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Mutane Suna Tafiya A Lokacin Cutar Kwayar cuta tare da Sababbin Bidiyoyi

Bill Gates
Bill Gates

Bill Gates yana da sako ga duniya.

Sabbin bayanai sun nuna duniya ta tashi tsaye don hana mummunan yanayi daga faruwa; Hasken haske yana buƙatar saka hannun jari na dogon lokaci don tabbatar da dawo da adalci da ci gaba zuwa ga Manufofin Duniya, wanda aka sani da Manufofin Ci Gaban Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.

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  • Gidauniyar Bill & Melinda Gates a yau ta ƙaddamar da rahoton Goalkeepers na shekara -shekara na biyar, wanda ke nuna sabon tsarin bayanan duniya wanda ke nuna mummunan tasirin cutar a kan ci gaba zuwa Manufofin Ci Gaban Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (Goals na Duniya). 
  • Rahoton na wannan shekara, wanda Bill Gates da Melinda French Gates suka rubuta, haɗin gwiwar Gidauniyar Bill & Melinda Gates, ya nuna cewa banbance-banbancen da COVID-19 ya haifar ya kasance a bayyane, kuma waɗanda suka fi fama da cutar za su kasance mai jinkirin murmurewa.
  • Saboda COVID-19, ƙarin mutane miliyan 31 sun shiga cikin matsanancin talauci a cikin 2020 idan aka kwatanta da 2019. Kuma yayin da kashi 90% na ci gaban tattalin arziƙi za su sake samun barkewar cutar kwalara ta matakan samun kudin shiga kowace shekara zuwa shekara mai zuwa, kashi ɗaya bisa uku na ƙananan- da na tsakiya -Ana sa ran masu tattalin arzikin da za su yi hakan. 

Abin farin ciki, a cikin wannan ɓarna, duniya ta tashi tsaye don kawar da wasu mummunan yanayin. A Rahoton Mai Tsaron Manufofin bara, Cibiyar Ƙididdigar Kiwon Lafiya da Ƙididdiga (IHME) ta yi hasashen raguwar maki 14 cikin ɗaukar allurar rigakafi ta duniya - yadda ya share shekaru 25 na ci gaba a cikin makonni 25. Sabuwar bincike daga IHME ya nuna cewa raguwar, yayin da har yanzu ba a yarda da ita ba, rabin abin da ake tsammani ne. 

A cikin rahoton, kujerun kujerun suna haskaka “bidi'a mai ban sha'awa” wacce ta yiwu kawai saboda haɗin gwiwar duniya, jajircewa, da saka hannun jari a cikin shekarun da suka gabata. Sun yarda cewa gujewa mummunan yanayin abin a yaba ne, duk da haka sun lura bai isa ba. Don tabbatar da ingantaccen warkewa daga cutar, suna kira ga saka hannun jari na dogon lokaci a cikin lafiya da tattalin arziƙi-kamar waɗanda suka haifar da haɓaka ci gaban allurar COVID-19-don haɓaka ƙoƙarin dawo da dawo da duniya kan hanya zuwa hadu da Manufofin Duniya. 

"[Shekarar da ta gabata] ta ƙarfafa imaninmu cewa ci gaba yana yiwuwa amma ba makawa," rubuta kujerun kujeru. "Idan za mu iya fadada mafi kyawun abin da muka gani a cikin watanni 18 da suka gabata, a ƙarshe za mu iya barkewar cutar a bayanmu kuma mu sake hanzarta ci gaba wajen magance muhimman batutuwa kamar lafiya, yunwa, da canjin yanayi."

Rahoton ya yi nuni da irin tasirin tattalin arziƙin da cutar ta yi wa mata a duniya. A cikin ƙasashe masu tasowa da marasa galihu iri ɗaya, mata sun fi fuskantar mawuyacin hali fiye da maza sakamakon koma bayan tattalin arziƙin duniya wanda cutar ta haifar. 

