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Jirgin lantarki da bumblebees ba za su iya tashi ba

Jirgin sama na lantarki - kamar bumblebees?

Shekaru da yawa masu ilimin tauhidi sun tabbatar da cewa bumblebees ba za su iya tashi ba kuma sun fusata ƙwarai da cewa sun ci gaba da tashi ta wata hanya - ta amfani da lissafin daban -daban. Yawancin abu ɗaya yana faruwa tare da madaidaicin fitilar batirin-lantarki. An yi tsammanin ba za su yiwu ba, amma sama da ɗari suna can tare da kusan 1000 akan tsari.

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  1. Waɗannan ƙanana ne don haka basa ma buƙatar sabon ƙa'idar tashi.
  2. Suna kawai kwafa hanyar Tesla tare da motoci a ƙasa.
  3. A cikin rahoton IDTechEx, “Jirgin Jirgin Sama Mai Jirgin Sama: Smart City da Yankin 2021-2041,” waɗannan jiragen saman da aka gyara na lantarki da kuma nazarin sabon tsayin madaidaicin tashin wutar lantarki da saukar jiragen saman fasali an yi cikakken bayani.

Mai watsa shirye -shiryen ƙaramin ci gaba yawanci yana ƙaruwa. Abubuwan haɓakawa 10% biyu suna amfana da 21% kuma zaɓin haɓaka yana da yawa. Mutane ba daidai ba suna tunanin cewa Tesla yana samun madaidaicin rikodin daga mafi kyawun baturi, amma daidai yana da mahimmanci a kiyaye batirin kusa da iyakarsa, yana kawar da dubban sassa, da sauran cikakkun bayanai. Range ya fi dacewa da ƙaramin jirgi saboda kewayon abu ne mai aminci, don haka masu tuƙin jirgin sama suma suna neman fa'idar jan 0.2, suna kawar da kilomita ɗaya na kebul, ɗaruruwan sassa, da injinan da ba su da inganci da wutar lantarki.

Dangane da gaskiya, masu naysayers na ƙananan jirgin sama na lantarki yanzu sun mai da hankalin su zuwa babba jirgin sama na lantarki da tashi tsaye ba zai yiwu ba. Suna da wata ma'ana, saboda a halin yanzu muna cikin lokacin wauta inda yawancin shawarwarin da ba su dace ba suna jan hankalin kuɗi daga masu saka hannun jari da ke fatan Tesla na gaba. Masu ilimin tauhidi sun yi daidai don nuna cewa ƙirar guda ɗaya tare da maɗauri a kan kowane reshe na reshe kuma babu abin da ke tsakanin zai fado kansa daga sama lokacin da mutum ya gaza. Sun yi daidai don yin taka tsantsan cewa tare da ɓangarorin da ake da su a halin yanzu, VTOL masu yawa da yawa suna fadowa daga cikin sama a cikin mintuna 60 daga tashin - babu walƙiya kuma ba ma yin jigilar parachute a wancan tsayi. An yi tambayar tattalin arzikin taksi na birni daidai a cikin rahoton, "Taksin Jirgin Sama: Jirgin Sama Mai Ragewa da Jirgin Sama 2021-2041."  

Mutane da yawa suna jujjuyawa zuwa VTOL tare da tsayayyun fuka -fuki, don haka suna iya tashi kamar jirgin sama na yau da kullun mafi yawan lokuta, jimre tsawon lokaci, kuma, a wasu lokuta, yawo cikin gaggawa. Misali guda ɗaya shine farawa na Burtaniya Vertical Aerospace yana iyo akan dala biliyan 2.2 bayan Virgin Atlantic da American Airlines suna ba da umarni ga 1,000 na VTOL na tsayayyen reshe-dala biliyan da yawa duk da babu wani abu a cikin iska.

Bambance -bambancen jirage masu saukar ungulu sun kasance mafi inganci a cikin jirgin sama na tsaye amma ba tare da m thrusters da kwanciyar hankali a cikin iska. Suna taimakawa wajen gina gine-gine masu tsayi, suna shawagi na awa ɗaya a lokaci guda. Babu VTOL baturi da zai iya yin hakan: dole ne su magance ƙananan kasuwancin kasuwanci.

