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Kariyar Black Rhino da ke cikin hatsari a Tanzaniya ta dauki sabon salo, na taimakawa yawon bude ido

Kariyar Black Rhino da ke cikin hatsari yana nufin kariyar yawon bude ido

Yankin Tsaro na Ngorongoro a Tanzania a wannan makon ya ƙaddamar da wata sabuwar hanyar kariya don ceton karkanda baƙar fata mafi hatsari a cikin tsarinta na kiyayewa da sauran yankin Gabashin Afirka. Hadin gwiwa tare da Ma'aikatar albarkatun kasa da yawon bude ido tare da tallafin fasaha daga Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS), Hukumar Kula da Yankin Ngorongoro (NCAA) yanzu tana kare yawan karkanda tare da alamomi na musamman da na'urorin lantarki don sa ido kan rediyo don sauƙaƙe bin sawu.

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  1. Za a yi wa karkanda goma alama a yankin kiyayewa zuwa wannan watan.
  2. Adadin karkanda da ke zaune a cikin ramin Ngorongoro ya haura 71, daga cikinsu akwai maza 22 da mata 49.
  3. Dukkan karkanda da ke zaune a Tanzania za a yi musu alama da lambobin da aka riga aka rubuta da harafin “U” don bambanta su da na makwabciyar Kenya, inda aka yi musu alama da harafin “V” gabanin lambar dabba ta mutum.

Lambobin hukuma da aka ware don karkanda a Ngorongoro a Tanzania sun fara daga 161 zuwa 260, in ji jami'an kiyayewa.

Za a sanya alamun ganewa na kunne na hagu da na dama na karkanda, yayin da za a gyara 4 daga cikin masu shayarwa na maza tare da na'urori don sa ido kan rediyo don sa ido kan motsin su yayin da suke wuce gona da iri.

Kariya ga waɗannan baƙaƙen raƙuman na Afirka a Ngorongoro na ci gaba a wannan lokacin da kwararrun masana ke fuskantar matsalolin da ke da alaƙa da haɓaka ayyukan ɗan adam a cikin wannan yanki na gado saboda girgiza yawan jama'ar da ke raba tsarinta da dabbobin daji.

Ajiye Rhino International, wata kungiyar bayar da agajin kiyaye muhalli da ke Burtaniya (UK), ta ce a cikin sabon rahotonta cewa akwai rhinos 29,000 kawai a duniya. Adadin su ya ragu matuka a cikin shekaru 20 da suka gabata.

Masu bincike daga Gidauniyar Sigfox sun dace da karkanda a jihohin kudancin Afirka tare da na'urori na musamman tare da firikwensin don bin diddigin motsin su don kubutar da su daga masu farauta, galibi daga kudu maso gabashin Asiya inda ake son ƙahon karkanda.

Ta hanyar bin dabbobin, masu binciken za su iya kare su daga masu farauta kuma su fi fahimtar halayensu don karewa, sannan musanya su don haifar da su, a cikin wuraren da aka kare kuma a ƙarshe kiyaye nau'in.

Gidauniyar Sigfox yanzu tana haɗin gwiwa tare da 3 daga cikin manyan ƙungiyoyin kiyaye namun daji na duniya don faɗaɗa tsarin bin diddigin karkanda tare da firikwensin.

Kashi na farko na gwajin bin sawun karkanda, wanda ake kira "Yanzu Rhino Speak," ya faru ne daga watan Yulin 2016 zuwa Fabrairu 2017 a yankunan da ke kare karkandawar daji 450 a Kudancin Afirka.

Afirka ta Kudu ta kasance gida ga kashi 80 na ragowar karkanda a duniya. Tare da yawan mutanen da mafarauta ke kashewa, akwai haɗarin gaske na rasa nau'in karkanda a cikin shekaru masu zuwa sai dai idan gwamnatocin Afirka sun ɗauki kwararan matakai na ceton waɗannan manyan dabbobi masu shayarwa, in ji masana na Rhino.

Bakin karkanda suna daga cikin dabbobin da aka fi kashewa da hatsari a Afirka tare da yawansu na raguwa cikin sauri.

Kiyayewar Rhino yanzu babbar manufa ce da masu rajin kare lafiyar ke nema don tabbatar da rayuwarsu a Afirka bayan farautar farauta wanda ya lalata adadinsu a shekarun da suka gabata.

Gandun Dajin Mkomazi a Tanzania yanzu shine wurin shakatawa na namun daji na farko a Gabashin Afirka na musamman da kwazo don yawon shakatawa na karkanda.

Yana kallon Dutsen Kilimanjaro zuwa arewa, da Tsavo West National Park a Kenya a gabas, Mkomazi National Park yana alfahari da tarin dabbobin daji da suka hada da nau'ikan dabbobi masu shayarwa fiye da 20 da wasu nau'in tsuntsaye 450.

Ta hanyar George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust, an sake dawo da karkannin baki cikin wani yanki mai tsananin kariya da shinge a cikin gandun dajin Mkomazi wanda yanzu ke kiyayewa da kiwon kiwo.

An karkata karkanda bakar fata na Afirka zuwa Mkomazi daga wasu wuraren shakatawa a Afirka da Turai. Bakin karkanda a Afirka sun kasance a cikin shekarun da suka gabata mafi yawan nau'in dabbobin da ake farautarsu da ke fuskantar babban haɗari ga bacewarsu saboda tsananin buƙata a Gabas ta Tsakiya.

Da yake rufe yanki mai nisan kilomita 3,245, Mkomazi National Park na daya daga cikin sabbin wuraren shakatawa na kasar Tanzania inda ake kare karnukan daji tare da baki karkanda. Masu yawon bude ido da suka ziyarci wannan wurin shakatawar na iya ganin karnukan daji wadanda aka kidaya su a cikin halittu masu hadari a Afirka.

A shekarun da suka gabata, karkanda bakaken fata sun kasance suna yawo ba tare da izini ba tsakanin tsarin halittun Mkomazi da Tsavo, wanda ya faro daga Tsavo West National Park a Kenya har zuwa gangaren Dutsen Kilimanjaro.

Rhinos na baƙar fata na Afirka asalinsu ne da ke zaune a jihohin Gabas da Kudancin Afirka. An rarrabe su azaman nau'in haɗari masu haɗari tare da aƙalla ƙananan nau'ikan 3 da Ƙungiyar Kula da Yanayi ta Duniya (IUCN) ta bayyana.

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