Melinda French Gates ta ce "Mata suna fuskantar shingayen tsari a kowane kusurwar duniya, suna barin su cikin mawuyacin hali ga barkewar cutar." “Ta hanyar saka hannun jari a cikin mata a yanzu da magance wadannan rashin adalci, gwamnatoci na iya haifar da ingantacciyar farfadowa yayin da suke karfafa tattalin arzikin su kan rikicin da ke tafe. Ba abin da ya dace ba ne kawai - amma kyakkyawan tsarin da zai amfani kowa. ”

Rahoton ya kuma baiyana yadda abin da ake kira "mu'ujiza" na alluran COVID-19 ya kasance sakamakon shekaru da yawa na saka hannun jari, manufofi, da haɗin gwiwa waɗanda suka kafa abubuwan more rayuwa, gwaninta, da tsirrai masu mahimmanci don tura su cikin sauri. Koyaya, tsarin da ya ba da damar ci gaban da ba a taɓa ganin irinsa ba da tura allurar COVID-19 yana da farko a cikin ƙasashe masu arziki, kuma a sakamakon haka, duniya ba ta amfana daidai ba. 

Bill Gates ya ce "Rashin samun daidaito na alluran COVID-19 bala'i ne na lafiyar jama'a," in ji Bill Gates. "Muna fuskantar haƙiƙanin haɗarin cewa a nan gaba, ƙasashe masu arziki da al'ummomi za su fara kula da COVID-19 a matsayin wata cutar talauci. Ba za mu iya barin barkewar cutar a bayanmu ba har sai kowa, komai inda yake zaune, ya sami damar yin allurar rigakafi. ”

Fiye da kashi 80% na duk alluran rigakafin COVID-19 an gudanar da su a cikin manyan ƙasashe masu matsakaita da matsakaitan masana'antu zuwa yau, tare da samun wasu adadin sau biyu zuwa uku da ake buƙata don su iya rufe masu haɓakawa; an gudanar da kasa da 1% na allurai a ƙasashe masu ƙarancin kuɗi. Bugu da kari, samun damar rigakafin COVID-19 yana da alaƙa mai ƙarfi tare da wuraren da akwai rigakafin R&D da ƙarfin masana'antu. Kodayake Afirka gida ce ga 17% na yawan mutanen duniya, alal misali, tana da ƙasa da 1% na ƙarfin sarrafa allurar rigakafi ta duniya. 

Daga ƙarshe, rahoton ya yi kira ga duniya ta saka hannun jari a cikin R&D, abubuwan more rayuwa, da ƙira a wuraren da ke kusa da mutanen da ke tsaye don cin gajiyar.

"Dole ne mu saka hannun jari a cikin abokan hadin gwiwa na cikin gida don karfafa karfin masu bincike da masana'antun a cikin kasashe masu karamin karfi don kirkirar alluran rigakafi da magungunan da suke bukata," in ji Shugaban Gidauniyar Gates Mark Suzman. “Hanya guda daya tilo da za mu magance manyan kalubalen lafiyar mu ita ce ta hanyar yin kirkire -kirkire da hazakar mutane a duk fadin duniya.

Ta hanyoyi da yawa, barkewar cutar ta gwada kyakkyawan fata. Amma bai lalata ta ba.

A cikin mawuyacin yanayi da ba za a iya tsammani ba, mun shaida bidi'a mai kayatarwa.

Mun ga yadda sauri za mu iya canza halayenmu, a matsayin daidaiku da kuma al'ummomi, lokacin da yanayi ya buƙaci hakan.

Kuma a yau, muna kuma iya ba da rahoton cewa mutane a kowane yanki na duniya sun tashi tsaye don kare ci gaban ci gaban da muka samu cikin shekaru da yawa-idan ya zo ga SDGs, aƙalla, tasirin cutar ta COVID-19 mai gudana. zai iya zama mafi muni.

Shekara ce da ta ƙarfafa imaninmu cewa ci gaba yana yiwuwa amma ba makawa. Ƙoƙarin da muke yi ya shafi abubuwa da yawa. Kuma, a matsayin masu kyakkyawan fata, mun yi imani za mu iya fara koyo daga nasarori da gazawar cutar zuwa yanzu. Idan za mu iya faɗaɗa mafi kyawun abin da muka gani a cikin watanni 18 da suka gabata, a ƙarshe za mu iya barkewar cutar a bayanmu kuma mu sake hanzarta ci gaba wajen magance muhimman batutuwa kamar lafiya, yunwa, da canjin yanayi.

