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IATA: Haraji ba shine Amsar Dorewar Jirgin Sama ba

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IATA: Haraji ba shine Amsar Dorewar Jirgin Sama ba
IATA: Haraji ba shine Amsar Dorewar Jirgin Sama ba
Written by Harry Johnson

Dogaro da haraji a matsayin mafita don yanke hayakin iska a cikin shawarar EU ta 'Fit for 55' ta EU ba ta da fa'ida ga manufar ci gaba da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama.

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  • Jirgin sama ya himmatu ga sake fasalin kasuwanci a matsayin masana'antar duniya.
  • Mai na Jirgin Sama mai dorewa wanda ya rage fitar da hayaki har zuwa 80% idan aka kwatanta da man jirgin sama na gargajiya.
  • Ganin hangen nesa na kusa shine samarda dorewa, jigilar jiragen sama mai sauki ga dukkan 'yan kasashen Turai tare da jiragen ruwa masu karfin SAF, suna aiki tare da ingantaccen zirga-zirgar jiragen sama.

The Transportungiyar Jirgin Sama ta Duniya (IATA) ya yi gargadin cewa dogaro da haraji a matsayin mafita ga yanke hayakin iska a cikin shawarar 'Fit for 55' ta Tarayyar Turai ya sabawa amfanin makasudin ci gaba da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama. Manufofin Tarayyar Turai na buƙatar tallafawa matakan rage fitarwa mai amfani kamar ƙwarin gwiwa don Haɓakar Jirgin Sama mai dorewa (SAF) da zamanantar da kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama. 

“Jirgin sama ya dukufa ga sake fasalin kasuwanci a matsayin masana'antar duniya. Ba mu buƙatar rarrashi, ko matakan ladabtarwa kamar haraji don motsa canji. A zahiri, haraji yana ba da kuɗaɗen kuɗi daga masana'antar da ke iya tallafawa goyan bayan hayaƙi na rage saka hannun jari a cikin sabunta jiragen ruwa da fasaha mai tsafta. Don rage fitar da hayaki, muna bukatar gwamnatoci su aiwatar da tsarin siyasa mai amfani wanda, a take, ya fi mayar da hankali kan samar da kayan agaji ga SAF da isar da iska ta Turai guda, "in ji Willie Walsh, Darakta Janar na IATA.

M Hanya

Samun sake fasalin jirgin sama yana buƙatar haɗin matakan. Wadannan sun hada da:

  • Man Fetur na Jirgin Sama wanda ke rage fitar da hayaki har zuwa kashi 80% idan aka kwatanta shi da man jirgin sama na gargajiya. Rashin wadatar wadata da kuma tsadar kaya sun takaita daukar kamfanin jirgi zuwa lita miliyan 120 a 2021 - karamin yanki na lita biliyan 350 da kamfanonin jiragen sama za su cinye a cikin shekarar 'al'ada'.
  • Matakan da suka shafi kasuwa don sarrafa hayaki har sai hanyoyin fasahar sun bunkasa gaba daya. Masana'antu na tallafawa Tsarin Rarraba Carbon da Tsarin Rage Jirgin Sama na Kasa da Kasa (CORSIA) azaman ma'aunin duniya ga duk jirgin saman duniya. Ya guji ƙirƙirar facin kayan aiki na matakan ƙasa ko yanki wanda ba a haɗa shi ba kamar Tsarin Cinikin Emasashen EU, wanda zai iya lalata haɗin kan ƙasa. Scheaddamar da makirci na iya haifar da biyan kuɗi iri ɗaya da aka biya fiye da sau ɗaya. IATA ta damu matuka da shawarar da Hukumar ta bayar cewa kasashen Turai ba za su sake aiwatar da CORSIA a kan duk jiragen saman duniya ba.
  • Europeanasashen Turai guda ɗaya (SES) don rage hayakin da ba dole ba daga sarrafa zirga-zirgar jiragen sama (ATM) da kuma rashin ingancin aiki. Bayar da ATM ta Turai ta hanyar shirin SES zai rage fitar da hayakin jirgin na Turai tsakanin 6-10%, amma gwamnatocin ƙasa na ci gaba da jinkirta aiwatarwa. 
  • Sabbin sabbin fasahohin tsafta. Duk da yake da wuya aiwar wutar lantarki ko hydrogen na iya yin tasiri sosai kan hayakin da ke cikin jirgin a cikin EU 'Fit na lokacin 55' na 2030, ci gaban waɗannan fasahohin yana gudana kuma yana buƙatar a tallafa shi.

“Manufar jirgin sama na kusa-kusa shine samarda dorewa, jigilar jiragen sama mai sauki ga dukkan‘ yan kasashen Turai tare da jiragen ruwa masu karfin SAF, suna aiki tare da kyakkyawan kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama. Dukanmu ya kamata mu damu cewa babban tunanin EU na lalata tashar jirgin sama yana sa man jirgin sama ya zama mafi tsada ta hanyar haraji. Hakan ba zai kai mu inda muke ba. Haraji zai lalata ayyuka. Inaddamar da SAF zai inganta independenceancin walwala da kuma samar da ayyuka masu ɗorewa. Dole ne a mai da hankali kan karfafa samar da SAF, da isar da Single European Sky, ”in ji Walsh.  

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Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson ya kasance editan aikin eTurboNews kusan shekaru 20.
Harry yana zaune a Honolulu, Hawaii kuma asalinsa daga Turai.
Yana son yin rubutu kuma yana rufewa azaman editan aikin eTurboNews.

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