Cutar Ebola a Congo ta haifar da gaggawa na kiwon lafiya a duniya

ebola-4
ebola-4
Written by edita

Yayin da Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) ta daina fadin cewa a rufe kan iyakoki, tana mai cewa barazanar cutar Ebola da ke yaduwa a wajen yankin ba ta da yawa, kungiyar ta bayyana rikicin cutar a Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Congo a matsayin Kiwan gaggawa na Kiwan Lafiya na Jama'a na Duniya. (LABARI).

Shugaban hukumar ta WHO Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus ya ce bai kamata a kayyade wa matafiya ko kasuwanci ba, kuma babu batun tantance fasinjoji a tashoshin jiragen ruwa ko filayen jiragen sama a wajen yankin nan take. Kungiyar ta ce, duk da haka, hadarin da ke faruwa ga kasashe makwabta "yana da girma sosai." Mutane biyu sun mutu a Uganda daga cutar Ebola - yaro dan shekaru 5 da kakarsa mai shekaru 50, kuma a Goma, wani firist ya mutu daga cutar. Goma wakiltar wani yanayi ne mai matukar damuwa inda mutane sama da miliyan ke zaune a can kuma garin shine babbar cibiyar jigilar kaya a kan iyakar DR Congo da Rwanda.

PHEIC shi ne matakin ƙararrawa mafi girma da WHO ke amfani da shi kuma sau 4 kawai aka gabatar da shi, gami da annobar cutar Ebola da ta kashe sama da 11,000 a Yammacin Afirka daga 2014 zuwa 2016. Kwayar cutar ta Ebola na haifar da zazzaɓi na bazata, rauni mai ƙarfi, ciwon tsoka da ciwo maƙogwaro wanda daga nan yake ci gaba zuwa amai, gudawa, da kuma zubar jini na ciki da na waje, kuma waɗanda suka mutu sun kamu da rashin ruwa da yawan gabobin jiki. Ana kamuwa da cutar ta hanyar hulɗa kai tsaye da ruwan jiki, jini, najasa, ko amai daga wani da ya kamu da cutar ta hanyar fatar da ta karye, baki, da hanci.

Cutar ta fara ne a watan Agustan 2018 kuma tana shafar larduna 2 a DR Congo - Kivu ta Arewa da Ituri. Daga cikin mutane sama da 2,500 da suka kamu da cutar, kashi biyu cikin uku daga cikinsu sun mutu. A cikin kwanaki 224, adadin wadanda suka kamu da cutar ya kai 1,000, kuma a cikin kwanaki 71 kawai bayan haka, lambobin sun karu zuwa 2,000. Kimanin sababbin shari'oi 12 ake bayar da rahoton kowace rana.

An kirkiro wata allurar rigakafi a lokacin ɓarkewar Afirka ta Yamma kuma tana da kashi 99 cikin ɗari amma ana amfani da ita ne kawai ga waɗanda suka kusanci waɗanda suka kamu da cutar ta Ebola. Kawo yanzu, mutane 161,000 ne aka yiwa rigakafin. Daga cikin wadancan ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya da ke yiwa marasa lafiyar hidima, 198 sun kamu da cutar tun daga farkon wannan shekarar wanda 7 daga cikinsu suka mutu.

Yawancin wadanda suka kamu da cutar suna zuwa a matsayin abin mamaki kamar yadda ake gani a wadancan lokuta, mutanen ba su yi mu'amala da duk wanda ya kamu da cutar ta Ebola ba. Bugu da kari, bin diddigin yaduwar cutar ya kasance da wahala saboda rashin yarda da ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya lamarin da ya haifar da kashi daya cikin uku na wadanda suka kamu da cutar ba sa neman taimakon likita kuma suka mutu a tsakanin al'ummominsu. Wannan sakamakon shine yaduwar kwayar cutar cikin sauki ga dangi da makwabta.

WHO ta bayyana karara cewa ba su da isassun kudin da za su iya yaki da barkewar cutar. Ana bukatar kimanin dala miliyan 98 kawai don magance yaduwar cutar daga watan Fabrairu zuwa Yuli. Rashin gibin ya zama dala miliyan 54.

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Edita a shugaba na eTurboNew ita ce Linda Hohnholz. Ta dogara ne a HQ eTN a Honolulu, Hawaii.