Menene wasu mafita waɗanda ke taimakawa cikin tsere don kawo ƙarshen cutar? Kalli Bill Gates da Masu Tsaron Manufa uku suna haskaka kayan aikin da ake amfani da su don yaƙar COVID.

Karanta rahoton:

Bayanin Yana Ba da Labari Mai Ban Mamaki

A cikin shekarar da ta gabata, ba shi yiwuwa a yi watsi da banbancin banbanci ba kawai a cikin wanda ya kamu da rashin lafiya da wanda ya mutu ba - har ma a cikin wanda ya je aiki, wanda zai iya aiki daga gida, kuma wanda ya rasa ayyukansu gaba ɗaya. Rashin daidaiton kiwon lafiya ya tsufa kamar tsarin kiwon lafiya da kansu, amma ya ɗauki annoba ta duniya don tilasta tunatar da duniya sakamakon su.

Miliyoyin Ƙari Cikin Tsananin Talauci

Ga mutane da yawa, tasirin tattalin arziƙin cutar ya ci gaba da zama mai ƙarfi da dawwama. Mun san muna iya zama kamar manzannin da ba za a iya mantawa da su ba a kan wannan batu - mu biyu ne daga cikin mutanen da suka yi sa'a a duniyar nan. Kuma annobar ta kara bayyana hakan. Mutane kamar mu sun yi fama da cutar cikin yanayi mai kyau, yayin da waɗanda suka fi rauni suka fi fama da rauni kuma wataƙila za su kasance masu jinkirin murmurewa. Karin mutane miliyan 31 a duniya sun shiga cikin matsanancin talauci sakamakon COVID-19. Kodayake maza sun fi kashi 70% na mutuwa daga COVID-19, mata na ci gaba da fuskantar matsalar tattalin arziki da zamantakewar cutar: A wannan shekara, ana sa ran aikin mata a duniya zai ci gaba da kasancewa ayyuka miliyan 13 a ƙasa da matakin 2019-yayin da maza ke ana sa ran aikin yi zai murmure zuwa adadin cutar kafin cutar.

Kodayake bambance -bambancen suna barazanar yin illa ga ci gaban da muka samu, wasu tattalin arziƙin sun fara murmurewa, suna kawo sake buɗe kasuwanci da samar da ayyukan yi. Amma murmurewa ba daidai ba ne tsakanin - har ma a cikin - ƙasashe. Ya zuwa shekara mai zuwa, alal misali, kashi 90% na masu ci gaban tattalin arziƙi ana sa ran za su sake dawo da matakan samun kuɗin shiga na kowace ƙasa, yayin da kashi ɗaya cikin uku na ƙasashe masu ƙarancin tattalin arziƙi da matsakaita ke sa ran yin hakan. Yunkurin rage talauci ya tsaya cak- kuma hakan na nufin kusan mutane miliyan 700, mafi yawa a cikin ƙasashe masu ƙarancin kuɗi da matsakaita, ana hasashen za su ci gaba da shiga cikin matsanancin talauci a cikin 2030.

Ƙaruwar Ƙaruwar Ilimi

Muna ganin irin wannan labarin idan ana maganar ilimi. Kafin barkewar cutar, yara tara cikin 10 a cikin ƙasashe masu ƙarancin kuɗi sun riga sun kasa karantawa da fahimtar rubutu na asali, idan aka kwatanta da ɗaya cikin yara 10 a cikin ƙasashe masu samun kuɗi mai yawa.

Shaidun farko sun nuna cewa asarar ilmantarwa zai kasance mafi girma a tsakanin ƙungiyoyin da aka ware. An sami banbance -banbancen ilimi a ƙasashe masu arziki, su ma. A Amurka, alal misali, asarar ilmantarwa tsakanin ɗaliban Baƙi da Latino na aji uku, a matsakaita, ya ninka na farar fata da ɗaliban Asiya na Amurka. Kuma asarar ilmantarwa a tsakanin masu aji uku daga manyan makarantun talauci ya ninka na takwarorinsu a makarantun talauci.

