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Me yasa dukkan 'yan Costa Rica' Yan ƙasa ne da Zaɓi?

Nicaragua, Costa Rica duk suna raba tarihin ranar Guanacaste ta yau, wacce aka fi so ga baƙi da mazauna Costa Rica.

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Tarayyar Amurka ta Tsakiya na murnar ranar Guanacaste

  1. Mulkin Mutanen Espanya a tsakiyar Amurka ya ƙare a 1812 bayan Yaƙin Independence na Mexico. A cikin 1824, Costa Rica ta kasance cikin yankin Jamhuriyar Tarayyar Amurka ta Tsakiya, tare da wasu jihohi kamar El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, da Nicaragua.
  2. Ranar Guanacaste hutu ce ta jama'a a Costa Rica, wacce aka yi bikin ranar 25 ga Yuli. A wani yunƙuri na nufin farfado da ɓangaren yawon buɗe ido bayan barkewar cutar COVID-19, za a koma wannan hutu zuwa Litinin mai zuwa daga 2022 zuwa gaba
  3. Har ila yau an san shi da '' Haɗawar Ranar Nicoya '' (La Anexión del Partido de Nicoya), wannan ranar alama ce ta haɗa Guanacaste a cikin 1824 lokacin da lardin ya zama wani ɓangare na Costa Rica.

Yankin Guanacaste ya kasance wani ɓangare na Nicaragua kuma yana iyaka da arewacin Costa Rica. A cikin manyan biranen Guanacaste guda uku, an gudanar da tarurrukan tattaunawa kan sauyawa daga Nicaragua zuwa Costa Rica. An kira kuri'ar raba gardama don yanke hukunci kan abin da za a yi. A zaben raba gardamar, Nicoya da Santa Cruz sun zabi eh don shiga Costa Rica, yayin da Liberia ta zabi ta zauna da Nicaragua. Sakamakon gaba ɗaya ya goyi bayan haɗewar Costa Rica.

Jamhuriyar Tarayyar Amurka ta Tsakiya ta zartar da dokar kuma ta sanya hannu a kan Yuli 25th 1824, yana ba lardin Guanacaste damar zama wani ɓangare na yankin Costa Rican.

Kowace shekara, Yuli 25, baƙo zai lura da ɗan abu kaɗan daban-daban yana faruwa. Yaran makaranta ba sa makaranta. An rufe bankuna, ofisoshin gwamnati, da sauran wuraren kasuwanci. Mutane - musamman kananan yara - suna sanye da kayan sawa hankula dress (riguna na al'ada, yawanci na ja, fari, da shuɗi iri -iri).

Asiri, warwarewa: Yau ita ce “Ranar Guanacaste” ko fiye da yadda aka saba, bikin “la Anexión del Partido de Nicoya” (the “Haɗa Guanacaste").

Hutun yana da girma musamman a cikin Tamarindo, saboda muna cikin lardin Guanacaste - cibiyar cibiyar bikin ranar. Wancan ya ce, Ranar Guanacaste babban hutu ne a duk ƙasar Costa Rica, kuma ba kawai a Guanacaste ba: Yau hutu ce ta hukuma a duk larduna bakwai. Yau tana girmama ranar da tsibirin mu - lardin yanzu - ya zama wani ɓangare na Costa Rica. Yau rana ce ta murna.

Duk Ya Fara Karni Na Farko…

Yau ba yau take farawa ba amma shekaru da yawa da suka gabata - ƙarni da suka gabata, a zahiri, lokacin da Spain ta fara mulkin mallaka yankin da yanzu muka sani da Amurka ta Tsakiya. Tsakanin 1500s (mulkin mallaka) da farkon 1800s ('yancin kai), Amurka ta Tsakiya ta ƙunshi lardunan Spain da yawa. Irin waɗannan larduna guda biyu: Lardin Costa Rica da Lardin Nicaragua.

