Yawon Bude Ido na Cikin Gida Na Ci gaba da Haɓakawa Yayinda Balaguro Na Internationalasashen Duniya ke Ci Gaba

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Yawon Bude Ido na Cikin Gida Na Ci gaba da Haɓakawa Yayinda Balaguro Na Internationalasashen Duniya ke Ci Gaba
Yawon Bude Ido na Cikin Gida Na Ci gaba da Haɓakawa Yayinda Balaguro Na Internationalasashen Duniya ke Ci Gaba
Written by Harry Johnson

Tsakanin Janairu da Mayu, masu zuwa yawon bude ido na duniya sun kasance kashi 85% ƙasa da matakan 2019.

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  • Asashen duniya sun yi ƙarancin masu zuwa ƙasashen duniya miliyan 147 idan aka kwatanta da daidai wannan lokacin na 2020.
  • Trendaramar ci gaba zuwa sama ta bayyana yayin da wasu wurare suka fara sauƙaƙa ƙuntatawa kuma ƙwarin gwiwar mabukaci ya ɗan tashi kaɗan.
  • Yawon bude ido na duniya yana tafiya a hankali, kodayake murmurewa yana da rauni sosai kuma bai daidaita ba.

Babban rikici a tarihin yawon bude ido ya ci gaba zuwa shekara ta biyu. Tsakanin Janairu da Mayu, masu zuwa yawon bude ido na ƙasashen duniya sun kasance 85% ƙasa da matakan 2019 (ko raguwa 65% a 2020), bayanan kwanan nan sun nuna.

Duk da ƙaramin tashin hankali a watan Mayu, fitowar Covid-19 bambance-bambancen karatu da ci gaba da sanya takunkumi suna yin nauyi kan dawo da tafiye-tafiye na ƙasashen waje. A halin yanzu, yawon shakatawa na cikin gida na ci gaba da sake dawowa a sassan duniya da yawa.

Bayanai na baya-bayan nan sun nuna cewa a cikin watannin biyar na farkon shekara, kasashen duniya sun yi karancin masu zuwa kasa da kasa miliyan 147 (baƙi na dare) idan aka kwatanta da na wannan shekarar ta 2020, ko kuma miliyan 460 ƙasa da shekara ta rigakafin shekarar 2019. Amma, bayanan yana nuna ƙaramin sauyi a cikin watan Mayu, tare da masu zuwa sun ragu da 82% (a tsakanin Mayu 2019), bayan faɗuwa da kashi 86% a watan Afrilu. Wannan ɗan yanayin da yake zuwa sama ya bayyana yayin da wasu wurare suka fara sauƙaƙa ƙuntatawa kuma kwarin gwiwar mabukaci ya ɗan tashi kaɗan.

Ta yankuna, Asiya da Pacific sun ci gaba da shan wahala mafi girma tare da raguwar kashi 95% a cikin masu zuwa ƙasashen duniya a farkon watanni biyar na 2021 idan aka kwatanta da daidai wannan lokacin a shekarar 2019. Turai (-85%) ta sami raguwar ta biyu mafi girma a masu zuwa, sai kuma Gabas ta Tsakiya (-83%) da Afirka (-81%). Amurkawa (-72%) sun ga ƙarami ƙarancin raguwa. A watan Yuni, yawan wuraren zuwa wuraren tare da rufe iyakoki ya ragu zuwa 63, daga 69 a cikin Fabrairu. Daga cikin waɗannan, 33 sun kasance a cikin Asiya da Pacific, yayin da bakwai kawai a Turai, yankin da ke da ƙarancin takunkumi kan tafiye-tafiye a halin yanzu.

Ta hanyar yanki, Caribbean (-60%) sun sami mafi kyawun aikin dangi har zuwa watan Mayu 2021. Balaguron tafiya daga Amurka ya amfanar wurare a cikin Caribbean da Amurka ta Tsakiya, da Mexico. Yammacin Turai, Kudancin da Bahar Rum Turai, Kudancin Amurka da Amurka ta Tsakiya sun ga kyakkyawan sakamako a watan Mayu fiye da na Afrilu.

Yawon bude ido na duniya yana ci gaba a hankali, kodayake murmurewa yana da rauni sosai kuma bai daidaita ba. Damuwa da damuwa kan bambancin Delta na kwayar cutar ya sa kasashe da dama sake dawo da matakan takaitawa. Bugu da kari, rashin daidaito da rashin cikakken bayani game da bukatun shigarwa na iya ci gaba da yin nauyi a kan sake dawo da tafiye-tafiye zuwa kasashen duniya yayin lokacin bazarar Arewacin Hemisphere. Koyaya, shirye-shiryen allurar rigakafi a duk duniya, tare da taƙaitattun ƙuntatawa ga matafiya masu allurar rigakafi da amfani da kayan aikin dijital kamar su EU Digital COVID Takaddun shaida, duk suna bayar da gudummawa ga daidaituwar tafiyar hawainiya.

Bugu da kari, tafiye-tafiye na cikin gida yana haifar da farfadowar a yawancin wurare, musamman wadanda ke da manyan kasuwannin cikin gida. Seatarfin kujerun iska na cikin gida a cikin China da Rasha ya riga ya wuce matakan rikici, yayin da tafiye-tafiye na cikin gida a Amurka ke ƙaruwa.

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