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Shawarwarin farautar Botswana na iya jefa masana'antar yawon shakatawa cikin hadari

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Written by Babban Edita Aiki

Shawarwarin da Botswana ta bayar na dage haramcin farautar ta da kuma bullo da dabarun giwaye ya iza wutar yada siyasa, musantawa, bata labari, da kuma neman agaji daga kungiyoyin farauta da kungiyoyin cuwa-cuwa. Amma menene kungiyar da ta fi yawan asara, masana'antar yawon shakatawa na hoto, za su ce kan batun?

Haramcin farauta

Fitar da rahoton ya kasance lokacin da za a gudanar da zabe a Botswana kuma da nufin samar da kuri'un mutanen karkara, ya tayar da muhawara mai zafi a kafafen yada labarai. Shawarwarin sune don bunkasa masana'antar farautar safari, gina shinge na namun daji, kusa da hanyoyin ƙaura daga namun daji, gabatar da giwar giwa da kuma gina wuraren yin naman giwar.

Haramcin ya bar wasu al'ummomin, wadanda suka dogara da farautar rashin kudin shiga, abin da ke haifar da rashin jin dadi. Shawarwarin na zuwa ne bayan ganawa da masu ruwa da tsaki daban-daban ciki har da wadannan al'ummomin da abin ya shafa, amma duk da haka an gabatar da su ne kawai da shawarwari kadan tare da masana'antar yawon bude ido ko al'ummomin da ke cin gajiyar yawon bude ido.

A yau 18% na ƙasar tana sadaukarwa ne ga wuraren shakatawa na ƙasa da kashi 23% ga yankunan kula da namun daji. "Botswana ta samar da kyakkyawan suna a cikin shekaru gommai a matsayin babbar hanyar zuwa yawon bude ido," in ji Beks Ndlovu na sansanin Bush Bush na Afirka, "Wadannan manufofi (wadanda ba na farauta ba) sun samar da wata kyakkyawar hanyar safari da kuma masana'antu wacce ita ce ta biyu mafi girma a Botswana, ta kawo ayyuka da wadata ga yawancin 'yan Botswana. "

A shekarar 2017, tafiye tafiye da yawon bude ido sun ba da gudummawa ga kashi 11.5% na GDP na kasar, yayin da suka tallafawa kashi 7.6% na jimlar aikin Botswana (kusan ayyukan yi 76,000) tare da alkaluman biyu. Don haka adadi mai yawa na mutane suna da sha'awar kare namun daji na kasar.

“A kusan dukkan matakan; damar aiki, bunkasar basira, kudin shiga da aka samu, lambobin baƙi, faɗakarwa ga faɗin tattalin arziki gami da la'akari da muhalli misali, kyakkyawan tafiyar da hoto-yawon buɗe ido shine mafi kyawun zaɓin amfani da ƙasa don gudanar da yankunan da aka kiyaye na Botswana, " in ji Ian Michler, Daraktan Invent Africa Safaris.

Wannan masana'antar mai matukar inganci yanzu tana fuskantar barazana tunda maziyarta da yawa sun zabi Botswana a matsayin matattarar safiyar su musamman saboda tsayuwar dakan ta na farautar farauta. Wasu masu amfani da sassan kafofin watsa labarai sun riga sun yi kira ga kauracewa tafiya zuwa Botswana.

Amsar Masana'antu

Kamfanin yawon bude ido na hoto ya kasance mai tabbaci cewa za a ji muryoyinsu: "& Beyond tana da kwarin gwiwa cewa Botswana ta kasance mafakar aminci ga namun daji," in ji Valeri Mouton na & Beyond.

Wannan ra'ayi ne da Colin Bell, wanda ya kirkiro kamfanin safari na yawon shakatawa na hotuna, Zaɓin Yanayi: "Ra'ayina shine cewa babu buƙatar isa ga magungunan jini a wannan matakin farko na shawarwarin - kuma cewa kyakkyawan hankali zai yi nasara. ”

Wilderness Safaris, babban jami'in kula da tattalin arzikin Botswana, ya bayyana cewa za su yi hulɗa tare da Ministan a cikin hanyar magance matsaloli, tare da ɗaya daga cikin manufofin su shine ƙara yawan 'yan ƙasa a cikin masana'antar yawon buɗe ido da kuma ƙara haɓaka gudummawar da take bayarwa ga tattalin arzikin ƙasa.

Ndlovu ya yarda, “Shawarwarin da ake ba Shugaban kasa a yanzu su ne ra’ayin wasu mambobin al’ummar karkara. Masana'antar yawon bude ido na gaba a layi don shawarwari kuma babu shakka za a ji ra'ayoyinmu sosai.

Dereck Joubert, Shugaba na Babban Taron Tsare murya ɗaya ce wacce ba ta da ƙarfin gwiwa. Da yake kiran shawarar, 'Dokar Jinin Botswana', Joubert ta fara neman yin adawa da wadannan shawarwarin. “Na ga isassun giwayen da suka mutu daga mugayen mutane. Ba na bukatar ganin karin tarin abubuwa daga gwamnatinmu, ”in ji Joubert.

Abin da suka tsaya su rasa

Yayin da mutane da yawa suka yaba wa gwamnati saboda rungumar tsarin tuntuba, wanda ba shi da shi a shekarun baya, wasu kuwa sun ce shawarar ta saba wa duk abin da kasar ta tsaya a kai. An san su a matsayin mafakar giwaye, kuma gida ne ga kusan kashi ɗaya bisa uku na giwayen Afirka, suna jin cewa ƙasar tana da hakki na kare waɗannan halittu.

"Maido da farautar ganima ba zai dakatar da farauta ba, ba kuma za a gabatar da fataucin hauren giwa da sauran kayayyakin giwa ba, wadanda ke tashi a gaban alkawurran Botswana a matsayin memba na kafa kungiyar Kare Giwaye," in ji Hukumar Binciken Muhalli.

Howard Jones, Shugaba na Kamfanin Born Free, ya yarda, yana mai cewa wannan ita ce daidai ba daidai ba hanyar kusantowa tare kuma cewa, "gwamnatin Botswana ta yanke shawara cewa mataimakin riba zai iya wuce hankali."

Jawabi ne wanda aka maimaita a cikin koken da Joubert ya yi, "Farauta, da dabbobin da aka kawo, ba za su kasance da wani dalilin kiyayewa ba kwata-kwata, sai dai kawai don gamsar da rowa."

Michler ya taƙaita shi, “Gwamnati mai ci a yanzu ta yi daidai wajen son inganta abubuwa da dama na al’umma, rikice-rikicen mutane da dabbobin sadarwa da ƙalubalen sadarwa waɗanda gwamnatin da ta gabata ta yi watsi da su, amma ɗaukar matakai na koma baya maimakon yin gini kan ingantaccen ilimin ecotourism ba wayo ba ne . ”