A wannan lokacin, da Partido de Nicoya - yankin da a yau, ya mamaye kusan dukkanin lardin Guanacaste na Costa Rica - mai jujjuya biyayya ga lardunan Costa Rica da Nicaragua. The wasa Har ila yau, ya tsunduma cikin ikon cin gashin kansa na siyasa - ba shakka, koyaushe tare da yin babban biyayya ga babban birnin Spain na Amurka ta Tsakiya a Guatemala.

A cikin ƙarni uku, da Partido de Nicoya ya haɓaka alaƙar tattalin arziki da kasuwanci tare da lardin Costa Rica. Don haka, a cikin 1812, lokacin da Spain ta kira wakilan larduna don halartar Cortes de Cádiz (Kotunan Cadiz), Nicoya ya zaɓi aika wakilinsu tare da ƙungiyar Costa Rican. An haifi ƙawancen hukuma.

Kasa da shekaru goma bayan haka, a cikin 1821, Amurka ta Tsakiya ta zama mai zaman kanta daga Spain. Ya zuwa 1824, Amurka ta Tsakiya ta kafa ƙasa mai cin gashin kanta, the República Federal de Centroamérica, in ba haka ba da aka sani da Tarayyar Tarayyar Amurka ta Tsakiya.

Guanacaste: Zabi mai zaman kansa

The Partido de Nicoya ya kasance lokacin juyawa: Shin za su shiga Tarayyar Amurka ta Tsakiya ta Amurka a matsayin wani yanki na lardin Nicaragua mai cin gashin kanta, ko kuma a zaman wani yanki na Costa Rica mai cin gashin kanta?

A lokacin, Nicaragua ya fuskanci tashin hankali da rikicin siyasa. Costa Rica, a ɗaya ɓangaren, ta fi zaman lafiya. Bugu da ƙari, alaƙar kasuwanci tsakanin Costa Rica da ƙasar wasa sun kasance masu ƙarfi (kuma suna ƙaruwa da ƙarfi).

Amma ba shakka, abubuwa ba su kasance a sarari ba: Akwai alaƙar siyasa da zamantakewa ga larduna biyu masu zaman kansu. Don haka, lokacin da Costa Rica ta ba da goron gayyata ta siyasa Partido de NicoyaNicoya ta yi kira da a kada kuri'a.

Manyan biranen Nicoya uku - Villa de Guanacaste (yanzu Laberiya), Nicoya, da Santa Cruz - sun shafe watanni da yawa a cikin 1824, suna tattauna yuwuwar hakan. A ƙarshe, Nicoya da Santa Cruz sun zaɓi eh: The Partido de Nicoya za ta haɗu da Costa Rica.

Kwanan wata shine Yuli 25, 1824.

Bikin Salama

Tutar Costa Rica

A yau, Costa Rica tana wakiltar zaman lafiya da dimokuraɗiyya

Don haka a yau da kowane 25 ga Yuli, a cikin Costa Rica, muna yin bikin yanki yanke shawara cikin lumana (da dimokuradiyya) don shiga cikin ƙasarmu mai zaman lafiya (da demokraɗiyya).

Yana da jin da za ku ji a ko'ina kuma sau da yawa: “de la patria por nuestra son rai ” - "Costa Rican ta zabi." Mu ne Costa Rica saboda mun zaɓi zama haka, kuma muna farin ciki da zaɓin. Sabili da haka, a yau, tabbas za ku ji da yawa music, ga kadan wasan wuta, kuma kaɗa ƙafarka zuwa wasu rawar gargajiya. Idan kun yi sa'a, za ku iya kama a farati.

Kuma yayin da kuke kan hakan, kar ku manta da kama hannun da aka sa hannu tortilla da gilashin ruwan tamarind. Suna al'adar Guanacaste mai alfahari!

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Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
Ya kafa eTurboNews a cikin 1999 azaman wasiƙar farko ta yanar gizo don masana'antar yawon shakatawa ta duniya.

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