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Rum shine Abincin Brain ku, Barasa, da salon rayuwar New York

Kasancewar shirye -shiryen rum

Ana iya sanya Rum a cikin ƙungiyar ABINCI, bayan komai - an yi shi gabaɗaya daga abubuwan ƙoshin sukari; ana iya ɗaukar shi a matsayin kayan zaki, saboda yana da daɗi. Koyaya, ruhu ne kuma an sanya shi a cikin abubuwan sha masu giya tare da fa'idodi na musamman waɗanda suka haɗa da abubuwan cutarwa, kuma an ba da shawarar yin maganin makogwaro.

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  1. Wasu jita -jita sun fi koshin lafiya lafiya fiye da sauran kuma, duhu rum, hagu zuwa tsufa a cikin itacen oak ko ganga na katako wanda ke ba shi launi mai duhu da ƙoshin ƙarfi, ana ɗauka yana ba da maganin antioxidants masu lafiya.
  2. Wasu bincike sun nuna cewa rum yana da kaddarorin da za su iya taimakawa kare ƙwayoyin kwakwalwa.
  3. Hakanan yana iya rage haɗarin da ke da alaƙa da hauka da Alzheimer's (David Friedman, Abincin Abinci: Yadda ake Ci a Duniyar Fads da Fiction).

Menene Rum?

Rum ana yin shi ne daga samfuran ƙanƙara irin na molasses ko syrup sugar. Ana narkar da sukari a cikin barasa mai ƙarfi a cikin ƙarfi daban-daban kuma barasa ta ƙara (ABV) yana gudana daga kashi 40-80, yana isar da kusan adadin kuzari 97 a kowace oz. harbi na hujja 8 (tare da Coke, ƙara ƙarin adadin kuzari 80). Ingancin jita -jita ya dogara ne akan abun da aka ƙera na molasses, tsawon ƙoshin, nau'in ganga da aka yi amfani da shi, da kuma tsawon lokacin da ake amfani da shi don tsufa a cikin ganga.

Rummuna an rarrabasu ta launi (watau fari, baki/duhu, zinariya, mai hana ruwa), dandano (watau yaji/ɗanɗano) da shekaru. Rum mai duhu ya tsufa na shekaru 2+ a cikin gawayi na itacen oak wanda ke haɓaka launin baƙar fata/launin ruwan kasa (ba a tace bayan tsarin tsufa ba). Rum na zinari ko amber ya tsufa a cikin ganyen itacen oak na ɗan gajeren lokaci (watanni 18). Ana iya ƙara Carmel bayan tsarin tsufa don samar da ƙarin launi na zinare. Farin rum (wanda aka sani da azurfa, haske ko bayyanannu) galibi ana adana shi a cikin tasoshin bakin karfe ko akwatuna kuma yana da shekaru 1-2 tare da matatun gawayi da ake amfani da shi don cire kowane launi da ƙazanta bayan tsarin tsufa kuma yana da ɗanɗanon da ya fi sauƙi amber ko rums mai duhu kuma galibi ana samun su a cikin hadaddiyar giyar maimakon cinye su da kyau. An sanya jita -jita mai ƙamshi a lokacin haɗuwa tare da kirfa, aniseed, ginger, Rosemary ko barkono a taro har zuwa kashi 2.5. Rum mai yaji yana yawan duhu cikin launi tare da sukari ko caramel lokaci -lokaci don ƙara zaki. 

Rum mai alaƙa da Bautar, Tawaye da rashin lafiya

Duk da yake rum yana da daɗi kuma yana jan hankalin ƙungiyoyi da barbecue, abin sha yana da labarin duhu mai duhu. Tarihi ya danganta jita -jita (lokacin da aka murƙushe ta a kan noman rake a karni na 17) da aikin bautar da mutane inda aka tilasta su girma da sare rake a cikin mummunan yanayi. An tilasta wa ma’aikata su yi aiki ba tare da gajiyawa ba don murƙushewa da murɗa molasses don yin jita -jita wacce aka yi amfani da ita azaman kuɗin siyan ƙarin bayi.

