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Balaguron Yawon Bude Ido na 2021: An Naushe Gut

Jirgin Ruwa na Caribbean

Kasashen da suka fi dogara da yawon buɗe ido a duniya sun haɗa da Aruba, Antigua, Barbuda, Bahamas, St. Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, Barbados, St. Vincent, da Grenadines, St. Kitts da Nevis, Jamaica, Belize, Tsibirin Cayman , da Jamhuriyar Dominican (iadb.org). Ga waɗannan tsibiran, yawon shakatawa na ƙasashe shine tushen tattalin arzikin su kuma ya narke cikin dare ɗaya.

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Lokacin da COVID ya tayar da mummunan kan sa akan jiragen ruwa, masu gudanar da aikin suna bacci akan ƙafa.
  1. Batutuwan yawon shakatawa, waɗanda da za a iya lalata su da magance su a farkon matakan su an ba su damar girma da kai hari ga duk duniya.
  2. Har zuwa yau, layin jirgin ruwa da shuwagabannin yawon bude ido, ofisoshin gwamnati, da zababbun jami'ai kan ki ɗaukar alhakin sakacin su.
  3. Yawancin wadanda ke kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen ruwa ko masana'antar yawon bude ido ba su taba ba da uzuri ba saboda rashin kula da gaskiya da kimiyya da kuma “kai a cikin yashi” ga kula da kungiyoyin su da jin dadin fasinjoji da ma'aikatan jirgin.

Dogaro da Yawon shakatawa

The rugujewar rushewa ya samo asali ne daga cikakkiyar gazawar Caribbean don rarrabe ayyukan tattalin arzikin ta da kuma hangen nesa na albarkatun ta. Wannan shine ɗayan mafi ƙarancin wurare a duniya tare da yawon buɗe ido yana lissafin kashi 14 na GDP a cikin 2019, mafi yawan kowane yanki. Kasashen LAC suna cikin mafi yawan rikice-rikice a duniya kuma bala'o'i sun fi kama ayyukan yau da kullun maimakon girgiza ko abubuwan mamaki. Abin sabo, duk da haka, shine babban bala'i mai ban tsoro da sauri mai ban tsoro da juriya wanda coronavirus ya shafi tushen tattalin arziƙin waɗannan wuraren. 

Fitowa daga tilasta bacci, baƙunci, tafiye -tafiye, da shuwagabannin yawon buɗe ido waɗanda suka tsira daga mummunan barkewar cutar yanzu an bar su da babban aiki na yaye masana'antar daga tallafin rayuwa da kuma kula da ita zuwa lafiya.

Kamar duk wanda ya yi rashin lafiya - akwai buƙatar ɗaukar matakai (sau da yawa matakan jariri), don ƙaura daga rashin lafiya zuwa lafiya. Idan marasa lafiya sun yi sa'a, abokai, dangi, da kyakkyawar shawara daga masu binciken Google na kan layi za su ba da hanyoyi don murmurewa. Marasa lafiya na iya yin tuntuɓe da ja da baya kaɗan, amma tare da ƙyalli da ƙuduri, za su murmure kuma su kasance a shirye don faɗa.

Gut An Hana

A cewar Bankin Raya Kasashen Amurka (IDB) cutar COVID-19 ya haifar da koma bayan tattalin arziki mafi muni a Latin Amurka da Caribbean a cikin shekaru dari biyu. Bayan wahalar tattalin arziki shine tasirin barkewar cutar a cikin al'ummar yankin da tsarin kiwon lafiya. Kodayake yankin yana wakiltar kashi 8 cikin ɗari na yawan mutanen duniya amma ya ba da rahoton kashi 28 na duk mutuwar (atlanticcouncil.org).

Ko kafin cutar ta bulla, babban aikin tattalin arzikin yankin ya kasance mafi muni a duniya wanda ke auna ci gaban kashi 0.1 cikin ɗari na babban abin cikin gida (GDP) a lokacin 2019. Tsakanin 2013 da 2019, GDP na Latin Amurka da Caribbean ya kai kashi 0.8 cikin ɗari da yankin bai taba samun ci gaban tattalin arziki mai dorewa ba.

Kasashen sun kasu kashi -kashi ta fuskar samun dama ga kayayyakin gwamnati da na masu zaman kansu, tun daga damar tattalin arziƙi da ilimi zuwa kiwon lafiya da tsabtace/amintacciyar muhallin da ya haifar da mummunan aiki ta hanyar manyan ayyukan yau da kullun, ƙarancin saka hannun jari (kashi 16 cikin ɗari na GDP), idan aka kwatanta da sauran yankuna, kuma wannan yana tasiri kan yawan aiki, bidi'a da ƙirƙirar aikin yi na yau da kullun (cepal.org, 2020).

Daga rufe filayen jirgin sama da ƙuntatawa kan tafiye -tafiye ga masu amfani, isowar masu yawon buɗe ido na Caribbean sun faɗi da kashi 67 cikin ɗari a shekarar 2020 bisa ga bayanan Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, IMF ta ƙudura cewa zaman otal na shekara -shekara ya faɗi da kashi 70, kuma balaguron jirgin ruwa ya daina tsayawa. 

