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Tarihin Otal: Shelton Hotel New York Yana Nuna Hanyar Gaba

Shelton Hotel

Ƙananan gine -ginen gine -ginen da aka burge su kamar Otal ɗin Shelton na 1924 a Lexington Avenue da 49th Street, yanzu New York Marriott East Side.

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  1. Masu sukar sun yarda cewa fasali mai hawa 35 mai ban sha'awa da ƙirar koma baya da ba a saba ba ya nuna hanyar makomar gidan sama.
  2. An gina Shelton ta mai haɓaka haɓakar gine -ginen James T. Lee, wanda kuma shine ke da alhakin gidaje biyu masu ƙyalli: 998 Fifth Avenue na 1912 da 740 Park Avenue na 1930.
  3. Shi kakan Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, haifaffen Jacqueline Lee Bouvier.

Hangen nesan Mr. Lee shine otal mai dakuna 1,200 mai fasali irin na kulob: tafkin ninkaya, kotunan squash, dakunan billiard, solarium da marasa lafiya. New York World a 1923 ta yi iƙirarin cewa Shelton zai zama mafi girman ginin mazauni a duniya.

Gine-ginen, Arthur Loomis Harmon, ya rufe taro da bulo mai launin shuɗi-ja, wanda ba a saba gani ba, ya yi kauri kamar ƙarni da yawa, kuma ya zana daga Romanesque, Byzantine, Kirista na farko, Lombard da sauran salo. Amma masu suka sun fi burge shi da ya tuna "babu wani takamaiman salon gine -ginen da ya gabata," kamar yadda mai zane Hugh Ferriss ya sanya a cikin The Christian Science Monitor a 1923.

Shelton na ɗaya daga cikin gine -gine na farko da suka ɗauki salo daga dokar shiyya ta 1916 da ke buƙatar koma baya a wasu wurare don tabbatar da haske da iska zuwa titi. Wannan ya sa ya bambanta sosai da manyan otal -otal da aka tsara kafin canjin yanki, kamar 1919 Hotel Pennsylvania, daura da Tashar Pennsylvania.

Helen Bullitt Lowry da William Carter Halbert a cikin The New York Times a 1924. Mai sukar Lewis Mumford, mai yawan rowa tare da yabo, ya kira shi "mai kayatarwa, wayar hannu, nutsuwa, kamar Zeppelin a ƙarƙashin sarari mai haske ”a cikin mujallar Commonweal a 1926.

Tsarin hangen nesa yana da iyakokin sa, duk da haka, kuma abubuwan da ke ciki na Mista Harmon sun bambanta da sauran manyan otal-otal na lokacin: manyan falo, ɗakin cin abinci tare da rufin katako da dogayen dakuna. Aaya daga cikin uku na ɗakunan sun yi wanka tare, wanda dole ne ya haifar da matsaloli a ƙarshen 1924, lokacin da Shelton ya juyar da manufofin maza kawai. Wani babban gidan kallo yana gudana kusa da tafkin ginshiki, wanda aka yi wa ado da polychromed tile.

Daga 1925 zuwa 1929, Georgia O'Keeffe ta zauna a bene na 30 na otal din Shelton tare da mijinta, mai daukar hoto Alfred Stieglitz. Tare da yuwuwar banda Otal ɗin Chelsea, yana da wuya a yi tunanin wani New York City otal din da yayi tasiri sosai akan mai zane, musamman otal wanda wataƙila ba ku taɓa jin labarin sa ba.

Gina kan titin Lexington tsakanin Titin 48th da 49th, labarin Shelton Hotel mai hawa 31, mai ɗakuna 1,200 an yaba shi a matsayin mafi tsayi mafi tsayi a duniya lokacin da aka buɗe shi a 1923. Ba wai kawai tsayi ne ba, ya kasance kaɗan ne-ƙaƙƙarfan otal na zama ga maza masu wasan baka, tebur na wasan biliyard, kotun squash, shagon aski da wurin iyo.

Abin da bai taɓa yin shakku ba shine mahimmancin ginin ginin. Tare da gindin katako mai hawa biyu mai ɗanɗano da koma baya na bulo uku da ke hawa zuwa hasumiyar tsakiya, Shelton ya kasance mai fashewa. Masu sukar sun ɗauka shine gini na farko da ya sami nasarar ɗaukar buƙatun yanki na 1916 wanda ya ba da umarni na koma baya don hana manyan gine -gine daga zama masu haɗa ido.

Ginin daular Empire shine ɗayan gine -ginen da Shelton yayi tasiri. Har zuwa 1977, mai sukar gine -ginen New York Times Ada Louse Huxtable ta ayyana otal ɗin a matsayin "babban ginin bene na New York."