A farkon (da kuma ƙarnuka da yawa), ana ɗaukar ingancin samfur mara kyau kuma mai araha, galibi ana amfani da shi ta bayin shukar rake kuma yana da alaƙa da ƙungiyoyin tattalin arziƙi. Rum ya kuma taka muhimmiyar rawa a tarihi a cikin juyin mulkin soja kawai da ya faru a Ostiraliya, Rum Rebellion (1808), lokacin da aka kifar da Gwamna William Bligh a wani bangare saboda ƙoƙarinsa na kawar da amfani da jita -jita azaman hanyar biyan kuɗi.

Cinikin bayi na yankin Tekun Atlantika ya ƙare a ƙarni na 19, duk da haka, ana ci gaba da bautar da zamani (watau masana'antun aikin gona da yadi). Ma'aikatar Kwadago ta Amurka ta gano cewa bautar da yara ya yi yawa a noman rake a ƙasashe 18. A wasu gonakin, ma’aikata suna yanke sandar da hannu a ƙarƙashin tsananin zafi wanda ke haifar da haɗarin kiwon lafiya. Bincike ya gano cewa damuwar zafi na iya haifar da ci gaban cutar koda mai yawan mutuwa.

Girman kasuwar

Hasashen Bayanin Kasuwa ya gano cewa ana hasashen kasuwar jita -jita ta duniya dalar Amurka biliyan 25 (2020) kuma ana hasashen zai yi girma zuwa dala biliyan 21.5 nan da shekarar 2025. A duk duniya kudaden shiga na shekara -shekara daga samar da jita -jita an kiyasta dala biliyan 15.8 (2020) tare da ƙimar girma da aka yi hasashe. na kashi 7.0 cikin ɗari a cikin shekaru 5 (2020-2025) yayin da ake ƙara haɓaka buƙatun duniya don samfuran ƙira mai inganci da alatu tare da mai da hankali kan sahihanci da sanannun samfura.

Amurka ita ce mafi yawan masu amfani da jita -jita tare da dala miliyan 2435 da aka samu a cikin kudaden shiga (2020) da kundin tallace -tallace na biyu bayan vodka da whiskey a cikin rukunin ruhohi. Babban masu samar da jita -jita sune kasashe a Latin Amurka da Caribbean; Koyaya, Amurka tana da farawa da yawa a cikin wannan rukunin har ma a cikin Philippines, Indiya, Brazil, Fiji da Ostiraliya. Euromonitor International ta gano cewa Indiya ce ke jagorantar kasuwar rum ta duniya.

Canje -canje/ƙalubale ga Rum

Sabuwar rukunin rum yana mamaye millennials (mutanen da aka haifa tsakanin 1981 da 1994/6) kamar yadda rum shine abin sha mai ƙima idan aka kwatanta da sauran ruhohi. Wannan kasuwar da aka yi niyya tana da ikon kashe kuɗi kuma yana nuna godiya ga barasa tare da fifikon jita -jita (akan sauran abubuwan giya). Duniya tana tilasta jita -jita don canzawa yayin da masu amfani ke neman samfuran da suka rage sukari, waɗanda ke dorewa, kuma a matakan ƙima. Masu kera Rum sun gabatar da sabbin samfuran rum a cikin kasuwa tare da ƙwarewar ɗanɗano da aka mai da hankali kan abubuwan dandano waɗanda ke ba da daɗi, buttery, caramel, 'ya'yan itace na wurare masu zafi, da bayanan vanilla waɗanda galibi suna ƙarewa da lasisi da molasses.

Maiyuwa ba ilimin kowa bane, amma yawancin jita -jita ke samarwa ƙasashe a cikin Caribbean KADA su shuka rawanin su kuma a zahiri suna shigo da dankon rawanin sukari, ruwan lemo ko molasses a matsayin tushen su da shigo da kayayyaki suna haifar da sabbin ƙalubale ga waɗannan ƙasashen tsibirin.

