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Tashin farashin Carbon Ciki

Written by edita

Yayin da damuwar canjin yanayi ke ƙaruwa, kamfanoni suna fuskantar tsauraran matakan gwamnati waɗanda ke hukunta su don wuce yawan hayaƙin carbon. Waɗannan azaba sau da yawa suna zuwa ta hanyar farashin kuɗi kuma galibi an san su da harajin carbon.

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  1. Wasu kamfanoni suna adawa da harajin carbon.
  2. Wasu kuma sun san dalilin da ya sa ake aiwatar da harajin kuma suna kokarin rage hayaki.
  3. Hanya ɗaya gama gari ita ce abin da galibi ake kira farashin carbon na ciki.

A taƙaice, farashin carbon yana da alaƙa da kamfanonin da ke saita ƙimar kuɗi akan iskar da suke fitarwa. Duk da yake wannan farashin yana da ka'ida, yana sanar da yanke shawara da yawa kuma yana taimaka wa kamfanoni su zama tsaka -tsakin carbon.

Ba abin mamaki bane, kamfanoni da yawa suna ɗaukar manufar harajin carbon. Dangane da Shirin Bayyana Carbon (CDP), kamfanoni sama da 2,000, wadanda ke wakiltar sama da dala tiriliyan 27 a manyan kasuwannin kasuwa, sun bayyana cewa a halin yanzu suna amfani da farashin carbon na ciki ko shirin aiwatar da guda ɗaya a cikin shekaru biyu masu zuwa.

A halin yanzu, farashin carbon na cikin gida ya zama ruwan dare a masana'antun sabis na makamashi, kayan aiki, da na kuɗi.

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Farawa 

Farashin iskar gas na cikin gida yana ba kamfanoni damar sanya farashin kasuwa akan watsa iskar gas mai yawa, koda lokacin da yawancin ayyukan su ke ƙarƙashin manufofin farashin carbon na waje da ƙa'idodin haɗin gwiwa. 

Kamfanoni suna amfani da farashin cikin gida ta hanyoyi masu zuwa:

  • Don yin tasiri game da yanke hukunci game da kashe kuɗin babban birni, musamman lokacin da ayyukan ke shafar gurɓataccen iska, da farko lokacin da ayyukan ke shafar gurɓataccen iska, kiyaye makamashi, ko canje -canje a cikin tarin hanyoyin samar da makamashi. 
  • Don kimantawa, tsarawa, da sarrafa haɗarin kuɗi da gudanarwa na tsarin farashin gwamnati mai yuwuwa. 
  • Don taimakawa gano haɗari da buɗewa da gyara dabarun daidai.

Farashin da aka zaɓa na cikin gida yana nuni da harajin carbon da ake da shi ko kuɗin da aka sanya a cikin ikonsu ga wasu ƙungiyoyi. Wasu kamfanoni na iya ba da ayyuka a cikin gundumomi tare da bayyanannun manufofin farashin carbon. 

Farashin da kamfanoni suka zaɓa a duk duniya sun bambanta ƙwarai, inda wasu kamfanoni ke saka carbon a matsayin ƙasa da ɗari bisa ɗari. Akasin haka, wasu suna kimanta shi sama da $ 100 a kowace ton. 

Farashin carbon da aka zaɓa ya dogara da masana'antu, ƙasar, da manufofin kamfanin. Kafin muyi bayanin hanyoyi daban -daban da kamfanoni ke amfani da farashin carbon na cikin gida, yana da mahimmanci a fahimci yadda suke yanke hukunci akan farashin carbon.

Auna sawun Carbon

A lokacin tafiya, kamfanoni suna buƙatar samun cikakkiyar fahimta game da su watsi

Kodayake ƙasashe da jahohi daban -daban sun karɓi ƙa'idodin muhalli daban -daban da farashin carbon, kamfanoni suna tantance ƙima da matsayin matsayin gurɓataccen iskar CO2 ɗin su. Hukumar Kare Muhalli ta Amurka (EPA) tana kula da rahotannin fitar da hayaki kai tsaye daga kamfanonin makamashi da masana'antun a Amurka. 

Gurɓataccen iska ko iskar gas ɗaya yana fitowa daga kafofin da kamfanin ke sarrafawa ko sarrafawa-alal misali, ƙonawa daga ƙonawa a cikin tukunyar jirgi mai hawa biyu ko na abin hawa. Yadda kuke lura da waɗancan abubuwan da ke fitar da hayaƙi zai dogara ne akan tushen. Misali, tare da hayaki, zaka iya amfani ci gaba da saka idanu tsarin (CEMS) don bin diddigin fitar da carbon. Masu nazarin CEMS Hakanan yana iya bin gas kamar NOx, SO2, CO, O2, THC, NH3, Kuma mafi.

