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Ugandaasar Uganda da ke Kula da Kasuwancin Dabbobin ta Hanyar lantarki, Tanadin Yawon Bude Ido

Uganda Mai Daidaita Kasuwancin Dabbobin daji

Ma'aikatar yawon bude ido, namun daji da kayan tarihi na Uganda a yau, 29 ga Yuli, 2021, ta ƙaddamar da tsarin ba da izini na lantarki na farko don daidaita kasuwanci a cikin dabbobin daji da samfuran namun daji a cikin ƙasar.

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  1. A ƙarƙashin taken "Ƙarfafa Dokar Ciniki ta Dabbobin daji," tsarin ba da izinin lantarki yana da nufin sarrafa kasuwancin doka a cikin dabbobin daji da hana cinikin samfuran da ba bisa ƙa'ida ba.
  2. An cika wannan ta hanyar izinin lantarki da lasisi don kasuwanci (shigowa, fitarwa, da sake fitarwa) a cikin samfura.
  3. An jera waɗannan samfuran a cikin Yarjejeniyar Ciniki ta Duniya a Dabbobin Dabbobin Dabbobi da Dabbobi na Ƙarshe (CITES).

Yanzu Uganda ta zama ƙasa ta farko a Gabashin Afirka kuma ta 8 a nahiyar Afirka don haɓaka tsarin ba da izinin CITES na lantarki.

Mutanen Amurka ne suka ba da tallafin haɓaka tsarin ba da izinin lantarki a ƙarƙashin Hukumar Kula da Ƙasashen Duniya ta Amurka (USAID)/Uganda Combating Wildlife Crime (CWC) ta hannun Ƙungiyar Kula da Dabbobin daji (WCS) tare da haɗin gwiwar Ma'aikatar yawon buɗe ido, Dabbobin daji da kayan tarihi.

Dakta Barirega Akankwasah, PhD, Kwamishinan Kula da namun daji da mukaddashin Darakta na Ma’aikatar yawon bude ido da namun daji da kayayyakin tarihi (MTWA) ne suka jagoranci kaddamar da shirin, a cikin wani tsari na kan layi da na zahiri. Wadanda suka halarci taron sun hada da Ministan yawon shakatawa na namun daji da kayan tarihi, Honourable Tom Butime, wanda ya jagoranci kaddamar da shirin; babban sakatarensa, Doreen Katusiime; Jakadan Amurka a Uganda, Ambasada Natalie E. Brown; kuma Shugaban Tarayyar Turai a cikin Uganda, Ambasada Attilio Pacifici. Haruko Okusu, Shugaban Shirin, ya sami damar wakiltar Sakatariyar CITES kusan.

Da yake jawabi a wajen taron, Ambasada Brown ya yi karin haske kan ayyukan da USAID ke tallafawa don yakar cinikin dabbobin daji ba bisa ka’ida ba da suka hada da Sashin Canine a Karuma Wildlife Reserve, inda ake horar da karnuka da kayan aiki don katse kayayyakin namun daji a yankin. 

Jakada Pacifici ya yi tir da lalata gandun dajin da suka hada da Bugoma ga sukari na kasuwanci da Hoima Sugar Limited da Forest Zoka ke samarwa ga masu gungumen azaba da wakilan EU suka ziyarta a watan Nuwamba na 2020 kuma suka rubuta lalata ta hanyar hotunan tauraron dan adam. Gandun Bugoma wuri ne ga Mangabey na Uganda, kuma dajin Zoka wuri ne na musamman ga Flying Squirrel. Duk dazuzzukan sun kasance a tsakiyar wani kamfen mai ɗorewa a kan katako na masu satar filaye da almundahana a manyan ofisoshi.

Haruko Okusu, sakatariyar CITES, ya lura cewa “… Izini yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan kayan aikin sa ido kan kasuwanci a cikin nau'ikan CITES da ke da mahimmanci don fahimtar ƙimar cinikin CITES. Tsarin Uganda yana neman tabbatar da kowane mataki na sarkar tsarewa. ”

Dokta Barirega ya ba da tarihin CITES da sa hannun Uganda na gaba wanda ya haɗa da fassarar Shafi na I, na II, da na III ga jerin sunayen Yarjejeniyar wanda ke ba da matakai daban-daban ko nau'ikan kariya daga yawan amfani.

