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Cutar Sinanci: Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Amurka ta fito da takaddar gaskiya

Sashen Gwamnatin
Sashen Gwamnatin

COVID-19 na iya zama gwaji ne wanda ya ɓace cikin ɓullar makamin makami mai guba daga Gwamnatin China. Dangane da rufe wannan batun China na iya ba da gudummawa ga mummunan annobar cutar ta yanzu. A yau Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Amurka ta fitar da takaddar gaskiya tare da bayanan da ke kai ga kammalawa.

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Jiya Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Amurka a yau ta saki wani bayanan jama'a da takardar gaskiya da ba da haske mai ban mamaki game da asalin COVID-19 da sirrin da ke tattare da dakatar da yaduwar wannan kwayar cutar mai saurin kisa.

Shin haɗari ne da ya shafi sabon makamin mai guba wanda aka samar don Sojan China a Wuhan? Ana iya aiwatar da yiwuwar wannan yayin karanta takaddar hujja da gwamnatin Amurka ta fitar yau. Sanarwar ta fito ne daga Ofishin Kakakin a kwanakin karshe na gwamnatin Trump.

An dakatar da shafin shugaban na Twitter na din-din-din. Ba za a iya yin tweet ba, dan shugaban a yau ya yi bayanin bayanan mintuna da suka gabata, a bayyane yake mahaifinsa ya nema.

Haɗa tweet ɗin zuwa Takardar Gaskiyar Ma'aikatar Harkokin Wajen Amurka da aka fitar jiya, bayanin yana da matukar ban tsoro game da yadda COVID-19 ya sami damar yaɗuwa a duniya.

Baƙon lokacin bincika Google don takaddar gaskiyar kawai post a shafin yanar gizon Ofishin Jakadancin Amurka a Jamhuriyar Georgia pwucewa. Babu hanyar watsa labarai da za a bincika kan wannan binciken na Gwamnatin Amurka. Takaddar gaskiya duk da haka ingantacciya ce.

Nunin allo 2021 01 16 a 17 57 49
Nunin allo 2021 01 16 a 17 57 49

Takaddun Bayanai na Gwamnatin Amurka da aka fitar 15 ga Janairu, 2021

Asalin COVID-19 ya fito ne daga Wuhan, China. Lokacin da kwayar cutar ta fashe da wani sirrin karya kuma karya ta samo asali wanda ya haifar da kisan wani boyayyen sirri. Li Wenliang wani likitan ido ne na kasar Sin wanda aka sani don wayar da kan jama'a game da farkon kamuwa da cutar COVID-19 a Wuhan. A ranar 30 ga Disambar 2019, Wuhan CDC ta ba da gargaɗin gaggawa ga asibitocin gida game da wasu cututtukan cututtukan huhu da aka gano a cikin garin a makon da ya gabata.

Fiye da shekara guda, Jam'iyyar Kwaminis ta China (CCP) ta tsare a tsare ta hana aiwatar da cikakken bincike game da asalin cutar ta COVID-19, inda suka zaɓi maimakon ba da dimbin albarkatu don yaudara da ba da labari. Kusan mutane miliyan biyu sun mutu. Iyalansu sun cancanci sanin gaskiya. Ta hanyar nuna gaskiya ne kawai za mu iya sanin abin da ya haifar da wannan annoba da yadda za a hana ta gaba.

Gwamnatin Amurka ba ta san takamaiman inda, yaushe, da yadda aka yada kwayar COVID-19-da aka sani da SARS-CoV-2 ba ga mutane. Ba mu tantance ko cutar ta fara ne ta hanyar cudanya da dabbobin da suka kamu da cutar ba ko kuma sakamakon hatsari ne a dakin gwaje-gwaje a Wuhan, China.

Kwayar cutar ta iya fitowa ta dabi'a daga saduwa da mutane da dabbobin da ke dauke da cutar, suna yaduwa cikin tsari daidai da annobar halitta. Madadin haka, haɗarin dakin gwaje-gwaje na iya yin kama da ɓarkewar yanayi idan bayyanarwar farko ta haɗa da individualsan mutane kaɗan kuma ya haɗu da kamuwa da cutar asymptomatic. Masana kimiyya a kasar Sin sun yi bincike kan halittar dabbobi ta karkashin yanayin da ya kara kasada na hadari da yiwuwar ba da sanarwa.

