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Duniya ta haɗu don yaƙi da motar kebul a kan Dutsen Kilimanjaro

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Dubunnan mutane a fadin duniya sun taru suna zanga-zangar adawa da yiwuwar gina wata kebul mai dauke da cece-kuce a kan Dutsen Kilimanjaro, Wurin Tarihi na Duniya.

A watan Maris na shekarar 2019 Mataimakin Ministan Albarkatun Kasa da Yawon Bude Ido na Tanzaniya, Constantine Kanyasu ya sanar da shirin girke kebul na mota a kan tsaunin da ya fi tsayi a Afirka, a matsayin wata dabara da za ta jawo karin maziyarta da kuma bunkasa lambobin yawon bude ido.

Motar kebul za a fara amfani da ita ne don sauƙaƙe ziyarar tsakanin tsofaffin masu yawon buɗe ido, waɗanda ƙila ba su da isasshen ƙarfin da za su hau dutsen, wanda, a ƙwanƙolinsa, ya kai tsayin mita 5,895.

Maimakon sanannun ra'ayoyi na dusar ƙanƙara da kankara, wannan motar ta USB za ta ba da safari na tafiya na kwana tare da idanun tsuntsu, akasin tafiyar kwana takwas.

Amma martani cikin hanzari, tare da korafi kan yanar gizo kan aikin akan muhimmin wurin tarihin Duniya, wanda ya jawo masu zanga-zanga kusan 400,000 a duk fadin Duniya wadanda suka nemi Tanzania da ta tsare Dutsen Kilimanjaro 'mara waya da mota'.

Takardar koke ta yanar gizo ta nuna tasirin tattalin arziki ga kimanin dakaru 250,000 na cikin gida wadanda suka dogara da ayyukan yawon bude ido a kan Dutsen Kilimanjaro kadai, don rayuwarsu.

Kilimanjaro na daya daga cikin manyan wuraren jan hankalin masu yawon bude ido a Tanzania, inda yake zana masu hawan hawa dubu hamsin kuma ya samarwa kasar dalar Amurka miliyan 50,000 a duk shekara.

"Gabatar da motar kebul a kan tsaunin, wanda ba zai kara bukatar taimakon 'yan dako ba, zai lalata wannan hanyar samun kudin shiga" in ji Mark Gale, wanda ya gabatar da karar a Change.org.

Gale ya kuma nuna cewa mutumin da ya fi kowa hawa Kilimanjaro yana da shekaru 86 kuma ya ce dutsen yana da kyau a cikin ikon baƙi “tsofaffi”.

"Na hau a watan jiya ina da shekara 53 kuma abin birgewa ne na sanya kafa daya a gaba dayan kuma na zauna a kan dutsen, babu wani abin birgewa a cikin tasi zuwa saman dutsen" in ji Mista Gale.

Shugaban kungiyar masu yawon bude ido na Tanzania (TATO), Sirili Akko, ya ce yana ganin akwai bukatar a gudanar da wani bincike wanda zai jagoranci gwamnati kan kudin da za a rasa na takamaiman kasuwar da take niyya ga motar kebul - dattawa da nakasassu - a kan lalacewar muhalli da ba a iya gyara shi da kuma sanarwa mara kyau.

Sabis ɗin sabis na motar kebul ɗin "za a mirgine shi ta hanyar Machame Route inda hawan zai fara da ƙarewa," a cewar Beatrice Mchome daga Crescent Environmental Management Consult, kuma wanene ke jagorantar ƙungiyar ƙwararrun masana wajen gudanar da binciken tasirin muhalli da zamantakewar jama'a.

Hanyar Machame, wacce aka fi sani da Hanyar Wuski, ita ce mafi mashahuri don kyawawan kyan gani. Koyaya, ana ɗaukar hanyar mai wahala, mai tsayi da ƙalubale, musamman saboda gajeriyar hanyarta (kwana biyar zuwa shida ga waɗanda ke neman isa taron).

Wannan hanyar ita ce mafi dacewa ga ƙarin masu hawan dutse ko waɗanda ke da wani babban tsayi, yawo ko goguwar goge baya.

Ms Mchome ta fada wa masu yawon bude ido a Arusha cewa, bayan an gama kera motar za ta yi amfani da motoci masu kebul 25 wadanda za su iya daukar fasinjoji 150 a zuwa Shira Plateau, kusan mita 3,000 a saman teku.
Sabis ɗin motar kebul ɗin dole ne wani kamfani na Amurka mai zaman kansa ya gina shi kuma ya sarrafa shi, wanda kuma hakan ya yiwa kamfanin rijista na AVAN Kilimanjaro rajista.