Ya ce, a matsayin Hukumar Kula da CITES, Ma'aikatar yawon bude ido, namun daji da kayan tarihi na Uganda an ba da umarnin tabbatar da kasuwanci a cikin jerin sunayen CITES da sauran nau'in namun daji ya dore da doka. Ana yin wannan tsakanin wasu hanyoyin ta hanyar bayar da izinin CITES bisa shawarar Hukumar Kula da namun daji ta Uganda don dabbobin daji; Ma'aikatar Aikin Gona, Masana'antar Dabbobi da Kifi don kifin kifin; da Ma'aikatar Ruwa da Muhalli ga tsirrai na asalin daji. Hakkin hukumomin kimiyya ne na CITES don tabbatar da cewa kasuwanci, musamman nau'in dabbobi ko tsirrai, ba ya cutar da rayuwarsu ta nau'in a cikin daji.

Har zuwa yanzu, Yuganda kamar sauran ƙasashe da yawa suna amfani da tsarin takaddar takarda da bayar da izini, wanda zai iya zama mai haɗari ga jabu, yana ɗaukar ƙarin lokaci don aiwatarwa da tabbatarwa, kuma a zuwan COVID-19, motsi na takardu na iya zama haɗari ga watsa cututtuka. Tare da tsarin lantarki, wurare daban-daban na CITES da hukumomin tilasta bin doka za su iya tabbatar da izini nan take kuma raba bayanai na ainihi akan cinikin namun daji. Wannan zai hana cinikin dabbobin daji ba bisa ka’ida ba wanda ke barazana ga yawan wasu daga cikin fitattun dabbobin daji kamar giwaye, ta yadda zai lalata kudaden shigar yawon bude ido na Uganda da tsaron kasa.

Joward Baluku, Jami’in kula da namun daji a ma’aikatar yawon bude ido, namun daji da kayan tarihi, ya nuna tsarin kan layi yana nuna yadda mutum zai yi shiga takardun shaidarsu ta hanyar mahada akan gidan yanar gizon Ma'aikatar yawon shakatawa na namun daji da kayan tarihi wanda ke ɗaukar mai nema ta hanyar tsarin rajista kafin a tabbatar da su kuma a tabbatar da su.

Hukumar Raya Kasashen Duniya ta Amurka (USAID)/Uganda Combatating Wildlife Crime (CWC) aiki ne na shekaru 5 (13 ga Mayu, 2020-12 ga Mayu, 2025) wanda Kungiyar Kare Dabbobi (WCS) ta aiwatar tare da hadin gwiwar abokan ciki har da Gidauniyar Dabbobi ta Afirka (AWF), Cibiyar Kula da Albarkatun Albarkatun Noma (NRCN), da The Royal United Services Institute (RUSI). Manufar aikin ita ce rage laifukan namun daji a Uganda ta hanyar ƙarfafa ƙarfin masu ruwa da tsaki na CWC don ganowa, hanawa, da gurfanar da laifukan namun daji ta hanyar haɗin gwiwa tare da jami'an tsaro da hukumomin tilasta bin doka, USAID masu aiwatar da abokan hulɗa, kamfanoni masu zaman kansu, da al'ummomin da ke zaune kusa da su. zuwa wuraren kariya.

An rattaba hannu kan Yarjejeniyar Ciniki ta Kasa da Kasa a Dabbobin Dabbobin daji da Flora (CITES) a ranar 3 ga Maris, 1973, kuma ta fara aiki ranar 1 ga Yuli, 1975. Babban taron ya shafi cinikayyar kasa da kasa a cikin samfuran nau'ikan da aka zaɓa don izini ta hanyar tsarin lasisi. . Uganda, wata ƙungiya ce ta babban taron tun daga ranar 16 ga Oktoba, 1991, ta ayyana Ma'aikatar yawon buɗe ido, namun daji da kayan tarihi a matsayin Hukumar Gudanar da CITES don gudanar da tsarin bayar da lasisi da daidaita aiwatar da CITES a Uganda. Uganda ta kuma ayyana hukumar kula da namun daji ta Uganda; Ma'aikatar Ruwa da Muhalli; da Ma'aikatar Aikin Noma, Masana'antar Dabbobi da Kifi za su zama CITES Hukumomin Kimiyya ga dabbobin daji, shuke -shuken daji, da kifayen kayan ado bi da bi don bayar da shawarwarin kimiyya kan illolin ciniki kan kiyaye jinsuna a cikin daji. 

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