Komawa tare da tashin jirgin sama na yau da kullun da saukar jirgin sama mai tsayayye, akwai lissafin kamar bumblebee da ke gargadin cewa babu ɗayan shirye-shiryen 8- zuwa 100 na kujerun da aka yi alkawari don 2026-2030. Suna amfani da madaidaitan madaidaiciya saboda 2 suna amfani da ƙa'idar daban ta tasirin ƙasa kuma wasu da yawa suna amfani da sabon ƙa'idar rarraba DT, wanda ya haɗa da masu siyarwa da yawa tare da reshe. DT yana nufin rarrabawa tare da dunƙule da babban adadin nauyi, sarari, farashin kayan, ja, da tsawon titin jirgin sama. Ƙididdigar NASA da DLR da gwaje -gwaje suna tallafawa wannan. United Airlines yana shirin kaddamar da jirgin sama mai amfani da wutar lantarki nan da shekarar 2026.

Masu naysayers kuma ba daidai ba ne saboda sun yi watsi da tsarin “kowane ɗan ƙaramin taimako” ga babban jirgin sama. Misali, jirgin sama na yanki na yau da ke gurɓatawa yana da nisan kilomita 30 na wayoyi da talauci mai jan hankali amma wanda aka haifa da wutar lantarki kamar Tesla ne. Yankin Tesla yana zuwa sosai daga birki na farfadowa kuma kwatankwacin jirgin sama shine masu jujjuyawar juyawa akan zuriya da ƙafafun da ke farfadowa a saukowa. Lallai, ƙafafun da ke da ƙarfi na iya yin taksi na jirgin sama na lantarki da tashi sama mafi inganci.  

Bari mu bincika misali ɗaya. Bye Aerospace yana da umarni sama da 720- sama da dala miliyan 250, tare da isar da kayan aikin da za a fara- daga makarantu masu tashi da masu jigilar taksi don jiragen batirin 2 da 4 da za ku iya gwada tashi a yau. Kwanan nan ta ba da sanarwar jirgin fasinja na lantarki mai fasinja 8 a kan irin wannan “mafi ƙarancin jimlar kuɗin-mallakar”, amma an sanar da nisan 500 nm (wanda aka ɗora) ya dogara da haɗin gwiwa tare da Oxis Energy don sabon batir. Masu naysayers sun yi murmushi lokacin da Oxis da sauri ya hau ciki. Koyaya, babban LGChem yana kan irin wannan lokacin don samar da irin wannan batir kuma, kamar Tesla, Bye bai taɓa dogara da batir ɗaya ba. Suna yin aikin guntun kan duk ƙananan haɓakawa. Waɗannan fannoni na ƙayyadaddun bayanai suna bayyana wasu daga cikin wannan da ma fasalullukan aminci da yawa har ma da doguwar tafiya, tsarin autolanding na gaggawa da parachute na jirgin sama.  

Wannan ƙirar eFlyer 800 gaba ɗaya sabuwa ce daga tip zuwa wutsiya. Ingantaccen aikin iska ya ninka sau biyu na jirgin sama na turboprop na gado mai kama da girman-babban ƙarfin tsarin gabaɗaya tare da ingantaccen injin motsi tare da jan sanyi mai sanyi, injin lantarki mai fuka-fuki guda biyu kowannensu yana da iska mai jujjuyawa biyu da fakitin baturi. Ana ba da ƙaramin ƙaramin ƙaramin dama daga ƙarin ƙarfin wutar lantarki na hasken rana (wataƙila matakin tauraron dan adam da suka gwada-yana samar da wutar lantarki na motocin rana da jiragen sama na yau) da taksi na lantarki.

Jet It, da JetClub, kamfanoni 'yan'uwa' yan'uwa mata masu juna biyu a Arewacin Amurka da Turai bi da bi, sun rattaba hannu kan yarjejeniyar siyan biliyoyin daloli don jirgin saman eFlyer 800. Bugu da kari, L3Harris Technologies da Bye Aerospace sun rattaba hannu kan wata yarjejeniya don haɓaka duk wutar lantarki, bambance-bambancen manufa da yawa waɗanda za su ba da hankali, sa ido, da damar bincike (ISR).

A yanzu, Bye Aerospace ba ta yin bumblebee tare da sabon ƙa'idar tashi, amma tana iya ƙara motsawar rarrabuwa a lokacin zaɓin ta. A halin yanzu, duk jirgin da ke amfani da batir yana hawa da sauri fiye da gurɓatattun waɗanda ake turawa kamar yadda Teslas ke hanzarta sauri. Kawai yi hankali game da faɗi cewa babu kasuwancin lantarki-baturi-ko jirgin sama na yanki na iya tashi. Akwai kumburin kumbure yana murmushi daga sama.    

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Linda Hohnholz, editan eTN

Linda Hohnholz tana rubuce-rubuce da gyara labarai tun farkon fara aikinta. Ta yi amfani da wannan sha'awar a wurare kamar su Hawaii Pacific University, Chaminade University, da Hawaii's Discovery Center, da yanzu TravelNewsGroup.

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