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Tafiya ta musamman zuwa Lisbon: Bayyanar da baƙin ƙarfe

Tafiya ta musamman zuwa Lisbon: Bayyanar da baƙin ƙarfe
Hotuna © Peter Tarlow

Wannan tafiyar ta sha bamban da yawancin tafiye-tafiye na. A yadda aka saba na kan yi tafiya zuwa wani wuri domin yin aiki a kan sha'anin tsaron yawon bude ido, amma wannan tafiya zuwa Portugal na musamman ne. Nazo ne saboda aikin da nake yi da Cibiyar Latino - dangantakar yahudawa (CLJR). Yawancin lokaci CLJR yana ɗaukar shugabannin Latino zuwa Isra'ila. Wannan tafiya, duk da haka, ita ce baya - ɗaukar duka biyun Latinos da yahudawa zuwa ƙofar duniyar al'adun Sephardic da kuma tsalle-tsalle don yawancin waɗanda suka zo ƙasashen Amurka.

Alaƙar Portugal da mutanen yahudawa na ɗaukaka da ƙasa. A wani gefen mara kyau, Binciken Fotigal ya kasance mummunan da mutane suka gudu da gaske daga Fotigal zuwa Spain suna yanke shawarar ɗaukar damar su tare da binciken Spain. A wani gefen da ya fi dacewa, Fotigal ita ce mafificin mafakar yahudawan Sifen waɗanda suka gudu daga Spain a 1492. Da yawa yahudawan Spain ɗin suka bi ta Portugal zuwa Latin Amurka don guje wa harshen wutar bincike cewa a yawancin yankuna na Latin Amurka, kalmar “portugués” daidai take tare da “Yahudawa.” A cikin tarihin kwanan nan, Fotigal ta kasance babbar hanyar wucewa wacce ke ba yahudawa gujewa daga masifar Turawan mulkin mallaka na Jamus don samun 'yanci a cikin Amurka da kuma tserewa daga munanan halayen Holocaust.

Yahudawa sun ba da gudummawa sosai ga al'ummar Fotigal. Ilimin kimiyyar Ibrahim Zacuto ne ya ba da izinin daidaiton kewayawa a bakin teku shekaru da yawa kafin wani ya taɓa tunanin GPS. Dona Grácia Mendes ce ta nuna wa duniya cewa mace za ta iya yin daidai kamar ta maza a manyan kasuwanci da harkar banki. Wannan hodgepodge na siyasa an saka shi cikin ainihin yanayin rayuwar Portugal.

Kasancewa a nahiyar Turai, Fotigal, kamar yawancin Turai, wuri ne na “tsohuwar duniya” kyakkyawa, ladabi, nuna wariya, da ƙiyayya. Portugal ba wai kawai tana fuskantar yamma ba ne, amma ita ce mafi yammacin Turai, yankin yamma mafi nisa a nahiyar Turai. Kamar wannan, wannan ƙasa ce da jikinta yake cikin Turai, amma ranta yana cikin Tekun Atlantika, kuma idanunta suna kallon sabuwar duniya ta sabuntawa da bege.

Duk waɗannan dalilan ne CLJR ɗinmu, tare da Herungiyar Gado ta Yahudawa, suka yanke shawarar cewa haɗuwarmu ta farko da ba ta Isra’ila ba ba za ta kasance kawai ga wannan ƙasar da ke nuna ruhun bincike ba amma kuma shine wurin da yawancin yahudawa da Latinos suke daga ko'ina. Nationsasashen Amurka suna shewa.

Jiya ita ce farkon farkonmu kusan a nan a Lisbon. Mun fito daga tashar jirgin sama da ƙarfe 10:00 na safe agogon gida kuma mun yi sa'a don samun shiga da wuri. Bayan haka mun haɗu da fara'a ta Lisbon tare da ziyarar majami'ar sa ta farko da ke pre-Inquisitional. Waɗanda ke cikin ƙungiyar sun ɗanɗana mashahurin garin "Pasteis de Belem," sun gwada giya, kuma sun fuskanci fuska da fata da ƙalubalen al'umarta, sannan presto suka fara "shiga" duniyar da ta haɗu da tsohuwar da sabuwar, yanke kauna da bege .

A yau, mun je wasu sanannun “kewayen birni” na Lisbon. Sinta birni ne mai kyau kuma mai tarihi a yau tare da titunan zamani suna yin kusan mintuna 45 daga Lisbon. Sauran biranen guda biyu shahararrun wuraren wasanni ne don masu arziki, masu arziki, da shahara. Sinta ta kasance rani ko ƙauye na Sarki Manuel.