Babban wahalar da CCP yayi game da ɓoyewa da sarrafawa yana zuwa ne saboda lafiyar lafiyar jama'a a China da ma duk duniya. Bayanin da ba a bayyana ba a cikin wannan takaddar gaskiyar, haɗe tare da bayar da rahoto na buɗe-ido, yana ba da bayanai kan abubuwa uku game da asalin COVID-19 waɗanda suka cancanci bincika sosai:

1. Rashin lafiya a cikin Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV):

  • Gwamnatin Amurka tana da hujja don gaskata cewa masu bincike da yawa a cikin WIV sun kamu da rashin lafiya a cikin kaka ta 2019, kafin farkon gano farkon ɓarkewar cutar, tare da alamun da ke daidai da na COVID-19 da na cututtuka na lokaci-lokaci. Wannan ya kawo tambayoyi game da sahihancin da'awar babban mai binciken na WIV Shi Zhengli a bainar jama'a cewa akwai "rashin kamuwa da cuta" tsakanin ma'aikatan WIV da ɗaliban SARS-CoV-2 ko ƙwayoyin cuta masu nasaba da SARS.
  • Cututtukan haɗari a cikin dakunan gwaje-gwaje sun haifar da ɓarkewar ƙwayoyin cuta da yawa a baya a ƙasar Sin da wasu wurare, haɗe da barkewar cutar ta SARS a 2004 a Beijing wacce ta kamu da mutane tara, ta kashe mutum ɗaya.
  • CCP ta hana ‘yan jarida masu zaman kansu, masu bincike, da hukumomin kiwon lafiya na duniya yin tambayoyi ga masu bincike a WIV, gami da wadanda ba su da lafiya a faduwar shekarar 2019. Duk wani bincike na kwarai game da asalin cutar dole ne ya hada da tattaunawa da wadannan masu binciken da kuma cikakken lissafi na rashin lafiyar da ba a bayyana ba a baya.

2. Bincike a WIV:

  • An fara a cikin akalla 2016 - kuma ba tare da nuna alamar tsayawa ba kafin barkewar COVID-19 - Masu binciken na WIV sun gudanar da gwaje-gwaje da suka shafi RaTG13, bat coronavirus da WIV ta gano a watan Janairun 2020 a matsayin mafi kusa samfurin zuwa SARS-CoV-2 (96.2 % makamancin haka). WIV ta zama cibiyar bincike ta coronavirus ta duniya bayan barkewar cutar SARS ta 2003 kuma tun daga nan take nazarin dabbobi ciki har da beraye, jemage, da kuma pangolins.
  • WIV tana da rikodin da aka wallafa na gudanar da bincike "riba-na aiki" ga injiniyoyin ƙwayoyin cuta na chimeric. Amma WIV ba ta nuna gaskiya ko daidaito game da rikodin karatun ƙwayoyin cuta waɗanda suka yi kama da kwayar COVID-19, gami da "RaTG13," wanda ta samo daga wani kogo da ke lardin Yunnan a shekara ta 2013 bayan da masu hakar gwal da yawa suka mutu saboda rashin lafiya kamar SARS.
  • Dole ne masu binciken WHO su sami damar yin amfani da bayanan aikin WIV a kan bat da sauran coronaviruses kafin barkewar COVID-19. A matsayin wani ɓangare na cikakken bincike, dole ne su sami cikakken lissafin dalilin da yasa WIV ta canza sannan kuma cire bayanan kan layi na aikinta tare da RaTG13 da sauran ƙwayoyin cuta.

3. Aikin soja a asirce a WIV:

  • Sirrin sirri da rashin bayyanawa al'ada ce ta Beijing. Shekaru da yawa Amurka ta gabatar da damuwa a fili game da aikin makamai masu guba na kasar Sin da ta gabata, wanda Beijing ba ta yi rubuce-rubuce ko kawar da ita ba, duk da bayyananniyar wajibanta a karkashin Yarjejeniyar Makaman Halittu.
  • Duk da WIV da ta gabatar da kanta a matsayin ƙungiyoyin farar hula, Amurka ta ƙaddara cewa WIV ta haɗa kai a kan wallafe-wallafe da ayyukan ɓoye tare da sojojin China. WIV ta gudanar da bincike na musamman, gami da gwaje-gwajen dabbobin dakin gwaje-gwaje, a madadin sojojin kasar Sin tun a kalla 2017.
  • (Asar Amirka da sauran masu bayar da agaji da suka ba da ku) a) en ko kuma suka ha) a hannu game da binciken farar hula a WIV, suna da 'yancin da ya kamata su yanke shawarar ko duk wani bincikenmu ya karkata ga ayyukan asirin na Sin a WIV.

Bayyanan yau suna kawai ɓoye abin da har yanzu ɓoye game da asalin COVID-19 a China. Duk wani bincike na gaskiya game da asalin COVID-19 yana buƙatar cikakke, a bayyane ga hanyoyin bincike a Wuhan, gami da wuraren aikinsu, samfuran, ma'aikata, da kuma bayanan su.

Yayin da duniya ke ci gaba da yaki da wannan annoba - kuma yayin da masu binciken WHO suka fara aikinsu, bayan fiye da shekara guda na jinkiri - asalin cutar har yanzu ba shi da tabbas. (Asar Amirka za ta ci gaba da yin duk abin da za ta iya, don tallafa wa sahihanci, kuma cikakken bincike, ciki har da ci gaba da neman nuna gaskiya daga hukumomin (asar China.

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Juergen Thomas Steinmetz ya ci gaba da aiki a masana'antar tafiye-tafiye da yawon buɗe ido tun yana saurayi a Jamus (1977).
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