Edson Mpemba, shugaban kungiyar masu dako, ya koka da cewa idan aka gina su, "yawancin masu yawon bude ido za su zabi motar kebul ne domin rage farashin da tsawon lokacin da za su yi," yana shafar yanayin yawon bude ido da ke hade da Kilimanjaro.
Ya kuma yi mamakin abin da ya sa masu yanke shawara suke yin watsi da bukatun masu kwadagon miliyan kwata wadanda suka dogara da dutsen domin rayuwa.

Ya ce, "Ka yi tunani game da irin tasirin da tasirin da ke faruwa ga dangin 'yan dako 250,000," in ji shi, yana mai gargadin cewa, "da farko kayan aikin kebul na USB za su yi kama da kyakkyawar dabara, amma a karshe, za ta lalata rayuka da makomar akasarin mutanen yankin wadanda rayuwarsu ta dogara da dutsen. "

Babban sakataren kungiyar 'yan dako na Tanzania, Loshiye Mollel, ya bayyana tsoron cewa aikin zai baiwa' yan dako 250,000 talauci kuma zai iya tilasta su cikin rayuwar aikata laifi.

Babbar mai kula da gandun dajin KINAPA, Betty Looibok, amma ta ce gina kebul din motar zai dogara ne da sakamakon binciken muhalli da zamantakewar da yake gudana a halin yanzu.

"Motar kebul din ta kasance ne ga masu fama da larurar jiki, yara da tsofaffin 'yan yawon bude ido da ke son dandana hawa tsaunin tsaunin Kilimanjaro zuwa Shira Plateau ba tare da fatan isa ga taron ba," in ji ta.

Yayin da Ministan Albarkatun Kasa da Yawon Bude Ido, Dakta Hamis Kigwangalla ya yi imanin cewa sabis na kebul na mota zai kawo karin masu yawon bude ido wadanda a ka’ida ba za su zabi hawa dutsen ba, Mista Mpemba yana ganin an rasa ayyukan yi ga masu dako da kuma rage kudaden da gwamnati ke samu daga kadan. zama yayin da masu yawon bude ido ke zuwa, zuƙowa sama da ƙasa dutsen, kuma su tafi, suna kashe ainihin hawan dutse a matsayin ƙwarewar yawon buɗe ido da kuma hana masu jigilar kayan abinci.
Wasu mutane suna jayayya cewa ana amfani da motocin kebul a cikin daji a wasu sassan duniya kamar Switzerland da Amurka. Amma akwai tsadar muhalli don kera motocin kebul.

Na farko, dole ne a share bishiyoyi da ciyayi don ƙirƙirar hanyar layin kebul wanda ke haifar da tasirin muhalli mara kyau, kamar yadda gina manyan gumaka da hasumiyoyi da tashoshin da ke lalata fure, wanda ke ɗaukar shekaru kafin ya dawo, in ma haka ne.
Merwyn Nunes, tsohuwar ma’aikaciya a Ma’aikatar Albarkatun Kasa da Yawon Bude Ido kuma shugabar da ta kafa kungiyar masu kula da yawon bude ido a Tanzania (TATO), ta ce aikin ya kuma karya sashi na 58 (2) na dokar yawon bude ido ta Tanzania ta 2008 mai lamba 11 wacce ta ce wannan hawan dutsen ko yin yawo na tsayayye ne ga kamfanoni mallakar 'yan Tanzaniya.

Wani gogaggen jagoran yawon bude ido, Victor Manyanga, ya yi gargadin cewa sabis na motar mota za ta bunkasa yawan yawon bude ido, sabanin manufofin yawon bude ido na Tanzania da kuma kudin tsaftar muhalli na Mount Kilimanjaro.

"Hanyar Machame wacce za a gina motar kebul ita ce hanyar kaura ta tsuntsaye, kuma lallai wayoyin lantarki za su cutar da su," in ji shi.

Sam Diah, wani mai gudanar da yawon bude ido, ya yi mamakin dalilin da yasa Tanapa ta baiwa wani kamfanin kasar waje aikin ba tare da bin ka’idojin sayen kayan gwamnati ba.

Masu zirga-zirgar yawon shakatawa kuma suna cikin fargaba game da lafiyar fasinjojin motocin kebul na 150 idan akwai haɗari, kamar yadda jirage masu saukar ungulu ke ɗauke da rauni huɗu kawai a lokaci guda.