Nuwamba a matsayin shugaban kasar na farko.

"Muna ci gaba, abokaina, da karfin gwiwa," in ji Mottley a cikin sakonta. “Wannan na yi imani shaida ce ga balagarmu a matsayinmu na mutane da kuma a matsayin al’ummar tsibiri. Yanzu, muna kan ƙofofin 2022. Mun ƙudura niyyar komawa Barbados zama ajin duniya nan da 2027."

Tsayi ne mai tsayi.

Tattalin arzikin Barbadiya ya koma baya ne sakamakon asarar da aka yi a yayin bala'in da ake samu daga manyan wuraren yawon bude ido, amma Firayim Minista ya ce matafiya sun fara komawa baya. Babban bankin Barbados ya yi hasashen cewa yawon bude ido zai farfado gaba daya nan da shekarar 2023.

Mottley yana cikin kwanciyar hankali akan babban mataki. Ta yi zama a London da New York City, tana da digiri na shari'a daga Makarantar Tattalin Arziki ta London (tare da mai da hankali kan bayar da shawarwari) kuma lauya ce ta mashaya a Ingila da Wales.

Tarihin farko na Barbados a karkashin mulkin Birtaniyya yana cikin shekaru aru-aru na amfani da zullumi. Ba da daɗewa ba bayan farar fata na farko sun fara isowa a cikin 1620s, suna korar 'yan asalin ƙasarsu daga ƙasarsu, tsibirin ya zama cibiyar kasuwancin bayi na Afirka a yammacin Hemisphere. Ba da daɗewa ba Biritaniya ta mamaye fataucin tekun Atlantika kuma ta gina sabon tattalin arzikin ƙasa mai wadata ga manyan Birtaniyya bisa bayan 'yan Afirka.

Masu shukar Biritaniya sun koya daga Portuguese da Mutanen Espanya, waɗanda suka gabatar da aikin bauta akan kadarorinsu na mulkin mallaka a cikin 1500s, yadda tsarin ke da fa'ida tare da aiki kyauta. A cikin gonakin sukari na Barbados, an yi amfani da shi akan sikelin masana'antu. A cikin shekaru da yawa, dubban ɗaruruwan 'yan Afirka sun kasance ba su wuce raye-raye ba, an hana su haƙƙoƙin ƙarƙashin tsauraran dokokin wariyar launin fata. An kawar da bauta a cikin daular Burtaniya a cikin 1834. (An soke shi a duk jihohin Arewacin Amurka tsakanin 1774 zuwa 1804, amma ba a Kudu ba sai 1865).

An ba da labarin bautar a Barbados a cikin wani littafi na 2017 bisa ga binciken masana da aka yi tare da zane-zane na rayuwar Afro-Caribbean: "The First Black Slave Society: Birtaniya's 'Barbarity Time' a Barbados 1636-1876." Marubucin, Hilary Beckles, ɗan tarihin Barbados, mataimakiyar shugabar jami'ar West Indies ce, wacce ta buga littafin.

Beckles ya kasance babban mai ba da ra'ayin ramuwa ga bautar da ke jan hankalin manyan Birtaniyya, masu ba da kuɗin London da cibiyoyin da suka ƙirƙira daga ribar bautar. Kafuwar Birtaniyya ba wai kawai ta gaza yin gyara ba, in ji shi, amma kuma bai taba gaya wa mutanen Burtaniya gaskiya ba game da firgicin rayuwar Afro-Caribbean.

Yarima Charles, a cikin jawabinsa na ranar 30 ga watan Nuwamba kan mika mulki na karshe ga sabuwar jamhuriyar, ya yi tsokaci ne kawai kan wahalhalun da bayin Afirka suka dade na tsawon shekaru aru-aru, inda ya mai da hankali kan kyakkyawar makoma ga Birtaniya-Barbados. dangantaka.

"Daga mafi duhun kwanakinmu na baya, da kuma mummunan zalunci na bautar, wanda ke lalata tarihin mu har abada, mutanen wannan tsibirin sun ƙirƙira hanyarsu da ƙarfin hali," in ji shi. “Yantar da kai, mulkin kai da ‘yancin kai su ne abubuwan da za ku bi. 'Yanci, adalci da cin gashin kai sun kasance jagororin ku. Doguwar tafiyarku ta kai ku ga wannan lokacin, ba a matsayin inda kuka nufa ba, amma a matsayin inda za ku binciko sabon sararin sama.”

Barbara Crossette, babban editan shawarwari kuma marubuci don Mashigasare da wakilin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na The Nation.

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edita

Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.

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