Wadanne Manyan Manya Ne Sukafi Hatsarin Ciwon Ciwon Ciwon Kala?

Makin, lamba tsakanin 0 da 1, an yi shi ne daga lissafin haɗarin mutane na kamuwa da cutar kansar a cikin ko dai gaɓar sashin narkewar abinci dangane da bambance-bambancen kwayoyin halitta 141 (canje-canje a cikin lambar DNA) da aka fi sani da masu cutar. Wannan abin da ake kira makin haɗari na polygenic sannan ana ƙara shi zuwa lissafin haɗarin daidaici dangane da abubuwan rayuwa guda 16 da aka sani suna ƙara haɗarin cutar kansar hanji, gami da shan taba, shekaru, da nawa ake cinye fiber na abinci da jan nama.

Adadin ciwon daji na hanji da dubura sun yi ta karuwa a tsakanin matasa masu tasowa a Amurka, da kuma sauran kasashe da dama. A Amurka kadai, farashin ya karu a kowace shekara daga 2011 zuwa 2016 da kashi 2% a tsakanin mutane kasa da 50.

Masu bincike a NYU Langone Health da Laura da kuma Isaac Perlmutter Cibiyar Cancer, sabon binciken ya nuna cewa wadanda ke da mafi girma, ko na uku, hade da polygenetic da haɗarin muhalli sun fi sau hudu fiye da kamuwa da ciwon daji na launin fata fiye da maza da mata waɗanda ke fama da ciwon daji. ya ci a kasa ta uku.

"Sakamakon bincikenmu yana taimakawa wajen magance hauhawar cutar kansar launin fata a tsakanin matasa a Amurka da sauran kasashe masu tasowa, kuma ya nuna cewa yana yiwuwa a gano wadanda suka fi fuskantar hadarin cutar," in ji babban mai binciken Richard Hayes. PhD, DDS, MPH.

An buga shi a cikin Journal of the National Cancer Institute online Jan. 13, binciken ya ƙunshi kwatancen manya 3,486 'yan ƙasa da shekaru 50 waɗanda suka kamu da cutar kansar hanji tsakanin 1990 zuwa 2010 tare da 3,890 matasa maza da mata ba tare da cutar ba. Dukkansu sun kasance masu shiga cikin binciken binciken da ke sa ido kan mutane game da ciwon daji a Arewacin Amirka, Turai, Isra'ila, da Ostiraliya.

Hayes, farfesa a Sashen Kiwon Lafiyar Jama'a da Magungunan Muhalli a Makarantar Magunguna ta NYU Grossman, ya yi gargaɗin cewa kayan aikin ƙungiyarsa bai riga ya shirya don amfani da asibiti ba. Kafin a karbe shi a ko'ina, ya ce ana buƙatar ƙarin gwaji a cikin manyan gwaje-gwaje don tace samfurin, da bayyana yadda za a iya amfani da shi mafi kyau ta hanyar likitoci, da kuma nuna cewa, idan aka yi amfani da shi, tsarin ƙididdigewa zai iya hana rashin lafiya da mutuwa.

Hayes ya ce har yanzu ba a san dalilin da yasa adadin masu cutar kansar launin fata ke karuwa a cikin matasa ba. Sabanin haka, adadin shari'o'in da ke tsakanin tsofaffi ya ragu sosai saboda ci gaban da aka samu a tantancewa da kuma ƙara kawar da ci gaban da ake zargi kafin su ci gaba zuwa ciwon daji.

Har yanzu, in ji shi, ciwon daji na launin fata yana kashe mutane fiye da 53,000 kowace shekara a Amurka. Kuma saboda wannan dalili ne ƙungiyar Ciwon daji ta Amurka da jagororin tarayya ke ba da shawarar fara gwajin yau da kullun a shekaru 45.

"Manufarmu ta ƙarshe ita ce a yi gwajin tsinkaya ga duk mutane don auna lokacin da, bisa la'akari da abubuwan da suka shafi kwayoyin halitta da lafiyar jikinsu, suna buƙatar fara gwajin cutar kansa na yau da kullun," in ji Hayes. Likitoci, a zahiri, suna buƙatar kayan aiki da za a iya amfani da su tun kafin alamun gargaɗin farko su bayyana, kamar ciwon ciki, ƙarancin ƙididdiga, da zub da jini na dubura.

Binciken na baya-bayan nan ya yi nazarin bayanan da aka tattara daga nazarin cutar kansa guda 13 a cikin Amurka, Kanada, Burtaniya, Jamus, Spain, Isra'ila, da Ostiraliya.

A halin yanzu, fiye da Amurkawa 150,000 ana bincikar su kowace shekara tare da ciwon daji na hanji da dubura.

 

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