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Airbus da TNO don haɓaka tashar sadarwar laser ta jirgin sama

Airbus da TNO don haɓaka tashar sadarwar laser ta jirgin sama
Airbus da TNO don haɓaka tashar sadarwar laser ta jirgin sama
Written by Harry Johnson

Wannan aikin wani bangare ne na shirin ScyLight na Kamfanin Sararin Samaniya na Turai (ESA)

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  • Fasahar sadarwa ta Laser sune juyin juya halin gaba a cikin sadarwa ta tauraron dan adam
  • Aikin ya shafi zane, gini da gwajin mai nuna fasahar
  • Tashar UltraAir za ta iya haɗin keɓaɓɓen laser tsakanin jirgin sama da tauraron ɗan adam a sararin samaniya mai tazarar kilomita 36,000 daga Earthasa

Airbus da Netherlandsungiyar Netherlands don Nazarin Kimiyyar Kimiyya (TNO) sun ƙaddamar da wani shiri don haɓaka mai nuna tashar sadarwa ta laser don jirgin sama, wanda aka sani da UltraAir.

Aikin, wanda aka ba da kuɗin ta hanyar Airbus, TNO da Ofishin Sararin samaniya na Netherlands (NSO), wani bangare ne na shirin ScyLight na Kamfanin Sararin Samaniya na Turai (ESA). Ya ƙunshi zane, gini da gwajin mai ba da fasaha. Fasahar sadarwar Laser shine juyin juya halin gaba a cikin sadarwa na tauraron dan adam (satcom), yana kawo saurin watsawa wanda ba a taɓa gani ba, tsaron bayanai da juriya don biyan buƙatun kasuwanci a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa.

Tashar UltraAir za ta iya haɗin keɓaɓɓen laser tsakanin jirgin sama da tauraron ɗan adam a sararin samaniya mai tazarar kilomita 36,000 a sama da Earthasa, tare da fasaha mara misaltuwa gami da daidaitaccen tsarin madaidaiciya. Mai nunin fasahar zai share fagen samfuran UltraAir na gaba wanda yawan watsa bayanai zai iya kaiwa ga gigabits-da-dakika yayin da yake samar da rigakafi da rashin yiwuwar kutse. Ta wannan hanyar UltraAir ba kawai zai iya ba da damar jirgin sama na soja da UAVs (Motocin Jirgin Sama) don haɗuwa a cikin gajimare mai ƙarfi ba, amma kuma a cikin dogon lokaci zai ba fasinjojin jirgin sama damar kafa haɗin bayanai masu sauri ta hanyar tauraron Airbus 'SpaceDataHighway. Daga matsayinsu a cikin yanayin kewayawa, SpaceDataHighway (EDRS) tauraron dan adam yana ba da bayanan da aka tattara ta hanyar tauraron dan adam zuwa Duniya a kusa da ainihin lokacin, aikin da zai ɗauki awanni da yawa.

Airbus yana jagorantar aikin kuma yana kawo ƙwarewar sa ta musamman a cikin tauraron dan adam sadarwa, wanda aka haɓaka tare da shirin SpaceDataHighway. Zai daidaita ci gaban tashar da gwaji a ƙasa da sama. A matsayina na babban abokin aikin, TNO yana ba da gogewarsa a cikin madaidaiciyar opto-mechatronics, wanda ke da goyan bayan masana'antar Dutch da masana'antar sararin samaniya. Airbus Defence da Space a cikin Netherlands za su ɗauki alhakin samar da masana'antu na tashoshin. Kamfanin Tesat na kamfanin Airbus Tesat ya kawo ƙwarewar fasaharsa a cikin hanyoyin sadarwa na laser kuma zai kasance cikin duk ayyukan gwajin.

Gwajin farko zai gudana a ƙarshen 2021 a cikin yanayin dakin gwaje-gwaje a Tesat. A karo na biyu, gwajin ƙasa zai fara a farkon 2022 a Tenerife (Spain), inda za a kafa haɗin kai tsakanin mai nuna UltraAir da tashar laser da ke kan tauraron dan adam na Alphasat ta amfani da tashar ESA Optical Ground Station. Don tabbatarwa ta ƙarshe, za a haɗa mai nuna UltraAir a cikin jirgin sama don gwajin jirgin zuwa tsakiyar 2022.

Yayinda ayyukan tauraron dan adam ke ci gaba da bunkasa, makada-mitar makada-mitar rediyo suna fuskantar matsaloli. Hakanan hanyoyin haɗin Laser suna da fa'idodi na guje wa tsangwama da ganowa, kamar yadda idan aka kwatanta da mitar rediyo da aka rigaya ta cika, sadarwar laser yana da matukar wahalar katsewa saboda ƙarancin katako. Don haka, tashoshin laser na iya zama masu sauƙi, cinye ƙaramin ƙarfi kuma suna ba da tsaro ma fiye da rediyo.

Wannan sabon shirin shine babban mahimmin ci gaba a cikin taswirar tsarin dabarun Airbus gaba daya don ciyar da sadarwa ta laser gaba, wanda zai kawo fa'idodin wannan fasaha a matsayin babban mai bambance-bambance don samar da haɗin gwiwar Multi-Domain don Gwamnati da abokan cinikin tsaro.

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Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson ya kasance editan aikin eTurboNews na kusan shekaru 20. Yana zaune a Honolulu, Hawaii, kuma asalinsa daga Turai ne. Yana jin daɗin rubutu da ɗaukar labarai.