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Botswana ta ba da shawarar hana farauta da fatauci yayin da giwayen ke raguwa

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Written by edita

Sakamakon binciken giwaye na baya-bayan nan kuma mafi girma da aka gudanar a Botswana ya kiyasta yawan mutanen kasar giwaye 126,000, wani karin raguwa daga 131,600 da aka ruwaito a 2014. Rahoton ya nuna shaidu da yawa na karuwar karuwar giwar giwaye a wurare hudu da ke Arewacin Botswana, wanda aka fara hadari na kafofin watsa labarai a bara.

Wannan rahoton na giwaye ba tare da kan iyaka ba (EWB) ya zo ne bayan da karamin kwamiti na majalisar ministocin ya gabatar da rahoton farautarsu ga Shugaba Masisi a ranar Alhamis din makon da ya gabata, wanda ke ba da shawarar kawai a dage haramcin farautar, har ma da bullo da naman giwaye na yau da kullun da naman giwaye masana'antar gwangwani don abincin dabbobi, da kuma rufe wasu hanyoyi na ƙaura na namun daji.

Gwamnatin Botswana a baya ta gabatar da shawara ga CITES a shirye-shiryen taron CoP18 a watan Mayun wannan shekarar, inda ta nemi a gyara jerin sunayen CITES na giwar savannah ta Afirka don ba da damar cinikin farautar ganima, dabbobi masu rai da hannun jarin (mallakar gwamnati) na danyen hauren giwa

Dangane da rahoton Halin Giwar Afirka (2016), Yawan giwayen Botswana ya ƙi da 15% a cikin shekaru 10 da suka gabata. Wannan rahoto ya nuna karara cewa yawan giwayen Botswana ba su karuwa, kamar yadda ake bayar da shawara a hanyoyin siyasa da na farauta. Kodayake yawanta har yanzu shine mafi girma a Kudancin Afirka, a zahiri 100, 000 ƙasa da 237,000 sau da yawa nakalto daga yan siyasa da kafofin watsa labarai a Botswana. A cikin ƙoƙarin ba da hujja da farauta da farauta.

Yawan giwayen EWB na 126,000 ya dogara ne akan binciken sararin samaniya a duk yanki, wanda ya shafi yanki mafi girma fiye da kowane binciken da EWB ya gabata. Hadin gwiwar EWB da DWNP sun tashi sama da kwanaki 62, suna yin rikodin sama da kilomita 32,000 kuma sun mamaye kilomita 100,0002 na Botswana, da suka hada da Chobe, Makgadikgadi da Nxai Pan National Parks da kewayen yankunan kula da namun daji, Okavango Delta da Moremi Game Reserve, da yankunan makiyaya a Ngamiland, Chobe da Gundumomin Tsakiya. 

An bayyana wuraren da ake farautar giwaye huɗu a Arewacin Botswana

Tun daga binciken karshe a cikin shekarar 2014, kungiyar binciken ta EWB ta gano karuwar yawan gawarwakin giwaye sabo da na baya-bayan nan, wato giwayen da suka mutu a cikin shekarar da ta gabata na dalilan halitta da farauta

Tawagar ta EWB ta tabbatar da cewa daga cikin gawarwakin giwayen 128 da ke kasa da shekara guda, an tabbatar da 72 ko dai a kasa ko kuma ta hanyar binciken iska ta yadda masu farauta suka kashe da kuma karin 22 daga hotunan binciken a matsayin wadanda ake farautar su. Bugu da kari, an tantance gawawwaki 79 da suka haura shekara guda a wani wuri mai zafi, wanda aka tabbatar da 63 a matsayin masu farauta. Matsakaicin gawarwakin duka ya karu daga 6.8% zuwa 8.1% tsakanin 2014 da 2018, gabaɗaya an karɓa kamar yadda yake nuna yawan giwayen da ke iya raguwa.

Giwa ta rage duka suna nuna alamun hoto na farauta tare da irin wannan yanayin aikin. Mafarauta suna harbe dabbobin da manyan bindigogi lokacin da suka zo shan ruwa a kwanon ruɓaɓɓen lokaci. Idan giwa ba ta mutu nan da nan ba, ɗayan mafarautan za ta hana shi aiki ta hanyar lalata laka da gatari. Ana cire haurensu, suna lalata kokon kai sosai, galibi ana cire akwatin daga fuska, kuma an rufe gawar a resassun reshe a ƙoƙarin ɓoye mamacin.

Da alama mafarautan suna aiki a wani yanki, suna yi wa bijimai da manyan hauren giza, kafin su wuce zuwa shafin na gaba. Ba su cikin sauri, kamar yadda aka gano sansanin mafarauta a kusa da ɗayan gungu-gungu.

Veungiyar tabbatar da ƙasa ta tabbatar da cewa yawancin giwayen da aka farautar su bijimai ne tsakanin shekaru 35-45. Wannan kuma ya dace da shaidu a cikin rahoton cewa yawan bijimai ya ragu daga mutane 21,600 a 2014 zuwa 19,400 a 2018.

Farautar farautar ta fi fitowa a wurare hudu a Arewacin Botswana - yankin tsakanin Pan Handle da Caprivi Strip, a ciki da kewayen yankin Savuti na Chobe ciki har da Khwai da Linyanti, kusa da Maun, da kuma yankin tsakanin Chobe da Nxai Pan.

Wani kwamitin masana kimiyyar giwa guda tara masu zaman kansu sun yi nazarin rahoton na EWB kuma sun gano cewa kimiyyar ta zama mai karfin gaske. Memberaya daga cikin membobin ya ce, "wannan cikakken rahoto ne da kyau kuma a rubuce da ke nuna tsananin wahala".

Duk da haka, har yanzu gwamnatin Botswana na yunƙurin sanya shakku kan batutuwa daban-daban da ke cikin rahoton, a zaman wani ɓangare na yaƙin neman zaɓen siyasa. EWB da karfi ya karyata ikirarin gwamnati kuma ya ce sun ga abin takaici kasancewar gwamnati ba ta tuntube su kai tsaye don tattauna rahoton ba.

Baya ga asarar rayukan giwaye da yawa, mahauta sun kashe karkanda 13 a cikin watanni 11 kacal a Botswana, uku daga cikinsu na yankin Okavango Delta. Yawaitar farautar namun daji abin firgitarwa ne, amma abin baƙin ciki ba wai kawai ga Botswana ba.

Dokta Iain Douglas-Hamilton, memba na kwamitin nazarin, ya ce "a ganina [EWB] kirgawa da ke nuna cewa farautar giwaye ya karu zuwa wani mataki fiye da yadda ake zato, ya nuna yiwuwar akwai yiwuwar kara fadada".

Wani memban ya kara da cewa, “babu matsala a ce, idan aka ci gaba da lura da yadda ake farautar farauta, za a iya samun raguwar mutanen giwa sosai. 'Yan siyasa ba sa son ganin tallata mummunan labari duk da haka wannan ya zama ya zama gargadi ne, kuma ya kamata a dauki matakin hanawa ”.