O'Keeffe ba zai iya neman ƙarin ɗakin studio da ya dace ba. Daga shimfidarta ta iska, ta ji daɗin raunin ido, kallon idon tsuntsu game da kogin da kuma yawan amfanin gona na manyan benaye. Kamar Charles Demuth, Charles Sheeler da sauran masu zane-zane na zamanin ta, O'Keeffe ya burge manyan gine-gine a matsayin alama ta zamani ta birni, babban ƙa'idar Precisionism, Tsarin Yaƙin Duniya na XNUMX na zamani wanda ya yi bikin sabon yanayin Amurka na gadoji. , masana’antu da manyan benaye.

An tabbatar da ita a cikin Shelton perch, O'Keeffe ya ƙirƙiri aƙalla zane -zane 25 da zane -zanen manyan gine -gine da na birni. Daga cikin sanannun sanannun ta shine "Ginin Radiator - Dare, New York," wani babban biki na babban gidan sufi - da kuma wurin baƙar fata da zinariya Ginin Radiator na Amurka wanda yanzu ake kira Bryant Park Hotel.

Arthur Loomis Harmon, masanin gine -ginen Shelton, ya ci gaba da taimakawa wajen tsara Ginin Masarautar. (Ya kuma halicci Allerton House, babban otal na mazaunin New York na 1916).

Amma mashahurin Shelton ya harbi sama sama bayan ziyarar da dan wasan tserewa Harry Houdini ya kai wa gidan waha a cikin 1926. An lulluɓe shi a cikin akwatin iska, kamar akwatin gawa (duk da cewa an sanye shi da wayar idan akwai gaggawa), an saukar da Houdini cikin tafkin inda ya nutse na awa ɗaya da rabi. Ya fito akan jadawalin, gajiya amma yana da rai. "Kowa na iya yi," kamar yadda ya gaya wa New York Times.

Duk da tarihinsa mai ban sha'awa da banbancin gine -ginen, The Shelton, kamar yadda lamarin yake kusan duk otal -otal da suka tsufa sun fadi. Akwai kawai 11 cikakken mazauna a tsakiyar 1970s. A 1978 ya zama Halloran na dukiyar da aka hana. Ya yi hayar Stephen B. Jacobs don sake fasalin abubuwan ciki, ya rage adadin dakuna zuwa 650.

A shekara ta 2007 mallakar Morgan Stanley ce wacce ta mika aiki ga Kamfanin Marriott.

Kamfanin gine -gine da injiniyan Superstructures yana da babban kamfen na gyare -gyare na waje. Richard Moses, masanin gine-ginen da ke kula da aikin, ya ce cikakkun bayanan Mista Harmon, wadanda suka hada da kawuna, abin rufe fuska, griffins da gargoyles, gaba daya ba su da inganci, duk da cewa an maye gurbin da dama wadanda abubuwan suka yi wa illa musamman.

Mista Musa ya ce Mista Harmon ya sa ganuwar ta durkushe kadan -kadan, don bai wa Shelton karfi sosai. Sakamakon, wanda ba a iya ganewa sama sama, a bayyane yake a matakin ƙasa.

Asalin ciki na otal ɗin 1924 yana kan gutsuttsura, kamar zauren matakala zuwa hannun dama na babban zauren. Kotunan squash sun tafi; a wurin su akwai dakin motsa jiki a hawa na 35 tare da ra'ayoyi masu ban sha'awa gaba ɗaya. Otal din ya sanyawa dakuna suna bayan Arthur Loomis Harmon, Alfred Stieglitz da Georgia O'Keeffe.

Stanley Turkel ne adam wata An sanya shi a matsayin Tarihin Tarihi na shekara ta 2020 ta Tarihi na Tarihi na Tarihi, shirin hukuma na National Trust for Adana Tarihi, wanda a baya aka sanya masa suna a cikin 2015 da 2014. Turkel shi ne mashawarcin mashawarcin otal otal da aka fi yaduwa a Amurka. Yana aiki da aikin tuntuɓar otal ɗin da yake aiki a matsayin ƙwararren mashaidi a cikin al'amuran da suka shafi otal, yana ba da kula da kadara da shawarwarin ikon mallakar otal. An tabbatar dashi a matsayin Babban Mai Ba da Otal din Otal daga Cibiyar Ilimi ta Hotelasar Amurkan Hotel da Lodging Association. [email kariya] 917-628-8549

Sabon littafinsa mai suna "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" an buga shi.

Sauran Littattafan Otal da Aka Buga:

• Manyan otal -otal na Amurka: Majagaba na Masana'antar otal (2009)

• An Gina Don Ƙarshe: Otal-otal sama da 100 a New York (2011)

• An Gina Don Ƙarshe: Otal-otal 100+ Gabas na Mississippi (2013)

• Hotel Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar na Waldorf (2014)

• Manyan otal -otal na Amurka Juzu'i na 2: Majagaba na Masana'antar otal (2016)

• An Gina Don Ƙarshe: Otal-otal 100+ Yammacin Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Volume 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Shuka, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Babban American Hotel Architects Volume I (2019)

• Hotel Mavens: Volume 3: Bob da Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Duk waɗannan littattafan ana iya yin odarsu daga Gidan Gida ta ziyartar stanleyturkel.com  da danna sunan littafin.

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