Haushin Sarki Manuel

Tarihi ya cika da baƙin ƙarfe. Labarin alaƙar da ke tsakanin Sarki Manuel da yahudawa ɗayan irin wannan abin birgewa ne. Manuel ya kasance sarki wanda ke da kishin Semite wanda hakan ya haifar da mummunan lahani. Tarihi ya koya mana cewa a matsayin wani ɓangare na farashin aure, Manuel ya biya wa mugayen sarakuna, Ferdinand da Isabel, don su auri ɗiyarsu. Waɗannan sarakunan na Sifen sun buƙaci ya kori talakawansa na yahudawa, kuma a lokacin, sama da 20% na yawan jama'ar Fotigal yahudawa ne. Yawancin waɗannan mutane sun kasance 'yan ƙasa na Fotigal masu haɓaka.
Wannan buƙatar ta bar sarki da babbar matsala - ba don fitar da yahudawa ba yana nufin aurensa ba zai taɓa faruwa ba kuma wataƙila zai rasa damarsa ta gadon sarautar Sifen, amma fitar da yahudawan da yake yi yana nufin cewa Portugal za ta rasa kashi 20% na yawan jama'arta. da kuma yawancin citizensan ƙasa masu hazaka. Maganinsa? Juyar da ya tilasta wa yahudawan Portugal suka yi. Mafitar ta zama wata hanya ce da sarki zai ci gaba da kasancewa da ƙwararrun 'yan ƙasa kuma har yanzu yana iya yin aure, kuma wataƙila wata rana ya karɓi mulkin, Spain.

Manuel ya auri muguwar 'yar masarautar Spain amma bai taɓa samun kursiyin Spain ba. Amma ga yahudawan Fotigal, rayuwa ta zama mai ban tsoro. Dole ne su magance tarzoma, kisan kiyashi, da harshen Wuta. Wadannan dalilai guda uku suna nufin cewa duk da cewa an rufe iyakokin Portugal da tashoshin jiragen ruwa, da yawa zasu nemi hanyar tserewa zuwa 'yancin Holland da Sabuwar Duniya.

Lokacin da suka tashi, sun ɗauki gwaninsu da su. Zuriyar waɗannan 'yan gudun hijirar Fotigal sun gina manyan al'ummomi a Amsterdam, New York, da Mexico. Portugal a hankali ta nitse cikin duhu mai duhu, kuma a ƙarshen 1980s ne Firayim Ministan Fotigal ya nemi gafara ga yahudawa. Yana tare da uzurin Mario Soares cewa sabon babi ya buɗe a cikin dangantakar yahudawa da Portugal.

Fotigal ta zamani ta fahimci cewa lalacewar da harshen Wuta ya yi ba za a taɓa sakewa ba. Yawancin zuriyar wannan "fyade na addini" sun ba da yawa - ba ga Fotigal ba - amma ga sauran ƙasashe a duniya.

Abubuwan banƙyama a cikin tarihi, duk da haka, har yanzu suna nan. A yau waɗannan waɗanda abin ya shafa za su yi mamakin jin labarin sabbin al'ummomin yahudawa da suka sake kasancewa a biranen da ke kusa da Fotigal. A matsayinta na wani diyya na abubuwan da ta aikata a baya, a yanzu Portugal ta fadada a wani mataki na adalci na tarihi, dan kasa ga yawancin jikokin wadanda abin ya shafa. Wataƙila bayan ƙarni biyar, a ƙarshe muna ganin rufewar da'irar da ta fara a 1496 kuma ta dau ƙarni biyar.

Tafiya ta musamman zuwa Lisbon: Bayyanar da baƙin ƙarfe

Hotuna © Peter Tarlow 

Tafiya ta musamman zuwa Lisbon: Bayyanar da baƙin ƙarfe

Hotuna © Peter Tarlow 

Tafiya ta musamman zuwa Lisbon: Bayyanar da baƙin ƙarfe

Hotuna © Peter Tarlow

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Game da marubucin

Dokta Peter E. Tarlow

Dokta Peter E. Tarlow sanannen mai magana ne a duniya kuma masani ne kan tasirin aikata laifuka da ta'addanci a kan masana'antar yawon shakatawa, taron da kula da haɗarin yawon buɗe ido, da yawon buɗe ido da ci gaban tattalin arziki. Tun daga 1990, Tarlow yana taimaka wa al'ummomin yawon bude ido da batutuwa irin su aminci da tsaro, ci gaban tattalin arziki, tallan kirkire-kirkire, da tunanin kirkira.

A matsayin sanannen marubuci a fagen tsaro na yawon shakatawa, Tarlow marubuci ne mai ba da gudummawa ga littattafai da yawa kan tsaron yawon shakatawa, kuma yana buga ɗimbin ilimi da amfani da labaran bincike game da batutuwan tsaro ciki har da labaran da aka buga a The Futurist, Jaridar Binciken Balaguro da Gudanar da Tsaro. Labarai iri -iri na ƙwararru da ilimi na Tarlow sun haɗa da labarai kan batutuwa kamar: “yawon shakatawa mai duhu”, tunanin ta’addanci, da bunƙasa tattalin arziƙi ta hanyar yawon buɗe ido, addini da ta’addanci da yawon buɗe ido. Tarlow kuma ya rubuta kuma ya buga shahararren labaran yawon shakatawa na kan layi Tidbits ya karanta ta dubunnan masu yawon buɗe ido da ƙwararrun masu balaguro a duniya a cikin bugu na Ingilishi, Spanish, da Fotigal.

https://safertourism.com/