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'Yan Kasuwar Grasshopper na Uganda Yanzu da wuya Masu fafutuka na COP26 ba su halarta

Masu farauta a Uganda

Kamar yadda taron sauyin yanayi na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan kayyade hayakin Carbon zuwa digiri 1.5, wanda aka fi sani da COP26, ya gudana a Glasgow daga 1-12 ga Nuwamba, 2021, ba tare da sanin shugabannin duniya da suka halarta ba, wani dan garin da aka sani a wajen Babban Birnin Masaka, mai tazarar kilomita 130 kudu maso yamma. na babban birnin Uganda, Kampala, al'ummar Ugandan sun kasance suna yin rayuwa ta hanyar girbin ciyawa muddin masarautar Buganda ta wanzu tun karni na 13, ciki har da inda dangin ciyawar da aka fi sani da "nsenene" na ɗaya daga cikin dangi 52 a Buganda. .

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  1. A Bukakata da ke wajen babban Masaka da ke gabar tafkin Victoria, al'ummomi na yin kashe-kashe sakamakon girbin abincin da aka yi a tsakanin watannin Mayu da Nuwamba.
  2. A wannan lokacin ne ruwan sama ya tilastawa fitar da ciyawar daga gangansu.
  3. Ya bambanta da "fararen Kirsimeti" a Yamma, wanda ke da alamar dusar ƙanƙara don shelar kakar.

A Uganda, ciyawa ce ke "dusar ƙanƙara" a zahiri daga sama, suna jan hankalin al'ummomi da yawa daga manya zuwa yara masu raye-raye da wasa suna girbin waɗannan critters. Idan Santa Claus (St. Nicholas) ɗan Uganda ne, wataƙila za a yi baftisma kakar “Kirsimeti kore.”

Bugu da kari, sana'ar ta zama babban kamfani inda 'yan kasuwa da dama na Uganda ke amfani da fitulu masu haske da hayaki na ciyawa da ke kona su, don damke wadannan ma'auni na dare da ke fasa kwalkwalin karfe da ke gangarowa cikin ganga domin a kama su a girbe su da yawa. Waɗannan ƙauyuka suna da haske sosai wanda a wani lokaci da ake tafiya da daddare daga Kigali zuwa Kampala, marubucin ya yi kuskure ya nuna fitilu a matsayin birnin Masaka, sai kawai ya gane cewa gungun ƙwari ne da ke jan hankalin haske, abin da ya ba da takaici. sauran mazauna.

Buhun wadannan ciyayi na iya samun kudin da ya kai UGX 280000 (US$80) a kan farashi mai yawa a Kampala inda ake bukatuwa daga masu siyar da titin da ke sayar da shi ga masu ababen hawa zuwa manyan kasuwannin birnin. Al’ummomi da dama da suka fito daga yankin Masaka sun yi nasarar farfado da sana’o’insu da gina gidaje, har ma da koyar da ‘ya’yansu sana’ar.

Abin da ya fi haka shi ne, a cewar bincike daga Hukumar Abinci da Aikin Noma (FAO), kwari da ake ci suna inganta rayuwa, suna taimakawa wajen samar da abinci da abinci mai gina jiki, kuma suna da ƙarancin sawun muhalli idan aka kwatanta da sauran hanyoyin samun furotin daga naman sa, naman alade, kaji, da kuma naman sa. tumaki.

Duk da tabbacin darajar su ta abinci a matsayin madadin hanyoyin abinci masu gina jiki da masu dorewa, ƙasashe kamar su. Amurka, Jihohin EU, da Burtaniya ba su gyara takunkumi don ba da damar shigo da kwari ba ko da an shirya su don fitar da su. Wasu matafiya na Afirka da dama sun fuskanci tsauraran matakan tsaro a kan iyakokin da ke lalata wannan abinci mai daraja a lokacin da suka isa wuraren da suka nufa don nuna bacin rai. A wani lokaci, wani fasinja ɗan ƙasar Uganda (wanda aka sakaya sunansa) ya zaɓi ya watsar da ciyayi masu daraja da baki maimakon mika su ga jami’an kwastam na Amurka da suka ba su mamaki, ba bayan tafiya rabin duniya ba.