Duk da shirye -shiryen allurar rigakafin cutar da raguwar takunkumin hana zirga -zirga a hankali, murmurewa na Caribbean yana yin sannu a hankali yana tilasta Asusun Ba da Lamuni na Duniya (IMF) ya rage girman ci gaban da aka yi hasashe na 2021 daga kashi 4.0 zuwa kashi 2.4 cikin ɗari na yankin. An sami aƙalla 38,789,000 da aka ba da rahoton kamuwa da cuta da 1,310,000 da aka ba da rahoton mutuwar coronavirus labari a Latin Amurka da Caribbean (graphics.reuters.com). Daga cikin kowace cuta 100 da aka ba da rahoton ƙarshe a duniya, kusan 26 aka ruwaito daga ƙasashe a Latin Amurka da Caribbean. Yankin a halin yanzu yana ba da rahoton sabbin cututtukan guda miliyan kusan kowane kwana 8 kuma ya ba da rahoton sama da 38,789,999 tun bayan barkewar cutar.

Rage masu yawon buɗe ido ya tilasta wa masana'antar rage aikin yi - wanda, a yankin da yawon buɗe ido ke ɗaukar ayyuka miliyan 2.8 (kusan kashi 15 na jimlar aikin). Wannan babbar matsala ce ta tattalin arziki. A cikin duka, Caribbean ta rasa ayyuka sama da miliyan 2 sakamakon barkewar cutar (Kungiyar Kwadago ta Duniya), da yawa a bangaren yawon bude ido.

Yayin da ƙasashen LAC ke fuskantar sabbin raƙuman ruwa na coronavirus yayin jinkirin kamfen na allurar rigakafi, murmurewa zai yi wahala. Manyan kadarori sun rufe: A cikin Jamhuriyar Dominican, wurin shakatawa na Excellence Punta Cana 400; a Jamaica, Half Moon Hotel Jamaica (400); a St. Kitts, mai dakin 50 Ocean Terrace Inn.

A gefe guda Sandals Resorts tare da rairayin bakin teku masu Ruwa sun ci gaba da talla, suna haɓaka tsarin nasu na rigakafi da amincin yawon shakatawa da ƙa'idodin kiwon lafiya. Sakamakon ya kasance mafi kyawun adadin mazaunin a duk lokacin rikicin, dangane da amincin masu amfani da aka haɓaka ta hanyar kamfen na kai hare -hare.
Sandals da Resorts Resorts sun yi alkawarin hutu ba tare da damuwa ba kuma sun sami damar cika wannan alkawari zuwa yanzu.

Ba zai yiwu yawon shakatawa ya sake dawowa ba har sai yankin ya shawo kan cutar. A halin yanzu, Kungiyar Kiwon Lafiya ta Amurka ta gano cewa duniya tana cikin tsakiyar barkewar cutar, kuma kwayar cutar ta ci gaba da tsallake tsibiri a cikin Caribbean inda adadin kararraki na yau da kullun ke tashi, kuma gwamnatocin Caribbean masu bashi suna da albarkatu kaɗan don ci gaba da tattalin arzikin su. .

Ministan yawon bude ido na Jamaica, Edmund Barlett ya kalli babban al'amarin da idon duniya kuma ya mallaki matsalar. Ya ba da damar Jamaica ta ba da gudummawa ga mafita kuma ta sa muryar Caribbean ta ji da ƙarfi. Jamaica ta zama gidan Resilience na Duniya da Cibiyar Gudanar da Rikici tare da rassa a Malta, Nepal, Kenya, kuma ba da daɗewa ba kuma Saudi Arabia. Bartlett ya fada eTurboNews, cewa yana farin ciki game da sake dawowa cikin lambobin zuwan baƙi na yanzu.

Tsawon Lokaci

Rashin aikin yi a fannin yawon bude ido yana shafar kusan duka matasa, mata, da ma'aikata marasa ilimi don haka yana ƙara talauci da rashin daidaito. Rashin banbance -banbance da ɗorewa kuma yana ba da sanarwar rufe kasuwancin da fatarar kuɗi tsakanin otal, wuraren shakatawa, da sauran sassan da ke da alaƙa da ayyukan yawon buɗe ido (watau gidajen abinci, kantin sayar da kaya, masu yawon shakatawa, direbobin taksi). Tare da raguwar tashin jirgin sama da ci gaba da rikice -rikice tare da yanke shawara/tafi babu yanke shawara a sashin layin jirgin ruwa, abokan hulɗar masana'antu da ke dogaro da fasinjojin jirgin ruwa ba su da mafita idan an soke jiragen na dindindin ko koma zuwa wasu wurare.

Ramin Kudi          

Yankin Caribbean yana wanzu akan bashi. Kodayake ƙungiyar kuɗi ta ƙasa da ƙasa ta buɗe jakar kuɗi na gama gari don biyan buƙatun kashe kuɗin jama'a a yankin, tallafin ya kasance takobi mai kaifi biyu; an rage matsin lamba na ɗan lokaci amma ƙasashe da yawa yanzu suna fuskantar ƙalubale yayin da ake samun ƙarancin gibin kasafin kuɗi da aro ya zama da wahala kuma rikicin ya ci gaba.

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Game da marubucin

Dr. Elinor Garely - na musamman ne ga eTN kuma edita a babban, wines.travel

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