Dalilai:

1. Molasses, samfur na samar da sukari ya fi rahusa fiye da yadda ake amfani da tsinken sukari a cikin samar da rum; duk da haka, yayin da buƙatar sukari ke raguwa, samar da sukari ya ragu saboda haka akwai ƙarancin molasses don fitarwa. Rage buƙatun kuma yana rage farashin ƙarar sukari kuma wannan yana damun masu samar da jita -jita don samar da molasses na iya ɓacewa gaba ɗaya yayin da manoma ke watsi da ƙanƙara don samfuran aikin gona masu fa'ida. Hakanan akwai yuwuwar yanayin lafiyar zai ƙarfafa gwamnatoci ko wasu hukumomin da ke kula da doka don sanya iyakokin abubuwan da ke cikin sukari wanda ke tasiri kan samuwar sukari da farashin ƙimar samfurin.

2. Tsarin samarwa mai dorewa yana da mahimmanci ga sabbin masu amfani da abin sha yayin da suke ɗokin gamsar da buƙatunsu/buƙatunsu nan take ba tare da haɗarin gaba ba. Samar da Rum yana da suna na samar da babban tasirin muhalli saboda buƙatun ƙasa don shuka raƙuman ruwa, man da ake buƙata don ƙirƙirar zafin don juyar da dankon raƙuman sukari zuwa matsakaici mai ƙarfi da adadin ruwan da ake amfani da shi wajen samarwa da albarkatun da ake amfani da su marufi. Don biyan buƙatun dorewa, masana'antar dole ne tayi la’akari da sabbin hanyoyi don sarrafa albarkatu da/ko kiyayewa da ƙirƙirar fakiti wanda ke da ƙima ko muhalli.

Ga kamfanonin da suke so kuma suna iya tafiya nesa, da kuma magance buƙatun na yanzu, akwai labari mai daɗi yayin da masu siye suke son biyan farashin ƙima don sabbin samfuran tare da ƙima da ƙima. Golden Rum yana shirye ya zama babban ci gaba na gaba a cikin rukunin ruhohi, tare da tsammanin tallace -tallace na ƙaruwa da kashi 33 cikin 2021. A wannan ƙimar girma, zai zarce gin nan da 2022 (internationaldrinkexpo.co.uk).

New Yorkers sun rungumi Rum

A wani taron Majalisar Rum na Manhattan na baya-bayan nan, Federico J. Hernandez da TheRumLab sun shirya wani shiri mai ban sha'awa da ilimi tare tare da ɗanɗano mutum-mutumi na ɗimbin jita-jita ta ƙasa da ƙasa wanda ɗaruruwan gungun abokai da magoya baya suka ji daɗinsu. Sabbin jita -jita suna ba da gogewa na azanci wanda ke haɗuwa kuma akai -akai ya wuce tsammanin.        

Shirin ya kunshi:

Will Hoekenga, ARRO American Rum Report.com

Will Groves, Maggies Farm Rum. Pittsburg, PA
Karen Hoskin, Montanya Distillers, Crested Butte, CO
Roberto Serralles, Destileria Serralles Mercedita, PR
Daniel Mora, Ron Centenario, Rum na Costa Rico
Otto Flores, Barcelo Rums, Jamhuriyar Dominica
Waluco Maheia, Copalli Rums, Punta Gorda, Belize
Ian Williams, Mawallafi, Rum: Tarihi na zamantakewa da zamantakewa na Ruhun Gaskiya na 1776

An shirya Bikin Rum na gaba don Satumba 2021, San Francisco, CA. Don ƙarin bayani: californiarumfestival.com

E Dakta Elinor a hankali. Wannan labarin haƙƙin mallaka, gami da hotuna, ba za a sake buga shi ba tare da rubutaccen izini daga marubucin ba.

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Game da marubucin

Dr. Elinor Garely - na musamman ne ga eTN kuma edita a babban, wines.travel

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