Akwai kuma shaidun da ke nuna cewa kwari suna fitar da iskar gas da ammonia da yawa fiye da dabbobin da aka saba fitar da su, wanda ya kai kashi 14.5% na hayaki mai gurbata muhalli a duniya, inda methane daga dabbobi ya kasance babbar matsalar da ta kai kashi 16 bisa XNUMX, a cewar Hukumar Abinci da Aikin Noma ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (FAO). ).

Kwari yana buƙatar ɗan yanki na ƙasar, injinan gona kamar tarakta, magungunan kashe qwari ko fanfunan ban ruwa, kuma suna girma cikin kwanaki maimakon watanni ko shekaru. Suna amfani da ƙarancin kuzari idan aka kwatanta da sauran nau'ikan noma wanda shine babban abin da ke haifar da asarar ɗimbin halittu a duniya kuma babban mai ba da gudummawa ga hayakin iskar gas. Tare da rabon ɗan adam 1 zuwa kwari biliyan 1.4, wannan yana da girma kuma yana iya zama sauƙi ga abinci mai gina jiki a duniya ko da an yi amfani da foda ko fiye da nau'i mai daɗi don ceton rayuka.

a COP26 Inda Greta Thunberg ta halarci tare da matasa masu fafutukar sauyin yanayi, Vanessa Nakate ta Uganda ta bayyana taron a matsayin wanda bai gaza ba, tana mai cewa "bikin wankin kore ne na duniya."

Ba ta da nisa da gaskiya inda G20 ba ta tafiya cikin magana duk da ba da gudummawar kashi 80% na hayakin CO2. Muddin kwari ba su kasance a cikin menu na liyafa na gaba ba (kamar yadda ake nufi amma don wasu ƙuƙumma masu hana) don ƙara zuwa escargot, sushi, da caviar - sun fi saba da palette na yamma, hakika ya kasance gazawa. Nakate ya kara da cewa, "A tarihi, Afirka ce ke da alhakin kashi 3% na hayakin da ake fitarwa a duniya amma duk da haka 'yan Afirka na fama da wasu munanan illolin da rikicin yanayi ke haifarwa." Ta, duk da haka, ta ba da kalaman bege, tana mai ba da shawarar cewa sauyi na iya faruwa idan masu fafutuka suka ci gaba da ɗaukar alhakin shugabanni don cutar da yanayin.

Abin baƙin ciki, a baya gida a Nakate ta Uganda, an sami raguwar amfanin gona daga girbin ciyawa don dacewa da illolin sauyin yanayi saboda sare dazuzzuka. A Bukatata, manyan wuraren da ya kai hekta 9,000 na daji da a da dazuzzuka da ciyayi ne a yanzu gonakin abarba.

A Kampala inda ciyawar ciyawa ke fadowa har zuwa shekarun 90s, korayen wurare da gandun daji sun ba da damar gina manyan kantuna, manyan gine-gine, gidaje, da hanyoyi.

Watakila a baya, jakadiyar farar fata da masu fafutukar sauyin yanayi a wannan al'amari, ita ce Lupita Nyong'o, wacce ta lashe lambar yabo ta jami'ar da ta lashe kyautar 'yar wasan kwaikwayo mafi kyau a shekarar 2014, lokacin da ta yi taken rigarta a wurin bude bikin fina-finai na Cannes kan "nsenene" na Uganda. ,” don launukansa da ƙirar fikafikai da kuma yaba wa matan Uganda don kwarin gwiwar gyaran gashi.

Har zuwa wannan lokacin, 'yan kasuwan ciyawa na Uganda za su kasance cikin duhu kamar lungu da sako a Masaka har sai wani daga G20 ya sami wannan bayanin.

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Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda

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