Sabuwar Hanyar Auna Halayen Motsi a Yara masu Autism

Yanzu, masu bincike a Cibiyar Nazarin Autism (CAR) a Asibitin Yara na Philadelphia (CHOP) sun ɓullo da sabuwar hanyar aunawa ta hanyar motsa jiki, suna ƙara haɓakar kayan aikin nazarin halayen lissafi waɗanda za su iya ganowa da kuma kwatanta bambance-bambancen motoci a cikin yara tare da. autism. Wani binciken da ke kwatanta hanyar da aka gabatar kwanan nan a matsayin wani ɓangare na taron kasa da kasa kan hulɗar multimodal.

Masu bincike sun kasance suna sha'awar kwaikwayon mota a matsayin hanyar nazarin autism shekaru da yawa. Kwaikwaya yana da mahimmanci a farkon haɓakawa, kuma bambance-bambancen kwaikwayo na iya zama tushen yadda bambance-bambancen zamantakewa a cikin waɗanda ke da autism ke gabatar da kansu. Koyaya, ƙirƙira matakan kwaikwayi waɗanda ke da ƙaƙƙarfan ƙima da ƙima sun tabbatar da ƙalubale. A baya, masu bincike sun dogara da matakan rahoton iyaye na wasu matakan kwaikwayo na kwaikwayo, amma waɗannan ba lallai ba ne su kasance daidai don auna bambance-bambancen mutum ko canji a kan lokaci. Wasu sun yi amfani da tsare-tsaren ƙididdige ɗabi'a ko ayyuka na musamman da kayan aiki don ɗaukar ƙwarewar kwaikwayi, waɗanda suke da amfani da albarkatu kuma ba lallai ba ne su sami damar yawancin jama'a.

"Sau da yawa, ana ba da fifiko ga ƙarshen jihar daidaito na wani aiki da aka kwaikwayi, kasa yin la'akari da duk matakan da suka dace don isa ga wannan batu," in ji Casey Zampella, PhD, masanin kimiyya a CAR kuma marubucin farko na binciken. "Za a iya ɗaukar matakan da suka dace bisa ga inda yaron ya ƙare, amma hakan yana yin watsi da tsarin yadda yaron ya isa wurin. Yadda aiki ke bayyana wani lokaci yana da mahimmanci don siffanta bambance-bambancen mota fiye da yadda yake ƙarewa. Amma kamawa wannan buɗewar yana buƙatar kyakkyawan tsari da dabaru iri-iri. "

Don magance wannan, masana kimiyya a CAR sun ƙirƙiri sabuwar hanyar ƙididdigewa mai sarrafa kansa don tantance kwaikwayon mota. An umurci mahalarta suyi koyi da jerin motsi a lokaci tare da bidiyo. Hanyar tana bibiyar motsin jiki a duk haɗin gwiwar gaɓoɓin gabaɗayan aikin kwaikwayo tare da duka 2D da kyamarar 3D. Har ila yau, hanyar tana amfani da sabuwar dabarar da ke nuna ko ɗan takara yana da matsalolin daidaitawar motsi a cikin jikinsu wanda zai iya rinjayar ikonsu na daidaita ƙungiyoyi tare da wasu. Ana auna aiki a cikin maimaita ayyuka.

Ta amfani da wannan hanyar, masu bincike sun sami damar bambance mahalarta tare da Autism daga yawancin matasa masu tasowa tare da daidaito 82%. Masu bincike sun kuma nuna cewa bambance-bambance ba kawai ta hanyar haɗin kai tare da bidiyon ba amma har ma da haɗin kai. Dukansu software na bin diddigin 2D da 3D suna da daidaito iri ɗaya, wanda ke nufin yara za su iya yin gwaje-gwaje a gida ba tare da amfani da kowane kayan aiki na musamman ba.

"Gwajin irin waɗannan ba wai kawai taimaka mana ƙarin koyo game da bambance-bambance tsakanin mutanen da ke da Autism ba, amma suna iya taimaka mana mu auna sakamakon, kamar tasirin jiyya ko canje-canje ga rayuwarsu," in ji Birkan Tunç, PhD, masanin kimiyyar lissafi a CAR. kuma babban marubucin karatu. "Lokacin da aka kara wannan gwajin tare da wasu gwaje-gwajen nazarin halayen lissafi da yawa da ake haɓakawa a yanzu, muna gabatowa wurin da za mu iya auna yawancin halayen halayen da likitan ya lura."

 

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Shafin Farko