Ƙarin Yara Bace Alluran rigakafi

A halin yanzu, yawan alluran rigakafin yara na duniya ya faɗi zuwa matakan da aka gani a 2005. Tsakanin farkon barkewar cutar da lokacin da sabis na kiwon lafiya ya fara murmurewa a rabi na biyu na 2020, fiye da yara miliyan 30 a duniya sun rasa allurar rigakafin su - miliyan 10 kenan fiye saboda annobar cutar. Yana yiwuwa da yawa daga cikin waɗannan yaran ba za su taɓa kama allurai ba.

Amma a nan, bayanan sun ba mu mamaki: Shekara guda da ta gabata, mun ba da rahoton cewa Cibiyar Nazarin Ƙididdigar Kiwon Lafiya da Kimantawa tana yin kiyasin cewa ɗaukar allurar rigakafin za ta ragu da maki 14 a duniya a cikin 2020, wanda zai kai shekaru 25 na ci gaba a cikin magudanar ruwa. Amma dangane da ƙarin bayanan kwanan nan, yana kama da ainihin raguwar ɗaukar allurar rigakafin - mai ɓarna ko da ya kasance - rabin hakan ne. ShareLegend: Rahoton 2020 Rahoton

Mutane Suna Tafiya

Yayin da muke ci gaba da binciken bayanan, ya zama a bayyane cewa wannan ba lamari bane: akan manyan mahimman alamun ci gaba, duniya ta tashi sama a cikin shekarar da ta gabata don gujewa wasu mummunan yanayin.

Misali, zazzabin cizon sauro, wanda ya daɗe yana ɗaya daga cikin cututtukan da ba a daidaita su sosai a duniya: kashi 90% na cututtukan zazzabin cizon sauro ana samun su a Afirka. A bara, Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta yi hasashen mummunan cikas ga mahimmancin ƙoƙarin rigakafin zazzabin cizon sauro wanda zai iya haifar da ci gaba a cikin shekaru 10 - kuma ya haifar da ƙarin mutuwar mutane 200,000 daga cutar da za a iya hanawa. Wannan hasashe ya tunzura kasashe da dama su dauki mataki don tabbatar da cewa an rarraba gidan sauron gado kuma ana ci gaba da samun gwaji da magungunan zazzabin cizon sauro. Benin, inda cutar zazzabin cizon sauro ke haifar da mutuwa, har ma ta sami hanyar kirkire-kirkire a tsakiyar cutar: Sun kirkiri sabon tsarin rarraba dijital don gidan sauro da aka yiwa maganin kwari, suna samun gidan sauro miliyan 7.6 cikin gidaje a duk fadin kasar nan Kwana 20.

Wakili Jean Kinhouande yana raba gidan sauro a gundumar Agla ta Cotonou, Benin, don yaƙar zazzabin cizon sauro duk da barkewar cutar ta COVID-19. (Hoto daga Yanick Folly/AFP ta hanyar Getty Images, 28 ga Afrilu, 2020)
Cotonou, BeninHoton Yanick Folly/AFP ta hanyar Getty Images

Sun cancanci godiya ta duniya.

Tabbas, cikakken tasirin cutar a kan SDGs zai ɗauki shekaru kafin a fahimta sosai, yayin da ake samun ƙarin ingantattun bayanai. Kuma wannan bayanan baya rage ainihin wahalar da cutar ta haifar ga mutane ko'ina - nesa da ita. Amma gaskiyar cewa za mu iya nuna alamomi masu kyau a tsakanin bala'i na duniya sau ɗaya a duniya abin mamaki ne. Tare da ɗaure hannu ɗaya a bayansu, mutane da yawa, ƙungiyoyi, da ƙasashe sun wuce gaba don ƙirƙira, daidaitawa, da gina tsarin juriya, kuma don haka, sun cancanci godiya ta duniya.

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Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.

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