Ƙarfin kai tsaye yana haifar da sakamakon wutar lantarki da kamfani ya samu, zafi, tururi, da sanyaya jiki. 

Sauran gurɓataccen iska (ikon 3) yana faruwa a cikin sarkar samar da kamfani, kamar kerawa da jigilar kayan da aka saya da zubar da shara. Bambance-bambancen dake tsakanin hayakin kai tsaye da na kai tsaye yana nuna cewa hatta kamfanonin da ba sa cikin masana'antun da ke da iskar carbon su ma za su iya yin lissafin manyan hayaki.

Carbon na cikin gida yawanci yana ɗaukar ɗayan waɗannan nau'ikan uku:

Kudin carbon na ciki

Kudin carbon na cikin gida shine ƙimar kasuwa na kowane ton na iskar carbon da dukkan sassan ƙungiyar suka amince da shi. Kudin yana haifar da tashar samun kudin shiga mai himma don tallafawa matakai daban -daban da aka ɗauka don rage hayaƙi. 

Matsakaicin farashin kamfanoni da ke amfani da kuɗin carbon na ciki daga $ 5- $ 20 a kowace awo. Kafa farashin yana buƙatar yin la’akari da abubuwa daban -daban a duk faɗin kasuwancin daidai da harajin da aka ɗora da kuma yadda ake samun kuɗi. 

Akwai halaye iri -iri na irin wannan farashin carbon, kamar tsara tsarin alawus da ciniki da ke kwaikwayon hanyoyin waje kamar Tsarin Tarayyar Tarayyar Turai. Kudaden da aka tara ta wannan hanyar galibi an sake saka su cikin ayyukan dorewa da ayyukan rage carbon. 

Farashin inuwa

Farashin farashin Inuwa shine ka'ida ko tsinkayen farashin kowane ton na iskar carbon. Tare da hanyar farashin inuwa, ana ƙididdige farashin carbon a cikin ayyukan kasuwanci. Wannan na iya haɗawa da sake duba shari'ar kasuwanci, hanyoyin siye, ko haɓaka manufofin kasuwanci don nuna ƙimar carbon. Ana sanar da farashin da ya biyo baya ga manajoji ko masu ruwa da tsaki.

Yawanci, an saita farashin zuwa matakin da ke nuna ƙimar ƙimar carbon nan gaba. Farashin inuwa na hanyar carbon yana taimaka wa kasuwanci ya fahimci haɗarin carbon sannan ya tsara kansu kafin farashin inuwa ya zama ainihin farashin. Yana iya zama mafi sauƙi don aiwatar da farashin inuwa a cikin kasuwanci saboda babu canji ga takaddun sashi ko yarjejeniyar kuɗi.

Farashin da ba a bayyana ba

Farashin a fakaice ya dogara ne kan yawan kuɗin da kamfani ke kashewa don rage gurɓataccen iskar gas ko tsadar bin ƙa'idodin gwamnati. Misali, yana iya zama adadin da kamfani ke kashewa tushen makamashi mai sabuntawa

Farashin a bayyane yana taimaka wa 'yan kasuwa gano da rage waɗannan farashin da amfani da bayanan da aka samu don fahimtar sawun carbon ɗin su. Farashin carbon a bayyane na iya saita ma'auni kafin a hukumance gabatar da shirin farashin carbon na wasu kamfanoni.

Fa'idodin saita Farashin Carbon Ciki

Kafa farashin carbon na ciki na iya ba da fa'idodi masu mahimmanci. Sun hada da:

  • Yin shawarwari na carbon ya zama mai da hankali ga ayyukan kasuwanci. 
  • Yana kare kamfanin daga farashin carbon mai zuwa
  • Yana taimaka wa kamfani don ganowa da fahimtar haɗarin carbon da carbon a cikin kasuwancin
  • Fail-safes dabarun kasuwanci na gaba 
  • Yana samar da kuɗi don hanyoyin samar da makamashi mai sabuntawa
  • Yana haifar da sani a ciki da waje
  • Yana ba da mafita ga masu amfani da masu saka jari game da damuwar su canjin yanayi 
  • Rage iskar carbon

Farashin carbon na cikin gida na iya zama ingantacciyar kayan aikin rage haɗarin tare da fa'idodi da yawa a wajen ayyukan kamfanin, masu amfani, da muhalli. Idan aka haɗa su tare da sauran hanyoyin, kamfanoni za su taimaka inganta haɓaka canjin carbon ɗin sosai.

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edita

Babban edita shine Linda Hohnholz.

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