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Manyan Otal-otal na Amurka A Lokacin Zinar Zinar Katin Post Hoton

Fatan kun kasance anan

A watan Fabrairun 2000, an yi wani baje koli na musamman a gidan adana kayan tarihi na Metropolitan da ke New York: “Walker Evans da Katin Hoto.” Evans ya kasance titan hoto ne na karni na 20 wanda ya nuna fasassun kayan gona; iyalai masu raba jari, da gonakin Kudancin da suka bushe da kashi a lokacin Faduwar, masana'antun bakar fata a Arewa; da kuma fasalin fasinjojin jirgin karkashin kasa na New York.

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  1. Evans ya tattara katunan akwatinan hoto a duk rayuwarsa yayin shekarun zinariya daga 1900 zuwa 1920s.
  2. Wannan lamarin ya faru ne sakamakon hukuncin da ma'aikatar gidan waya ta Amurka ta yanke a shekarar 1907 cewa bangaren da ba komai a jikin katin ba zai iya hada adireshin wanda aka karba da kuma sako.
  3. A lokaci guda, Ofishin Gidan waya ya sanya farashin hatimin ¢ 1 on akan wadannan akwatin gidan waya.

Wani fa'idar shine faɗuwar kuɗin biyan kuɗi mai ƙarancin launi wanda ya ba katunan kwalliyar kamannin hotuna masu launuka iri-iri, tare da shuɗi mai laushi, shuke-shuke da ja.

A wannan lokacin, nau'ikan katin-hoto sun hada da otal-otal, wuraren shakatawa na bazara, tashoshin jirgin ƙasa, motoci, titunan tituna, manyan tituna a ƙauyuka, manyan hukumomin jihar, masana'antu, sana'o'i, da ƙarin batutuwa da yawa. Mafi kyawun waɗannan katunan otal ɗin an samar da su ne ta kamfanoni biyu: Curt Teich & Company, Inc., Chicago da Tichnor Brothers Inc., Boston dukansu waɗanda aka rufe a cikin shekarun 1970s. An kiyasta cewa Curt Teich & Kamfanin sun buga wasu ra'ayoyi daban-daban 400,000 na Amurka, Kanada da otal-otal na ƙasashen waje a tsawon shekaru saba'in da bakwai.

'Yan uwan ​​Tichnor sun samar da katunan otal 25,000 mafi yawa daga dukkan jihohin. A rundown na Manyan otal-otal na Amurka a lokacin Zinariyar Zinariya ta hoton-hoto ya bayyana a cikin “Wish You Are Here: Yawon Bikin Manyan Otal-Otal na Amurka A Lokacin Zinar Zinar Hoton Katin Hoton” Masu Buga Jarida, Inc. (New York 1990).

“Amma a cikin katunan, duk otal-otal suna cikin farkonsu, Wannan tafiya ce ta faɗin Amurka wanda har yanzu za mu iya ɗauka. Zamu iya tunanin cewa shine mu iyo a gaban Marlborough - Blenheim akan zinaren zinariya, rairayin bakin teku na Atlantic City ko kuma yawo a cikin kyawawan lambunan Lambun Camelback Inn na Phoenix ko kuma jin daɗin kallon duwatsu ta cikin tagogin windows na Prince of Wales Hotel a cikin Kanada na Waterton Lakes National Park. Shin ba teburinmu bane a cikin ɗakin cin abinci mai bishiyoyi ba, kusa da rafin gurguntaccen da yake bi ta cikin gidan a Brookdale, California? Wannan tarihin gani ne, rikodin rayuwar matafiya na zamanin da. ”

Abin farin ciki, yawancin otal-otal na gargajiya suna adana a cikin waɗannan katunan katunan ban mamaki na musamman a cikin littafin "Wish You Were Here" Ga mafi kyawun su:

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